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From left to right: Vagamon meadows, Vagamon pine forest, Vagamon lake, Erattupetta - Vagamon road, Vagamon town
Scotland of Asia
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Location in Kerala, India
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Vagamon (India)
Coordinates: 9°41′16″N76°54′25″E / 9.68778°N 76.90694°E / 9.68778; 76.90694
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State Government of Kerala Logo.svg Kerala
District Kottayam, Idukki
Taluk Peerumedu
  Type Panchayat
  BodyElappara Grama Panchyat
  Total78.3 km2 (30.2 sq mi)
1,200 m (3,900 ft)
  Density190/km2 (480/sq mi)
  Official Malayalam, English [1]
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registration KL-37
Nearest city Erattupetta , Kattappana, Thodupuzha, Pala,
Nearest airport Kochi

Vagamon (Malayalam : വാഗമൺ) is an Indian hill station and a revenue village primarily located in Peerumedu Taluk of Idukki district (majority area including Vagamon town), and also Meenachil taluk and Kanjirappally taluk of Kottayam district in the state of Kerala, India. [2] [3] Located in the Western Ghats 25 kilometres (16 mi) east of Erattupetta on the border of Kottayam-Idukki districts, Vagamon is famous for its natural beauty. [4] The Vagamon glass bridge is the longest cantilever glass bridge in India. [5]



Vagamon remained largely unexplored for centuries. Though the British had plantations here, it was only in 1926, when Walter Duncan and Company started their tea plantations, that it became well-known. In the 1930s, more tea plantations were set up in the area. [3] After 1940, people from Travancore, and Madras (Tamil Nadu), migrated to Vagamon. Later, after the formation of Kerala State, people from various parts of Kerala migrated there.[ citation needed ]

In 1955, the Trappist monastery Kurisumala Ashram was founded in Vagamon. [6]


Vagamon is located in the Western Ghats at 1,100 metres (3,600 ft) above sea level. [4] It has a cool climate with summer temperatures reaching 10–23 °C (50–73 °F)10-23°C at midday. [7]


As of 2011 Census, Vagamon had a population of 14,641 with 7,212 males and 7,429 females. Vagamon village has an area of 78.3 km2 (30.2 sq mi) with 3,816 families residing in it. The average sex ratio was 1030 lower than the state average of 1084. In Vagamon, 9% of the population was under 6 years of age. Vagamon had an average literacy of 90.9%. higher than the national average of 74%, and lower than the state average of 94%. [8]


The primary economy is ecotourism including hiking to explore the many waterfalls, rock climbing and paragliding. [7] National Geographic Traveler has listed Vagamon in their directory of the "50 most attractive places to visit in India". [4] In addition, many people work in as laborers in tea and coffee plantations. [7]


Vagamon has two colleges: DC School of Management and Technology (DCSMAT) and DC School Of Architecture And Design, both promoted by DC Kizhakemuri Foundation and co-promoted by DC Books. One of the leading management colleges in Kerala, DCSMAT has an additional campus in Thiruvananthapuram. [9] DCSMAT offer programs such as Master of Business Administration (MBA), Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com), Bachelor of Business Administrati (BBA), Certified Management Accountant (CMA) and Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA). DC School Of Architecture And Design provides courses such as Bachelor of Arts in Interior Design (BA Interior Design) and Bachelor of Architecture (BArch). The College of Dairy Sciences kolahalamedu Vagamon, offering courses for the B Tech Dairy Sciences, affiliated to Veterinary University. [10]


In August 2008, the Kerala Police began investigations into a training camp organized in December 2007 by the banned SIMI activists. [11]

On 18 August 2014, two tourists from Kozhikode died in Vagamon, after lightning struck them. Others who were with them sustained minor injuries. The incident happened at around 4:30 PM when the tourists were hanging around the barren hilltops. Both fell after the lightning hit them and their clothes were burned. Though both were taken to hospital, they died by the time they arrived. [12]


Vagamon, due to its elevation and climate, has a unique ecosystem, leading to the emergence of rich natural vegetation, plant species, shola forests etc. From the early 20th century plantation grew crops like tea and coffee. Vagamon hills are home to less explored flora and fauna.[ citation needed ] A diversity study conducted by Dr Pratheesh Mathew recorded 112 species of moths from 16 families under eight superfamilies and has become the prominent faunal diversity study in this area. The author also recorded sightings of many species of insects, annelids, amphibians, lizards, snakes, birds and mammals. A wide variety of flowering and non-flowering plants, including rare Cycas species, has also been noted. The ongoing faunal and floral surveys are expected to shed light on the richness of biodiversity at this location. The flourishing tourism and related developments are predicted to have a negative impact on the flora and fauna of this region. [13]


Vagamon has a rich history of religious diversity with Hindu, Christian and Muslim populations. [4] There are several religious buildings to visit including:


See also


Kalvari Mount

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  1. "The Kerala Official Language (Legislation) Act, 1969" (PDF).
  2. "Census of India: Villages with population 5000 & above". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 8 December 2008. Retrieved 10 December 2008.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  3. 1 2 "Explore Vagamon". Vagamon Destination Maker. 16 May 2022. Retrieved 29 September 2023.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Pal, Pradip Kumar (21 January 2010). "Vagamon - Scotland of Asia Visit". India Study Channel.
  5. Valsalan, Anson (25 August 2023). "Enjoy a thrilling walk on India's longest glass bridge at Vagamon". OnManorama. Retrieved 29 September 2023.
  6. 1 2 Bose, Abhish (22 April 2017). "Kurisumala ashram at Vagamon rejuvenates the visitors". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 29 September 2023.
  7. 1 2 3 "Vagamon Village Office". Government of Kerala Revenue Department. Retrieved 29 September 2023.
  8. Kerala, Directorate of Census Operations. District Census Handbook, Idukki (PDF). Thiruvananthapuram: Directorateof Census Operations,Kerala. p. 70,71. Retrieved 14 July 2020.
  10. "Vagamon Destination Residential Campus". DCSMAT Institutions.
  11. "'SIMI's camp in Kerela, not ultra's training ground'". The Deccan herald.[ dead link ]
  12. "മിന്നലേറ്റ് വാഗമണില്‍ രണ്ട് കോഴിക്കോട് സ്വദേശികള്‍ മരിച്ചു - Latest News - Mathrubhumi" [Two natives of Kozhikode died in Vagamon due to lightning]. (in Malayalam). Archived from the original on 18 August 2014.
  13. Mathew, Pratheesh; Anand, Sekar; Kuppusamy, Sivasankaran; Ignacimuthi, Savarimuthu (1 March 2018). "The moths (Lepidoptera: Heterocera) of vagamon hills (Western Ghats), Idukki district, Kerala, India". Retrieved 10 June 2021.
  14. "Thangalpara, Vagamon - Timings, History, Pooja & Aarti schedule". Retrieved 29 September 2023.
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  16. "Vagamon Sree Subrahmanya Swami Temple". iPrarthana. Retrieved 29 September 2023.