Upper Paunglaung Dam

Last updated
Upper Paunglaung Dam
Myanmar location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Upper Paunglaung Dam in Myanmar
Location Naypyidaw Union Territory/Shan State
Coordinates 19°45′22.42″N096°35′37.81″E / 19.7562278°N 96.5938361°E / 19.7562278; 96.5938361 Coordinates: 19°45′22.42″N096°35′37.81″E / 19.7562278°N 96.5938361°E / 19.7562278; 96.5938361
Construction began2005
Opening dateDecember 11, 2015
Owner(s)Ministry of Electric Power
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity, roller-compacted concrete
Impounds Paunglaung River
Height103 m (338 ft)
Length530 m (1,740 ft)
Dam volume1.1×10^6 m3 (1,400,000 cu yd)
Spillway typeUncontrolled
Total capacity1,300×10^6 m3 (1,100,000 acre⋅ft)
Commission date2015 est.
Turbines 2 x 70 MW (94,000 hp) Francis-type
Installed capacity 140 MW (190,000 hp)

The Upper Paunglaung Dam is a gravity dam on the Paunglaung River, about 40 km (25 mi) east of Pyinmana on the border of Naypyidaw Union Territory and Shan State, Burma. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation it will support a 140 megawatts (190,000 hp) power station. Preliminary construction on the dam site began in January 2005 and roller-compacted concrete placement for the dam commenced in October 2010. [1] [2] [3] The dam is expected to impound its reservoir and be complete in 2015. [4] [5] When complete, it is expected to regulate the river and improved power generation at the downstream Lower Paunglaung Dam. [6]

Gravity dam A specific type of dam that uses mass to counteract water pressure

A gravity dam is a dam constructed from concrete or stone masonry and designed to hold back water by primarily using the weight of the material alone to resist the horizontal pressure of water pushing against it. Gravity dams are designed so that each section of the dam is stable and independent of any other dam section.

Pyinmana Town in Naypyidaw Union Territory, Myanmar

Pyinmana is a logging town and sugarcane refinery center in the Naypyidaw Union Territory of Myanmar. The administrative capital of Myanmar was officially moved to a militarized greenfield site two miles (3.2 km) west of Pyinmana on November 6, 2005. Pyinmana is approximately 200 miles (320 km) north of Yangon. The village of Yezin, a few miles north and east of Pyinmana, has been the site of national scientific research institutions since the late 1970s.

Naypyidaw Union Territory Union Territory

Naypyidaw Union Territory is an administrative division in central Myanmar (Burma). It contains Naypyidaw, the capital city of Myanmar.

The dam will force the relocation of some 15,000 residents which has drawn backlash from locals to international organizations. [7] Many have already relocated but complain that their new land is of an insufficient size, has no power supply or natural resources to work. [4]

AF-Consult Switzerland Ltd was the Owner's Designer for all project phases, including commissioning.

See also

Related Research Articles

Hydroelectricity electricity generated by hydropower

Hydroelectricity is electricity produced from hydropower. In 2015, hydropower generated 16.6% of the world's total electricity and 70% of all renewable electricity, and was expected to increase by about 3.1% each year for the next 25 years.

Tarbela Dam dam in Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Tarbela Dam is an earth-filled dam on the Indus River in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Located in the Swabi and Haripur Districts of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the dam is about 30 km (20 mi) from the city of Swabi, 105 km (65 mi) northwest of Islamabad, and 125 km (80 mi) east of Peshawar. The dam was completed in 1976 and was designed to store water from the Indus River for irrigation, flood control, and the generation of hydroelectric power.

Longtan Dam dam in Tiane County, Guangxi

Longtan Dam is a large roller-compacted concrete (RCC) gravity dam on the Hongshui River in Tian'e County of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China, a tributary of the Xi River and the Pearl River. The dam is 216.2 metres (709.3 ft) high and 849 m (2,785 ft) long; it is the tallest of its type in the world. The dam is intended for hydroelectric power production, flood control and navigation. The dam contains seven surface spillways, two bottom outlets and an underground power station. The Longtan ship lift, part of the dam complex, will be the tallest ship lift system in the world.

Tasang Dam dam in Shan State, Myanmar

The Tasang Dam, also known as the Mong Ton Dam, is a planned multi-purpose dam on the Salween River in the Shan State, Myanmar. The Tasang dam's location will be 480 km (300 mi) northeast of Rangoon and 52.8 km (32.8 mi) west of Mongtong. The Tasang Dam will be the first dam on the Salween River and will be the largest hydroelectric dam in Myanmar and the tallest dam in Southeast Asia if completed. The Tasang will cost more than US$6 billion and is planned for completion in 2022. The groundbreaking ceremony was in March 2007, but construction has been stalled, and there has been little activity at the dam site as of 2008.

Myitsone Dam dam in Kachin, Burma

The Myitsone Dam is a large dam and hydroelectric power development project which was planned to be built in Myanmar. The proposed construction site is at the confluence of the Mali and N’mai rivers and the source of the Irawaddy River in northern Burma. As of 2017 the project is suspended, but the Chinese in 2019 are trying to revive the dam.

Yeywa Dam dam in Mandalay Region, Kyaukse District Kyaukse Township,near Yeyaman village, Myanmar(52 km or 32 mi from Mandalay)

The Yeywa Hydropower Station, located on the Myitnge River, 52 kilometres (32 mi) southeast of Mandalay city, at Yeywa village in Kyaukse Township, Mandalay Region in central Myanmar, is the country's first roller-compacted concrete (RCC) dam, and the site of a 790-megawatt (1,060,000 hp) hydroelectric power plant, the largest in the country.

Dams in Myanmar

There are almost 200 large Dams in Myanmar. Myanmar (Burma) has a large hydroelectric power potential of 39,000 megawatts (52,000,000 hp), although the economical exploitable potential is about 37,000 megawatts (50,000,000 hp). Between 1990 and 2002, the country tripled its installed capacity of hydro plants, increasing from 253 megawatts (339,000 hp) to 745 megawatts (999,000 hp). Total installed capacity in 2010 is at least 2,449 megawatts (3,284,000 hp) MW, 6% of potential. Several large dams are planned to increase future hydro utilization.

Karuma Hydroelectric Power Station dam in Karuma Falls

The Karuma Hydroelectric Power Station is a 600 MW hydroelectric power project under construction in Uganda. When completed, it will be the largest power-generating installation in the country.

Isimba Hydroelectric Power Station dam in Isimba, Kamuli District

Isimba Hydroelectric Power Station is a 183.2 megawatts (245,700 hp) hydroelectric power station commissioned on 21 March 2019 in Uganda. Construction of this dam began in April 2015 and was completed in January 2019. Commercial operations began on 21 March 2019.

Upper Kotmale Dam dam in Talawakele, Nuwara Eliya

The Upper Kotmale Dam is located in Talawakele, within the Nuwara Eliya District, in the Central Province of Sri Lanka. The dam feeds the third largest hydroelectric power station in the country.

Shuangjiangkou Dam dam in Border of Maerkang County and Jinchuan County within Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, Sichuan Province

The Shuangjiangkou Dam, also referred to as Shuang Jiang Kou, is an embankment dam currently being constructed on the Dadu River in Sichuan Province, China. When completed, the 312-metre-tall (1,024 ft) dam will be the tallest dam in the world. Preliminary construction began in 2008 and the entire project was expected to be complete in 2018. By April 2011, over 200,000,000 m3 (261,590,124 cu yd) of material had been excavated from the construction site. In March 2013, China's Ministry of Environmental Protection approved construction on the dam's superstructure and associated facilities. The government acknowledged that the dam would have negative impacts on the environment but that developers were working to mitigate them. The dam is being built by the Guodian Group at a cost of US$4.02 billion. The entire construction period is expected to last 10 years.

Lianghekou Dam dam in Yajiang County, Sichuan Province

The Lianghekou Dam is a concrete-face rock-fill dam currently under construction on the Yalong River in Yajiang County, Sichuan Province, China. The dam is located at the confluence of the Yalong, Xianshui and Qingda Rivers. The 295 m (968 ft) tall dam will be the highest embankment dam in the country and support a 3,000 MW power station. Studies for the dam were completed between 2005 and 2009 with preliminary construction beginning that year. Major works on the dam officially began in October 2014. The first generator is expected to be commissioned in 2021 and the project complete in 2023.

Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam dam in Benishangul-Gumuz Region

The Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, formerly known as the Millennium Dam and sometimes referred to as Hidase Dam, is a gravity dam on the Blue Nile River in Ethiopia that has been under construction since 2011. It is in the Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia, about 15 km (9 mi) east of the border with Sudan. At 6.45 gigawatts, the dam will be the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa when completed, as well as the 7th largest in the world. As of August 2017, the work stood at 60% completion. Once completed, the reservoir could take anywhere between 5 to 15 years to fill with water, depending on hydrologic conditions during the filling period and agreements reached between Ethiopia, Sudan and Egypt.

Neelum–Jhelum Hydropower Plant dam in Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir

The Neelum–Jhelum Hydropower Plant is part of a run-of-the-river hydroelectric power scheme in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan-administered Kashmir, designed to divert water from the Neelum River to a power station on the Jhelum River. The power station is located 42 km (26 mi) south of Muzaffarabad, and has an installed capacity of 969 MW. Construction on the project began in 2008 after a Chinese consortium was awarded the construction contract in July 2007. After delay of many years, the first generator was commissioned in April 2018 and the entire project is completed in August 2018 when the fourth and last unit was synchronized with the national grid on 13 August and attained its maximum generation capacity of 969 MW on August 14, 2018. It will generate 5,150 GWh per year at the levelised tariff of Rs 13.50 per unit for 30 years.

Rusumo Hydroelectric Power Station dam in Rusumo Falls, Kirehe District

The Rusumo Hydroelectric Power Station, also known as the Rusumo Power Station, is a hydropower plant under construction, with initial planned capacity installation of 80 megawatts (110,000 hp) when completed. The project will involve the construction of a dam, with run of river design. A more expensive 90 megawatts (120,000 hp) reservoir design was considered before being abandoned in favor of an 80 MW project with a smaller environmental impact and an estimated cost of US$300 million compared to US$400 million for the bigger project. The World Bank announced on 6 August 2013 that it had approved loans totaling US$340 million towards the US$468.60 million needed for the project. In November 2013, the African Development Bank approved a loan of US$113 million towards completion of the project.

Upper Atbara and Setit Dam Complex dam in Sudan

The Upper Atbara and Setit Dam Complex is a twin dam complex comprising Rumela Dam on the Upper Atbarah River and Burdana Dam on the Setit (Tekezé) River in eastern Sudan. The site of the twin dam is located about 20 kilometres (12 mi) upstream from the junction of the Atbarah and Setit rivers and about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of the Khashm el-Girba Dam. Construction began in 2011 was expected to be completed by March 2016. The 320 MW dam was inaugurated by President Omar al-Bashir in February 2017, with final stages completed later that year.

Lower Paunglaung Dam dam in Pyinmana, Zeyarthiri Township, Naypyidaw Union Territory

The Lower Paunglaung Dam is a rock-fill embankment dam on the Paunglaung River, about 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) east of Pyinmana in Naypyidaw Union Territory, Burma. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and it had been under study since 1953. Construction began in 1996 and the first generators were commissioned in 2004 and the last in 2005. Cost of the dam and power station, funded by the Chinese government, was US$201.8 million. The dam's power house is located underground near the toe and spillway. It contains four 70 megawatts (94,000 hp) Francis turbine-generators. The Upper Paunglaung Dam, being constructed upstream, is expected to regulate the river and improved power generation.

Shweli I Dam dam in Namhkam, Shan State

The Shweli I Dam is a gravity dam on the Shweli River about 23 kilometres (14 mi) southwest of Namhkam in Shan State, Burma. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and it supports a 600 megawatts (800,000 hp)power station. Water from the dam's reservoir is diverted through a 5.1 kilometres (3.2 mi) long headrace tunnel to the power station downstream. The drop in elevation affords a hydraulic head of 299 metres (981 ft). Construction on the dam began in 2002 and the river was diverted on 10 December 2006. On 5 September 2008, the first generator was commissioned and the last of the six was commissioned in April 2009. The dam and power station was constructed under the build–operate–transfer method and cost US$756.2 million. It is owned and operated by the Shweli River-I Power Station Co. The Shweli II and Shweli III Dams are planned downstream.

Pangduo Hydro Power Station dam in Pundo Township, Lhünzhub County, Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region

The Pangduo Hydro Power Station is a reservoir and dam on the Lhasa River in Lhünzhub County to the east of Lhasa, Tibet Autonomous Region, China. The primary purposes are hydroelectric power generation and agricultural irrigation. Work started in 2008. The first turbine came into production in 2013 and the other three turbines in 2014. With annual generation capacity of 599 million kilowatt hours, it has been called the "Tibetan Three Gorges". Nevertheless, the comparison is hyperbole since the dam is only able to impound less than 1/30th that of Three Gorges.(31.9 vs 0.97 million acre-feet).

Songwe Hydroelectric Power Station

Songwe Hydroelectric Power Station, also Songwe Power Station, is a proposed hydropower plant, with planned capacity installation of 180 megawatts (240,000 hp) when completed. Other related developments include the development of more dams for both power generation and irrigation purposes, and the creation of a Joint River Basin Authority.


  1. "RCC Dam Database (Upper Paung Laung)". Malcolm Dunstan and Associates. Archived from the original on 8 November 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  2. "Upper Paunglaung Hydropower Project(Myanmar)". Yunnan Machinery & Electrical. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  3. "Upper Paunglaung Hydropower Project to generate 454 kwh million on completion". Malaysian Myranmar Business Council. 24 September 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  4. 1 2 Lone, Wa (7 November 2013). "Complaints emerge over Paunglaung Dam compensation". Myranmar Times. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  5. "Shan farmers dissatisfied with dam relocation site". DVB. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  6. "Upper Paunglaung HPP, Myanmar". AF Consult. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  7. Connor Macdonald, 'New report highlights 'devastating human cost' of Upper Paunglaung Dam project', Mizzima, 7 October 2015.