University of Sri Lanka

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University of Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකා විශ්වවිද්‍යාලය, இலங்கைப் பல்கலைக்கழகம்
Motto Sanskrit: Sarvasya locanam śāstram
Motto in English
Knowledge is the eye unto all.
Type Public
Active15 February 1972 (1972-02-15)–31 December 1978 (1978-12-31)
Location, ,
CampusMultiple campuses

The University of Sri Lanka (Sinhala : ශ්‍රී ලංකා විශ්වවිද්‍යාලය, Tamil : இலங்கைப் பல்கலைக்கழகம்) was a public university in Sri Lanka. Established in 1972 by amalgamating the four existing universities, it was the only university in Sri Lanka from 1972 until 1978. The university was based at six campuses in Colombo, Peradeniya, Sri Jayewardenepura, Kelaniya, Moratuwa and Jaffna. The university was dissolved in 1978 and its six campuses became independent universities.

Contents

History

The Ceylon University Ordinance No. 20 of 1942 established Sri Lanka's first fully fledged degree granting university, the University of Ceylon, on 1 July 1942 by amalgamating Ceylon University College and Ceylon Medical College. [1] [2] The university was initially based at the Ceylon University College site in Colombo whilst a new campus was built at Peradeniya. Various faculties and departments moved from Colombo to Peradeniya from 1949 onwards. The university's administration moved to Peradeniya in 1952 and the university officially became the University of Ceylon, Peradeniya on 6 October 1952. [3] Sections of the university continued to be based at the Colombo campus of the university.

The Vidyodaya University and Vidyalankara University Act No. 45 of 1958 elevated Vidyodaya Pirivena at Maligakanda and the Vidyalankara Pirivena at Kelaniya into two separate universities. [4] [5] Vidyodaya University and Vidyalankara University opened in 1959. [6]

By the mid 1960s there were calls for the creation of a separate, independent university based at the Colombo campus. The Ceylon University Ordinance No. 20 of 1942 was replaced by Higher Education Act No. 20 of 1966. [7] At the 1967 Throne Speech it was announced that a new university was to be established in Colombo. Under the provisions of the Higher Education Act the University of Ceylon, Colombo was established with effect from 1 October 1967.

The University of Ceylon Act No. 1 of 1972 amalgamated the four universities - University of Ceylon, Peradeniya, University of Ceylon, Colombo, Vidyodyaya University and Vidyalankara University - into a single university, the University of Sri Lanka, with four campuses. [8] At the same time the Ceylon College of Technology at Katubedda became the fifth campus of the university. [9] Jaffna became the sixth campus of the university on 25 July 1974. [10]

The Universities Act No. 16 of 1978 radically altered university education in Sri Lanka. The University of Sri Lanka was abolished and its six campuses were each elevated to independent, autonomous universities in their own right: University of Peradeniya, University of Colombo, University of Sri Jayewardenepura (Vidyodaya), University of Kelaniya (Vidyalankara), University of Moratuwa (Katubedda) and University of Jaffna. [11] [12]

List of vice-chancellors

Related Research Articles

University of Colombo Public research university in Sri Lanka

The University of Colombo is a public research university located primarily in Colombo, Sri Lanka. It is the oldest institution of modern higher education in Sri Lanka. Specialised in the fields of natural, social, and applied sciences as well as mathematics, computer sciences, and law. It is ranked among the top 10 universities in South Asia.

University of Moratuwa University in Sri Lanka

The University of Moratuwa is a technological university in Sri Lanka. It is located on the bank of the Bolgoda Lake in Katubedda, Moratuwa. Apart from academics including undergraduate and postgraduate studies, the University of Moratuwa presents social and cultural activities, student services, societies, and sports and recreational activities. The institution was known as Ceylon College of Technology, Katubedda before gaining university status. Its roots go back to the Institute of Practical Technology founded in 1960 to provide technical education.

Walpola Rahula Thero

Walpola Rahula Thero (1907–1997) was a Sri Lankan Buddhist monk, scholar and writer. In 1964, he became the Professor of History and Religions at Northwestern University, thus becoming the first bhikkhu to hold a professorial chair in the Western world. He also once held the position of Vice-Chancellor at the then Vidyodaya University. He has written extensively about Buddhism in English, French and Sinhala. He wrote the book What the Buddha Taught about Theravada Buddhism.

University of Kelaniya

The University of Kelaniya is a state university in Sri Lanka. Just outside the municipal limits of Colombo, in the city of Kelaniya, the university has two major campuses, seven locations, six faculties and four institutions.

Ceylon Medical College

Ceylon Medical College was a public medical school in Ceylon. The college was established in 1870 as the Colombo Medical School. The college was based in Colombo. The college was merged with Ceylon University College in 1942 to form the University of Ceylon. The medical college became the university's faculty of medicine. The college was also known as Colombo Medical College.

University of Peradeniya State university in Kandy, Sri Lanka

The University of Peradeniya is a state university in Sri Lanka, funded by the University Grants Commission. It is the largest university in Sri Lanka, which was originally established as the University of Ceylon in 1942. The university was officially opened on 20 April 1954 in the presence of H. M. Queen Elizabeth II by H. R. H. Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.

University Grants Commission (Sri Lanka)

The University Grants Commission (UGC) is the body responsible for funding most of the State Universities in Sri Lanka, and operates within the frame work of the Universities Act No. 16 of 1978, itself established by the Cabinet Minister of Education & Higher Education at the time Dr. Nissanka Wijeyeratne in 1979. A public organisation, established under the Parliament Act No 16 of 1978. Location is at No 20, Ward Place Colombo 07.

University of Sri Jayewardenepura University in Sri Lanka

The University of Sri Jayewardenepura is a university in Sri Lanka. It is in Gangodawila, Nugegoda, near Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte, the capital city. It was formed in 1958 out of the Vidyodaya Pirivena, a Buddhist educational centre which was founded in 1873 by Ven. Hikkaduwe Sri Sumangala Thera.

University of Ceylon

The University of Ceylon was the only university in Sri Lanka from 1942 until 1972. It had several constituent campuses at various locations around Sri Lanka. The University of Ceylon Act No. 1 of 1972, replaced it with the University of Sri Lanka which existed from 1973 to 1978. In 1978 it was separated into four independent universities. These are the University of Colombo, the University of Peradeniya, University of Kelaniya and the University of Sri Jayawardanapura.

M. J. Perera

Mapatunage James "M. J." Perera was a Sri Lankan civil servant with nine members in his family in Udumulla, Padukka. He created broadcasting history by being the first Ceylonese Director General of Radio Ceylon, the oldest radio station in South Asia, taking over the helm from John Lampson of the BBC.

The Sri Lanka University Games are a multi-sporting event held between public universities in Sri Lanka.

Nissanka Wijeyeratne

Deshamanya Nissanka Parakrama Wijeyeratne, known as Nissanka Wijeyeratne, was a Sri Lankan politician, civil servant, diplomat and English language poet. He was also the Diyawadana Nilame of the Sri Dalada Maligawa, Kandy from 1975 to 1985. At the time of death he was serving as the chairman of The Law and Society Trust in Sri Lanka.

A pirivena is a monastic college for the education of monks in Sri Lanka. In ancient time, they were also centers of secondary and higher education for lay people. As of 2018, 753 piriven have been founded and maintained by the Ministry of Education. Young monks undergo training at these piriven prior to their ordination.

The University of Colombo currently has seven faculties with 41 academic departments and two interdependent schools with five academic departments. All faculties and schools carries out courses of study and research in both graduate and undergraduate studies. In addition, the university has several institutions that specialize in different areas of research.

The Vidyodaya Pirivena was one of the prominent piriven in Sri Lanka. It was founded in 1873 by Ven. Hikkaduwe Sri Sumangala Thera and later in 1959, the pirivena was granted the university status by the Government of Sri Lanka.

Gamini Haththotuwegama

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A Marshal in a Sri Lankan University is an official tasked with maintaining discipline within the university premises. The role played by Marshals is similar to that of campus police, however they are not law enforcement officials. They intervene in instances of misconduct and breakdown of law and order and report the incident to the police. Each university has a Chief Marshal heading its marshals with the assistance of a Deputy Chief Marshal. The appointment of Marshals are done by the University Act.

Higher education in Sri Lanka is an optional final stage of formal learning following secondary education. Higher education, also referred to as tertiary education occurs most commonly universities or degree-granting institutions. These may be public universities, public and private degree-granting institutions which award their own degrees or degrees from foreign universities. High visibility issues include limited capacity of public universities to cater for the demand and opposition to private universities from certain segments.

Ratmalane Sri Dharmaloka Thera A great Buddhist monk and a scholar

Ratmalane Sri Dharmaloka Thera was a scholar Buddhist monk who lived in the 19th century in Sri Lanka. An educationist and revivalist of Sri Lankan Buddhism, he was reputed for his knowledge of Pali, Sanskrit and Buddhist Philosophy. Ratmalane Sri Dharmaloka Thera was the founder of Vidyalankara Pirivena, Peliyagoda, which was granted the University status later by the Sri Lankan government in 1959, and presently known as University of Kelaniya. Sri Dharmaloka College in Kelaniya, Sri Lanka is named after him.

References

  1. Abeygunawardene, H. (23 December 2002). "University of Peradeniya - more open than usual". Daily News (Sri Lanka) . Archived from the original on 27 May 2005. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  2. BANDUWARDENA, Rupa (9 October 2011). "University of Ceylon, Peradeniya – its glorious past". Sunday Observer, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  3. Wettimuny, Samangie (4 November 2007). "Magnificent citadel of wisdom". Sunday Observer, Sri Lanka.
  4. "History". University of Sri Jayewardenepura. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2012-03-04.
  5. "History". University of Kelaniya.
  6. de Silva, Eric J. (9 February 2011). "University Education: The Peradeniya Model and its demise". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  7. Samaranayake, Gamini (26 October 2010). "NAVIGATE : Home  »  » Challenges in university education in Sri Lanka Challenges in university education in Sri Lanka". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  8. Siriweera, W. I. (4 July 2010). "Peradeniya University: Winds of Change". Sunday Observer, Sri Lanka.
  9. "History of the University of Moratuwa". University of Moratuwa.
  10. "Establishment of the Jaffna Campus of the University of Sri Lanka". University of Jaffna. Archived from the original on 2008-03-22. Retrieved 2013-05-26.
  11. "Universities Act - Part XX". University Grants Commission (Sri Lanka).
  12. Abeygunawardene, H. (28 December 2002). "University of Peradeniya - more open than usual - Part 2". Daily News (Sri Lanka) .