Urgench

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Urgench

Urganch / گرگانج
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Urgench
Location in Uzbekistan
Coordinates: 41°33′N60°38′E / 41.550°N 60.633°E / 41.550; 60.633
Country Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan
Region Khorezm Region
Established1643
Area
  Total70 km2 (30 sq mi)
Elevation
91 m (299 ft)
Population
 (2018)
  Total190,000
  Density2,700/km2 (7,000/sq mi)
Postal code
220100
Area code(s) (+998) 62
Website www.urganchshahar.uz
View of the central market area of Urgench from the fifth floor of the Hamkor Bank building. In the background the blue and white building of the "Gipermarket", the largest shopping centre in Urgench. Urgentch.jpg
View of the central market area of Urgench from the fifth floor of the Hamkor Bank building. In the background the blue and white building of the "Gipermarket", the largest shopping centre in Urgench.
Honey merchant in the central market of Urgench. Honighaendler.JPG
Honey merchant in the central market of Urgench.
Monument for Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi in Urgench Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi.jpg
Monument for Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi in Urgench

Urgench (Uzbek : Urganch/Ургeнч/ئۇرگەنج, pronounced  [urgæntʃ] ; Persian : گرگانج, Gorgånch/Gorgānč/Gorgânc/Gurganj) is a city in western Uzbekistan. The population of Urgench on April 24, 2014 was approximately 150,110, an increase from 139,100 in 1999. It is the capital of the Khorezm Region, on the Amu Darya River and the Shavat canal. The city is situated 450 km (280 mi) west of Bukhara across the Kyzylkum Desert.

Contents

The history of the city goes back to the second half of the 19th century. The city should not be confused with the similarly-named city of Konye-Urgench (also known as "Old Urgench" or "Gurgench") in Turkmenistan. The city of Old Urgench was left after the Amu Darya river changed its course in the 16th century, leaving the old town high and dry and without water. New Urgench was founded by Russians in the second half of the 19th century at the site of a little trade station of the Khanate of Khiva.

Modern Urgench is a Soviet-style city with cotton motifs adorning many objects, from street lights to apartment houses. Of note is a monument to the twenty Komsomol members killed by Tekke basmachi on the banks of the Syr Darya in 1922, and a large statue to Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, the 9th century local mathematician who revolutionised algebra, outside the Hotel Urgench. A flat, drab place, Urgench is the main gateway for tourists to Khiva 35 kilometres (22 mi) to the southeast, whose old city, known as Itchan Kala, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Polish singer Anna German was born in Urgench in 1936.

Climate

Climate data for Urgench (1981–2010, extremes 1948–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)22.0
(71.6)
31.0
(87.8)
32.8
(91.0)
38.0
(100.4)
41.6
(106.9)
43.5
(110.3)
47.0
(116.6)
46.4
(115.5)
41.0
(105.8)
35.3
(95.5)
28.0
(82.4)
21.0
(69.8)
47.0
(116.6)
Average high °C (°F)2.3
(36.1)
5.5
(41.9)
12.9
(55.2)
22.1
(71.8)
28.7
(83.7)
34.3
(93.7)
35.6
(96.1)
33.7
(92.7)
27.7
(81.9)
20.0
(68.0)
11.2
(52.2)
4.4
(39.9)
19.9
(67.8)
Daily mean °C (°F)−2.2
(28.0)
0.1
(32.2)
6.6
(43.9)
15.2
(59.4)
21.6
(70.9)
27.0
(80.6)
28.5
(83.3)
26.0
(78.8)
19.4
(66.9)
12.0
(53.6)
5.0
(41.0)
−0.4
(31.3)
13.2
(55.8)
Average low °C (°F)−5.7
(21.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.6
(34.9)
8.9
(48.0)
14.5
(58.1)
19.2
(66.6)
21.0
(69.8)
18.3
(64.9)
11.9
(53.4)
5.3
(41.5)
0.2
(32.4)
−4.1
(24.6)
7.2
(45.0)
Record low °C (°F)−26.1
(−15.0)
−26.1
(−15.0)
−17.2
(1.0)
−6.1
(21.0)
1.1
(34.0)
6.1
(43.0)
10.0
(50.0)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
−10.8
(12.6)
−20.0
(−4.0)
−27.8
(−18.0)
−27.8
(−18.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)11.7
(0.46)
13.2
(0.52)
18.5
(0.73)
13.9
(0.55)
11.6
(0.46)
4.0
(0.16)
1.4
(0.06)
2.1
(0.08)
1.8
(0.07)
4.6
(0.18)
10.4
(0.41)
11.9
(0.47)
105.1
(4.15)
Average precipitation days1299885323581183
Average relative humidity (%)80746851413941465156657757
Source 1: Centre of Hydrometeorological Service of Uzbekistan [1]
Source 2: Pogoda.ru.net (mean temperatures 1981–2010, record low and record high temperatures 1948–present), [2] Deutscher Wetterdienst (humidity) [3]

See also

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References

  1. "Average monthly data about air temperature and precipitation in 13 regional centers of the Republic of Uzbekistan over period from 1981 to 2010". Centre of Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzhydromet). Archived from the original on 15 December 2019. Retrieved 15 December 2019.
  2. "Weather and Climate-The Climate of Urgench" (in Russian). Weather and Climate. Archived from the original on 18 January 2021. Retrieved 18 January 2021.
  3. "Klimatafel von Urgentsch (Urganch), Gebiet Choresm / Usbekistan" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 16 December 2019.

Coordinates: 41°33′N60°38′E / 41.550°N 60.633°E / 41.550; 60.633