V. Shantaram

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V. Shantaram
V. Shantaram.jpg
Shantaram in 1938
Born
Shantaram Rajaram Vankudre

(1901-11-18)18 November 1901
Died30 October 1990(1990-10-30) (aged 88)
Bombay, Maharashtra, India
Nationality British Indian (1901–1947)
Indian (1947–1990)
Other namesAnnasaheb
Occupation
  • Film director
  • producer
  • actor
  • screenwriter
Years active1921–1987 [1]
Spouse(s)
    Vimalabai
    (m. 1921)
      Jayashree
      (m. 1941;div. 1956)
Awards Best Director
1957 Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje
Best Film
1958 Do Aankhen Barah Haath
Dadasaheb Phalke Award
1985
Padma Vibhushan
1992

Shantaram Rajaram Vankudre (18 November 1901 – 30 October 1990), referred to as V. Shantaram or Shantaram Bapu, was an Indian filmmaker, film producer, and actor known for his work in Hindi and Marathi films. [2] He is most known for films such as Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani (1946), Amar Bhoopali (1951), Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje (1955), Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1957), Navrang (1959), Duniya Na Mane (1937), Pinjara (1972), Chani, Iye Marathiche Nagari and Zunj.

Contents

Career

V. Shantaram started his film career doing odd jobs in Maharashtra Film Co. owned by Baburao Painter at Kolhapur. [3] He went on to debut as an actor in the silent film Surekha Haran in 1921. [4]

Shantaram, fondly known as Annasaheb, had an illustrious career as a filmmaker for almost seven decades. He was one of the early filmmakers to realize the efficacy of the film medium as an instrument of social change and used it successfully to advocate humanism on one hand and expose bigotry and injustice on the other. V. Shantaram had a very keen interest in music. It is said that he "ghost wrote" music for many of his music directors, and took a very active part in the creation of music. Some of his songs had to rehearsed several times before they were approved by V. Shantaram. [5] He Was Also Praised By Charlie Chaplin for his Marathi film Manoos . Chaplin reportedly liked the film to a great extent. [6]

He directed his first film Netaji Palkar , in 1927. [7] In 1929, he founded the Prabhat Film Company along with Vishnupant Damle, K.R. Dhaiber, S. Fatelal and S.B. Kulkarni, which made Ayodhyecha Raja , the first Marathi language film in 1932 under his direction. [8] He left Prabhat co. in 1942 to form "Rajkamal Kalamandir" in Mumbai. [9] In time, "Rajkamal" became one of the most sophisticated studios of the country. [10]

Shantaram introduced his daughter Rajshree (his daughter by Jayashree) and Jeetendra in the 1964 film Geet Gaya Patharon Ne . That was the debut film for both of them. He also introduced his second wife Sandhya's niece Ranjana Deshmukh into the Marathi film industry through Chandanachi Choli Ang Ang Jaali, directed by his son Kiran Shantaram in 1975. Ranjana dominated the Marathi silver screen in the 70s and 80s.

The Dadasaheb Phalke Award was conferred on him in 1985. [11] He was posthumously awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1992. [12]

His autobiography Shantarama was published in Hindi and Marathi. [11] [13]

Shantaram on a 2001 stamp of India V Shantaram 2001 stamp of India.jpg
Shantaram on a 2001 stamp of India

The V. Shantaram Award was constituted by Central Government and Maharashtra State Government. The V. Shantaram Motion Picture Scientific Research and Cultural Foundation, established in 1993, offers various awards to film-makers. The award is presented annually on 18 November. [11] A postage stamp dedicated to Shantaram was released by India Post on 17 November 2001.

Personal life

Shantaram was born in 1901 at Kolhapur to a Marathi family with a Jain Kasar father and Hindu mother. [14] He was married three times.

In 1921, aged 20, he married 12-year-old Vimalabai, a girl of his own community and similar background, in a match arranged by their families. They had four children, Prabhat Kumar (after whom Shantaram named his movie company) and daughters Saroj, Madhura and Charusheela. Shantaram's second daughter Madhura is the wife of Pandit Jasraj and mother of music director Shaarang Dev Pandit and of TV personality Durga Jasraj. [15] Shantaram's third daughter, Charusheela, is the mother of Hindi and Marathi actor Sushant Ray a.k.a. Siddharth Ray.

In 1941, Shantaram married actress Jayashree (née Kamulkar).They had three children – one son, the Marathi film director and producer Kiran Shantaram, [16] [17] and two daughters, Rajshree (the actress) and Tejashree. Shantaram and Jayashree were divorced in 1956.

In the early 1950s, Shantaram grew close to another of his leading ladies, Sandhya (née Vijaya Deshmukh). She acted in many of his films like Do Aankhen Barah Haath, Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje , Navrang, Jal Bin Machhli Nritya Bin Bijli and Sehra.

Shantaram married Sandhya in 1956. They did not have any children.

Death

Shantaram died on 30 October 1990 in Mumbai. [18] Vimalabai and Sandhya continued to reside together until the former's death in 1996. Sandhya continues to live with her stepson Prabhat's family.

Shantaram used to live at Panhala near Kolhapur in Maharashtra state. His daughter Saroj has maintained his house and has converted it into a hotel named Valley View. [19]

Filmography

As actor

As producer

As director

Maharashtra Film Company

Prabhat Film Company

Rajkamal Kalamandir

Source: IMDB [21]

Awards and recognition

Recognition

Awards

Nominated

Related Research Articles

<i>Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje</i> 1955 Indian film

Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje is a 1955 Indian Hindi-language dance film directed by V. Shantaram. It stars Shantaram's wife Sandhya and dancer Gopi Krishna in lead roles. One of the earlier Technicolor films made in India, the film won the All India Certificate of Merit for Best Feature Film, the National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi, and the Filmfare Best Movie Award. The film was declared a "Super Hit" at Box office India.

<i>Do Aankhen Barah Haath</i> 1957 film by V. Shantaram

Do Aankhen Barah Haath is a 1957 Indian Hindi-language drama film directed by V. Shantaram, who also starred. It is considered to be one of the classics of Hindi cinema and is based on humanistic psychology. It won a Silver Bear at the 8th Berlin International Film Festival and a Golden Globe Award in the new category Samuel Goldwyn International Film Award for best film produced outside of the United States. The film is also remembered for the song "Aye Maalik Tere Bande Hum", sung by Lata Mangeshkar and written by Bharat Vyas.

<i>Amanaat</i> 1994 film by Raj Sippy

Amaanat is a 1994 Indian Hindi-language action film directed by Raj N. Sippy. It stars Sanjay Dutt, Akshay Kumar, Heera Rajgopal and Kanchan in pivotal roles. The song " Ho Gaya Ji " was also used in 1997 film " Do Aankhen Barah Haath " soundtrack.Overall the movie was declared an "Average" at the box office.

Prabhat Film Company Indian film production company based in Kolhapur

Prabhat Film Company popularly known as Prabhat Films was an Indian film production company and film studios founded in 1929 by the noted film director V.Shantaram and his friends.

Vasant Desai (1912–1975) was an Indian film music composer, most remembered for his score in V. Shantaram films like Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1953), Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje (1955), Vijay Bhatt's Goonj Uthi Shehnai (1959), Sampoorna Ramayan (1961), Hrishikesh Mukherjee's Guddi (1971) and Aashirwaad.

Keshavrao Date

Keshavrao Date (1889–1971) was an Indian film actor, who worked in both silent and sound movies. He tried to run his own drama company but found it difficult to perform the dual roles of manager and actor.

Bharat Vyas (1918–1982) was a noted Indian lyricist who wrote the songs for Hindi films in 1950s and 1960s.

<i>Jal Bin Machhli Nritya Bin Bijli</i> 1971 Indian film

Jal Bin Machhli Nritya Bin Bijli is a 1971 Bollywood romance film directed by V. Shantaram, with Sandhya and Abhijeet as leads, along with Vatsala Deshmukh and Dina Pathak.

<i>Amar Bhoopali</i> 1951 film

Amar Bhoopali is a 1951 Indian film, produced and directed by V. Shantaram and written by Vishram Bedekar. It is a true story about a simple cow herder who has an innate gift of poetry, set in the waning days of the Maratha confederacy, c. early 19th century. It is an ode to the saffron flag of Marathas, calling on people to rise again against the foreign enemy. It was nominated in the category of Grand Prize of the Festival at the 1952 Cannes Film Festival.

Bhalji Pendharkar

Bhalji Pendharkar was a film personality in India, and recipient of Dadasaheb Phalke Award, the most prestigious award in the field.

8th Berlin International Film Festival Film festival

The 8th annual Berlin International Film Festival was held from 27 June to 8 July 1958 with the Zoo Palast as the main venue. The festival was opened by then West Berlin's newly elected mayor Willy Brandt. The Golden Bear was awarded to the Swedish film Smultronstället directed by Ingmar Bergman.

<i>Pinjara</i> (film) 1972 Indian film

Pinjara is a 1972 Marathi film, directed by V. Shantaram, starring Shriram Lagoo and Sandhya in the lead roles. In 1972, the film was also released in Hindi with the same title.

Sandhya Shantaram is an Indian film actress. She is best known for her appearances in various Hindi and Marathi films directed by her husband V. Shantaram, in 1950s-1960s, most notably Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje (1955), Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1958), Navrang (1959), Marathi film Pinjra (1972) and Amar Bhoopali (1951).

Kiran Shantaram

Kiran Shantaram is an Indian film personality and former Sheriff of Mumbai. He is the son of V. Shantaram and Jayashree. He is chairman of V. Shantaram foundation and head of Asian Film Foundation. He is also the chairman of Prabhat Chitra Mandal. He is the trustee of V. Shantaram trust that owns Plaza cinema, Mumbai and is also its general manager. He is the president of The Mercedes Benz Club of India. He is the chairman of Federation of Film Societies of India. He was a jury for the Feature films section of the 43rd National Film Festival, 1996.

Kanu Desai (1907–1980) was an Indian artist and art director.

Rajkamal Kalamandir was a noted film production company and studio in Mumbai. It was established by V. Shantaram in 1942, after he left Prabhat Films. The studio produced films both in Hindi and Marathi, and it was best known for Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani (1946), Amar Bhoopali (1951), Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baaje (1955), Do Aankhen Barah Haath (1957), Navrang (1959) and Pinjra (1972). In its heyday, Rajkamal was one of the most sophisticated studios of the country.

<i>Ladki Sahyadri Ki</i> 1966 Indian film

Ladki Sahyadri Ki is a 1966 Hindi social drama film directed by V. Shantaram. Also called Iye Marathichiye Nagari in Marathi, it was a bilingual for V. Shantaram productions under the Rajkamal Kalamandir banner. The music was composed by Vasant Desai, with lyrics by Bharat Vyas. The cast included Sandhya, Shalini Abhyankar, Vatsala Deshmukh, Kumar Dighe, Keshavrao Date, and Baburao Pendharkar.

<i>Lokshahir Ram Joshi</i> 1947 Indian film

Lokshahir Ram Joshi also called Matawala Shair Ram Joshi in Hindi, is a 1947 Marathi biopic film of the poet Ram Joshi, written by G. D. Madgulkar, directed by Baburao Painter and co-directed by V. Shantaram. Shantaram had given the direction to Painter but had to complete the film when Painter fell ill during production. Produced under the Rajkamal Kalamandir banner, it is also referred to as Lok Shahir Ramjoshi. The story writer was G.D. Madgulkar, who is cited as the "first specialist film writer" in Marathi cinema. This film was his first "full-fledged writing assignment", wherein he wrote the story, screenplay, dialogue and lyrics. It was also his debut as a screenplay writer. The film starred Jayaram Shiledar as Ram Joshi and Hansa Wadkar as Baya. The rest of the cast included Shakuntala Paranjpye, Parashuram, Sudha Apte and G. D. Madgulkar.

Gopal Balwant Kamble, professionally known as G. Kamble was an Indian painter known for painting Bollywood movie posters and realist portraits of people from Maharashtra.

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Biographies