Võru

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Võru

Võro(in Võro)
Võru city centre at night.jpg
Võru city centre at night.
Flag of et-Võru.svg
Flag
Voru coatofarms.png
Coat of arms
Estonia adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Võru
Location in Estonia
Coordinates: 57°50′55″N26°59′34″E / 57.848611111111°N 26.992777777778°E / 57.848611111111; 26.992777777778 Coordinates: 57°50′55″N26°59′34″E / 57.848611111111°N 26.992777777778°E / 57.848611111111; 26.992777777778
Country Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia
County Võrumaa lipp.svg Võru County
Founded21 August 1784
Government
  MayorAnti Allas [1]
Area
  Total13.24 km2 (5.11 sq mi)
Elevation
84 m (276 ft)
Population
(2017)
  Total12,367
  Rank 12th
  Density1,099.2/km2 (2,847/sq mi)
Ethnicity
   Estonians 92%
   Russians 6%
  other2%
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Website www.voru.ee

Võru (Estonian pronunciation:  [ˈʋɤru] ) (Võro : Võro) is a town and a municipality in south-eastern Estonia. It is the capital of Võru County and the centre of Võru Parish.

Contents

History

Soviet tank in Võru. In Soviet times, near the memorial depicting wedding photos. Memoriaalansambel Võru tank T-34.jpg
Soviet tank in Võru. In Soviet times, near the memorial depicting wedding photos.

Võru was founded on 21 August 1784, according to the wish of the Empress Catherine II of Russia, by the order of Riga Governor general count George Browne, on the site of the former Võru estate.

Geography and climate

The town is situated on the shore of Lake Tamula. Võru has a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters.

Climate data for Võru (1981–2010)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)9.6
(49.3)
12.4
(54.3)
18.0
(64.4)
26.9
(80.4)
30.7
(87.3)
33.5
(92.3)
35.2
(95.4)
35.6
(96.1)
29.9
(85.8)
22.2
(72.0)
13.3
(55.9)
11.2
(52.2)
35.6
(96.1)
Average high °C (°F)−1.9
(28.6)
−1.8
(28.8)
3.3
(37.9)
11.1
(52.0)
17.7
(63.9)
20.7
(69.3)
23.2
(73.8)
21.7
(71.1)
15.7
(60.3)
9.5
(49.1)
2.8
(37.0)
−0.9
(30.4)
10.1
(50.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)−4.6
(23.7)
−5.1
(22.8)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.9
(42.6)
11.9
(53.4)
15.5
(59.9)
18.0
(64.4)
16.6
(61.9)
11.3
(52.3)
6.3
(43.3)
0.5
(32.9)
−3.3
(26.1)
6.1
(43.0)
Average low °C (°F)−7.2
(19.0)
−8.4
(16.9)
−4.2
(24.4)
1.1
(34.0)
6.1
(43.0)
10.5
(50.9)
13.0
(55.4)
11.9
(53.4)
7.5
(45.5)
3.5
(38.3)
−1.7
(28.9)
−5.8
(21.6)
2.2
(36.0)
Record low °C (°F)−35.8
(−32.4)
−35.6
(−32.1)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−12.5
(9.5)
−5.4
(22.3)
0.2
(32.4)
1.7
(35.1)
3.5
(38.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
−14.4
(6.1)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−34.6
(−30.3)
−35.8
(−32.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)46
(1.8)
34
(1.3)
36
(1.4)
30
(1.2)
52
(2.0)
84
(3.3)
80
(3.1)
86
(3.4)
62
(2.4)
64
(2.5)
51
(2.0)
47
(1.9)
665
(26.2)
Average relative humidity (%)87857970677374788286888980
Mean monthly sunshine hours 25.957.5121.9184.8261.0246.6271.5228.2137.278.129.416.71,659
Source: Estonian Weather Service [2] [3] [4] [5]

Culture

The Võru Folklore Festival is held annually in Võru in July since 1995. [6]

Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, the author of the Estonian national epic "Kalevipoeg", lived in Võru from 1833 to 1877.

Transport

European route E263 is the main connection with the rest of Estonia. Other roads connect Võru with Põlva, Räpina, Antsla and Valga. The ValgaPechory railway, which passes through Võru, is currently inactive. The Võru train station is unused as of 2014.

Military

Võru is home to Taara Army Base, headquarters of the Kuperjanov Infantry Battalion. [7]

Sports

Võru is home to Võru Stadium, the home ground of II liiga football team Võru JK.

Twin towns

Võru is twinned with: [8]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. "Valitsus" . Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  2. "Climate normals-Temperature". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  3. "Climate normals-Precipitation". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  4. "Climate normals-Humidity". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  5. "Climate normals-Sunshine". Estonian Weather Service. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
  6. "Ajalugu". MTÜ Võru Folkloorifestival. Retrieved 3 August 2016.
  7. Ulc, Karol (January 17, 2017). "Russian Paratroopers Could Totally Mess Up the Baltic States". War is Boring. Archived from the original on January 18, 2017. To give one example, the garrison of the Estonian Kuperjanov Infantry Battalion located in Võru is just 50 miles away from the Russian base in Pskov. The range of 9M528 rockets fired from the BM-30 Smerch is 55 miles.
  8. "Võru sõpruslinnad" (in Estonian). Võru. Archived from the original on 14 October 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2012.