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Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 27°38′32″N110°17′23″W / 27.64222°N 110.28972°W / 27.64222; -110.28972 Coordinates: 27°38′32″N110°17′23″W / 27.64222°N 110.28972°W / 27.64222; -110.28972
CountryFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico
State Sonora
Municipio Guaymas
10 m (30 ft)
Time zone UTC-7 (MST)
Postal code
Area code(s) 643

Vícam is a town in the Mexican state of Sonora located in the municipio of Guaymas. It is one of the main settlements of the Yaqui people. Historically the Yaqui also ranged through what is now the American Southwest, and there is a federally recognized tribe in the United States state of Arizona.

Sonora State of Mexico

Sonora, officially Estado Libre y Soberano de Sonora, is one of 31 states that, with Mexico City, comprise the 32 federal entities of United Mexican States. It is divided into 72 municipalities; the capital city is Hermosillo. Sonora is bordered by the states of Chihuahua to the east, Baja California to the northwest and Sinaloa to the south. To the north, it shares the U.S.–Mexico border primarily with the state of Arizona with a small length with New Mexico, and on the west has a significant share of the coastline of the Gulf of California.

Guaymas city in Sonora, Mexico

Guaymas is a city in Guaymas Municipality, in the southwest part of the state of Sonora, in northwestern Mexico. The city is 134 km south of the state capital of Hermosillo, and 389 kilometres (242 mi) from the U.S. border. The municipality is located on the Gulf of California and the western edge of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot, dry climate and 117 km of beaches. The municipality’s formal name is Guaymas de Zaragoza and the city’s formal name is the Heróica Ciudad de Guaymas.

Arizona U.S. state in the United States

Arizona is a state in the southwestern region of the United States. It is also part of the Western and the Mountain states. It is the sixth largest and the 14th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. Arizona shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico; its other neighboring states are Nevada and California to the west and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California to the south and southwest.



Vícam is one of the eight mission villages in which the Yaqui were settled in the early seventeenth century by Spanish Jesuit missionaries, along with Pótam, Torim, Bácum, Cócorit, Huiviris, Benem and Rahum. Today it is the second largest settlement in the municipality of Guaymas, and one of the main Yaqui settlements. Vícam hosted the Meeting of the Indigenous Peoples of the Americas from October 11–14, 2007. [1]

Bácum village in Sonora, Mexico

Bácum is a small city and the county seat of Bácum Municipality, located in the south of the Mexican state of Sonora at 27°32′N110°05′W.

Cócorit village in Sonora, Mexico

Cócorit is a town located in the municipality of Cajeme in the southern part of the Mexican state of Sonora. The name of the town is derived from the Yaqui word for a chili pepper, ko'oko'i. Cócorit and the municipality of Cajeme are within the Yaqui River Valley. The comisario municipal of Cajeme is Ing. Arturo Soto Valenzuela. Cócorit reported a 2005 census population of 7,953 inhabitants, and is the fifth-largest town in the municipality of Cajeme.

Description and demographics

Vícam is located at the south end of the municipio and at an altitude of 10 meters above sea level. Federal Highway 15 connects it to the north with Guaymas and Hermosillo, and to the south with Ciudad Obregon and Navojoa.

Hermosillo City in Sonora, Mexico

Hermosillo, formerly called Pitic, is a city located centrally in the northwestern Mexican state of Sonora. It is the capital and largest city as well as the main economic center for the state and region. As of 2015, the city has a population of 812,229 inhabitants, making it the 16th largest city in Mexico. The recent city population spur is due to its recent strong industrialization, especially in the automotive industry.

Navojoa City in Sonora, Mexico

Navojoa is the fifth-largest city in the northern Mexican state of Sonora and is situated in the southern part of the state. The city is the administrative seat of Navojoa Municipality, located in the Mayo River Valley.

According to the Census of Population and Housing conducted in 2005 by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography, the total population of Vícam is 8,578, 4,207 of whom are men and 4,371 of whom are women. [2]

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Cajemé Yaqui military leader in Mexico

Cajemé / Kahe'eme, born and baptized José María Bonifacio Leyba Pérez, was a prominent Yaqui military leader who lived in the Mexican state of Sonora from 1835 to 1887.

Cajeme is one of the municipalities of the northwestern state of Sonora, Mexico. It is named after Cajemé, a Yaqui leader. The municipality has an area of 3,312.05 km² and with a population of 433,050 inhabitants as of 2015.

Yaqui ethnic group

The Yaqui or Yoeme are an Uto-Aztecan speaking indigenous people of Mexico who inhabit the valley of the Río Yaqui in the Mexican state of Sonora and the Southwestern United States. They also have communities in Chihuahua and Durango. The Pascua Yaqui Tribe is based in Tucson, Arizona. Yaqui people live elsewhere in the United States, especially California, Texas and Nevada.

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Empalme is a city surrounded by a municipality located on the south-central coast of the Mexican state of Sonora. According to the 2005 census the population of the city was 40,630 inhabitants, while the municipality, which has an area of 708.53 km², reported 50,663 inhabitants. Except for its coastline on the Gulf of California, the municipality is entirely surrounded by the much larger municipality of Guaymas.

Mexican Federal Highway 15 highway in Mexico

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Fronteras Town in Sonora, Mexico

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Telchac Pueblo Municipality Town in Yucatán, Mexico

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Bácum Municipality Municipality in Sonora, Mexico

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History of Sonora

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Yaqui Wars armed conflicts between indigenous peoples and white people in the Viceroyalty of New Spain, from 1821 Spain, between 1533 and 1929

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Battle of Mazocoba

The Battle of Mazocoba, or the Mazocoba massacre, was a major engagement of the Yaqui Wars that was fought in Sonora, Mexico. On January 18, 1900, a Mexican Army expedition encountered hundreds of Yaqui renegades about twenty miles east of Guaymas. During the battle that followed, several hundred people were killed or wounded and over 1,000 Yaquis were taken prisoner.

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  1. Encuentro de Pueblos Indígenas de América. "Convocatoria" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-22. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
  2. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía. "Archivo histórico de localidades" . Retrieved 2010-05-30.[ permanent dead link ]