Upper Paunglaung Dam

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Upper Paunglaung Dam
Myanmar location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Location of Upper Paunglaung Dam in Myanmar
CountryBurma
Location Naypyidaw Union Territory/Shan State
Coordinates 19°45′22.42″N096°35′37.81″E / 19.7562278°N 96.5938361°E / 19.7562278; 96.5938361 Coordinates: 19°45′22.42″N096°35′37.81″E / 19.7562278°N 96.5938361°E / 19.7562278; 96.5938361
PurposePower
StatusOperational
Construction began2005
Opening dateDecember 11, 2015
Owner(s)Ministry of Electric Power
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Gravity, roller-compacted concrete
Impounds Paunglaung River
Height103 m (338 ft)
Length530 m (1,740 ft)
Dam volume1.1×10^6 m3 (1,400,000 cu yd)
Spillway typeUncontrolled
Reservoir
Total capacity1,300×10^6 m3 (1,100,000 acre⋅ft)
Commission date2015 est.
Turbines 2 x 70 MW (94,000 hp) Francis-type
Installed capacity 140 MW (190,000 hp)

The Upper Paunglaung Dam is a gravity dam on the Paunglaung River, about 40 km (25 mi) east of Pyinmana on the border of Naypyidaw Union Territory and Shan State, Burma. The primary purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation it will support a 140 megawatts (190,000 hp) power station. Preliminary construction on the dam site began in January 2005 and roller-compacted concrete placement for the dam commenced in October 2010. [1] [2] [3] The dam is expected to impound its reservoir and be complete in 2015. [4] [5] When complete, it is expected to regulate the river and improved power generation at the downstream Lower Paunglaung Dam. [6]

Gravity dam A specific type of dam that uses mass to counteract water pressure

A gravity dam is a dam constructed from concrete or stone masonry and designed to hold back water by primarily using the weight of the material alone to resist the horizontal pressure of water pushing against it. Gravity dams are designed so that each section of the dam is stable and independent of any other dam section.

Pyinmana Town in Naypyidaw Union Territory, Myanmar

Pyinmana is a logging town and sugarcane refinery center in the Naypyidaw Union Territory of Myanmar. The administrative capital of Myanmar was officially moved to a militarized greenfield site two miles (3.2 km) west of Pyinmana on November 6, 2005. Pyinmana is approximately 200 miles (320 km) north of Yangon. The village of Yezin, a few miles north and east of Pyinmana, has been the site of national scientific research institutions since the late 1970s.

Naypyidaw Union Territory Union Territory

Naypyidaw Union Territory is an administrative division in central Myanmar (Burma). It contains Naypyidaw, the capital city of Myanmar.

The dam will force the relocation of some 15,000 residents which has drawn backlash from locals to international organizations. [7] Many have already relocated but complain that their new land is of an insufficient size, has no power supply or natural resources to work. [4]

AF-Consult Switzerland Ltd was the Owner's Designer for all project phases, including commissioning.

See also

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References

  1. "RCC Dam Database (Upper Paung Laung)". Malcolm Dunstan and Associates. Archived from the original on 8 November 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  2. "Upper Paunglaung Hydropower Project(Myanmar)". Yunnan Machinery & Electrical. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  3. "Upper Paunglaung Hydropower Project to generate 454 kwh million on completion". Malaysian Myranmar Business Council. 24 September 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  4. 1 2 Lone, Wa (7 November 2013). "Complaints emerge over Paunglaung Dam compensation". Myranmar Times. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  5. "Shan farmers dissatisfied with dam relocation site". DVB. 24 August 2014. Retrieved 22 December 2014.
  6. "Upper Paunglaung HPP, Myanmar". AF Consult. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  7. Connor Macdonald, 'New report highlights 'devastating human cost' of Upper Paunglaung Dam project', Mizzima, 7 October 2015.