Usaukpan (Sawlu)

Last updated
Usaukpan
ဦးဆောက်ပန်း
Chief queen consort of Burma
Tenure1077/78
Predecessor Agga Mahethi
Successor Manisanda
Bornc. 1050s
Pagan (Bagan)
Died1077/78
Pagan
Spouse Saw Lu
Issue Saw Yun
House Pagan
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Usaukpan (Burmese : ဦးဆောက်ပန်း, pronounced  [ʔú sʰauʔ páɴ] ) was the chief queen consort of King Saw Lu of Pagan (Bagan). She was the paternal grandmother of King Sithu I. The queen died soon after Lu's accession to the Pagan throne, and was succeeded by Manisanda as the chief queen (usaukpan). [1]

Related Research Articles

Saw Lu was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1077 to 1084. He inherited from his father Anawrahta the Pagan Empire, the first ever unified kingdom of Burma (Myanmar) but proved an inexperienced ruler. In 1082, he faced a rebellion in Lower Burma, and was captured c. April 1083. He was later killed in captivity about a year later.

Naratheinkha was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1171 to 1174. He appointed his brother Narapati Sithu heir apparent and commander-in-chief. It was the first recorded instance in the history of the dynasty that the king had given up the command of the army. The king was assassinated by Aungzwa, one of Sithu's servants, after the king had raised one of Sithu's wives to queen.

Uzana I of Pinya was king of Pinya from 1325 to 1340. Of Pagan royalty, Uzana inherited a disunited kingdom, which fell apart right after his predecessor Thihathu's death. Not only could he not retake the northern Sagaing Kingdom but he also had little control over his southern vassals. Even in his core power base in present-day central Myanmar (Burma), Uzana faced a serious rival in his half-brother Kyawswa. He ultimately lost the power struggle, and abdicated the throne in 1340 to a regent. He lived out his last years as a monk in Mekkhaya.

Manisanda Khin U was queen to three consecutive kings of Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). The ethnic Mon queen is famous in Burmese history for her love triangle with Gen. Kyansittha and King Anawrahta. Their story has been compared to the legend of King Arthur, Lancelot and Guinevere.

Yadanabon was the first chief queen consort of King Sithu I of Pagan Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). The queen was the mother of Crown Prince Min Shin Saw. She was still alive in 1151/52 when she successfully persuaded her husband to change the prison sentence for Min Shin Saw to an exile. The queen apparently did not outlive her husband; according to the royal chronicles, she was succeeded as chief queen (Usaukpan) by Ti Lawka Sanda Dewi.

Ti Lawka Sanda Dewi was a chief queen consort of King Sithu I of Pagan (Bagan). She was a senior queen until c. 1150s when she succeeded Queen Yadanabon as the chief queen (usaukpan). Sanda Dewi had a son named Htauk Hlayga. Her younger sister was also a queen of Sithu with the title of Yazakumari.

Agga Mahethi was the chief queen consort of King Anawrahta of Pagan (Bagan). She was also known as the Queen of Southern Palace. Her only child, Saw Lu, succeeded the Pagan throne.

Myauk Pyinthe was a queen consort of three kings of Pagan, Saw Rahan II, Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu and Sokkate, and the mother of King Anawrahta, the founder of the Pagan Empire.

Weluwaddy was a chief queen consort of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. According to the royal chronicles, Sithu II overthrew his brother King Naratheinkha after his brother seized his wife Weluwaddy in 1174.

Taung Pyinthe was the Chief queen consort of kings Saw Rahan II and Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. She was also the mother of King Kyiso.

Taung Pyinthe was a queen consort of King Sithu I of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Taung Pyinthe was the chief queen consort of King Narathu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Min Aung Myat was the chief queen consort of King Naratheinkha, and the Queen of the Southern Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). King Sithu I and Queen Khin U were her maternal grandparents. Naratheinkha and Sithu II were her second cousins. She and Naratheinkha were married by their grandfather king. She had a daughter Saw Pyei Chantha with Naratheinkha but their child died in early 1170s during the reign of Naratheinkha.

Taung Pyinthe was the second chief queen consort of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Myauk Pyinthe was the second Queen of the Northern Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Wadanthika was the second Queen of the Central Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). She may also have been Sithu II's chief queen for a brief period.

Saw Mya Kan was a principal queen of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). She was the mother of King Htilominlo.

Pwadawgyi was the chief queen consort of King Htilominlo of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). Her personal name is lost to history. Pwadawgyi simply means "Royal Grandmother". She was a great granddaughter of King Sithu I. She and Htilominlo had two children named Theinpatei and Taya Mun. Taya Mun died young.

Saw Mi Pyan was the Queen of the Central Palace of King Htilominlo of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). The queen, who was a great granddaughter of King Sithu I, had no children.

References

  1. Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 108

Bibliography

Usaukpan (Sawlu)
Born:c. 1050s Died: 1077/78
Royal titles
Preceded by
Agga Mahethi
Chief queen consort of Burma
1077/78
Succeeded by
Manisanda