Uusimaa

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Uusimaa

Uudenmaan maakunta
landskapet Nyland
Flag of Uusimaa.svg
Flag
Uusimaa.vaakuna.svg
Coat of arms
Anthem: Uusmaalaisten laulu
Uusimaa.sijainti.Suomi.2020.svg
Uusimaa on a map of Finland
Country Finland
Historical province Uusimaa
Capital Helsinki
Government
  Regional Mayor Ossi Savolainen
  President of the Council Eero Heinäluoma
Area
  Total9,568 km2 (3,694 sq mi)
Population
 (December 31, 2019)
  Total1,689,725
  Density176/km2 (460/sq mi)
Demonym(s) uusmaalainen (Finnish)
nylänning (Swedish)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
ISO 3166 code FI-18
NUTS 181
HDI (2018)0.946 [1]
very high
Regional bird Blackbird
Regional fish Zander
Regional flower Windflower
Regional animal European hedgehog
Regional stone Hornblende
Website uudenmaanliitto.fi

Uusimaa (Finnish:  [ˈuːsimɑː] ; Swedish : Nyland [ˈny̌ːland] , Finland Swedish:  [ˈnyːlɑnd] ; both lit. "new land") is a region of Finland. It borders the regions of Southwest Finland, Tavastia Proper (Kanta-Häme), Päijänne Tavastia (Päijät-Häme), and Kymenlaakso. Finland's capital and largest city, Helsinki, along with the surrounding Greater Helsinki area, are both contained in the region, which makes Uusimaa Finland's most populous region. The population of Uusimaa is 1,638,469.

Contents

History

In ancient times, coastal Uusimaa was populated by Sami people.[ citation needed ] The place name of Nuuksio derives from Sami word njukča which means Swan. [2] Later Finns proper and Tavastians inhabited the area. Some place names have traces of Tavastian village names, like Konala which likely derives from older Tavastian village name Konhola. [3] Estonians inhabited the region to a smaller extent, specifically for seasonal fishing. [4]

Swedish colonisation of coastal Uusimaa started after the second crusade to Finland in the 13th century. [5] [6] The colonisation was part of converting pagan areas to Catholicism. Eastern Uusimaa had its first Christian Swedish colonialists earlier than the western part, which got its colonialists in one mass transfer of people to Porvoo in the 14th century. The colonisation was supported by the Swedish kingdom and the immigrants were provided with grain seeds and cattle. They also got a four-year tax exemption from the crown. [4] All the Swedish placenames of Uusimaa date back to this period. [7]

The names Uusimaa and Nyland meaning “new land” in English derives from the Swedish colonisation era. The Swedish-language name Nyland appears in the documents from the 14th century. The Finnish-language name Uusimaa appears for the first time in 1548 as Wsimaa in the first translation of the New Testament to Finnish by Mikael Agricola. [8] Much of Uusimaa is literally new - it has risen off Baltic sea due to post-glacial rebound.

The Finnish provinces were ceded to Imperial Russia in the War of Finland in 1809. After this, Uusimaa became the Province of Uusimaa in the old lääni system. From 1997 to 2010, Uusimaa was a part of the Province of Southern Finland. In 1994 it was divided into the regions of Uusimaa and Eastern Uusimaa, but in 2011 the two regions were merged as Uusimaa.[ citation needed ]

March 28, 2020, Uusimaa was isolated from the rest of Finland due to the worst coronavirus outbreak in the region. [9]

Economy

The Gross domestic product (GDP) of the region was 91.2 billion € in 2018, accounting for 38.9% of Finnish economic output. GDP per capita adjusted for purchasing power was 43,500 € or 144% of the EU27 average in the same year. The GDP per employee was 120% of the EU average. [10]

Languages

Languages in Uusimaa [11]
Languagespercent
Finnish
78.2%
Swedish
7.7%
Russian
2.4%
Estonian
2.0%
Somali
1.0%
Arabic
1.0%
Other
7.7%

Uusimaa is a bilingual region, with municipalities both bilingual in Finnish and Swedish, and monolingual in Finnish. Uusimaa's coastal areas tend to be Swedish-speaking. The traditional regional dialects of Swedish (nyländska) are currently[ when? ]mostly spoken in Eastern Uusimaa, while in the rest of the Uusimaa Swedish dialect has become more standardised.

The Finnish-speaking population started to grow when the capital of the Grand Duchy of Finland was moved from Turku to Helsinki by Emperor of Russia Alexander I in 1812, and the region attracted settlers from other parts of Finland. Helsinki's slang first evolved in the late 19th century. 8,5% of population of the region speak the Swedish language natively.[ citation needed ]

Regional council

The regional council is the main governing body for region and focuses primarily on urban planning. Like all regional councils, it is mandated by law.

Municipalities

Uusimaa sub-regions, towns and municipalities Uusimaa kunnat.svg
Uusimaa sub-regions, towns and municipalities

The region of Uusimaa is made up of 26 municipalities, of which 13 have city status (marked in bold). [12]

Media

Hufvudstadsbladet's building, Mannerheimintie, Helsinki Hufvudstadsbladetin talo.jpg
Hufvudstadsbladet's building, Mannerheimintie, Helsinki
Yle's headquarters, Pasila, Helsinki Yleisradion Iso Paja.jpg
Yle's headquarters, Pasila, Helsinki

Newspapers

The largest subscription newspapers published in the region are Helsingin Sanomat and Hufvudstadsbladet in Helsinki, Aamuposti in Hyvinkää, Länsi-Uusimaa in Lohja, Loviisan Sanomat and Östra Nyland in Loviisa, Uusimaa and Borgåbladet in Porvoo, Västra Nyland in Raseborg, and Keski-Uusimaa in Tuusula. Also two popular tabloid newspapers, Iltalehti and Ilta-Sanomat , are published there.

Radio stations

Yle's local radio stations in the western part of the region are Finnish-language Ylen läntinen and Swedish-language Yle Vega Västnyland, in the Capital Region Finnish-language Yle Radio Suomi Helsinki and Swedish-language Yle Vega Huvudstadsregionen, and in the eastern part Finnish-language Yle Radio Itä-Uusimaa and Swedish-language Yle Vega Östnyland.

Politics

Results of the 2019 Finnish parliamentary election in Uusimaa (consisting of two constituencies, named Helsinki and Uusimaa):

Heraldry

Household pennant of Finnish-speaking Uusimaa Pennant of Uusimaa.PNG
Household pennant of Finnish-speaking Uusimaa
Household pennant of Swedish-speaking Uusimaa Pennant of Swedish-speaking Uusimaa.PNG
Household pennant of Swedish-speaking Uusimaa

The coat of arms of the province is Azure, a boat Or between two fesses wavy Argent (a golden boat which is a symbol for the coastal areas, and two silver wavy fesses which are the symbol for rivers.)

Uusimaa received its coat of arms at the end of the 16th century. There is an image of the coat of arms made in 1599. In 1997, the traditional coat of arms became the official coat of arms of the region.

See also

Related Research Articles

Helsinki Capital of Finland

Helsinki is the capital, primate and most populous city of Finland. Located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, it is the seat of the region of Uusimaa in southern Finland, and has a population of 656,229. The city's urban area has a population of 1,268,296, making it by far the most populous urban area in Finland as well as the country's most important center for politics, education, finance, culture, and research; while Tampere in the Pirkanmaa region, located 179 kilometres (111 mi) to the north from Helsinki, is the second largest urban area in Finland. Helsinki is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 300 km (190 mi) west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. It has close historical ties with these three cities.

Vantaa City in Uusimaa, Finland

Vantaa is a city and municipality in Finland. It is part of the inner core of the Finnish Capital Region along with Helsinki, Espoo, and Kauniainen. With a population of 235,911, Vantaa is the fourth most populated city in Finland. Its administrative center is the Tikkurila district.

Espoo City and municipality in Uusimaa, Finland

Espoo is the second largest city and municipality in Finland. It is part of the Finnish Capital Region, along with the cities of Helsinki, Vantaa, and Kauniainen. Most of its population lives in the inner urban core of the Helsinki metropolitan area. Espoo shares its eastern border with Helsinki and Vantaa, while enclosing Kauniainen. Other bordering municipalities of Espoo are Nurmijärvi and Vihti in the north, and Kirkkonummi in the west. The city is located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, in the region of Uusimaa, and has a population of 291,439.

Porvoo City in Uusimaa, Finland

Porvoo is a city and a municipality situated on the southern coast of Finland about 35 kilometres (22 mi) east of the city border of Helsinki and approximately 50 kilometres (30 mi) of the city centre. It is one of the six medieval towns in Finland, first mentioned as a city in texts from the 14th century. Porvoo is the seat of the Swedish-speaking Diocese of Borgå of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Finland.

Österland land of Sweden

Österland (Eastland) or Österlanden (Easternlands), one of the four traditional lands of Sweden, was a medieval term used for the southern part of Finland. The term occurs in documents approximately between 1350–1470 and gradually fell out of use by the end of the 15th century. Before this period the term was used in plural, Österlanden, Easternlands.

Nurmijärvi Municipality in Uusimaa, Finland

Nurmijärvi is the most populated rural municipality of Finland, located 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of the capital Helsinki. The neighboring municipalities of Nurmijärvi are Espoo, Vantaa, Tuusula, Hyvinkää and Vihti, and it is part of the Greater Helsinki. The population of the municipality is 43,403 inhabitants. In recent decades, it has been one of the fastest growing municipalities in the Greater Helsinki and also in whole Finland in terms of population; even the 2020 corona pandemic hasn't shown a slowdown in growth of population.

Sipoo Municipality in Uusimaa, Finland

Sipoo is a municipality of Finland. Its seat is in Nikkilä (Nickby). Sipoo is part of the Helsinki metropolitan area.

The former Province of Southern Finland in Finland was divided into six regions, 16 sub-regions, and 88 municipalities.

The 26 municipalities of the Uusimaa Region in Finland are divided between four sub-regions:

Greater Helsinki Metropolitan area in Uusimaa, Finland

Greater Helsinki is the metropolitan area surrounding Helsinki, the capital city of Finland. It includes the smaller Capital Region urban area.

Johannes Bureus Swedish antiquarian, polymath and mystic

Johannes Thomae Bureus Agrivillensis (1568–1652) was a Swedish polymath, antiquarian, mystic, royal librarian, poet, and tutor and adviser of King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden. He is a well-known exponent of Gothicism.

Raseborg Castle medieval castle in Raseborg, Finland

The Raseborg Castle, is a medieval castle in Raseborg, Finland.

Hermann of Dorpat Prince-bishop

Hermann of Dorpat (1163–1248) was the first Prince-Bishop of the Bishopric of Dorpat (1224–1248) within the Livonian Confederation.

Konala Helsinki Subdivision in Uusimaa, Finland

Konala (Finnish), Kånala (Swedish) is a subdistrict of Helsinki, Finland. Konala has about 4500 inhabitants and about 3000 jobs. Konala is situated in north-western Helsinki, north of Kehä I and Pitäjänmäki, west of Malminkartano and Kannelmäki. It is bordered from the south by Kehä I, east by green zone which separates at the industrial area along Vihdintie and the west at Espoo's border.

Laurea University of Applied Sciences

Laurea University of Applied Sciences is a university of applied sciences that operates in the region of Uusimaa, in southern Finland. Laurea was established in 1992 with the name Espoo-Vantaa Polytechnic, which was changed to its current form in 2001.

Finland under Swedish rule

Finland under Swedish rule refers to the historical period when the bulk of the area that later came to constitute Finland was an integral part of Sweden. The starting point of Swedish rule is under a large amount of uncertainty and controversy. Historical evidence of the establishing of Swedish rule in Finland exists from the late 13th century onwards.

Coat of arms of Helsinki

The Coat of Arms of Helsinki first appeared in an early 17th-century seal of the city of Helsinki, the modern-day capital of Finland. The coats of arms of both Helsinki and Uusimaa were designed in 1599 by Johannes Bureus.

The Häme Insurrection is an event described in a papal letter from Pope Gregory IX to the archbishop of Uppsala dated 9 December 1237.

Swedish colonisation of Finland

Swedish colonisation of Finland happened during the Northern Crusades from the 12th century until the 1350s. Colonisation focused on Finnish archipelago and some of its coastal regions. The colonisation led to the beginning of the Swedish-speaking population of Finland. The settlers were from central Sweden. It has been estimated that there were thousands of settlers.

Nukari village in Nurmijärvi, Finland

Nukari is a village located in the northeast part of Nurmijärvi municipality of Finland, near the border of Tuusula municipality. The nearest neightboring village is Jokela, about 4 kilometers. Next to Nukari is the national road 45, which runs between Helsinki, Tuusula and Hyvinkää. The population of village is about 350 inhabitants.

References

  1. "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved September 13, 2018.
  2. Tarkiainen, Kari (2010). Ruotsin itämaa. Helsinki: Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland. p. 120.
  3. Terhi Ainiala, Minna Saarelma ja Paula Sjöblom (2008). Nimistötutkimuksen perusteet. Helsinki: Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura. p. 66.
  4. 1 2 Tarkiainen, Kari (2010). Ruotsin itämaa. Helsinki: Svenska litteratursällskapet i Finland. pp. 119–136.
  5. V.-P. Suhonen and Janne Heinonen (2011). "Helsingin keskiaikaiset ja uuden ajan alun kylänpaikat 2011, Inventointiraportti 2011. Museovirasto" (PDF).
  6. Tarkiainen, Kari (2010). Ruotsin itämaa. Porvoo: Svenska litteratussällskapet i Finland. pp. 122–125. ISBN   9789515832122.
  7. Terhi Ainiala, Minna Saarelma ja Paula Sjöblom (2008). Nimistötutkimuksen perusteet. Helsinki: Suomalaisen kirjallisuuden seura. p. 68.
  8. Uusimaa Regional Council (May 12, 2010). "Nytt Land, Nylands historia" (in Swedish). Archived from the original on July 16, 2011. Retrieved May 17, 2010.
  9. Checkpoints ready: Parliament approves government plans to isolate Uusimaa
  10. "Regional GDP per capita ranged from 30% to 263% of the EU average in 2018". Eurostat.
  11. "Väestö". Stat.fi: Statistics – Population structure. Statistics Finland. 2017. Retrieved November 26, 2018.
  12. "Regional Council – Uudenmaan liitto". www.uudenmaanliitto.fi. March 5, 2013. Retrieved January 31, 2017.

Coordinates: 60°15′N24°30′E / 60.250°N 24.500°E / 60.250; 24.500