Uva Province

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Uva Province

ඌව පළාත
ஊவா மாகாணம்
Beragala.jpg
View from Haputale-Beragala gap
Sri Lanka Uva locator map.svg
Location within Sri Lanka
Coordinates: 6°35′24″N81°01′48″E / 6.59000°N 81.03000°E / 6.59000; 81.03000 Coordinates: 6°35′24″N81°01′48″E / 6.59000°N 81.03000°E / 6.59000; 81.03000
Country Sri Lanka
Created1886
Admitted 14 November 1987
Capital Badulla
Largest City Badulla
Government
   Governor Raja Collure
Area
  Total8,500 km2 (3,300 sq mi)
Area rank4th (12.92% of total area)
Population
 (2011 census)
  Total1,259,800
  Rank7th (6.3% of total pop.)
  Density150/km2 (380/sq mi)
Gross Regional Product
 (2010) [1]
  Total Rs 220 billion
  Rank8th (4.6% of total)
Time zone UTC+05:30 (Sri Lanka)
ISO 3166 code LK-8
Vehicle registration UP
Official Languages Sinhalese, Tamil
SymbolsGurulu raaja ( Rhynchostylis retusa )
Website www.up.gov.lk

Uva Province (Sinhala : ඌව පළාතUva Paḷāta, Tamil : ஊவா மாகாணம்Uvā Mākāṇam) is Sri Lanka's second least populated province, with 1,259,880 people, created in 1896. It consists of two districts: Badulla and Moneragala. The provincial capital is Badulla. Uva is bordered by Eastern, Southern, Sabaragamuwa and Central provinces. Its major tourist attractions are Dunhinda falls, Diyaluma Falls, Rawana Falls, the Yala National Park (lying partly in the Southern and Eastern Provinces) and Gal Oya National Park (lying partly in the Eastern Province). The Gal Oya hills and the Central mountains are the main uplands, while the Mahaweli (Sinhalese: great-sandy) and Menik (Sinhalese: gemstone) rivers and the huge Senanayake Samudraya and Maduru Oya Reservoirs are the major waterways.

Contents

History

The provincial history records an 1818 uprising (the Third Kandyan War) against the British colonial government which had been controlling the formally independent Udarata (Sinhalese: Up-Country), of which Uva was a province. The uprising was led by Keppetipola Disawe - a rebel leader that the Sinhalese celebrate even today - who was sent initially by the British Government to stop the uprising.[ citation needed ] The rebels captured Matale and Kandy before Keppetipola fell ill and was captured - and beheaded by the British. His skull was abnormal - as it was wider than usual - and was sent to Britain for analysis. It was returned to Sri Lanka after independence, and now rests in the Kandyan Museum. [2]

The rebellion, which soon developed into a guerrilla war of the kind the Kandyans had fought against European powers for centuries, was centred on the Kandyan nobility and their unhappiness with developments under British rule since 1815. However it was the last uprising of this kind and in Uva Province, a scorched earth policy was pursued, and all males between 15 and 60 years were driven out, exiled or killed. The British Crown annexed the Kingdom of Kandy to British Ceylon in 1817. [3] [4]

Administrative divisions

Districts

Districts of Uva Uva districts.png
Districts of Uva

Uva is divided into 2 districts:

Divisional secretariats

The districts of the Sri Lanka are divided into administrative sub-units known as divisional secretariats. These were originally based on the feudal counties, the korales[ what language is this? ] and ratas[ what language is this? ]. They were formerly known as "D.R.O. Divisions" after the Divisional Revenue Officer. Later the D.R.O.s became Assistant Government Agents and the Divisions were known as "A.G.A. Divisions". Currently, the Divisions are administered by a Divisional Secretary and are known as "D.S. Divisions".

There are 26 divisional secretariats divided in Uva Province, which are listed below, by district. There are 15 in Badulla District and 11 in Moneragala District.

Major cities and towns

A tea plantation in Haputale Tea plantation Haputale.jpg
A tea plantation in Haputale
Lipton's seat Lipton's seat.jpg
Lipton's seat
Diyaluma Falls Diyaluma Falls (Koslanda, Sri Lanka).jpg
Diyaluma Falls

Mountains

Uva's symbolic mountain is Namunukula which stands tallest among the mountain range surrounding the Badulla town. There are views of the Welimada basin, Katharagama and Hambantota beach from Namunukula peak on a clear day.

Haputale mountain range has its tallest, peak Kirigalpottha. Haputale-Beragala gap gives a view of the Southern and Sabaragamuwa provinces on a clear day.

See also

Related Research Articles

Provinces of Sri Lanka

In Sri Lanka, provinces are the first level administrative division. They were first established by the British rulers of Ceylon in 1833. Over the next century most of the administrative functions were transferred to the districts, the second level administrative division. By the middle of the 20th century the provinces had become merely ceremonial. This changed in 1987 when, following several decades of increasing demand for a decentralization, the 13th Amendment to the 1978 Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. Currently there are nine provinces.

Kandyan Wars British Army expeditionary campaigns

The Kandyan Wars refers generally to the period of warfare between the British colonial forces and the Kingdom of Kandy, on the island of what is now Sri Lanka, between 1796 and 1818. More specifically it is used to describe the expeditionary campaigns of the British Army in the Kingdom of Kandy in 1803 and 1815.

Badulla City in Sri Lanka

Badulla is the main city of Uva Province situated in the lower central hills of Sri Lanka. It is the capital city of Uva Province and the Badulla District.

Great Liberation War of 1817–18, also known as the 1818 Uva–Wellassa uprising, was the third Kandyan War between native Kandyan rebels and the British, in what is now Sri Lanka. It took place in what is now Uva, then a province of the Kingdom of Kandy, against the British colonial government under Governor Robert Brownrigg, which had been controlling the formerly independent Udarata.

Badulla District Administrative District in Uva Province, Sri Lanka

Badulla is a district in Uva Province, Sri Lanka. The entire land area of the Badulla district is 2,861 km2 and total population is 837,000. The district is bounded by the districts of Monaragala and Rathnapura on the East & South, by Ampara and Kandy districts on the North and by Nuwara Eliya and Matale on the West. Mainly the economy of the district is based on agricultural farming and livestock.

British Ceylon Sri Lankan British Crown colony

Ceylon was the British Crown colony of present-day Sri Lanka between 1796 and 4 of February 1948. Initially the area it covered did not include the Kingdom of Kandy, which was a protectorate, but from 1817 to 1948 the British possessions included the whole island of Ceylon, now the nation of Sri Lanka.

Kingdom of Kandy Kingdom on the island of Sri Lanka from 1469 to 1815

The Kingdom of Kandy was a monarchy on the island of Sri Lanka, located in the central and eastern portion of the island. It was founded in the late 15th century and endured until the early 19th century.

Rathkarawwa is a village in Welimada Divisional Secretariat in Badulla District, Sri Lanka with a population of about 1000. The nearest city to Rathkarawwa is Haputale, which is about 10 km in distance. Rathkarawwa is surrounded by Welimada, Haputale and Diyatalawa towns. Paddy and vegetable cultivation had been the main source of income for many families for decades.

Haputale Place in Uva Province

Haputale is a town of Badulla District in the Uva Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. The elevation is 1431 m (4695 ft) above the sea level. The area has a rich bio-diversity dense with numerous varieties of flora and fauna. Haputale is surrounded by hills covered with cloud forests and tea plantations. The town has a cooler climate than its surroundings, due to its elevation. The Haputale pass allows views across the Southern plains of Sri Lanka. The South-West boundary of Uva basin is marked by the Haputale mountain ridges, which continue on to Horton Plains and Adam's Peak to the west. CNN in 2010 named Haputale as one of Asia's most overlooked destinations.

Central Province, Sri Lanka Province of Sri Lanka

The Central Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The Central Province is primarily in the central mountainous terrain of Sri Lanka. It is the 6th largest province by area and is home to 2.5 million people. It is bordered by North Central Province to the north, Uva Province to the east, North Western Province to the west and Sabaragamuwa Province to the south and west. The province's capital is Kandy.

Bogahakumbura Place in Uva Province

Bogahakumbura is a rural town in Sri Lanka. It is located in Badulla District of Uva Province, Sri Lanka. Majority of people in the area are involved with vegetable cultivation.

Ohiya Village in Uva Province, Sri Lanka

Ohiya (ඔහිය) is a rural village located in Badulla District of Uva Province, Sri Lanka. It is much closer to the Horton Plains National Park. The picturesque Colombo -Badulla Railyway runs through Ohiya. Ohiya is in the Welimada Divisional Secretariat Division and the Grama Niladhari Division number is 62A.

Idalgashinna

Idalgashinna is a small village in the Badulla District, Uva Province, Sri Lanka. Situated at an elevation of about 1,615 metres (5,299 ft) above sea level, it is located in the Haputale-Namunukula mountain range. The area is home to the Idalgashinna Estate, with the closest large town being Haputale, about 9km south on the railway. Between the two locales lies the Thangamale Bird Sanctuary. Education in the area comes under the purview of the Welimada Divisional Secretariat, which administers the Idalgashinna Tamil Vidyalaya, Beauvais Tamil Vidyalaya and the Ellethota Vidyalaya.

Sri Lanka is divided into nine provinces and Uva Province has a distinct place among them. The natural environment and the history of the province are the main reasons for this.

Maha Dissava

The Mahâ Dissâvas was a Great Officer in the Amātya Mandalaya, or Sinhalese Council of State, in the Sinhalese Kingdoms of premodern Sri Lanka. Like many of the existing high offices at the time it had combined legislative and judicial powers and functioned primarily equivalent to that of a Provincial governor. The office of Dissava was retained under the successive European colonial powers, namely the Portuguese Empire, the Dutch East India Company and the British Empire. A Dissava was the governor a province known as a Disavanies. With his province, the Dissava held both executive and judicial authority.

A4 road (Sri Lanka)

The A4 Highway also known as the Colombo-Batticaloa highway, is the longest highway in Sri Lanka, at 430 kilometres (270 mi) in length. It connects Colombo with Batticaloa, through many important cities in Western, Sabaragamuwa, Uva and Eastern provinces.

Idalgashinna railway station Railway station in Sri Lanka

Idalgashinna Railway Station, Tamil: இடல்கஷின்னா ரயில் நிலையம்) is the 68th station on the Main Line, located between Haputale and Ohiya railway stations in Badulla District, Uva Province. It is located 8 km (5.0 mi) west of Haputale, at an elevation of 1,615 metres (5,299 ft) above sea level. The station was built after the track was extended in 1893, from the Nanu Oya railway station to Haputale.

Kandyan period

The Kandyan period covers the history of Sri Lanka from 1597–1815. After the fall of the Kingdom of Kotte, the Kandyan Kingdom was the last Independent monarchy of Sri Lanka. The Kingdom played a major role throughout the history of Sri Lanka. It was founded in 1476. The kingdom located in the central part of Sri Lanka managed to remain independent from both the Portuguese and Dutch rule who controlled coastal parts of Sri Lanka; however, it was colonised by the British in 1815.

References

  1. ":.News Line : North, East record highest GDP growth rate". Archived from the original on 20 June 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  2. Müller, J. B. (6 November 2010). "Anglophiles, Eurocentric arrogance and Reality". The Island .
  3. Müller, J. B. (6 November 2010). "Anglophiles, Eurocentric arrogance and Reality". The Island .
  4. Keerthisinghe, Lakshman I. (2013). "The British duplicity in protecting human rights in Sri Lanka". Daily Mirror . Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013.