University of Tokyo

Last updated

Coordinates: 35°42′48″N139°45′44″E / 35.71333°N 139.76222°E / 35.71333; 139.76222

Contents

The University of Tokyo
東京大学
UnivOfTokyo mark.svg
Latin: Universitas Tociensis
Former names
Imperial University (1886–1897)
Tokyo Imperial University (1897–1947)
Type Public (National)
Established1877 (143 years ago)
Academic affiliations
IARU
AEARU
AGS
BESETOHA
AALAU
Washington University in St. Louis McDonnell International Scholars Academy [1]
President Teruo Fujii
Academic staff
2,573 full-time (2020) [2]
unknown part-time
Students28,171 (2021) [3]
Undergraduates 14,033 (2021) [4]
Postgraduates 14,138 (2021) [5]
6,007
Other students
616 research students and auditors [4] [5]
Location, ,
Campus Urban
Colours Light Blue  
Athletics46 varsity teams
Website www.u-tokyo.ac.jp
University of Tokyo.svg

The University of Tokyo ( 東京大学 , Tōkyō daigaku ), abbreviated as Todai ( 東大 , Tōdai ) [6] or UTokyo, [7] is a public research university located in Bunkyō, Tokyo, Japan. Established in 1877, the university is the first imperial university and currently selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government. [8]

UTokyo has ten faculties, 15 graduate schools [9] and enrolls about 30,000 students, about 4,200 of whom are international students. [10] In particular, the number of privately funded international students, who account for more than 80%, has increased 1.75 times in the 10 years since 2010, and the university is focusing on supporting international students. [11] Its five campuses are in Hongō, Komaba, Kashiwa, Shirokane and Nakano. It is considered to be the most selective and prestigious university in Japan. [12] [13] [14] As of 2020, University of Tokyo's alumni, faculty members and researchers include seventeen Prime Ministers, 17 Nobel Prize laureates, four Pritzker Prize laureates, five astronauts, and a Fields Medalist. [15]

History

Faculty of Law building in 1902, before its destruction by the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake University of Tokyo. Faculty of law. Before 1902.jpg
Faculty of Law building in 1902, before its destruction by the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake

The university was chartered by the Meiji government in 1877 under its current name by amalgamating older government schools for medicine, various traditional scholars and modern learning. It was renamed "the Imperial University (帝國大學, Teikoku daigaku)" in 1886, and then Tokyo Imperial University (東京帝國大學, Tōkyō teikoku daigaku) in 1897 when the Imperial University system was created. In September 1923, an earthquake and the following fires destroyed about 750,000 volumes of the Imperial University Library. [16] [17] The books lost included the Hoshino Library (星野文庫, Hoshino bunko), a collection of about 10,000 books. [17] [18] The books were the former possessions of Hoshino Hisashi before becoming part of the library of the university and were mainly about Chinese philosophy and history.

In 1947 after Japan's defeat in World War II it re-assumed its original name. With the start of the new university system in 1949, Todai swallowed up the former First Higher School (today's Komaba campus) and the former Tokyo Higher School, which thenceforth assumed the duty of teaching first- and second-year undergraduates, while the faculties on Hongo main campus took care of third- and fourth-year students.

Although the university was founded during the Meiji period, it has earlier roots in the Astronomy Agency (天文方; 1684), Shoheizaka Study Office (昌平坂学問所; 1797), and the Western Books Translation Agency (蕃書和解御用; 1811). [19] These institutions were government offices established by the 徳川幕府 Tokugawa shogunate (1603–1867), and played an important role in the importation and translation of books from Europe.

According to The Japan Times , the university had 1,282 professors in February 2012. Of those, 58 were women. [20] Comparing the number of professors in May 2020, there are 108 women among the 1,298 professors, which has almost doubled. [2] The university is steadily closing the gender gap, and by April 2021, half of its directors were women. [21]

In the fall of 2012 and for the first time, the University of Tokyo started two undergraduate programs entirely taught in English and geared toward international students—Programs in English at Komaba (PEAK)—the International Program on Japan in East Asia and the International Program on Environmental Sciences. [22] [23] In 2014, the School of Science at the University of Tokyo introduced an all-English undergraduate transfer program called Global Science Course (GSC). [24]

Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, The University of Tokyo, started, on May 28, 2021, construction of the "Hyper-Kamiokande" device, for a new world-leading international scientific research project which is set to start experiments in 2027. [25]

Academics

The University of Tokyo is organized into 10 faculties [26] and 15 graduate schools. [27]

Graduate programs

Todai Law School is considered as one of the top Law schools in Japan, ranking first in the number of successful candidates of Japanese Bar Examination in 2009 and 2010. [28] Eduniversal ranked Japanese business schools, and the Faculty of Economics in Todai is placed 4th in Japan (111th in the world). [29]

Research

The University of Tokyo is considered a top research institution of Japan. It receives the largest amount of national grants for research institutions, Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research  [ ja ], receiving 40% more than the University with 2nd largest grants and 90% more than the University with 3rd largest grants. [30] This massive financial investment from the Japanese government directly affects Todai's research outcomes. According to Thomson Reuters, Todai is the best research university in Japan. [31] Its research excellence is especially distinctive in Physics (1st in Japan, 2nd in the world), Biology & Biochemistry (1st in Japan, 3rd in the world), Pharmacology & Toxicology (1st in Japan, 5th in the world), Materials Science (3rd in Japan, 19th in the world), Chemistry (2nd in Japan, 5th in the world), and Immunology (2nd in Japan, 20th in the world). [32]

In another ranking, Nikkei Shimbun on 16 February 2004 surveyed about the research standards in Engineering studies based on Thomson Reuters, Grants in Aid for Scientific Research and questionnaires to heads of 93 leading Japanese Research Centers, and Todai was placed 4th (research planning ability 3rd/informative ability of research outcome 10th/ability of business-academia collaboration 3rd) in this ranking. [33] Weekly Diamond  [ ja ] also reported that Todai has the 3rd highest research standard in Japan in terms of research fundings per researchers in COE Program  [ ja ]. [34] In the same article, it is also ranked 21st in terms of the quality of education by GP  [ ja ] funds per student.

Todai also has been recognized for its research in the social sciences and humanities. In January 2011, Repec ranked Todai's Economics department as Japan's best economics research university. [35] And it is the only Japanese university within world top 100. [36] Todai has produced 9 presidents of the Japanese Economic Association, the largest number in the association. [37] Asahi Shimbun summarized the number of academic papers in Japanese major legal journals by university, and Todai was ranked top during 2005–2009. [38]

Research institutes

[39] [40]

  • Institute of Medical Science
  • Earthquake Research Institute
  • Institute of Advanced Studies on Asia
  • Institute of Social Science
  • Institute of Industrial Science
  • Historiographical Institute
  • Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences
  • Institute for Cosmic Ray Research
  • Institute for Solid State Physics
  • Atmosphere and Ocean Research Institute
  • Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology

The University's School of Science and the Earthquake Research Institute are both represented on the national Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction. [41]

Academic rankings and reputation

University rankings
Toyo Keizai National [42] General 1
Kawaijuku  [ ja ] National [43] General 1
T. Reuters National [31] Research 1
WE  [ ja ] National [44] Employment 12
NBP Greater Tokyo [45] [46] Reputation 2
Shimano National [47] Selectivity SA
QS Asia
(World Ranking version) [48]
General 5
QS Asia
(Asian Ranking version) [49]
General 13
THE Asia [50] General 7
ARWU Asia [51] Research 1
THE World [52] General 46
QS World [48] General 28
ARWU World [51] Research 24
Program rankings
Social Sciences & Humanities

LAW

Asahi National [38] Research1
BE Success National [53] Qualification1
BE Pass rate National [54] Qualification3

ECONOMICS

RePec National [55] Research1
RePec World [36] Research92

BUSINESS & MANAGEMENT

Eduni MBA National [56] General4
Eduni MBA World [57] General111
CPA Success National [58] Qualification4
Natural Sciences & Technology

Engineering

MATERIALS SCIENCE

T.Reuters National [59] Research3
T.Reuters World [59] Research19

PHYSICS

T.Reuters National [59] Research1
T.Reuters World [59] Research2

CHEMISTRY

T.Reuters National [59] Research2
T.Reuters World [59] Research5

BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY

T.Reuters National [59] Research1
T.Reuters World [59] Research3

MATHEMATICS

ARWU National [60] Research2
ARWU World [60] Research51-71

COMPUTER SCIENCE

ARWU National [61] Research1
ARWU World [61] Research76-100
Life Sciences

IMMUNOLOGY

T.Reuters National [59] Research2
T.Reuters World [59] Research20

PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY

T.Reuters National [59] Research1
T.Reuters World [59] Research5
* T. Reuters World rankings include non-educational institutions

University of Tokyo (Todai) is considered to be the most selective and prestigious university in Japan and is counted as one of the best universities in the world. [12] [13] [14]

Nikkei BP has been publishing a ranking system "Brand rankings of Japanese universities" every year, composed by the various indications related to the power of brand, and Todai has been 2nd in 2009–2010 in Greater Tokyo Area. [62] [45] The university has been ranked 1st during 2006–2010 in the ranking "Truly Strong Universities" by Toyo Keizai. [42] In another ranking, Japanese prep school Kawaijuku  [ ja ] ranked Todai as the best university in Japan. [43]

Todai was ranked second in the world, behind Harvard University, in Mines ParisTech: Professional Ranking of World Universities (2011), which measured universities' numbers of alumni holding CEO positions in Fortune Global 500 companies.

In the Nature Index Annual Tables 2021, the University of Tokyo was ranked 8th based on 1,308 Natural science research treatises published by the university. In the field of physical science treatises, it ranked second in the world among universities. [76]

Todai alumni are distinctively successful in Japanese industries. According to the Weekly Economist  [ ja ]'s 2010 rankings, graduates from Todai have the 12th best employment rate in 400 major companies in Japan. [79] However, this lower ranking position is because of the large number of alumni who become government bureaucrats, which is more than double of alumni from any other universities. [80] In fact, alumni of Todai have the highest average salary in Japan, according to PRESIDENT  [ ja ]. [81]

Pass rate for bar exam

School of Law was 3rd out of all the 74 law schools in Japan according to the ratio, 78.91%, of the successful graduates who passed the bar examinations from 2007 to 2017 on average. [82]

In 2019, School of Law became 3rd out of all the 72 law schools in Japan according to the ratio, 56.30%, of the successful graduates who passed the bar examination. [83] [84]

Evaluation from Business World

The university ranking of the ratio of "president and chief executive officer of listed company"
Ranking
all universities in Japan 1st [85]  out of all the 744 [86] universities which existed as of 2006
Source2006 Survey [85] by Weekly Diamond  [ ja ] on the ranking of the universities which produced the high ratio of the graduates who hold the position of "president and chief executive officer of listed company" to all the graduates of each university
The university ranking according to the ratio of the number of the officers & managers produced by each university to the number of graduates
Ranking
all universities in Japan 33rd [87]  out of all the 778 [88] universities which existed as of 2010
Source2010 Survey [87] by Weekly Economist  [ ja ] on the ranking of universities according to the ratio of the number of the officers & managers produced by each university to the number of graduates
The university ranking according to the evaluation by Personnel Departments of Leading Companies in Japan
Ranking
Japan 14th [89] (out of 781 [90]  universities in Japan as of 2020)
Source2020 Nikkei Survey [91] to all listed (3,714 [92] ) and leading unlisted (1,100), totally 4,814 companies [91]

Gender imbalance

In 2019, enrollment figures from the University of Tokyo reveal that 5,267 of 24,674 (21.3%) domestic students are female. The ratio is more equal among international students, where 1,465 of 3,735 (39.2%) students are female. [93] The gender imbalance is more stark among the faculty, where 7.8 percent of professors are female. [94]

Within student life, some clubs excluded female students even though the university discourages such a practice. Of more than 30 tennis clubs at the University of Tokyo, even though no clubs announced that they reject female students, only two actively recruited women, allowing them to join without passing the exam required for male applicants. [95] [96] In 2020, the Orientation Committee announced that clubs that did not admit female students' membership could not join circle recruitment events. [97]

Since 2017, the University of Tokyo has paid thirty thousand yen in housing allowances for female students exclusively in order to gain more female applicants from distant regions. [98]

Campus

Hongo Campus

The main Hongo campus occupies the former estate of the Maeda family, Edo period feudal lords of Kaga Province. [99] One of the university's best known landmarks, Akamon (the Red Gate), is a relic of this era. The symbol of the university is the ginkgo leaf, from the trees found throughout the area. The Hongo campus also hosts the University of Tokyo's annual May Festival. [100]

Sanshiro Pond

Sanshiro Pond (三四郎池, Sanshirō ike), university's Hongo campus, dates to 1615. After the fall of the Osaka Castle, the shōgun gave this pond and its surrounding garden to Maeda Toshitsune. With further development of the garden by Maeda Tsunanori, it became known as one of the most beautiful gardens in Edo (Now Tokyo), with the traditional eight landscapes and eight borders, and known for originality in artificial pond, hills, and pavilions. It was at that time known as Ikutoku-en (Garden of Teaching Virtue). The pond's contours are in the shape of the character kokoro or shin (heart), and thus its official name is Ikutoku-en Shinjiike. It has been commonly called Sanshiro Pond after the title of Natsume Sōseki's novel Sanshiro.

Komaba Campus

One of the five campuses of the University of Tokyo, the Komaba Campus is home to the College of Arts and Sciences, the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, the Graduate School of Mathematical Sciences, and a number of advanced research facilities and campus services. This is the campus where all the freshmen and sophomores of the University of Tokyo spend their college life. The University of Tokyo is the only university in Japan which has a system of two years of general education before students can choose and move on to special fields of study.[ citation needed ] The Komaba Campus is the cornerstone of general education, and was designated as the "center of excellence" for three new areas of research by the Ministry of Education and Science. There are currently over 7,000 students (freshmen and sophomores) enrolled in the general education courses, about 450 students (juniors and seniors) pursuing their specialties in the College of Arts and Sciences, and 1,400 graduate students in the advanced study.

Kashiwa Campus

One of the five campuses of the University of Tokyo, the Kashiwa Campus is home to the Graduate School of Frontier Sciences and a number of advanced research facilities and campus services. The Kashiwa Campus also hosts the Institute for Cosmic Ray Research(ICRR), which is entirely dedicated to postgraduate studies.

Shirokanedai Campus

The relatively small Shirokanedai Campus [101] hosts the Institute of Medical Science of the University of Tokyo (IMSUT), which is entirely dedicated to postgraduate studies. The campus is focused on genome research, including among its facilities the Human Genome Center (HGC), which have at its disposal the largest supercomputer in the field. [102]

Nakano Campus

Notable alumni and faculty members

  1. Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Physics, 1965
  2. Yasunari Kawabata, Literature, 1968
  3. Leo Esaki, Physics, 1973
  4. Eisaku Satō, Peace, 1974
  5. Kenzaburō Ōe, Literature, 1994
  6. Masatoshi Koshiba, Physics, 2002
  7. Yoichiro Nambu, Physics, 2008
  8. Ei-ichi Negishi, Chemistry, 2010
  9. Takaaki Kajita, Physics, 2015
  10. Satoshi Ōmura, Medicine, 2015
  11. Yoshinori Ohsumi, Medicine, 2016
  1. Kunihiko Kodaira, 1954
  2. Kiyosi Itô, 2006
  1. Toyo Ito
  2. Kenzo Tange
  3. Fumihiko Maki
  4. Arata Isozaki

Nobel laureates

Scientists

See also

Related Research Articles

Kyoto University National university in Kyoto, Japan

Kyoto University, or KyotoU, is a public research university located in Kyoto, Japan. Founded in 1897, it is the second oldest university in Japan, one of the former Imperial Universities, the first three Designated National University and selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government. KyotoU is usually ranked amongst the top two in Japan, the top ten in Asia, and the world's top thirty institutions of higher education.

Kyushu University University in Fukuoka, Japan

Kyushu University, abbreviated to Kyudai, is a Japanese national university located in Fukuoka, in the island of Kyushu.

Hokkaido University

Hokkaido University, or Hokudai (北大), is a Japanese national university in Sapporo, Hokkaido. It was the fifth Imperial University in Japan, which were established to be the nation's finest institutes of higher education or research, and was selected as a Top Type university of the Top Global University Project by the Japanese government. The main campus is located in downtown Sapporo, just north of Sapporo Station, and stretches approximately 2.4 kilometers northward. It is considered one of the top universities in Japan.

Keio University Private research university in Minato, Tokyo, Japan

Keio University, abbreviated as Keio (慶應) or Keidai (慶大), is a private research university located in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.

Waseda University Private university in Tokyo, Japan

Waseda University, abbreviated as Sōdai (早大), is the most prestigious Japanese private research university in Shinjuku, Tokyo. Founded in 1882 as the Tōkyō Senmon Gakkō by Ōkuma Shigenobu, the school was formally renamed Waseda University in 1902.

Tokyo Institute of Technology National research university in Japan

Tokyo Institute of Technology is a national research university located in Greater Tokyo Area, Japan. Tokyo Tech is the largest institution for higher education in Japan dedicated to science and technology, one of first five Designated National University and selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government. It is generally considered to be one of the most prestigious universities in Japan.

Kobe University University in Kobe, Japan

Kobe University, also known in the Kansai region as Shindai (神大), is a leading Japanese national university located in the city of Kobe, in Hyōgo. It was established in 1949, but the academic origins of Kobe University trace back to the establishment of Kobe Higher Commercial School in 1902, which was renamed as Kobe University of Commerce, and Kobe University of Economics. Kobe University is one of the oldest and largest national universities in Japan, as well as one of the highest ranking national universities in the country. It comprises 14 graduate schools and 11 undergraduate faculties, and holds about 16,000 students enrolled in undergraduate and graduate programs. The institution welcomes overseas students, which accounted for a total of 1,227 students, as of 1 May 2020. It also has 3,734 staff members, including professors, associate professors and administrative officials.

Gakushuin University

Gakushūin University is a private university in Mejiro, Toshima Ward, Tokyo. It was re-established after World War II as an affiliate of the Gakushūin School Corporation. The privatized successor to the original Gakushūin University was established during the Meiji period to educate the children of the Japanese nobility. It is still one of the most prestigious universities in Japan, counting most of the members of the present Imperial Family among its former or present students. The average number of students is capped so that each student can receive personal attention from the staff.

Tohoku University University in Sendai, Japan

Tohoku University, or Tohokudai, located in Sendai, Miyagi in the Tōhoku Region, Japan, is a Japanese national university. It was the third Imperial University in Japan, the top three Designated National University along with the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University and selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government. In 2020, the Times Higher Education Tohoku University was ranked No. 1 university in Japan.

Osaka University Public university in Osaka, Japan

Osaka University, or Handai, is a public research university located in Osaka Prefecture, Japan. It was one of the Imperial Universities in Japan, and is now a Designated National University listed as a "Top Type" university in the Top Global University Project. It is often ranked among the top three public universities in Japan, along with the University of Tokyo and Kyoto University. It is ranked third overall among Japanese universities and 71st worldwide in the 2020 QS World University Rankings.

International Christian University

International Christian University is a non-denominational private university located in Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan, commonly known as ICU. With the efforts of Prince Takamatsu, General Douglas MacArthur, and BOJ President Hisato Ichimada, ICU was established in 1949 as the first liberal arts college in Japan. Currently the university offers 31 undergraduate majors and a graduate school. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology selected ICU as one of the 37 schools for The Top Global University Project in 2014.

Sophia University Private university in Tokyo, Japan

Sophia University, also known by its Japanese name 上智大学 is a private research university in Japan. It is ranked one of the top 3 private universities in Japan along with the other two private universities including Keio University and Waseda University, according to the Times Higher Education. It is also ranked number 18 in the 2021 Times Japan University Rankings. Founded by the Roman Catholic religious order of the Society of Jesus in 1913, the University has grown from its 3 original academic departments of Philosophy, German Literature, and Commerce to 9 undergraduate Faculties and 10 Graduate Schools, with over 13,900 students in total at the present moment.

Nagoya University

Nagoya University, abbreviated to Meidai (名大) or NU, is a Japanese national research university located in Chikusa-ku, Nagoya. It was the seventh Imperial University in Japan, one of the first five Designated National University and selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government. It is the 3rd highest ranked higher education institution in Japan.

Meiji University Private university in Tokyo, Japan

Meiji University, abbreviated as Meiji (明治) or Meidai (明大), is a private research university located in the heart of Tokyo, Chiyoda City. Established in 1881 as Meiji Law School by three Meiji-era lawyers, Kishimoto Tatsuo, Miyagi Kōzō, and Yashiro Misao, Meiji University is one of the oldest and most prestigious institutions of higher learning in Japan.

Kansai University University in Suita, Osaka, Japan

Kansai University, abbreviated as Kandai (関大), or Kansaidai (関西大), is a private non-sectarian and coeducational university located in Suita, Osaka, Japan as well as in two other locations: Sakai and Takatsuki, Osaka. Founded in 1886, it belongs to the old education system universities and is one of western Japan's four leading private universities: Kan-Kan-Do-Ritsu 関関同立 Kansai University, Kwansei Gakuin University, Doshisha University, and Ritsumeikan University.

Hitotsubashi University

Hitotsubashi University is a national university specialized in the social sciences in Tokyo, Japan with about 4,500 undergraduate students and about 2,100 postgraduate students. Hitotsubashi is one of top 9 Designated National University, it has campuses in Kunitachi, Kodaira, and Chiyoda.

University of Tsukuba University in Tsukuba, Ibaraki prefecture, Japan

The University of Tsukuba, located in Tsukuba, Ibaraki, is one of top 9 Designated National University and selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government

Tokyo Medical and Dental University is part of Japan's national university system. TMDU is one of top 9 Designated National University and selected as a Top Type university of Top Global University Project by the Japanese government.

Tokyo International University

Tokyo International University is a private, research-oriented liberal arts university in collaboration with Tokyo University in Greater Tokyo Area that is regarded as one of the most international institutions of higher learning in Japan. TIU was founded in 1965 with a focus on business and commerce, and upon earning accreditation from the Ministry of Education (MEXT) the college has grown into a private university that now encompasses five undergraduate schools and four graduate schools in the Greater Tokyo Area. TIU also has a sister school relationship with Willamette University, as well as an American campus adjunct to WU's campus (TIUA). TIU developed an English-based undergraduate degree providing majors in Business Economics and International Relations in 2014 called the English Track Program, and the international student body has since grown to roughly 1,200 students from over 60 countries. At present, approximately one in every eight students at TIU is enrolled in the English-track degree program.

Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology

The Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology commonly known as TUAT is a Japanese national university headquartered in Fuchū, Tokyo. This university focuses on the study of agriculture and engineering.

References

  1. "MCDNNELL ACADEMY". global.wustl.edu.
  2. 1 2 THE UNIVERSITY OF TOKYO DATABOOK 2020 東京大学の概要 概要資料編2020年版 (pdf). 東京大学. 2020. p. 1.(in Japanese)
  3. Details on the number of students "学生数の詳細について". u-tokyo.ac.jp. Retrieved 2021-06-05.(in Japanese)
  4. 1 2 The number of regular students, research students and auditors 令和3年5月1日現在 学部学生・研究生・聴講生数調|東京大学 (in Japanese)
  5. 1 2 The number of graduate students, research students and international research students 令和3年5月1日現在 大学院学生・研究生・外国人研究生数調|東京大学 (in Japanese)
  6. "The Todai-Yale Initiative". Todai-yale.jp. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  7. "UTokyo Mini Brochure" (PDF). U-tokyo.ac.jp. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
  8. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on August 21, 2016. Retrieved July 29, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. "Honjo International Foundation Scholarships at the University of Tokyo, Japan". freeeducator.com. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  10. Number of international students 外国人学生・留学生数(2020年(令和2年)11月1日現在) |東京大学 (in Japanese)
  11. "UTokyo Website for International Students". The University of Tokyo. Retrieved 2021-06-05.
  12. 1 2 Japanese journalist Kiyoshi Shimano ranks its entrance difficulty as SA (most selective/out of 10 scales) in Japan. 危ない大学・消える大学 2012年版 (in Japanese). YELL books. 2011. ISBN   978-4-7539-3018-0.
  13. 1 2 "Japan University Rankings 2017". Times Higher Education (THE). 2017-03-23. Retrieved 2017-05-29.
  14. 1 2 "World University Rankings". Times Higher Education (THE). 2016-08-17. Retrieved 2017-05-29.
  15. "The University of Tokyo". The University of Tokyo. Retrieved 2019-07-12.
  16. Earthquake disaster and reconstruction, The University of Tokyo 100-year history 東京大学百年史編集委員会, ed. (March 1985). 東大百年史 通史 (pdf). . 東京大学. p. 385. Retrieved 2021-05-29.(in Japanese)
  17. 1 2 LOST MEMORY - LIBRARIES AND ARCHIVES DESTROYED IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY ( Archived September 5, 2012, at the Wayback Machine )[ dead link ]
  18. 漢籍関係年表. Chinese classics (in Japanese). Tokyo University General Library. Archived from the original on 29 March 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
  19. 東大と天皇-大日本帝国の生と死 (Todai and Emperors - Life and Death of Imperial Japan), by 立花 隆(Takashi Tachibana), (pp 22-62), ISBN   4-16-367440-3
  20. Brasor, Philip, "Todai calls for change, but will others follow?", Japan Times , 5 February 2012, p. 9.
  21. "Board of Directors". The University of Tokyo. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  22. "The University of Tokyo, PEAK - Programs in English at Komaba - HOME". Peak.c.u-tokyo.ac.jp. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  23. "The University of Tokyo, PEAK - Programs in English at Komaba - Introduction". Archived from the original on 16 August 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  24. "Global Science Course". S.u-tokyo.ac.jp. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  25. "University of Tokyo: Groundbreaking ceremony for Hyper-Kamiokande held in Hida, Japan". indiaeducationdiary.com. 2021-05-29. Retrieved 2021-06-05.
  26. "The University of Tokyo". The University of Tokyo. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  27. "The University of Tokyo". The University of Tokyo. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  28. "2010年(平成22年)新司法試験法科大学院別合格率ランキング -法科大学院seek-". Laws.shikakuseek.com. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  29. "University and business school ranking in Japan". Eduniversal-ranking.com. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  30. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-09-13. Retrieved 2017-09-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  31. 1 2 "Thomson Reuters 20 Top research institutions in Japan". Thomson Reuters. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011. (this raking includes 5 non-educational institutions)
  32. "Thomson Reuters 20 Top research institutions in Japan" (in Japanese). Thomson Reuters. Archived from the original on 2011-06-13. (this ranking includes non-educational institutions)
  33. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-05-07. Retrieved 2015-07-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  34. "週刊ダイヤモンド2010年2月27日号 : 特集「大学 真の教育力と研究力ランキングGP 教育力トップ30 : 学生1人あたり競争的資金の獲得額第1位にランキングされました" (PDF). Web.sapmed.ac.jp. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  35. "Within Country and State Rankings at IDEAS: Japan". Ideas.repec.org. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  36. 1 2 "Top 25% Economics Departments". REPEC. 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  37. "Japanese Economic Association - JEA Global Site". Jeaweb.org. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  38. 1 2 Asahi Shimbun University rankings 2010 "Publification rankings in Law (Page 4)" (PDF) (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  39. "The University Of Tokyo". The British Medical Journal. 2 (3273): 532–532. 1923. ISSN   0007-1447.
  40. "Departments". The University of Tokyo. Archived from the original on 2008-02-22. Retrieved 2009-11-12.
  41. Organizations with ties to CCEP CCEP, accessed 2011-03-19
  42. 1 2 "Truly Strong Universities" (in Japanese). Toyo Keizai. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  43. 1 2 "Kawai 30 Top Japanese Universities". Kawaijuku. 2001. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  44. "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  45. 1 2 "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2010. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  46. "Nikkei BP Brand rankings of Japanese universities" (in Japanese). Nikkei Business Publications. 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  47. "GBUDU University Rankings" (in Japanese). YELL books. 2009. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
  48. 1 2 "QS World University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  49. "QS Asian University Rankings". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2016. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  50. "Times Higher Education Asia University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2017. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  51. 1 2 "Academic Ranking of World Universities". Institute of Higher Education, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. 2017. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  52. "THE World University Rankings". Times Higher Education. 2018. Retrieved September 24, 2017.
  53. "Bar Exam Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  54. "Bar Exam Pass rate rankings" (in Japanese). Shikaku Seek. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  55. "Top 25% Institutions and Economists in Japan, as of January 2011". REPEC. 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  56. "Business School Ranking in Japan". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  57. "University and business school ranking in 5 palms (Top100)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
    "University and business school ranking in 4 palms (Top101-300)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
    "University and business school ranking in 3 palms (Top301-696)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
    "University and business school ranking in 2 palms (Top697-896)". Eduniversal. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  58. "CPA Successful Applicants rankings" (in Japanese). Yutaka Honkawa. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  59. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 "Thomson Reuters 10 Top research institutions by subject in Japan" (in Japanese). Thomson Reuters. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  60. 1 2 "ARWU in Mathematics". Shanghai Jiaotong University. 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  61. 1 2 "ARWU in Computer Science". Shanghai Jiaotong University. 2010. Retrieved May 11, 2011.
  62. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-06-24. Retrieved 2011-04-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  63. "World University Rankings". The Times Higher Educational Supplement. 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
  64. "Asia University Rankings Top 100". The Times Higher Educational Supplement. 2013. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
  65. "World University Rankings 2014-15". The Times Higher Education. Retrieved 9 September 2015.
  66. "QS World University Rankings". Topuniversities.com. Archived from the original on 2011-10-01. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
  67. "QS World University Rankings". Topuniversities.com. Retrieved 2011-10-01.
  68. "QS World University Rank for Natural Sciences". Topuniversities.com. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
  69. "QS World University Rank for Engineering & Technology". Topuniversities.com. Retrieved 2017-03-23.
  70. "SCImago Institutions Rankings - Higher Education - All Regions and Countries - 2019 - Overall Rank". www.scimagoir.com.
  71. "TOP - 100 (Global universities ranking)". Global Universities Ranking. 2009.
  72. "300 Best World Universities 2010". ChaseCareer Network. Archived from the original on 2011-05-11.
  73. "Ten institutions that dominated science in 2015" . Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  74. "10 institutions that dominated science in 2017" . Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  75. "Introduction to the Nature Index" . Retrieved May 28, 2019.
  76. "2021 tables: Institutions | 2021 tables | Institutions | Nature Index". www.natureindex.com. Retrieved 2021-06-06.
  77. "Expertscape: Pancreatic Neoplasms, November 2018". expertscape.com. November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  78. "Best Universities In The World For 2019". CEOWORLD magazine. 2018-12-31. Retrieved 2019-04-22.
  79. "Employment rate in 400 major companies rankings" (in Japanese). Weekly Economist. 2011. Retrieved Apr 29, 2011.
  80. "He gave the university ranking from the national civil servant comprehensive professional passing examination who will become a state bureaucratic elite". 2.ttcn.ne.jp. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  81. "年収偏差値・給料偏差値ランキング(2006・10・16):稼げる大学はどれ?". Hensachi-ranking.seesaa.net. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  82. 法科大学院別司法試験累計合格者数等(累計合格率順)|文部科学省 (in Japanese)
  83. 令和元年司法試験結果 合格率順(合格者/受験者) 9月10日発表(一橋大学法科大学院調べ) (in Japanese)
  84. LAW SCHOOL GUIDE (in Japanese)
  85. 1 2 Weekly Diamond The ranking of the universities which produced the high ratio of the graduates who hold the position of "president and chief executive officer of listed company" to all the graduates of each university (in Japanese)
  86. The number of universities and students|National Universities Association (in Japanese)
  87. 1 2 Is it a story of the past that graduates from famous universities can easily move up the career ladder? / RECRUIT AGENT (in Japanese)
  88. University reform reference materials / Cabinet Secretariat (in Japanese)
  89. Survey on the image seen from human resources personnel:Ranking of the ability to get jobs|Nikkei HR 2020.06.03 release
  90. The number of universities in Japan is 781 as of April 1, 2020. About 80% are private universities.|Ōbun Sha
  91. 1 2 Image held by human resources personnel of companies of Japan / Yokohama National University ranked 1st in Kantō & Kōshin'etsu region / Valuation from the ex-students already employed / The Nikkei・Nikkei HR Survey 2020-06-04 17:27
  92. Number of listed companies & listed shares of stock|JPX
  93. "Enrollment" . Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  94. "Sexist thinking is everywhere, even at Todai, new intake warned" . Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  95. "At Japan's Most Elite University, Just 1 in 5 Students Is a Woman" . Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  96. "東大に「東大女子が入れないサークル」がある理由". FNSプライムオンライン.
  97. "第1回サークル代表者会議のお知らせ".
  98. "東大「女子だけに家賃補助」は男子差別なのか". President WOMAN.
  99. "Japan's new university entrance exams underway amid virus pandemic". The Japan Times. 2021-01-16. Retrieved 2021-03-24.
  100. 第86期五月祭常任委員会. "トップページ|東京大学 第86回五月祭". 第86回五月祭公式ウェブページ. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  101. "Shirokanedai Campus, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo". Ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  102. Human Genome Center, the Institute of Medical Science, the University of Tokyo. "Human Genome Center". Hgc.jp. Retrieved 12 June 2015.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  103. "大学別総理大臣リスト List of prime ministers by graduated universities". Daigaku-ranking.net (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2011-08-14. Retrieved 2009-11-13.
  104. McGregor, Richard (15 May 2010). "China's Private Party". The Wall Street Journal .
  105. "The University of Tokyo". The University of Tokyo. Retrieved 15 November 2018.

Further reading

Commons-logo.svg Media related to University of Tokyo at Wikimedia Commons