Vacaville, California

Last updated

Vacaville, California
City of Vacaville
Vacaville Hills.jpg
Solano County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Vacaville Highlighted.svg
Location in Solano County and the state of California
USA California location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Vacaville
Location in California
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Vacaville
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 38°21′14″N121°58′22″W / 38.35389°N 121.97278°W / 38.35389; -121.97278 Coordinates: 38°21′14″N121°58′22″W / 38.35389°N 121.97278°W / 38.35389; -121.97278
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Solano
Incorporated August 9, 1892 [1]
Government
   Mayor Ron Rowlett [2]
   State Senator Bill Dodd (D) [3]
   Assemblymember Vacant [3]
   U. S. Rep. John Garamendi (D) [4]
Area
[5]
  Total29.42 sq mi (76.19 km2)
  Land29.19 sq mi (75.59 km2)
  Water0.23 sq mi (0.60 km2)  0.74%
Elevation
[6]
174 ft (53 m)
Highest elevation
[7]
300 ft (90 m)
Lowest elevation
[7]
90 ft (30 m)
Population
 (2020) [8]
  Total102,386
  Rank 75th in California
314th in the United States
  Density3,449.14/sq mi (1,331.73/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
95687, 95688, 95696
Area code 707
FIPS code 06-81554
GNIS feature IDs 277624, 2412139
Website Official website

Vacaville is a city located in Solano County in Northern California. Sitting approximately 35 miles (56 km) from Sacramento and 55 miles (89 km) from San Francisco, it is within the Sacramento Valley but is also considered, at least by some agencies, [9] to be part of the San Francisco Bay Area. As of the 2020 census, Vacaville had a population of 102,386, making it the third largest city in Solano County. [10]

Contents

History

Vacaville is named after Juan Manuel Vaca. Vaca, along with Juan Felipe Pena, owned Rancho Los Putos, which included the region from Vacaville to Davis. Juan Manuel Vaca.jpg
Vacaville is named after Juan Manuel Vaca. Vaca, along with Juan Felipe Peña, owned Rancho Los Putos, which included the region from Vacaville to Davis.

Prior to European contact, the indigenous Patwin tribe lived in the area with the Ululato tribelet establishing a chiefdom around the Ululato village in what is now downtown Vacaville along the Ulatis Creek. [11]

The early settler pioneers of the land were Juan Manuel Cabeza Vaca and Juan Felipe Peña who were awarded a 44,000-acre (18,000 ha) Mexican land grant in 1842. [12] [13] The same year in 1842, Vaca and Peña's families settled in the area of Lagoon Valley. [13] Peña's Adobe home is the oldest standing building, built in 1842. [13]

Discussions for the sale of a portion of land to William McDaniel began in August 1850. [14] A written agreement was signed on December 13, 1851, forming a township, nine square miles of land were deeded to William McDaniel for $3,000, and the original city plans were laid out from that. [12] [14] In the agreement, McDaniel's would name the new town after Juan Manuel Cabeza Vaca. [13]

Juan Felipe Pena.jpg
Pena Adobe - Vacaville, CA.JPG
Juan Felipe Peña (left) built the Peña Adobe (right) in 1842, making it the oldest building in Vacaville.

In 1880, Leonard Buck created the California Fruit Shipping Association, as well as the L.W. and F.H. Buck Company, an early company selling auctioned fruit in the state, [13] [15] and Vacaville was soon home to many large produce companies and local farms which flourished due to the Vaca Valley's rich soil.

It officially became a city in 1892. [13]

In 1885, the first grade school built was Ulatis School. In 1898, the town's first high school was built, Vacaville Union High School. [13]

In 1968, the Vacaville Heritage Council was established.

In August 2020, parts of Vacaville were evacuated due to the Hennessey Fire, which resulted in the burning of over 315,000 acres (127,476 ha) in five counties, including in Vacaville where farms and homes were destroyed. [16]

Geography

There are a number of rare and endangered species in the Vacaville area. Endangered plants which have historically occurred in the vernal pool areas in and around Vacaville include Legenre limosa , Plagiobothrys hystriculus , Downingia humilis , Contra Costa Goldfields ( Lasthenia conjugens ), and Showy Indian clover ( Trifolium amoenum ). [17] To this day Trifolium amoenum can still be found in Lagoon Valley Regional Park.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.6 square miles (74 km2). 99.26% of the area is land and 0.74% is water. Excluding the Putah South Canal and minor local creeks, the only significant body of water within the city is the 105-acre (0.42 km2) Lagoon Valley Lake.

The unincorporated communities of Allendale and Elmira are generally considered to be part of "greater" Vacaville.

Climate

Vacaville has a typical Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. Characteristic of inland California, summers can get quite hot. Autumns are warm in the early part but quickly cool down as the wet season approaches. Winters can be cool, and often foggy, but are mild compared to other regions. Spring is a rather pleasant season with fairly mild temperatures and not so much rain. The greater majority of precipitation falls in the autumn, winter, and spring months with little to none in summer.

According to National Weather Service records, average January temperatures in Vacaville are a maximum of 55.4 °F (13.0 °C) and a minimum of 36.7 °F (2.6 °C). Average July temperatures are a maximum of 95.2 °F (35.1 °C) and a minimum of 56.1 °F (13.4 °C). There are an average of 87.7 days with highs of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher. There are an average of 30.7 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The record high temperature was 116 °F (47 °C) on July 23, 2006. The record low temperature was 14 °F (−10 °C) on December 26, 1924.

Average annual precipitation is 24.55 inches (624 mm). There are an average of 57 days with measurable precipitation. The wettest year was 1983 with 48.90 inches (1,242 mm) and the driest year was 2012 with 5 inches. The most precipitation in one month was 19.83 inches (504 mm) in January 1916. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 6.10 inches (155 mm) on February 27, 1940. Snowfall is rare in Vacaville, but light measurable amounts have occurred, including 2.2 inches (56 mm) in January 1907 and 2.0 inches (51 mm) in December 1988. [18]

Climate data for Vacaville, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)81
(27)
82
(28)
91
(33)
99
(37)
105
(41)
115
(46)
116
(47)
114
(46)
112
(44)
105
(41)
91
(33)
78
(26)
116
(47)
Average high °F (°C)56
(13)
62
(17)
68
(20)
74
(23)
82
(28)
90
(32)
96
(36)
95
(35)
91
(33)
80
(27)
66
(19)
56
(13)
76
(25)
Average low °F (°C)39
(4)
42
(6)
45
(7)
47
(8)
52
(11)
57
(14)
60
(16)
59
(15)
57
(14)
52
(11)
44
(7)
39
(4)
49
(10)
Record low °F (°C)18
(−8)
16
(−9)
26
(−3)
29
(−2)
32
(0)
36
(2)
40
(4)
39
(4)
39
(4)
31
(−1)
22
(−6)
17
(−8)
16
(−9)
Average precipitation inches (mm)5.33
(135)
5.41
(137)
3.53
(90)
1.30
(33)
0.74
(19)
0.10
(2.5)
0
(0)
0.06
(1.5)
0.27
(6.9)
1.20
(30)
3.13
(80)
5.23
(133)
26.3
(667.9)
Source: [19]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 343
1880 3615.2%
1890 725100.8%
1900 1,22068.3%
1910 1,177−3.5%
1920 1,2546.5%
1930 1,55624.1%
1940 1,6143.7%
1950 3,16996.3%
1960 10,898243.9%
1970 21,69099.0%
1980 43,36799.9%
1990 71,47964.8%
2000 88,62524.0%
2010 92,4284.3%
2020 102,38610.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [20] 2020 U.S. Census [21]

2020

According to the 2020 United States Census, Vacaville had a population of 102,386. [10] During the period 2015-2019 there were an average of 2.81 people per household. [10] The American Community Survey (ACS) estimated the population identified as 50.5% non-hispanic white, 24.8% hispanic or latino, 10.1% black or African-American, 8.1% of two or more races, 7.8% Asian, 0.9% native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, and 0.7% American Indian or Alaska Native. [10] The same survey estimated that 22.7% of the population was under 18 years old and 14% was over 65 years old. [10]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [22] reported that Vacaville had a population of 92,428. The population density was 3,233.5 people per square mile (1,248.5/km2). The racial makeup of Vacaville was 61,301 (66.3%) White, 9,510 (10.3%) African American, 846 (0.9%) Native American, 5,606 (6.1%) Asian (3.3% Filipino, 0.7% Chinese, 0.6% Indian, 0.5% Japanese, 0.3% Vietnamese, 0.3% Korean), 532 (0.6%) Pacific Islander, 8,136 (8.8%) from other races, and 6,497 (7.0%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 21,121 persons (22.9%); 17.0% of Vacaville is Mexican, 0.9% Puerto Rican, 0.5% Salvadoran, 0.3% Nicaraguan, 0.2% Guatemalan, and 0.2% Peruvian.

The Census reported that 91.3% of the population lived in households and 8.6% were institutionalized.

There were 31,092 households, out of which 11,747 (37.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 16,347 (52.6%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 4,068 (13.1%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,686 (5.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,892 (6.1%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 208 (0.7%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 7,053 households (22.7%) were made up of individuals, and 2,689 (8.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71. There were 22,101 families (71.1% of all households); the average family size was 3.19.

The population was spread out, with 21,511 people (23.3%) under the age of 18, 8,963 people (9.7%) aged 18 to 24, 26,269 people (28.4%) aged 25 to 44, 26,016 people (28.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 9,669 people (10.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.1 males.

There were 32,814 housing units at an average density of 1,148.0 per square mile (443.2/km2), of which 63.4% were owner-occupied and 36.6% were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.1%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.8%. 59.0% of the population lived in owner-occupied housing units and 32.3% lived in rental housing units.

2000

As of the 2000 census [23] there were 88,625 people living in the city. The population density was 1,263.6/km2 (3,272.3/mi2). There were 28,696 housing units at an average density of 409.1/km2 (1,059.5/mi2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.11% White, 10.02% African American, 0.97% Native American, 4.18% Asian, 0.45% Pacific Islander, 6.74% from other races, and 5.53% from two or more races. 17.88% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 28,105 households, 20,966 were families: 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were "non-families." 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.24.

The median age was 34 years, and the age distribution of the population was rather spread out: 27.0% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 8.3% who were 65 years of age or older. However, the sex ratio was higher than the national average. For every 100 females, there were 118.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 124.7 males.

Vacaville Hills during summer Summer Hillside.jpg
Vacaville Hills during summer

Economy

Personal income

According to the city of Vacaville, in 2019/2020, median household income was $82,513, which was 39 percent above the national average and 19 percent higher than the state average.

In 2007, the median income for a family was $63,950. Also in 2007, males had a median income of $43,527 versus $31,748 for females and per capita income for the city was $21,557. 6.1% of the population and 4.3% of families lived below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 7.4% of those under the age of 18 and 4.8% of those 65 and older lived below the poverty line. [24]

Industry

There are biotechnology/pharmaceutical facilities operated by Genentech, ALZA Corporation, Kaiser Permanente, and Novartis International AG. On May 14, 2014, ICON Aircraft announced they would consolidate all company functions in a new 140,000-square-foot facility in Vacaville. [25] Two state prisons are located in Vacaville: California State Prison, Solano and California Medical Facility. The latter prison houses inmates undergoing medical treatments.

Top employers

According to the city's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [26] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation 2,915
2 Vacaville Unified School District 1,273
3 Genentech 875
4City of Vacaville820
5 Alza 750
6 State Compensation Insurance Fund 670
7 Kaiser Permanente (Kaiser Vacaville)600
8 NorthBay Healthcare (NorthBay VacaValley Hospital 470
9M&G DuraVent350
10Travis Credit Union311

Arts and culture

Between 1992 and 1995, local artist Guillermo Wagner Granizo installed twenty outdoor ceramic tile murals, set into three freestanding walls near City Hall entitled, "Vacaville Centennial". [27] [13] The murals depict various aspects of the history of the city of Vacaville, including the early pioneers Juan Manuel Vaca, Juan Felipe Peña and William McDaniel, the early fruit industry, the first schools, Peña Adobe Park, the Nut Tree (a 1920s roadside fruit and nut stand), various parades, the annual tree lighting ceremony, "Hamburger Hill", and the factory outlet stores, among others. [13]

The city includes several historic buildings and places, including Peña Adobe, Will H. Buck House, Pleasants Ranch, and Vacaville Town Hall.

Tourism

The city holds annual Vacaville Fiesta Days, that happens downtown, which includes a parade that features the public school marching bands, gymnasts, and even an electric car showcase, among other things. [28] Other sites for tourists include the Vacaville Premium Outlets and the Nut Tree, which is home to a train for children, a carousel, and even a life-size checkerboard, as well as numerous stores and dining establishments. Every Friday during the summer the city holds the Creek Walk in Down Town Vacaville. Every December, the city holds a Festival of Trees in the ice skating rink and the Tree Lighting Ceremony, in which residents of Vacaville gather downtown to see a 50-foot (15 m) tree illuminate and enjoy festive music played by the Jepson Band, hot chocolate, and horse-drawn carriage rides. The Jimmy Doolittle Center at the Nut Tree Airport displays aircraft from as early as 1912 and is home to the Jimmy Doolittle Shell Lockheed Vega. Displays also include personal items of General Doolittle and items related to the Doolittle Raid of 1942.

Education

Aerial view of Vacaville Aerial view of Vacaville, California.jpg
Aerial view of Vacaville

The city has two unified public school districts, a community college district, private schools and colleges.

Public elementary and secondary schools

The Vacaville Unified School District includes the following campuses:

Elementary schools

  • Ace Charter School
  • Alamo Elementary
  • Browns Valley Elementary
  • Edwin Markham Elementary
  • Eugene Padan Elementary
  • Fairmont Charter Elementary
  • Cooper Elementary
  • Orchard Elementary
  • Hemlock Elementary
  • Jean Callison Elementary
  • Sierra Vista K-8
  • Ernest Kimme Academy for Independent Learners (K-12)
  • Kairos Public Schools Vacaville Academy (K-8)

Middle schools

  • Vaca Pena Middle School
  • Willis Jepson Middle School
  • Sierra Vista K-8
  • Ernest Kimme Academy for Independent Learners (K-12)
  • Kairos Public Schools Vacaville Academy

High schools

Travis Unified School District

The Travis Unified School District campuses include:

Its campuses serving Vacaville secondary students are:

Private schools

Private institutions with campuses in Vacaville are:

Colleges and universities

The town has a District supporting the Solano Community College. Among others, it offers an associate degree in biotechnology, which could lead to employment with local industries.

Other colleges and universities include:

Infrastructure

The city includes two hospitals, NorthBay VacaValley Hospital, a 50-bed facility whose campus also includes the NorthBay Cancer Center and HealthSpring Fitness Center, and the Kaiser Permanente Vacaville Medical Center, a hospital and trauma center.[ citation needed ]

Notable people

(B) denotes that the person was born in Vacaville.

See also

Related Research Articles

Albany, California City in California, United States

Albany is a city on the east shore of San Francisco Bay in northwestern Alameda County, California. The population was 20,271 at the 2020 census.

Fairfield, California City in California, United States

Fairfield is a city in and the county seat of Solano County, California, in the North Bay sub-region of the San Francisco Bay Area. It is generally considered the midpoint between the cities of San Francisco and Sacramento, approximately 40 miles (64 km) from the city center of each city, approximately 40 miles (64 km) from the city center of Oakland, less than 19 miles (31 km) from Napa Valley, 16 miles (26 km) from the Carquinez Bridge, and 14 miles (23 km) from the Benicia Bridge. Fairfield was founded in 1856 by clippership captain Robert H. Waterman, and named after his former hometown of Fairfield, Connecticut.

Dixon, California City in California, United States

Dixon is a city in northern Solano County, California, United States, located 23 miles (37 km) from the state capital, Sacramento. The population was 18,351 at the 2010 census. Other nearby cities include Vacaville, Winters and Davis.

Benicia, California City in California, United States

Benicia is a waterside city in Solano County, California, located in the North Bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. It served as the capital of California for nearly thirteen months from 1853 to 1854. The population was 26,997 at the 2010 United States Census. The city is located along the north bank of the Carquinez Strait. Benicia is just east of Vallejo and across the strait from Martinez. Steve Young, elected in November 2020, is the mayor.

Solano County, California County in California, United States

Solano County(listen) is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 413,344. The county seat is Fairfield.

East Richmond Heights, California Census-designated place in California, United States

East Richmond Heights is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in western Contra Costa County, California, United States. Its population was 3,280 at the 2010 census.

Oakley, California City in California, United States

Oakley is a city in Contra Costa County, California, United States. It is within the nine-county San Francisco Bay Area. The population at the 2020 United States Census was 43,991. Oakley was incorporated in 1999, making it the newest incorporated city in Contra Costa County.

Huntington Park, California City in California, United States

Huntington Park is a city in the Gateway Cities district of southeastern Los Angeles County, California.

La Puente, California City in California, United States

La Puente is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The city had a population of 39,816 at the 2010 census and is approximately 20 miles east of downtown Los Angeles.

Walnut, California City in California, United States

Walnut is a city in the eastern part of Los Angeles County in the U.S. state of California. Money's Best Places to Live ranked Walnut #70 in 2009 and #57 in 2011, the highest ranking for a California city in both years. The city was also ranked #49 on the list in 2013, but was not the highest ranked California city that year. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 29,172, and in 2019 the population was estimated at 29,685.

West Carson, California Place in California, United States

West Carson is an unincorporated community in Los Angeles County, California. The population was 21,699 at the 2010 census, up from 21,138 at the 2000 census. For statistical purposes, the United States Census Bureau has defined West Carson as a census-designated place (CDP).

Yucca Valley, California Town in California, United States

Yucca Valley is an incorporated town in San Bernardino County, California, United States. The population was 20,700 as of the 2010 census. Yucca Valley lies 17 miles (27 km) west of Twentynine Palms, 27 miles (43 km) north of Palm Springs, 62 miles (100 km) south of Barstow via State Route 247 and 55 miles (89 km) east of San Bernardino.

Carpinteria, California City in California, United States

Carpinteria is a small oceanside city located in southeastern Santa Barbara County, California, east of Santa Barbara and northwest of Ventura. The population was 13,040 at the 2010 census.

Elmira, California census-designated place in California, United States

Elmira is a census-designated place (CDP) in Solano County, California, United States. The population was 188 at the 2010 census.

Suisun City, California City in California in the United States

Suisun City is a city in Solano County, California, United States. The population was 28,111 at the 2010 census. The city takes its name from the adjacent Suisun Bay, which in turn is named for the Suisun people, an indigenous Native American tribe of the area.

Esparto, California census-designated place in California, United States

Esparto is a census-designated place (CDP) in Yolo County, California, United States. It is part of the Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Roseville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 3,108 at the 2010 census.

Union, Missouri City in Missouri, United States

Union is a city in and the county seat of Franklin County, Missouri, United States. It is located on the Bourbeuse River, 50 miles (80 km) southwest of St. Louis. The population was 10,204 at the 2010 census, with the city showing the highest growth rate (32%) in Franklin County over the previous decade.

Vaca Mountains

The Vaca Mountains are a mountain range in Napa and Solano Counties, California that is one of the California Coast Ranges. They represent the easternmost of the Inner Coast Ranges in north−central California, and divide the Suisun Valley on their west, from the Sacramento Valley on their east.

Lakewood, California City in California in the United States

Lakewood is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 80,048 at the 2010 census. It is bordered by Long Beach on the west and south, Bellflower on the north, Cerritos on the northeast, Cypress on the east, and Hawaiian Gardens on the southeast. Major thoroughfares include Lakewood, Bellflower, and Del Amo Boulevards and Carson and South Streets. The San Gabriel River Freeway (I-605) runs through the city's eastern regions.

Will C. Wood High School High school

Will C. Wood High School is a high school in the Vacaville Unified School District located in Vacaville, California, serving the south side of the city and the unincorporated communities of Elmira and Leisure Town. First opening its doors in September 1969, it was a middle school until the 1988–1989 school year. That was when the conversion to a high school began and had its first graduating class in 1992. The school has seen two major improvement projects, based on funding from Measure V passed in 2003, improving physical education facilities and adding the science wing, and Measure A passed in 2014, which finally gave Will C. Wood their own stadium.

References

  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on October 17, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. "City Council". City of Vacaville, CA. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  3. 1 2 "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  4. "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  5. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  6. "Vacaville". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  7. 1 2 "About Vacaville". City of Vacaville, CA. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
  8. "QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  9. "Cost of Living in Vacaville, California".
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Vacaville city, California". www.census.gov. Retrieved October 8, 2021.
  11. https://www.ci.vacaville.ca.us/home/showpublisheddocument?id=6557
  12. 1 2 Escalante, Eric (August 8, 2019). "Why is it called Vacaville, CA? Here's how the city got its name". KXTV. Retrieved April 29, 2020.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "A City In Ceramics, Vacaville's Centennial Panels". Vacaville Magazine. pp. 56–58. Retrieved June 22, 2020 via issuu.com.
  14. 1 2 Munro-Fraser, J. P. (1879). History of Solano County...and histories of its cities, towns...etc. Wood, Alley & Co. p. 317.
  15. California Fruit Grower (San Francisco, Calif.). Brainard N. Rowley. 1908. p. 12.
  16. "Hennessey Fire Information". fire.ca.gov. California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  17. Environmental Assessment for the Green Tree Assessment District, Earth Metrics Inc Report 7690, City of Vacaville, March, 1989
  18. "VACAVILLE, CALIFORNIA" . Retrieved October 2, 2014.
  19. Monthly Averages for Vacaville, CA (95688), Weather.com , retrieved October 19, 2012
  20. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  21. "=2020 U.S. Census".
  22. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Vacaville city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  23. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  24. "Vacaville Information". Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
  25. "ICON to relocate to Vacaville" General Aviation News, May 14, 2014. Accessed: May 15, 2014.
  26. City of Vacaville CAFR
  27. "Public Art in Vacaville" (PDF). Community Service Commission, Cultural Arts Advisory Committee.
  28. http://fiestadays.org/
  29. "Buckingham Collegiate Charter Academy". Vacaville Unified School District. Retrieved September 1, 2020 via schoolloop.com.
  30. "Country High School". Vacaville Unified School District. Archived from the original on March 24, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2020 via schoolloop.com.
  31. "Vacaville High School". Vacaville Unified School District. Retrieved September 1, 2020 via schoolloop.com.
  32. "Will C. Wood High School". Vacaville Unified School District. Retrieved September 1, 2020 via schoolloop.com.
  33. Cooke, Jon B. "The Art of Arthur Adams", Reprinted from Comic Book Artist No. 17, November 15, 2001
  34. George Khoury and Eric Nolen-Weathington. Modern Masters Volume Six: Arthur Adams, 2006, TwoMorrows Publishing.
  35. http://www.myspace.com/chrissbegley
  36. "Fight Fair". Myspace. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
  37. "Players: Jarrett Bush". The Official website of the Green Bay Packers. Green Bay Packers, Inc. 2009. Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  38. "The Official website of the Indianapolis Colts" . Retrieved April 18, 2011.
  39. "Jermaine Dye: Stats, Bio, Photos, Highlights". The Official website of the Chicago White Sox. MLB Advanced Media. 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  40. "Player Bio:Xzavie Jackson". The Official Athletic Website of the University of Missouri. CBS Interactive. 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  41. "Player Bio:Xzavie Jackson". The Official website of the Philadelphia Eagles. Philadelphia Eagles. 2008. Archived from the original on July 2, 2007. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  42. "Vacaville Football, Bulldogs in the Pros" . Retrieved June 16, 2015.
  43. Sardar, Zahid (May 2010). "From city to rusticity" (PDF). Rosewood Magazine: 78–80.
  44. "Jacoby Shaddix-Biography". Internet Movie Database. IMDB.com. 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  45. Garofoli, Joe (March 18, 2007). "Portraits of Sacrifice – Casey Sheehan: Vacaville". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Communications, Inc. p. E4. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  46. "Meet Cindy". Cindy Sheehan for Congress. 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  47. "Season 1 Revisited." Celebrity Rehab with Dr. Drew. Hst. Dr. Drew Pinsky. VH1. 20 Nov. 2011.
  48. "Thomas Williams Bio". The Official website of the Jacksonville Jaguars. National Football League. 2008. Archived from the original on May 3, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.
  49. "Player Bio:Thomas Williams". Official USC Website. USC. 2008. Archived from the original on May 26, 2009. Retrieved May 3, 2009.