University of Mary Hardin–Baylor

Last updated
University of Mary Hardin–Baylor
University of Mary Hardin-Baylor main logo.png
Former names
Baylor Female College
Baylor College for Women
Type Private
Established1845 (as part of Baylor University)
Religious affiliation
Endowment $59,550,762 [1]
President Randy O'Rear, Ed.D [2]
Academic staff
Undergraduates 3,335
Postgraduates 375
900 College Street; Belton, TX 76513
, , ,

31°03′59″N97°27′51″W / 31.06650°N 97.46405°W / 31.06650; -97.46405 Coordinates: 31°03′59″N97°27′51″W / 31.06650°N 97.46405°W / 31.06650; -97.46405
Campus Suburban, 170 acres (0.69 km2) [3]
Colors Purple, White and Gold
Athletics NCAA Division IIIASC
Nickname Crusaders
Affiliations Baptist General Convention of Texas
MascotCRUnk the Crusader
The Parker Academic Center at UMHB opened in 2002. Parker Academic Center, Belton, TX IMG 5560.JPG
The Parker Academic Center at UMHB opened in 2002.

The University of Mary Hardin–Baylor (UMHB) is a Christian co-educational institution of higher learning located in Belton, Texas, United States. UMHB was chartered by the Republic of Texas in 1845 [4] as Baylor Female College, the female department of what is now Baylor University. [5] It has since become its own institution and grown to 3,914 students and awards degrees at the baccalaureate, master's, and doctoral levels. It is affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas. [3] [6]

Christianity is an Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, as described in the New Testament. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and savior of all people, whose coming as the Messiah was prophesied in the Old Testament. It is the worlds largest religion with over 2.4 billion followers or 31.5% of the worlds populations.

Belton, Texas City in Texas, United States

Belton is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, within the Killeen-Temple metropolitan area. The city is on the Interstate 35 corridor between Austin and Waco and is the seat of Bell County.The population was 21,734 in 2017 according to a US Census Estimate. As of 2015 the metro region had a population of 450,051.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.


The university is fully accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. [7] [8] UMHB's first doctoral program, leading to the doctor of education (EdD), officially began in June 2007 with 21 students in the inaugural class. [9] The university's overall student/faculty ratio is 16:1. [4] This university also now awards the doctor of physical therapy and the doctor of nursing practice degrees.

Southern Association of Colleges and Schools university accreditation organization in the U.S.A.

The Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS) is one of the six regional accreditation organizations recognized by the United States Department of Education and the Council for Higher Education Accreditation. This agency accredits over 13,000 public and private educational institutions ranging from preschool to college level in the Southern United States. Its headquarters are in North Druid Hills, Georgia, near Decatur and in the Atlanta metropolitan area.


UMHB's history dates to the time before Texas became a U.S. state. Its original charter was granted by the Republic of Texas (prior to statehood) in 1845 as the female department of Baylor University. Classes began in May, 1846, in a small wooden building on a hillside at Independence in Washington County. The first class consisted of 24 male and female students [10] [11] While it was a coeducational institution, the classes were still separated by gender. [12]

U.S. state constituent political entity of the United States

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Baylor University private university in Waco, Texas, United States

Baylor University, or simply Baylor, is a private Christian university in Waco, Texas. Chartered in 1845 by the last Congress of the Republic of Texas, it is one of the oldest continuously operating universities in Texas and one of the first educational institutions west of the Mississippi River in the United States. Located on the banks of the Brazos River next to I-35, between the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex and Austin, the university's 1,000-acre campus is the largest Baptist university campus in the world. Baylor University's athletic teams, known as the Bears, participate in 19 intercollegiate sports. The university is a member of the Big 12 Conference in the NCAA Division I. It is affiliated with the Baptist General Convention of Texas.

Independence, Texas Unincorporated community

Independence is an unincorporated community in Washington County, Texas, United States. Located twelve miles northeast of Brenham, it was founded in 1835 in Austin's colony of Anglo-Americans. It became a Baptist religious and educational center of the Republic of Texas. In 1845 it became the first site of Baylor University and the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor.

Baylor College’s coeducation lasted only until 1851, when it was divided into a Female Department and a Male Department. [5] Each began occupying separate buildings about a mile apart at the Independence campus. [11]

The changing demography of Texas and relocation of the local railroad made it increasingly difficult for college students to get transportation to Independence. [5] Both colleges were relocated in 1886 to their permanent homes in Central Texas: the women's division relocated to Belton, where operations continued as Baylor Female College, and the men's division moved to Waco, merged with coeducational Waco University, and continued as Baylor University. [5] [11] [12]

The Mayborn Campus Center is named for its benefactor, the late Temple Daily Telegram publisher, Frank W. Mayborn Mayborn Campus Center, UMHB, Belton, TX IMG 5552.JPG
The Mayborn Campus Center is named for its benefactor, the late Temple Daily Telegram publisher, Frank W. Mayborn

The Cottage Home System, the first work-study program for women in a college west of the Mississippi, was instituted on the new Belton campus in 1893 by Elli Moore Townsend, wife of the serving president. [12] Its aim was to provide more affordable housing for women students who could not meet the expense of dormitories. The women students earned financial assistance by growing vegetables, raising livestock, and hand making crafts and quality clothing items. [13] Initially the cottages were modest wood frame residences. In 1905, a permanent residence hall for the Cottage Home System was built by the residents themselves. [12]

Beginning in 1922, a few male students, known as "Campus Boys", were allowed to attend classes and work on campus through their junior year, at which time they transferred to Baylor University or another college for their senior year and graduation. [14] "Campus Boys" did work that was deemed unsuitable for the young ladies. They maintained the grounds, unloaded coal from rail cars, milked cows, fed hogs, served as night watchmen, and unstopped drains. They lived on the second floor of a carpenter shop in quarters dubbed "The Shack". [15]

In 1925, Baylor Female College was renamed Baylor College for Women. A year later, it was accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Universities, being the first Texas Baptist college to do so. Then in 1927, it received accreditation from the American Association of Colleges. [5] In 1925, enrollment peaked at 2,372, which forced the college to start a costly building project. [12] That, in addition to a devastating campus fire in 1929, required immediate construction of even more buildings, and with the help of the Great Depression, brought the college to the edge of bankruptcy. [12] It was saved by a generous gift from Mary and John G. Hardin. In gratitude, the college changed its name to Mary Hardin–Baylor College in 1934. [5]

In 1968, the Scott and White College of Nursing, named for the Scott and White Memorial Hospital located in nearby Temple, became a part of Mary Hardin–Baylor College. [16]

Mary Hardin–Baylor College once again became fully coeducational in 1971. [14] August of that year had the first male graduates, including three males receiving bachelor's degrees. With the inauguration in 1978 of its first graduate program, a master of education, the college achieved status as a university with five schools: Arts and Sciences, Creative Arts, Business, Education, and Nursing. [12] It was renamed the University of Mary Hardin–Baylor. [5] [17]


The school has 119 undergraduate majors [18] and 13 graduate degree programs, including several master's degrees and two doctoral programs. [17] Qualified students can participate in engaged learning through internships with businesses and industries. Study abroad programs are offered on three continents. [19]

UMHB comprises eight colleges: The McLane College of Business, College of Christian Studies, College of Education, College of Humanities and Sciences, Scott and White College of Nursing, College of Visual and Performing Arts, and the Graduate School.

Notable alumni

Presidential connection

Johnson Hall, an all-girls dormitory on the UMHB campus, was named after Rebekah Baines Johnson, mother of President Lyndon B. Johnson and granddaughter of Baptist preacher Reverend George Washington Baines, who served as president of the college from 1861–1864. [24] President Johnson, Mrs. Johnson and several other family members were present when the building was dedicated on September 26, 1968. [24]


The UMHB Crusaders, or "The Cru", compete in Division III (NCAA) as a member of the American Southwest Conference (ASC). UMHB was formerly a member of the NAIA before becoming a full member of the NCAA Division III following the 1999–2000 school year. UMHB held dual membership in the NAIA and NCAA during a provisional period, as UMHB was transitioning to the NCAA. [25]

UMHB sponsors 12 varsity athletic programs, six men's and six women's: [26]

Athletic achievements

Tim Walker charges towards the end zone on a punt return against Linfield in the NCAA Div III Championship Game Tim Walker UMHB.jpg
Tim Walker charges towards the end zone on a punt return against Linfield in the NCAA Div III Championship Game

The Crusaders have won four national championships and seven national runner-up finishes: [25]

Student life

Easter Pageant

For 79 consecutive years [29] the University of Mary Hardin–Baylor has produced an outdoor reproduction of the Holy Week. [30] Each year the pageant takes place on the Wednesday afternoon before Easter and is performed on campus in front of Luther Memorial. The Easter Pageant is fully produced by the students of UMHB themselves, including directing, costumes, and performances and draws nearly 5,000 viewers each year. [29]

Charter Day

Charter Day is an annual tradition that celebrates the charter signing on February 1, 1845. The event is held during chapel service on the first Wednesday in February. During the service, seniors sing the alumni/senior song, "Up with the Purple". [31] At the conclusion of the service, seniors traditionally place a wreath of flowers on the grave of Judge R.E.B. Baylor, located in the courtyard. [32]


Homecoming provides opportunities for graduates and former students to return to campus and connect with former classmates and the university. The first Homecoming was held in 1909, and over the years has been held in either the fall or spring. Students and alumni together celebrate Homecoming in the fall to include football activities. Selection of the Homecoming Court and the pep rally with fireworks are some of the new events established by students. [33]

Robing ceremony

Robing symbolizes the passing of the student leadership from the senior class to the junior class. The specific origin of the robing ceremony is not known, but it may have occurred as early as 1902. Seniors place their caps and gowns on the juniors, and this is the first time the juniors are allowed to sing the alumni/senior song, “Up with the Purple”. Since 2007, Robing has been held on the Friday of Midnight March with Class Ring Ceremony. [33]

Midnight March

At midnight a few weeks before Spring Commencement, seniors in regalia march with lighted candles around Vann Circle Drive. As they sing the senior/alumni song, they stop to light the candles of special friends and alumni. [34] In the early stages of the Midnight March, the dormitory residents witness the March inside of their dark rooms. Later during the ceremony, the residents migrate into the hallway so senior friends can light their candles. Due to fire codes, however, the March was moved outdoors. [34]

Stunt Night

Stunt Night is a competition among the four classes that builds a bond between members and creates class spirit. It began in 1909 when George Rosborough, the physical education instructor, initiated Stunt Night to give the campus residents, who could not go home, an activity during the Christmas holidays. The Stunt Night committee selects a theme for the event, allowing the class directors time to prepare a skit and an original song. The winning class has the honor of decorating the Stunt Night blanket which is then displayed in the Musick Alumni Center and Museum for a year. [33]

Dubbing Ceremony

In the spring of 1995, students requested a ceremony to create closer emotional ties to the university. Subsequently, a “Dubbing Ceremony” became part of Welcome Week. Each fall new students are “dubbed” with a ceremonial sword by the university administration as “Crusaders Forever”, Prior to the ceremony, students light candles and sing the Alma Mater. Immediately following the ceremony, the sophomores ring the sophomore bell the number of years the university has been in existence. [33]

Miss MHB Pageant

The Pageant provides young women opportunities to gain confidence and poise and to develop friendships through competition. The pageant has evolved over the years into a two-evening, primarily student-produced event. Classes and student organizations select representatives and judges interview the contestants, listen to their platforms, and evaluate them on the group dance, individual talent and evening gown stroll. Miss MHB and three runners-up are named, and each one receives a scholarship for the semester following their selection. [33]

Crusader Knights

The Class of 1994 held the first Crusader Knights in the Fall of 1993. It is a two-night, themed event for the men of UMHB. The competition includes a group opening number, short video-skits created by the participants showing their personality and talent, and the individuals walking in evening attire. The winner is dubbed Mr. Crusader Knight by the university president. [33]

Related Research Articles

Texas Christian University private university in Fort Worth, Texas, USA

Texas Christian University (TCU) is a private Christian-based, coeducational university in Fort Worth, Texas, established in 1873 by brothers Addison and Randolph Clark as the Add-Ran Male & Female College.

Barry University university

Barry University is a private, Catholic university founded in 1940 by the Adrian Dominican Sisters. Located in Miami Shores, Florida, a suburb north of Downtown Miami, it is one of the largest Catholic universities in the Southeast and is within the territory of the Archdiocese of Miami.

Western Kentucky University Public university in Bowling Green, KY, USA

Western Kentucky University is a public university in Bowling Green, Kentucky, United States. It was founded by the Commonwealth of Kentucky in 1906, though its roots reach back a quarter-century earlier. In the fall 2016 semester, enrollment was approximately 20,000.

Cedarville University

Cedarville University is a private Baptist university in Cedarville, Ohio.

Valparaiso University Lutheran university in Indiana

Valparaiso University is a regionally accredited private university in Valparaiso, Indiana, United States. Commonly known as Valpo, the university is a coed, four-year, Lutheran institution with about 4,500 students from over 50 countries on a campus of 350 acres (140 ha).

Texas A&M International University

Texas A&M International University, often referred to as TAMIU, is a public, co-educational, state-supported university located in Laredo, Texas. The university has a modern campus on a 300-acre (1.2 km2) site in Laredo, Texas. It is a Member of the Texas A&M University System which is one of the largest systems of higher education in the nation. Located in Laredo, Texas, a crossroads of culture and commerce, TAMIU is a major regional educational institution of choices in the State's fastest-growing demographic area and home to over 7500+ students each academic semester. TAMIU offers over 70 undergraduate, graduate or doctoral degrees in the arts and sciences, business administration, and nursing in the four colleges of the University.

Dominican University of California private university located in San Rafael, California

Dominican University of California is a private, not-for-profit, coeducational university located in San Rafael, California. It was founded in 1890 as Dominican College by the Dominican Sisters of San Rafael. It is one of the oldest universities in California.

Blinn College

Blinn College is a two-year academic institution based in Brenham, Texas, with campuses in Brenham, Bryan, Schulenburg, and Sealy. While Brenham is Blinn's main campus, with dorms and apartments, more than 65 percent of its students attend the Bryan campus.

McMurry University

McMurry University is a private Methodist liberal arts university in Abilene, Texas. It was founded in 1923 and offers forty-five majors in the fields of fine arts, humanities, social and natural sciences, education, business, and religion, and nine pre-professional programs, including nursing, dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, veterinary, and law.

Madonna University is a private Catholic liberal arts university in Livonia, Michigan. Conducted by the Felician Sisters, it has extension campuses in Metro Detroit in southwest Detroit, Orchard Lake, and Clinton Township at the Macomb University Center. Madonna University also has a campus at the University Center in Gaylord, about 225 miles (362 km) north of Livonia. Though affiliated with the Catholic Church, the school admits students and faculty of all faiths.

Concordia University Texas private university in Austin, Texas, United States

Concordia University Texas is a private, coeducational institution of liberal arts and sciences located in northwest Austin, in the U.S. state of Texas. The university offers undergraduate, graduate and online degrees as well as an Adult Degree Program for part-time and returning students.

Houston Baptist University building in Texas, United States

Houston Baptist University (HBU) is a private Baptist university in Sharpstown, Houston, Texas. The university was founded in 1960. Its Cultural Arts Center houses three museums: the Dunham Bible Museum, the Museum of American Architecture and Decorative Arts, and the Museum of Southern History.

Immaculata University Roman Catholic university

Immaculata University is a private, co-educational, Roman Catholic university founded by the Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary and located in Malvern, Pennsylvania. The university is affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church through the Archdiocese of Philadelphia.

Hardin–Simmons University

Hardin–Simmons University (HSU) is a private Baptist university in Abilene, Texas.

Rutgers University–Camden

Rutgers University–Camden is one of three regional campuses of Rutgers University, New Jersey's public research university. It is located in Camden, New Jersey. Founded in 1766, Rutgers–Camden began as an amalgam of the South Jersey Law School and the College of South Jersey. It is the southernmost of the three regional campuses of Rutgers—the others being located in New Brunswick and Newark.

Dallas Christian School is a private, preparatory Christian day school for boys and girls located in Mesquite, Texas. The school offers classes for students ranging from pre-kindergarten through the twelfth grade. Dallas Christian School is a member of the Texas Association of Private and Parochial Schools (TAPPS).

Sybil Leonard Armes was a prominent Baptist author and musician, who served as alternate poet laureate for the U.S. state of Texas in 1969. Among her survivors is Paul Woodson Armes, the president of Wayland Baptist University in Plainview in Hale County in the South Plains, who used to be the pastor of a Baptist church in Corpus Christi.

Pete Fredenburg is an American football coach and former player. He is currently the head coach at the University of Mary Hardin–Baylor in Belton, Texas, a position he has held since the 1998 season when the program began play. Fredenburg led Mary Hardin–Baylor to the NCAA Division III Football Championship in 2016 and 2018. His 2004 squad finished as runners-up, losing to Linfield. Before coming to Mary Hardin–Baylor, Fredenburg served as an assistant coach at Baylor University (1982–1993), Louisiana State University (1994), and Louisiana Tech University (1995–1996). He played football at Southwest Texas State University—now known as Texas State University–San Marcos—from 1968 to 1970.

Charlotte Ann "Chickie" Mason coached both women's basketball at the college level and softball at the high school and college level. Her coaching experience ranged from the high school level finishing her career at Medina High School (Texas) in Medina, Texas to two year collegiate programs at McClennan Community College and Temple Junior College to NCAA Division III level at Mary Hardin–Baylor to NCAA Division II level at North Dakota to the NCAA Division I level at Lamar, Nevada, and UTSA.


  1. "University of Mary Hardin-Baylor – Profile, Rankings and Data". U.S. News & World Report .
  2. "O'Rear Appointed President and Chief Executive Officer at UMHB". KWTX . Retrieved 2009-06-14.
  3. 1 2 "University of Mary Hardin-Baylor". Texas Monthly . Retrieved 2008-05-19.
  4. 1 2 "Fast Facts". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Get to Know UMHB: Our History". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  6. "Frequently Asked Questions". UMHB Athletics. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  7. "Institution Details: University of Mary-Hardin Baylor". Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Colleges. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  8. "High School Students Awarded Scholarships to UMHB". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
  9. "UMHB Inaugurates First Doctor Program". KWTX-TV . Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  10. "About Baylor: Henry Lee Graves, Baylor President 1846-1851". Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  11. 1 2 3 "History of Baylor University". Baylor Law. Archived from the original on 2008-05-14. Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "University of Mary Hardin-Baylor". Handbook of Texas Online . Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  13. Camp, Ken. "Pair of frontier Texas Baptists advance cause of women, historians learn". Baptist General Convention of Texas . Retrieved 2008-05-18.
  14. 1 2 Coppedge, Clay. "The 1970s: The 'we' decade". Temple Daily Telegram . Retrieved 2008-05-19.
  15. Romer, Paul A. (2009-05-04). "Back Roads: UMHB's 'campus boys' faced 20-1 ratio in classes". Temple Daily Telegram . Retrieved 2009-05-18.
  16. "Scott & White College of Nursing - About Us". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
  17. 1 2 "About the Center for Religious Liberty". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
  18. "Undergraduate Colleges". UMHB. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
  19. "Welcome from the Provost". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-19.
  20. "Memoriams". UMHB Alumni. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  21. "The Politics of Personality: Part 1, 1915-1927 - Miriam A. Ferguson". Texas State Library and Archives Commission . Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  22. "Oveta Culp Hobby". Social Security Online History Pages. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  23. "The Houston Children - Margaret Lea Houston". Sam Houston Memorial Museum. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  24. 1 2 "Johnson Hall". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  25. 1 2 "About UMHB Athletics". UMHB Athletics. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  26. "University of Mary Hardin–Baylor Fact Page". American Southwest Conference . Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  27. "Mary Hardin–Baylor Wins Men's Golf Championship". American Southwest Conference . Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  28. "UMHB's Freeman Signs with Tennessee Titans". American Southwest Conference . Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  29. 1 2 "UMHB Sixty-Ninth Annual Easter Pageant". KWTX-TV . Retrieved 2008-05-21.
  30. "Easter Pageant". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
  31. "Get to Know UMHB: Traditions - Charter Day". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
  32. "Charter Day celebrates university past, future". The Bells Online. Retrieved 2008-05-21.
  33. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Traditions". UMHB. Retrieved 2011-12-08.
  34. 1 2 "Get to Know UMHB: Traditions - Midnight March". UMHB. Retrieved 2008-05-21.