Vác

Last updated
Vác
Vac Szekesegyhaz 20090725.jpg Romai katolikus templom, volt ferences templom (7507. szamu muemlek).jpg
Kozepkori pince (7555. szamu muemlek).jpg Hegyes torony.jpg
Vác Cathedral
Flag of Vac.svg
Flag
HUN Vac Cimer.svg
Coat of arms
Hungary physical map.svg
Red pog.svg
Vác
Location of Vác
Europe relief laea location map.jpg
Red pog.svg
Vác
Vác (Europe)
Coordinates: 47°46′31″N19°07′52″E / 47.77518°N 19.13102°E / 47.77518; 19.13102 Coordinates: 47°46′31″N19°07′52″E / 47.77518°N 19.13102°E / 47.77518; 19.13102
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
County Pest
District Vác
Government
   Mayor Ilona Matkovich (Independent)
Area
  Total61.60 km2 (23.78 sq mi)
Population
 (2013)
  Total33,475
  Density543/km2 (1,410/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
2600
Area code(s) 27

Vác (Hungarian pronunciation:  [ˈvaːt͡s] ; German : Waitzen; Slovak : Vacov; Yiddish : ווייצען) is a town in Pest county in Hungary with approximately 35,000 inhabitants. The archaic spelling of the name is Vácz.

Contents

Location

Vác is located 35 kilometres (22 miles) north of Budapest on the eastern bank of the Danube river, below the bend where the river changes course and flows south. The town is seated at the foot of the Naszály Mountain in the foothills of the Carpathians. [1]

Modern Vác

Vác is a commercial center as well as a popular summer resort for citizens of Budapest. The cathedral, built 1761–1777, was modelled after St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. [1] The episcopal palace houses a museum for Roman and medieval artifacts. [1] The city is also known for its 18th-century arch of triumph and for its beautiful baroque city center.

History

Settlement in Vác dating as far back as the Roman Empire has been found. The origin of its name is debated. One hypothesis says that the name comes from a Hungarian tribal name "Vath". [2] Another theory says the name comes from czecho-slovak personal name Vac (Vác), which is the diminutive form of Václav. [3]

It has been the seat of a Roman Catholic bishopric since the 11th century. [1] Bishops from the Roman Catholic Diocese of Vác were influential within the Kingdom of Hungary, with many serving as chancellors or later becoming archbishops.

On 17 March 1241, due to the attack of Mongols the population was slaughtered and Mongols set up camp there. [4] [5] [6] After the departure of the Mongols, Vác was rebuilt and German colonists were invited to the town. [2]

The town was conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1541. During the Habsburg Monarchy's wars against the Ottomans, the Austrians won victories against the Turks at Vác in 1597 and in 1684. [1] After the Great Turkish War, Vác was rebuilt and repopulated. This re-population was both spontaneous and planned. [2] According to the Truce of Zsitvatörök, Habsburg control of the fortress at Vác (also known as Vacz) was maintained, and its repair was sanctioned.

During the Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence of 1848-49, the Honvédség routed the Austrian forces stationed in the city after a major battle (April 10, 1849); the Second Battle of Vác ended in Russian victory (July 17).

During World War II, Vác was captured on 8 December 1944 by Soviet troops of the 2nd Ukrainian Front in the course of the Budapest Offensive.

Demographics

Ethnicity

Religious denomination

According to the 1910 census, the religious make-up of the town was the following:

Twin towns – sister cities

Vác is twinned with: [7]

Related Research Articles

Demographics of Hungary

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Hungary, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. Hungary's population has been slowly declining since 1980.

Debrecen second largest city in Hungary

Debrecen ( DEB-rət-sen, Hungarian: [ˈdɛbrɛt͡sɛn] is Hungary's second-largest city, after Budapest, the regional centre of the Northern Great Plain region and the seat of Hajdú-Bihar County. It was the largest Hungarian city in the 18th century and it is one of the Hungarian people's most important cultural centres. Debrecen was also the capital city of Hungary during the revolution in 1848–1849. During the revolution, the dethronement of the Habsburg dynasty was declared in the Reformed Great Church. The city also served as the capital of Hungary by the end of the World War II in 1944–1945. It is home of the University of Debrecen.

Košice City in Slovakia

Košice is the largest city in eastern Slovakia. It is situated on the river Hornád at the eastern reaches of the Slovak Ore Mountains, near the border with Hungary. With a population of approximately 240,000, Košice is the second-largest city in Slovakia, after the capital Bratislava.

Bács-Bodrog County

Bács-Bodrog County was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary from 1802 century to 1920. Most of its territory is currently part of Serbia, while a smaller part belongs to Hungary. The capital of the county was Zombor.

Borsod County

Borsod was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. The capital of the county was Miskolc. After World War II, the county was merged with the Hungarian parts of Abaúj-Torna and Zemplén counties to form Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county.

Csanád County

Csanád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now part of Hungary, except a small area which is part of Romania. The capital of the county was Makó.

Temes County

County of Temes was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in southwestern Romania and northeastern Serbia. The capital of the county was Temesvár, which also served as the kingdom's capital between 1315–1323.

Syrmia County Historic county of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia

Syrmia County (Croatian: Srijemska županija, Serbian: Сремска жупанија, was a historic administrative subdivision of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Croatia-Slavonia was an autonomous kingdom within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen, the Hungarian part of Austria-Hungary. The region of Syrmia is today split between Croatia and Serbia. The capital of the county was Vukovar.

Virovitica County Historic county of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia

Virovitica County was a historic administrative subdivision (županija) of the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia. Croatia-Slavonia was an autonomous kingdom within the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen (Transleithania), the Hungarian part of the dual Austro-Hungarian Empire. Its territory is now in eastern Croatia. The name of the county comes from the town of Virovitica. The capital of the county moved from Virovitica to Osijek in the late 18th century.

Győr County

Győr county was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary, situated mostly on the right (south) side of the Danube river. Its territory is now part of Hungary, except seven villages on the left side of the Danube which belong to Slovakia. The capital of the county was the city of Győr.

Békéscsaba City with county rights in Békés, Hungary

Békéscsaba is a city in Southeast Hungary, the capital of Békés County.

Tata, Hungary Town in Komárom-Esztergom, Hungary

Tata, is a town in Komárom-Esztergom county, northwestern Hungary, 9 km (6 mi) northwest of the county town Tatabánya.

Érd City with county rights in Pest, Hungary

Érd is a town in Pest County, Budapest metropolitan area, Hungary.

Csongrád County (former)

Csongrád was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present-day Csongrád-Csanád County, is now part of Hungary, except a very small area which belongs to Serbia. The capital of the county was Szentes.

Szarvas Town in Békés, Hungary

Szarvas is a town in Békés County, Hungary.

Gyomaendrőd Town in Békés, Hungary

Gyomaendrőd is a town in Békés county, Hungary.

Nógrád County (former)

Nógrád was an administrative county of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now divided between Hungary and Slovakia. The name Novohrad is still used in Slovakia as an informal designation of the corresponding territory. The name is derived from the former Nógrád castle in Hungary.

Szigetszentmiklós city in Hungary

Szigetszentmiklós is a city in Pest county, Hungary with around 40,000 inhabitants.

Őrbottyán Place in Central Hungary, Hungary

Őrbottyán is a town in Pest county, Hungary.

Historically, religion in Hungary has been dominated by forms of Christianity since the State's founding in the 11th century. Contemporary Hungary has no official religion. While the constitution "recognizes Christianity's nation-building role", freedom of religion is declared a fundamental right.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Vácz"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 837.
  2. 1 2 3 "Vác - Várostörténet". www.vac.hu.
  3. STANISLAV, Ján. Slovenský juh v stredoveku II. 2. edition. Bratislava, 2004. 533 pages. ISBN   80-88878-89-6. pages. 472 – 473
  4. Byfield, Ted (June 27, 2008). A Glorious Disaster: A.D. 1100 to 1300 : the Crusades : Blood, Valor, Iniquity, Reason, Faith. Christian History Project. ISBN   9780968987377 via Google Books.
  5. Barber, Malcolm (June 27, 2004). The Two Cities: Medieval Europe, 1050-1320. Routledge. ISBN   9780415174152 via Google Books.
  6. Engel, Pál (July 22, 2005). The Realm of St Stephen: A History of Medieval Hungary, 895-1526. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN   9781850439776 via Google Books.
  7. "Testvérvárosaink". vac.hu (in Hungarian). Vác. Retrieved 2021-04-06.