Ust-Nera

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Ust-Nera

Усть-Нера
Other transcription(s)
  YakutУус Ньара
Ust'-Nera. Vid s gory..jpg
View of Ust-Nera
Location of Ust-Nera
Ust-Nera
Russia edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Ust-Nera
Location of Ust-Nera
Yakutia notext.svg
Red pog.svg
Ust-Nera
Ust-Nera (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 64°35′N143°15′E / 64.583°N 143.250°E / 64.583; 143.250 Coordinates: 64°35′N143°15′E / 64.583°N 143.250°E / 64.583; 143.250
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [2]
Administrative district Oymyakonsky District [2]
SettlementSettlement of Ust-Nera [2]
Founded1937
Urban-type settlement status since1950 [2]
Population
  Total6,463
  Estimate 
(2018) [4]
5,173 (−20%)
   Capital ofOymyakonsky District [2] , Settlement of Ust-Nera [2]
   Municipal district Oymyakonsky Municipal District [5]
  Urban settlementUst-Nera Urban Settlement [5]
   Capital ofOymyakonsky Municipal District [6] , Ust-Nera Urban Settlement [5]
Time zone UTC+10 (MSK+7   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [7] )
Postal code(s) [8]
678730, 678739
Dialing code(s) +7 41154
OKTMO ID98639151051
Ust-Nera population
2010 Census 6,463 [3]
2002 Census 9,457 [9]
1989 Census 12,535 [10]
1979 Census 10,399 [11]

Ust-Nera (Russian:Усть-Нера; Yakut : Уус Ньара, romanized: Uus N'ara) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Oymyakonsky District in Yakutia, Russia. Located in one of the coldest permanently inhabited regions on Earth, Ust-Nera is approximately 870 kilometers (540 mi) northeast of the republic's capital, Yakutsk. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 6,463. [3]

Contents

Geography

Ust-Nera is located at the confluence of the Nera and Indigirka Rivers, from which it takes its name (the ust- part means river mouth in Russian). Ust-Nera is located about 200 kilometers (120 mi) north of the selo of Oymyakon, which one of two places in the Sakha Republic (the other being Verkhoyansk) which lays claim to being the northern Pole of Cold, the coldest location in the northern hemisphere.

The Tas-Kystabyt and the Nera Plateau are located in the district.

Climate

Ust-Nera has an extremely cold subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dwd) with mild, wet summers and severely cold, dry winters.

Climate data for Ust-Nera
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−40.1
(−40.2)
−35.1
(−31.2)
−21.4
(−6.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
7.3
(45.1)
18.7
(65.7)
21.0
(69.8)
18.0
(64.4)
8.8
(47.8)
−9.2
(15.4)
−30.2
(−22.4)
−39.4
(−38.9)
−8.9
(15.9)
Daily mean °C (°F)−44.0
(−47.2)
−40.7
(−41.3)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−14.9
(5.2)
0.7
(33.3)
11.1
(52.0)
13.3
(55.9)
10.2
(50.4)
2.5
(36.5)
−14.7
(5.5)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−43.0
(−45.4)
−15.4
(4.3)
Average low °C (°F)−47.9
(−54.2)
−46.2
(−51.2)
−39.3
(−38.7)
−24.3
(−11.7)
−5.8
(21.6)
3.5
(38.3)
5.7
(42.3)
2.4
(36.3)
−3.7
(25.3)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−38.8
(−37.8)
−46.5
(−51.7)
−21.7
(−7.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches)8
(0.3)
7
(0.3)
4
(0.2)
7
(0.3)
17
(0.7)
37
(1.5)
55
(2.2)
45
(1.8)
24
(0.9)
14
(0.6)
11
(0.4)
8
(0.3)
237
(9.5)
Source: http://en.climate-data.org/location/28842/

History

Ust-Nera flood of 1959 Ust'-Nera 1959 god. Navodnenie..jpg
Ust-Nera flood of 1959

Ust-Nera was founded in 1937 in conjunction with gold mining and exploration in the Indigirka and Kolyma regions.[ citation needed ] In the Soviet era, it served as a base for forced labor camps of the gulag. Urban-type settlement status was granted to Ust-Nera in 1950. [2]

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, the urban-type settlement of Ust-Nera [1] serves as the administrative center of Oymyakonsky District. [2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Oymyakonsky District as the Settlement of Ust-Nera. [2] As a municipal division, the Settlement of Ust-Nera is incorporated within Oymyakonsky Municipal District as Ust-Nera Urban Settlement. [12]

Economy

Gold mining is the main occupation. The Kolyma Highway was extended northwest to Ust-Nera in 1937; this section is now the main route between Yakutsk and Magadan. The Ust-Nera Airport is serving air traffic. River traffic on the Indigirka is limited by the rapids 100 kilometers (62 mi) downstream.

Culture

There is a small museum in Ust-Nera.

Related Research Articles

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 According to Article 7 of the Law #77-I, lower-level administrative divisions with the status of a settlement have their administrative centers in an inhabited locality with the status of an urban-type settlement. According to the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic, Ust-Nera is the administrative center of the Settlement of Ust-Nera.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  3. 1 2 3 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. 1 2 3 Law #173-Z #353-III
  6. Law #172-Z #351-III
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России" [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. Law #173-Z #353-III

Sources

  • Official website of the Sakha Republic. Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic. Oymyakonsky District. (in Russian)
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №172-З №351-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1535-З №597-V от 27 ноября 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 1 и 2 Закона Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом муниципального района муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. ( State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic . Law #172-Z No. 351-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1535-Z No. 597-V of November 27, 2015 On Amending Articles 1 and 2 of the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Municipal District Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственное Собрание (Ил Тумэн) Республики Саха (Якутия). Закон №173-З №353-III от 30 ноября 2004 г. «Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)», в ред. Закона №1058-З №1007-IV от 25 апреля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Республики Саха (Якутия) "Об установлении границ и о наделении статусом городского и сельского поселений муниципальных образований Республики Саха (Якутия)"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Якутия", №245, 31 декабря 2004 г. ( State Assembly (Il Tumen) of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic . Law #173-Z No. 353-III of November 30, 2004 On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, as amended by the Law #1058-Z No. 1007-IV of April 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic "On Establishing the Borders and on Granting the Urban and Rural Settlement Status to the Municipal Formations of the Sakha (Yakutia) Republic". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).