VR Class Tk3

Last updated
VR Class Tk3
Tk3 1170 Karjaalla.JPG
Tk3 with wood chimney
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
Builder Tampella, Lokomo and Frichs
Build date1927–53
Total produced161
Specifications
Configuration:
   AAR 2-8-0
Gauge 1,524 mm (5 ft)
Driver dia.1,270 mm (4 ft 2 in)
Length16 m (52 ft 6 in)
Loco weight51.8 tonnes (51.0 long tons; 57.1 short tons)
Boiler pressure14 bar (1,400 kPa; 200 psi)
Cylinders Two, outside
Performance figures
Maximum speed60 km/h (37 mph)
Tractive effort 94 kN (21,130 lbf)
Career
Operators VR
First run1927
Withdrawn1975
Dispositionfive restored, many others preserved

The Finnish VR Class Tk3 (original classification 'K5') was a 2-8-0 light freight locomotive. It was the most numerous steam locomotive class in Finland with 161 built. 100 locomotives were constructed between 1927 and 1930, [1] with a further 61 ordered and constructed 1943–53. [2] They were numbered 800–899, 1100–1118, and 1129–1170.

Contents

They were designed for a low axle load of just 10.7 tonnes (10.5 long tons; 11.8 short tons). This allowed them to operate on lightly laid secondary lines, but during their many years of service, up to the end of the steam era, they were also widely used on main lines hauling slow passenger trains that made frequent stops.

They were affectionately called "Pikku-Jumbo" (The Little Jumbo) because of their good performance despite their low weight. They had a low fuel consumption (usually Tk3s used birch wood) and good riding characteristics. They also had good steaming characteristics and were very popular among locomotive crews.

The livery of Tk3 was the same as other VR steam locomotives: dark locomotive green with a black smokebox. When new some locos were lined with thin gold decoration. The gold decorations were not repainted during maintenance, so they were seldom seen.

Two Tk3-type engines were originally supplied by Tampella to Rauma Rautatie as Nos. 9 and 10 (ex-No. 8) in 1935 and 1927 respectively. These engines became Tk3 1117 and 1118 after the private railway was absorbed by the State network in 1950. [1]

Preservation

The following are preserved


See also

Related Research Articles

VR Group state-owned railway company in Finland

VR Group, commonly known as VR, is a government-owned railway company in Finland. VR's most important function is the operation of Finland's passenger rail services with 250 long-distance and 800 commuter rail services every day. With 7,500 employees and net sales of €1.251 million in 2017, VR is one of the most significant operators in the Finnish public transport market area.

Rail transport in Finland

The Finnish railway network consists of a total track length of 9,216 km (5,727 mi) of railways built with 1,520 mm Russian gauge track having electrified track length of 3,249 km (2,019 mi) electrified track length. Passenger trains are operated by the state-owned VR which covers track length of 7,225 km (4,489 mi). They serve all the major cities and many rural areas, though railway connections are available to fewer places than bus connections. Most passenger train services originate or terminate at Helsinki Central railway station, and a large proportion of the passenger rail network radiates out of Helsinki. VR also operates freight services. Maintenance and construction of the railway network itself is the responsibility of the Finnish Rail Administration, which is a part of the Finnish Transport Agency. The network is divided in six areal centres, that manage the use and maintenance of the routes in co-operation. Cargo yards and large stations may have their own signalling systems.

Finnish Railway Museum railway museum in Hyvinkää, Finland

The Finnish Railway Museum is located in Hyvinkää, Finland. It was founded in 1898 and located in Helsinki. The museum was moved to Hyvinkää in 1974.

Varshavsky railway station former railway station in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Varshavsky station, or Warsaw station, is a former passenger railway station in Saint Petersburg, Russia, also formerly home of the Central Museum of Railway Transport, Russian Federation.

Moscow Rizhsky railway station railway station in Moscow

Rizhsky station is one of the nine main railway stations in Moscow, Russia. It was built in 1901. As well as being an active station it also houses the Moscow Railway Museum. The station is operated by the Moscow Railway.

Jyväskylä Central Station railway station in Jyväskylä, Finland

Jyväskylä Central Station, also known as Jyväskylä Travel Center is a transportation hub located in the city of Jyväskylä, Finland. The station is the city's main train station as well its main long-distance bus terminal.

Russian locomotive class IS class of Soviet 2-8-4 locomotives

The Soviet locomotive class IS was a Soviet passenger steam locomotive type named after Joseph Stalin. The contract design was prepared in 1929 at V.V. Kuybyshev Locomotive Factory in Kolomna. The IS series locomotives were manufactured between 1932 and 1942.

The history of rail transport in Finland began on January 31, 1862, with the opening of the railway line between Helsinki and Hämeenlinna. By 1900 most of the future main lines had been constructed, including the line to St. Petersburg. By the time of the birth of the new Finnish Republic in 1917 lines connected all major cities, major ports, and reached as far as the Swedish border, and inner Finland as far north as Kontiomäki in Paltamo region, as well as eastwards into Karelia.

Russian locomotive class O Russian and Soviet 0-8-0 steam locomotive class, built 1890–1915, 1925–1928

The Russian steam locomotive class O was an early type of Russian steam locomotives. Between 1890 and 1928, 9129 locomotives were built; hence it was the second most numerous class of locomotive in Russia, after E class, which was a unique number even on the international level.

Russian locomotive class FD class of Soviet 2-10-2 locomotives

The Soviet locomotive class FD was a Soviet main freight steam locomotive type named after Felix Dzerzhinsky. Between 1932 and 1942, 3213 FD series locomotives were built.

DT1 multiple unit

DT1 multiple unit is a train developed at the Torzhoksky car-building factory in Russia in 2007. The train has electric and diesel draught, and is intended for maintenance of suburban transportation on railways of a track of 1,520 mm with low and high passenger platforms in macroclimatic areas with a temperate climate.

VR Class Hr1 class of 22 Finnish 4-6-2 locomotives

Hr1 class was the largest passenger express steam locomotive built in Finland. Twenty-two were built between the years 1937–1957. They were numbered 1000–1021.

Russian locomotive class Ye class of 2-10-0 locomotives

The Russian locomotive class Ye, and subclasses Yea, Yek, Yel, Yef, Yem, Yemv and Yes were a series of 2-10-0 locomotives built by American builders for the Russian railways in World War I and again in World War II. They were lightweight engines with relatively low axle loadings.

ChS4 class of 232 Soviet electric locomotives

The ChS4 is an electric mainline AC passenger locomotive used in Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine.

ChS2 class of 1062 Soviet electric locomotives

The ChS2 Russian: ЧС2 is an electric mainline DC passenger locomotive used in Russia and Ukraine. It was manufactured by the Škoda Works in Czechoslovakia between 1958 and 1973.

TEP70 class of Soviet diesel locomotives

The TEP70 main line single unit diesel passenger locomotive, rated at 2,964 kW (3,975 hp), with AC/DC transmission and individual axle traction control, is a railway engine designed to haul passenger trains on the Russian gauge railway network of eastern Europe. The TEP70 is currently in service in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Kazakhstan.

Russian locomotive class Izhitsa Russian 0-8-0 steam locomotive class, built 1908–1931

The Russian steam locomotive class Izhitsa (Ѵ) was a steam locomotive produced in Russia and the Soviet Union between 1908 and 1918, and between 1927 and 1931. The Russian letter Ѵ can be transliterated as Hy. On Russian and Soviet railways, these were the most powerful steam locomotives of type 0-8-0. They were designed by E. E. Noltein and had a 16-ton axle load.

VR Class Pr2 class of 4 Finnish 4-6-4T locomotives

The Finnish VR Class Pr2, nicknamed "Henschel", was a passenger tank class ordered from the Henschel & Son locomotive workshops by the Estonia State Railways in the spring 1939 and completed in 1941. The outbreak of the Second World War prevented their delivery to Estonia, but at least a few of these engines did manage to operate in Latvia in 1942. These engines became superfluous, because the Germans were converting the Baltic tracks to standard gauge, and so Finland could purchase these four engines. They were classified Pr2 and numbered 1800–1803 after their arrival in December 1942. The Pr2 tank engines were quite advanced locomotives, based on the Henschel Class 62 tank engine design of 1928. After their initial problems were solved, they proved to be fast runners and an ideal addition to the motive power roster. They were originally built by as oil-burners, and reverted to this type of fuel between 1947 and 1954 when oil prices were low. The Pr2 was very fast with its 1,830 mm wheel diameter. One of the Pr2 engines achieved 144 km/h during a test trial run. No. 1803, the final Pr2 in service, was withdrawn in May 1960. Only No. 1800 has been preserved at Haapamäki.

Russian Railway Museum

The Russian Railway Museum is situated next to Baltiysky railway station in Saint Petersburg. The museum was established in 1978, its current site and exhibition opened to public on 1 November 2017. The museum utilizes the nineteenth century locomotive shed of the Peterhof Railway built in 1857–1858, however a large second exhibition building and open exhibition areas have been added.

References

  1. 1 2 Katajisto, Juhani. (1985). Eilispäivän kulkuneuvoja. p. 42. Hämeenlinna:Tietoteos. ISBN   951-9035-79-6.
  2. Sakari K. Salo:Höyryveturikirja, ISBN   978-952-5805-12-3
  3. Branch Line News. Branch Line Society. 1183: MR78. 27 April 2013. ISSN   1354-0947.Missing or empty |title= (help)

Literature

Valtionrautatiet 1937-1962, Helsinki 1962