Vĩnh Long Province

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Vĩnh Long Province

Tỉnh Vĩnh Long
My Thuan Bridge 1.jpg
Emblem of Vinhlong Province.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Eternal prosperity
Vinh Long in Vietnam.svg
Location of Vĩnh Long within Vietnam
Coordinates: 10°10′N106°0′E / 10.167°N 106.000°E / 10.167; 106.000 Coordinates: 10°10′N106°0′E / 10.167°N 106.000°E / 10.167; 106.000
CountryFlag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam
Region Mekong Delta
Capital Vĩnh Long
Government
   People's Council ChairPhạm Văn Đấu
   People's Committee ChairTrương Văn Sáu
Area
  Total1,475.2 km2 (569.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
  Total1,141,677
  Density770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Demographics
   Ethnicities Vietnamese, Gia Rai
Time zone UTC+7 (ICT)
Calling code70
ISO 3166 code VN-49
Website vinhlong.gov.vn

Vĩnh Long ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ) is a province located in the Mekong Delta of southern Vietnam. Its capital is Vĩnh Long. Its population is 1,046,390 and its area is 1,475 square kilometres (570 sq mi).

Contents

Administrative history

Modern-day Vĩnh Long was part of Long Hồ dinh (barrack, 營) established by the Nguyễn lords in 1732, comprising the provinces of Bến Tre, Trà Vinh, and parts of Cần Thơ.

The area saw some of the heaviest fighting between the Tây Sơn brothers and the Nguyễn lords in the late 18th century; in 1784 Nguyễn Huệ defeated Siamese forces aiding Nguyễn Ánh at the Mang Thít River.

In 1951, the Southern Resistance Administrative Committee of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam merged Vĩnh Long and Trà Vinh provinces into Vĩnh Trà Province. Vinh Tra existed until 1954 (however, as North Vietnam never administered the area for a significant period of time, this arrangement was not enforced). In 1957, the South Vietnam formed Vĩnh Long Province, consisting of six districts: Châu Thành, Chợ Lách (now part of Bến Tre Province), Tam Bình, Bình Minh, Sa Đéc, and Lấp Vò. In 1961, Cái Nhum District was split from Chợ Lách. Đức Tôn District and Đức Thành District were added in 1962, but joined the newly formed Sa Đéc Province in 1966. As of 1975, the province had seven districts: Châu Thành, Chợ Lách, Tam Bình, Bình Minh, Minh Đức, Trà Ôn, and Vũng Liêm.

After the fall of South Vietnam, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam merged Vĩnh Long with Trà Vinh Province, forming Cửu Long Province in 1976. In 1991, Cửu Long was again split into Vĩnh Long and Trà Vinh. At the time of the split, Vĩnh Long Province consisted of one city (Vĩnh Long) and five districts: Long Hồ, Vũng Liêm, Bình Minh, Tam Bình, and Trà Ôn.

In 1992, Mang Thít District was re-split from Long Hồ District. In 2007, Bình Tân District was created.

Geography

Lying between the Hau and Tien rivers in the center of the Mekong Delta, Vĩnh Long is a province well known for fishing.

Administrative divisions

Vĩnh Long is subdivided into eight district-level sub-divisions:

They are further subdivided into five commune-level towns (or townlets), 94 communes, and 10 wards.

Economy

Prawns and the Basa and Tra catfish are among the many types of fish that exist in abundance in the waters of Vĩnh Long. Its rich, fertile soil makes Vĩnh Long an ideal location for the growing of many exotic and delicious fruits, including the strange-looking mangosteen, the spikey rambutan and the pungently fragrant durian. Because of Vĩnh Long's extensive network of waterways, these fruits and many other items can be purchased for mere pennies from the huge water-based squadron of floating merchants.

Traveling by water is a common practice here for such mundane tasks as grocery shopping as well as getting to restaurants and tourist attractions located on small islets accessible only by boat. Tourist infrastructure is still in its infancy here, but comfortable lodging and great food can be had for very reasonable prices.

Transportation

Located approximately 135 kilometres (84 mi) southwest of Hồ Chí Minh City, Vĩnh Long is easily accessible by bus, van or car using National Route 1A and the Mỹ Thuận Bridge.

Notable Vĩnh Long residents

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References