University of Rostock

Last updated

University of Rostock
Universität Rostock
Siegel Universitat Rostock 1419.svg
Seal of the University of Rostock
Latin: Universitas Rostochiensis
Motto
Traditio et Innovatio
Motto in English
Tradition and Innovation
Type Public
EstablishedFebruary 13, 1419;603 years ago (1419-02-13)
Budget€214.4 million [1]
Chancellor Jan Tamm
Rector Wolfgang D. Schareck [2] (906th rector)
Academic staff
1,341 [1]
Administrative staff
963 [1]
Students13,766 [1]
1,322 [1]
Location, ,
(Germany)

54°4′32″N12°6′12″E / 54.07556°N 12.10333°E / 54.07556; 12.10333
CampusUrban
Nobel Laureates 5
Colours Blue and Black and 
Affiliations EUA
DFG
DAAD
Website www.uni-rostock.de
Rostock University Logo 2009.png
University of Rostock's main building Rostock asv2018-05 img29 University.jpg
University of Rostock's main building

The University of Rostock (German: Universität Rostock) is a public university located in Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Founded in 1419, [3] [4] [5] it is the third-oldest university in Germany. It is the oldest university in continental northern Europe and the Baltic Sea area, [5] and 8th oldest in Central Europe. [6] It was the 5th university established in the Holy Roman Empire.

Contents

The university has been associated with five Nobel laureates: Albrecht Kossel, Karl von Frisch, Otto Stern, Pascual Jordan, and Walter H. Schottky. It is a member of the European University Association. According to a ranking published by Times Higher Education in 2018, it is the most beautiful university in Germany and the fourth most beautiful university in all of Europe. [7] The language of instruction is usually German and English for some postgraduate studies.

Detail of the central building depicting the coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Schwerin Rostock Universitat 2.jpg
Detail of the central building depicting the coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Memorial stone to the foundation of Rostock University, quadrangle of Wittenberg University Memorial stone to the foundation of Rostock University, quadrangle of Wittenberg University.jpg
Memorial stone to the foundation of Rostock University, quadrangle of Wittenberg University

History

The university was founded in 1419 by confirmation of Pope Martin V and thus is one of the oldest universities in Northern Europe.

In Germany, there are only five universities that were founded earlier, while only Heidelberg and Leipzig operated continuously since then: Heidelberg (1386), Cologne (1388), Erfurt (1392/1994), Würzburg (1402/1582) and Leipzig (1409). That makes Rostock University the third oldest German university in continuous operation.

Throughout the 15th and 16th centuries, the University of Rostock had about 400 to 500 students each year and was among the most important universities in Germany and Northern Europe at the time, with many of its students originating from the Low Countries, Scandinavia or other countries bordering the Baltic Sea.

In the course of political struggles and due to pressure from the church, the university moved to Greifswald in 1437 and remained there until 1443. From 1487 to 1488 teaching took place in Lübeck.

A few years after the city of Rostock, the university became Protestant in 1542. Henceforth, Humanism and Lutheranism were defining characteristics of the university. After the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), however, for about two centuries the University of Rostock played only a regional role. After the "ownership" of the university had moved from the city to the state (Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin) in 1827, however, things changed for the better. The second half of the 19th century saw generous building activity in Rostock's alma mater and the university soon regained its old reputation amongst German universities.

1919–1945

On the occasion of the 500th anniversary of the university, Albert Einstein and Max Planck received honorary doctorates on 12 November 1919. This made the University of Rostock the world's first institute of higher learning to award this honour to Einstein. The doctorate was not revoked during the Nazi rule in Germany (1933–1945), despite such orders by the Nazis. The reason for this remains unknown. Psychologist David Katz and professor of dentistry and dean of the medical faculty Hans Moral  [ de ] lost their posts in 1933 among others.

1945–1989

The end of the Second World War in 1945 brought many changes. The university, now finding itself in the Soviet Zone of Germany (the later German Democratic Republic), was re-opened on 24 February 1946. The Faculty of Law was closed in 1951, a Faculty of Agriculture was introduced in 1950 and in 1951 saw the opening of a Department of Shipbuilding (renamed Faculty of Technology in 1963). The University of Rostock was the first traditional university in Germany to open a technical faculty. In 1952, the Faculty of Aviation was opened, but eventually relocated to Dresden.

In 1976 the university was renamed Wilhelm-Pieck-Universität after Wilhelm Pieck, the first president of the German Democratic Republic. The renaming was annulled after the German reunification.

1989 to present

External funding increased by 83 % between 2005 and 2010 alone and currently is above 47 million Euros per year. Over 500 million Euros have been invested in the university infrastructure since 1991, reaching 750 million Euros by 2015. The numbers of young people from Germany and of international students who choose Rostock as a place to study are increasing every year. As of today, students from at least 99 different countries have studied at Rostock. In 2007, the University of Rostock reorganized its research capacities into three profile lines: Life, Light & Matter, Maritime Systems, and Aging of Individuals and Societies. In 2010, a fourth profile was added, called Knowledge - Culture - Transformation.

Organization and structure

Like many continental European universities, the University of Rostock is divided into academic faculties (German: Fakultät). Those can be sub-divided into academic departments (German: Institut) and chairs (German: Lehrstuhl).

Faculties

It is divided into the following nine faculties:

  • Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences
    • Plants and Soil
    • Ecology and (Coastal)-Landscape
    • Biomass, Aqua and Livestock Sciences
  • Faculty of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering
    • Institute of Computer Science
    • Institute for Visual and Analytic Computing
    • Institute of Electrical Engineering
    • Department of Computational Engineering
  • Faculty of Law
    • Department of Law
    • International Commercial Law
    • International Business Administration
  • Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Marine Technology
    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Marine Technology
    • Mechatronics
    • Biomedical Technology
  • Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences
    • Institute of Biology
    • Institute of Chemistry
    • Institute of Mathematics
    • Institute of Physics
  • Faculty of Medicine
    • Albrecht Kossel Institute for Neuroregeneration
    • General Medicine
    • Dental Medicine
    • Anatomy
    • Medical Biotechnology
    • Informatics in Medicine and Gerontology
    • Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology
    • Experimental Surgery
    • History of Medicine
    • Immunology
    • Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine
    • Medical Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
    • Medical Biology
    • Medical Genetics
    • Medical Microbiology
    • Medical Psychology and Sociology
    • Pathology
    • Pharmacology and Toxicology
    • Physiology
    • Proteome Center Rostock
    • Forensic Medicine
    • Transfusion Medicine
    • Institute of Experimental Gene Therapy and Tumor Research
    • Cell Biology
  • Faculty of Humanities
    • Department of Educational Science
    • Institute of General and Social Pedagogy
    • Institute of Educational Psychology Rosa and David Katz
    • Institute for Teacher Education
    • Department of English Language
    • Department of German Studies
    • Department of Romance Language
    • Heinrich Schliemann Institute of Classical Studies
    • Institute of History
    • Institute for Media Research
    • Institute of Philosophy
    • Institute of Sports Science
    • Institute of Folklore
    • Moritz Schlick Research Centre
    • Centre for Logic, Philosophy and History of Science (ZLWWG)
  • Faculty of Theology
    • Institute of Image Theory
    • Institute of Text and Culture
  • Faculty of Economic and Social Sciences
    • Institute of Business Administration
    • Institute of Marketing and Services Research
    • Institute of Sociology and Demography
    • Institute of Political and Administrative Sciences
    • Institute of Economics

Facilities

Rostock University Library

Michaeliskloster, part of the Rostock University Library (Special Historical Library Collections) Michaeliskloster.jpg
Michaeliskloster, part of the Rostock University Library (Special Historical Library Collections)

The Rostock University Library consists of 3 divisional libraries and several specialized libraries provides scientific literature and information for research, education and study. The university statistics shows about 3 million physical volumes recorded in the catalogue. It provides access to electronic journals (EZB) and specialized databases (DBIS). The library possesses large special collections of culturally historical and scientifically historical old books. [8] In the Patents and Standards Centre (PNZ), all DIN norms and regulations as well as the VDI guidelines are provided. [9] Moreover, the library also contains the university archive and the art treasure collection. [10]

Rostock Student Services

The Rostock Student Services (German: Studentenwerk Rostock) provides accommodation for newly arrived international students who plan to study at the University of Rostock and the Rostock University of Music and Theatre. International students, who have not lived or studied in Germany, are considered for a Starter Package service. However, short-time students and students on a programme (ERASMUS; Sokrates) are given a low priority. [11]

Rostock University Hospital

The university operates a hospital, which has several teaching and research institutes. [12] Among those are the Albrecht Kossel Institute for Neuroregeneration.

Points of interest

The Rostocker Pfeilstorch, on display at the Institute of Zoology Rostocker Pfeilstorch.jpg
The Rostocker Pfeilstorch , on display at the Institute of Zoology

Academic profile

Rankings

University rankings
Global – Overall
ARWU World [13] 501–600 (2019)
QS World [14] 701–750 (2021)
USNWR Global [15] 624 (2020)

University of Rostock was ranked in 2014: 401–500 in the world in the Shanghai Jiao Tong University's Academic Ranking of World Universities. [16]

The CWTS Leiden Ranking ranked University of Rostock as 405th in 2014. [17]

Moreover, QS World University Rankings ranked University of Rostock as 551st within the top universities in 2015. [18]

However, Times Higher Education World University Rankings has not listed University of Rostock within the top 400 universities since 2011. [19]

In 2014, the Center for World University Rankings (CWUR) ranked University of Rostock as 481st in the world. [20]

According to the University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), Rostock University was ranked as 34th in Germany and 428th in the world in 2014. [21]

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) ranked University of Rostock among 101–150 in Chemistry in the world in 2014. [22] In 2014, the CWTS Leiden Ranking ranked University of Rostock in the world as 269th in Natural Sciences, 336th in Life Sciences, 463rd in Medical Sciences, 449th in Mathematics, Computer Science and Engineering, and 245th in Cognitive Science. [23] According to the University Ranking by Academic Performance (URAP), Rostock University was ranked 224th worldwide in Chemistry in 2014. [24]

Research

In recent years, the University of Rostock has undergone significant conceptual and organisational changes, which included the bundling of competences and research activities in the interdisciplinary, cross-faculty departments of the Interdisciplinary Faculty. Scientific priorities of the faculties have improved by including the interdisciplinary-based research units: Collaborative Research Centres, Research Training Groups, and Research Units. [25]

The university cooperates with several independent research centres. Among those:

Partner universities

Although cooperation and student exchanges are possible with many more institutions, the university has signed cooperation agreements with the following international universities:

Notable alumni and faculty

Honorary doctorate certificate of Rostock University to Albert Einstein in 1919 Ehrenpromotion Albert Einstein.jpg
Honorary doctorate certificate of Rostock University to Albert Einstein in 1919

In nearly six centuries numerous notable students and professors have had ties with the university, for instance:

550 years Rostock University: Stamp of the GDR from 1969 Stamps of Germany (DDR) 1969, MiNr 1519.jpg
550 years Rostock University: Stamp of the GDR from 1969

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">University of Bonn</span> Public university in Bonn, Germany

The Rhenish Friedrich Wilhelm University of Bonn is an elite public research university located in Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It was founded in its present form as the Rhein-Universität on 18 October 1818 by Frederick William III, as the linear successor of the Kurkölnische Akademie Bonn which was founded in 1777. The University of Bonn offers many undergraduate and graduate programs in a range of subjects and has 544 professors. The University of Bonn is a member of the German U15 association of major research-intensive universities in Germany and has the title of "University of Excellence" under the German Universities Excellence Initiative; it is consistently ranked amongst the best German universities in the world rankings and is one of the most research intensive universities in Germany.

University of Copenhagen Public university in Copenhagen, Denmark

The University of Copenhagen is a public research university in Copenhagen, Denmark. Founded in 1479, the University of Copenhagen is the second-oldest university in Scandinavia after Uppsala University, and ranks as one of the top universities in the Nordic countries and Europe.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">University of Göttingen</span> University in the city of Göttingen, Germany

The University of Göttingen, officially the Georg August University of Göttingen, is a public research university in the city of Göttingen, Germany. Founded in 1734 by George II, King of Great Britain and Elector of Hanover, and starting classes in 1737, the Georgia Augusta was conceived to promote the ideals of the Enlightenment. It is the oldest university in the state of Lower Saxony and the largest in student enrollment, which stands at around 31,600.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Albrecht Kossel</span> German biochemist and pioneer in the study of genetics

Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel was a German biochemist and pioneer in the study of genetics. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1910 for his work in determining the chemical composition of nucleic acids, the genetic substance of biological cells.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich</span> Public university in Munich, Germany

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich is a public research university located in Munich, Germany.

University of Tübingen Public research university in Tübingen, Germany

The University of Tübingen, officially the Eberhard Karl University of Tübingen, is a public research university located in the city of Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Humboldt University of Berlin</span> Public university in Berlin, Germany

Humboldt University of Berlin is a public research university in the central borough of Mitte in Berlin, Germany. It was established by Frederick William III on the initiative of Wilhelm von Humboldt, Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Ernst Daniel Schleiermacher as the University of Berlin in 1809, and opened in 1810, making it the oldest of Berlin's four universities. From 1828 until its closure in 1945, it was named Friedrich Wilhelm University. During the Cold War the university found itself in East Berlin and was de facto split in two when the Free University of Berlin opened in West Berlin. The university received its current name in honour of Alexander and Wilhelm von Humboldt in 1949.

University of Zurich Largest university in Switzerland, founded 1833

The University of Zurich is a public research university located in the city of Zürich, Switzerland. It is the largest university in Switzerland, with its 28,000 enrolled students. It was founded in 1833 from the existing colleges of theology, law, medicine which go back to 1525, and a new faculty of philosophy.

Leipzig University University in Leipzig, Germany

Leipzig University, in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the world's oldest universities and the second-oldest university in Germany. The university was founded on 2 December 1409 by Frederick I, Elector of Saxony and his brother William II, Margrave of Meissen, and originally comprised the four scholastic faculties. Since its inception, the university has engaged in teaching and research for over 600 years without interruption.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">University of Graz</span> Public university in Graz, Styria

The University of Graz, located in Graz, Austria, is the largest and oldest university in Styria, as well as the second-largest and second-oldest university in Austria.

University of Basel Public university in Basel, Switzerland

The University of Basel is a university in Basel, Switzerland. Founded on 4 April 1460, it is Switzerland's oldest university and among the world's oldest surviving universities. The university is traditionally counted among the leading institutions of higher learning in the country.

Goethe University Frankfurt University in Frankfurt, Germany

Goethe University is a university located in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It was founded in 1914 as a citizens' university, which means it was founded and funded by the wealthy and active liberal citizenry of Frankfurt. The original name was Universität Frankfurt am Main. In 1932, the university's name was extended in honour of one of the most famous native sons of Frankfurt, the poet, philosopher and writer/dramatist Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. The university currently has around 45,000 students, distributed across four major campuses within the city.

Kiel University University in Germany

Kiel University, officially the Christian-Albrecht University of Kiel, is a university in the city of Kiel, Germany. It was founded in 1665 as the Academia Holsatorum Chiloniensis by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and has approximately 27,000 students today. Kiel University is the largest, oldest, and most prestigious in the state of Schleswig-Holstein. Until 1864/66 it was not only the northernmost university in Germany but at the same time the 2nd largest university of Denmark. Faculty, alumni, and researchers of the Kiel University have won 12 Nobel Prizes. Kiel University has been a member of the German Universities Excellence Initiative since 2006. The Cluster of Excellence The Future Ocean, which was established in cooperation with the GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel in 2006, is internationally recognized. The second Cluster of Excellence "Inflammation at Interfaces" deals with chronic inflammatory diseases. The Kiel Institute for the World Economy is also affiliated with Kiel University. The university has a great reputation for its focus on public international law. The oldest public international law institution in Germany and Europe – the Walther Schuecking Institute for International Law – is based in Kiel.

University of Greifswald University in Pomerania

The University of Greifswald, formerly also known as “Ernst-Moritz-Arndt University of Greifswald“, is a public research university located in Greifswald, Germany, in the state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania.

TU Dresden is a public research university, the largest institute of higher education in the city of Dresden, the largest university in Saxony and one of the 10 largest universities in Germany with 32,389 students as of 2018.

University of Bern University in the Swiss capital of Bern

The University of Bern is a university in the Swiss capital of Bern and was founded in 1834. It is regulated and financed by the Canton of Bern. It is a comprehensive university offering a broad choice of courses and programs in eight faculties and some 150 institutes. With around 18,576 students, the University of Bern is the third largest university in Switzerland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">University of Hamburg</span> Public university in Hamburg, Germany

The University of Hamburg is a public research university in Hamburg, Germany. It was founded on 28 March 1919 by combining the previous General Lecture System, the Hamburg Colonial Institute, and the Academic College. The main campus is located in the central district of Rotherbaum, with affiliated institutes and research centres distributed around the city-state.

University of Erlangen–Nuremberg Public university in Erlangen and Nuremberg, Germany

University of Erlangen–Nuremberg is a public research university in the cities of Erlangen and Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany. The name Friedrich–Alexander comes from the university's first founder Friedrich, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth, and its benefactor Alexander, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach.

University of Regensburg University in Bavaria, Germany

The University of Regensburg is a public research university located in the medieval city of Regensburg, Bavaria, a city that is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The university was founded on 18 July 1962 by the Landtag of Bavaria as the fourth full-fledged university in Bavaria. Following groundbreaking in 1965, the university officially opened to students during the 1967–1968 winter semester, initially housing faculties in Law and Business Sciences and Philosophy. During the summer semester of 1968 the faculty of Theology was created. Currently, the University of Regensburg houses eleven faculties.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Die Universität in Zahlen: Ausgabe 2016" (PDF) (in German). University of Rostock. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  2. "Prof. Wolfgang Schareck ist der neue Rektor der Universität Rostock".
  3. "University - University of Rostock". www.uni-rostock.de. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  4. "Universität Rostock". Top Universities. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  5. 1 2 "University of Rostock | University Info | 0 Masters in English - Mastersportal.com". www.mastersportal.com. Retrieved 31 July 2021.
  6. Prague (1348), Kraków (1364), Vienna (1365), Pécs (1367), Heidelberg (1386), Cologne (1388), Leipzig (1409), Rostock (1419).
  7. The 10 most beautiful universities in Europe.
  8. "Rostock University Library, University Archive".
  9. "Rostock University Library, Patents and Standards Centre".
  10. "Rostock University Library". Archived from the original on 3 January 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  11. "Studentenwerk Rostock, Starter Package" . Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  12. "Universitätsklinikum Rostock". University of Rostock. 2011. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  13. "University of Rostock". ShanghaiRanking. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  14. "Universitat Rostock". Top Universities. Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  15. "University of Rostock" . Retrieved 21 May 2020.
  16. "University of Rostock – Shanghai Ranking".
  17. "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2014".
  18. "QS World University Rankings 2014". Top Universities.
  19. "Times Higher Education (THES) – QS World University Rankings 2014". October 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  20. "University of Rostock". Center for World University Rankings 2014. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  21. "URAP Ranking 2014, Germany" . Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  22. "Academic Ranking of World Universities in Chemistry – Shanghai Ranking".
  23. "University of Rostock – UniversityRanking.ch".
  24. "URAP Chemical Sciences Ranking 2014, Germany" . Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  25. "Research at the University of Rostock" . Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  26. Kuepper, Hans-Josef. "Albert Einstein – Honours, prizes and awards".