Last updated

Coordinates: 13°32′S167°20′E / 13.533°S 167.333°E / -13.533; 167.333


Native name:
Noypēypay, Aö
Womtelo Map-Banks-Vanuatu 1000.png
Ureparapara, in the Banks Islands
Location Pacific Ocean
Archipelago Vanuatu, Torres Islands
Area39 km2 (15 sq mi)
Highest elevation300 m (1000 ft)
Highest pointMt Qusetowqas
Province Torba Province
Population437 (2009)

Ureparapara (also known as Parapara for short; once known as Bligh Island) is the third largest island in the Banks group of northern Vanuatu, after Gaua and Vanua Lava.

The climate on the island is humid tropical. The average annual rainfall exceeds 4000 mm. Uraparapara is subject to frequent earthquakes and cyclones.


The first recorded European who arrived to Ureparapara was the Spanish explorer Pedro Fernández de Quirós on 15 June 1606. He first named the island Pilar de Zaragoza; however, later on, it is charted as Nuestra Señora de Montserrate both by him and his chaplain Fray Martin de Munilla. [1]

In 1789, the island was rediscovered by William Bligh, during his journey from Tonga to Timor after the mutiny on the Bounty. [2] After this, Ureparapara was known for a while under the name Bligh Island. [3] [4]


Ureparapara island is an old volcanic cone that has been breached by the sea on its east coast, forming Divers Bay. Apart from this indentation, the island is circular in shape, with a diameter of fifteen kilometres (9.3 miles). The land area is 39 square kilometres (15 square miles).


The population was 437 in 2009. [5] There are three villages on the island. The main village is Léar (Leserepla). [6] The others are Lehali (on the west coast) and Leqyangle. [7]

Two languages are traditionally spoken on the island, Löyöp and Lehali. [8]


The name Ureparapara reflects the way the island is named in the language of Mota, which was once chosen by missionaries, at the end of the 19th century, as the reference language for the area.

The island is locally named Noypēypay[nɔjpejˈpaj] in Lehali, and [aˈø] in Löyöp

Historical sites

Ureparapara is known to host historical sites made of coral stone, named nowon and votwos in Lehali. These ancestral villages, located inland in the forest, were abandoned in the 19th century, yet have been preserved under the vegetation; they have been proposed for inclusion amongst the World Heritage sites of UNESCO. [9] One of the most famous sites is a 12-feet high stone platform called Votwos. These used to serve as a ceremonial platform for the high-profile grade-taking ceremonies, known as sok or nsok in Lehali, and referred to in the anthropological literature as suqe or sukwe (after their name in Mota). [10]

These sites are now only visited for ceremonial purposes, as most people nowadays live along the coast.

Related Research Articles

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Torba Province

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Banks Islands

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Mota Lava

Mota Lava or Motalava is the fourth largest island in the Banks Islands of Vanuatu, after Gaua, Vanua Lava and Ureparapara, with an area of 24 km2 (9.3 sq mi).


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Löyöp is an Oceanic language spoken by about 240 people, on the east coast of Ureparapara Island in the Banks Islands of Vanuatu. It is distinct from Lehali, the language spoken on the west coast of the same island.

Lehali language Austronesian language spoken in Vanuatu

Lehali is an Oceanic language spoken by about 200 people, on the west coast of Ureparapara Island in Vanuatu. It is distinct from Löyöp, the language spoken on the east coast of the same island.

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  1. Kelly, Celsus, O.F.M. La Austrialia del Espiritu Santo. The Journal of Fray Martín de Munilla O.F.M. and other documents relating to the Voyage of Pedro Fernández de Quirós to the South Sea (1605-1606) and the Franciscan Missionary Plan (1617-1627) Cambridge, 1966, p.121.
  2. See A chart of islands to the north of the New Hebrides discovered by Captain William Bligh.
  3. See p.162 of Ida Lee. 1920. Captain Bligh’s second voyage to the South Sea. Longmans, Green.
  4. See for example The Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, 1834.
  5. "2009 National Census of Population and Housing: Summary Release" (PDF). Vanuatu National Statistics Office. 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2010.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  6. Vincent Lebot und Pierre Cabalion: Les Kavas de Vanuatu, S. 83
  7. Maffi & Taylor, 1977, "The Mosquitoes Of The Banks And Torres Island Groups Of The South Pacific".
  8. François (2012) ; see also Detailed list and map of the Banks and Torres languages.
  9. "The Nowon and Votwos of Ureparapara", Tentative list for UNESCO World Heritage sites (homepage of UNESCO).
  10. François (2013), p.234.