Valborg Werbeck-Svärdström (22 December 1879 in Gävle Sweden as Valborg Svärdström– 1 February 1972 in Bad Boll-Eckwälden) was a Swedish singer, voice teacher, and anthroposophist
Gävle is a city in Sweden, the seat of Gävle Municipality and the capital of Gävleborg County. It had 100 603 inhabitants in 2017, which makes it the 13th most populated city in Sweden. It is the oldest city in the historical Norrland, having received its charter in 1446 from Christopher of Bavaria. However, Gävle is far nearer the greater Stockholm region than it is to the other major settlements in Norrland.
Sweden, officially the Kingdom of Sweden, is a Scandinavian Nordic country in Northern Europe. It borders Norway to the west and north and Finland to the east, and is connected to Denmark in the southwest by a bridge-tunnel across the Öresund, a strait at the Swedish-Danish border. At 450,295 square kilometres (173,860 sq mi), Sweden is the largest country in Northern Europe, the third-largest country in the European Union and the fifth largest country in Europe by area. Sweden has a total population of 10.2 million of which 2.5 million have a foreign background. It has a low population density of 22 inhabitants per square kilometre (57/sq mi). The highest concentration is in the southern half of the country.
Bad Boll is a municipality in the district of Göppingen in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany.
Valborg Werbeck-Sverdström grew up in the northern regions of Sweden. “I was born 22. September 1879 in Gävle. 173 Km north of Stockholm,Sweden. My childhood, as far back as my memory reaches, was spent in intimate contact with Nature. […] I was always able to sing. I suppose one could say I was something of a child prodigy."
When she was ten, her family moved to Stockholm, where the music educator Alice Tegnér discovered her talent. She was already performing at the age of eleven. After completing school and her studies at the Conservatory, she gave her debut and was received into the Ensemble of the Royal Swedish Opera.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous urban area in the Nordic countries; 962,154 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area. The city stretches across fourteen islands where Lake Mälaren flows into the Baltic Sea. Just outside the city and along the coast is the island chain of the Stockholm archipelago. The area has been settled since the Stone Age, in the 6th millennium BC, and was founded as a city in 1252 by Swedish statesman Birger Jarl. It is also the capital of Stockholm County.
Alice Charlotta Tegnér was a Swedish music teacher, poet and composer. She is the foremost composer of Swedish children's songs during the late 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.
Royal Swedish Opera is Sweden's national stage for opera and ballet.
She was hailed as the new Jenny Lind" – the Swedish nightingale. As a concert and opera singer she experienced enormous success in many of the European countries. In 1906 she married Louis Michael Julius Werbeck, the German writer and musician from Hamburg and moved with him to Germany.
Johanna Maria "Jenny" Lind was a Swedish opera singer, often called the "Swedish Nightingale". One of the most highly regarded singers of the 19th century, she performed in soprano roles in opera in Sweden and across Europe, and undertook an extraordinarily popular concert tour of the United States beginning in 1850. She was a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music from 1840.
In 1908 she met Rudolf Steiner and received from him indications for her work and encouragement not to give up her successful singing career, but rather to pursue it against her original intentions. Her studies with experienced teachers had certainly guided her to a successful operatic career, but it had shown her that these methods of instruction also endangered her natural voice. She began searching for new methods of developing the voice, and remained in close contact about this with Rudolf Steiner until his death. At the same time she began to build up a method of singing therapy that she later was later to develop further together with Eugen Kolisko, who took singing lessons with her from time to time, and with Ita Wegman. In 1928 her husband died. In 1938 her book '’Uncovering the Voice: The Cleansing Power of Song’’ appeared in German. The work she had started in her singing school of the same name in Hamburg was introduced by Wilhelm Dörfler into his choir work from 1932 until 1939 at the Goetheanum in Dornach. The rise of National Socialism in Germany made her work increasingly difficult. Eventually she had to close her school and spent the War years in semi-isolation in Silesia. The years following the War she devoted totally to her therapeutic work and to the instruction of a circle of young musicians that had gathered around her.
Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner was an Austrian philosopher, social reformer, architect, economist and esotericist. Steiner gained initial recognition at the end of the nineteenth century as a literary critic and published philosophical works including The Philosophy of Freedom. At the beginning of the twentieth century he founded an esoteric spiritual movement, anthroposophy, with roots in German idealist philosophy and theosophy; other influences include Goethean science and Rosicrucianism.
Eugen Kolisko was an Austrian-German physician and educator who was born in Vienna. He studied medicine at the University of Vienna, and in 1917 became a lecturer of medical chemistry. He was the son of pathologist Alexander Kolisko (1857-1918).
Ita Wegman co-founded Anthroposophical Medicine with Rudolf Steiner. In 1921, she founded the first anthroposophical medical clinic in Arlesheim, known until 2014 as the Ita Wegman Clinic. She also developed a special form of massage therapy, called rhythmical massage, and other self-claimed therapeutic treatments.
Valborg Werbeck-Sverdström died in 1972 at the age of 93.
The German National Library is the central archival library and national bibliographic centre for the Federal Republic of Germany. Its task is to collect, permanently archive, comprehensively document and record bibliographically all German and German-language publications since 1913, foreign publications about Germany, translations of German works, and the works of German-speaking emigrants published abroad between 1933 and 1945, and to make them available to the public. The German National Library maintains co-operative external relations on a national and international level. For example, it is the leading partner in developing and maintaining bibliographic rules and standards in Germany and plays a significant role in the development of international library standards. The cooperation with publishers has been regulated by law since 1935 for the Deutsche Bücherei Leipzig and since 1969 for the Deutsche Bibliothek Frankfurt.
Zarah Leander was a Swedish singer and actress whose greatest success was in Nazi Germany during the 1930s and 1940s.
Märta Birgit Nilsson was a celebrated Swedish dramatic soprano. Although she sang a wide repertory of operatic and vocal works, Nilsson was best known for her performances in the operas of Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss. Her voice was noted for its overwhelming force, bountiful reserves of power, and the gleaming brilliance and clarity in the upper register.
Maria Aloysia Antonia Weber Lange was a German soprano, remembered primarily for her association with the composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Marie Steiner-von Sivers was the second wife of Rudolf Steiner and one of his closest colleagues. She made a great contribution to the development of anthroposophy, particularly in her work on the renewal of the performing arts, and the editing and publishing of Rudolf Steiner's literary estate.
Kerstin Margareta Meyer is a mezzo-soprano from Stockholm, Sweden.
Anna von Mildenburg was an eminent Wagnerian soprano of Austrian nationality. Known as Anna Bahr-Mildenburg after her 1909 marriage, she had been a protégé of the composer/conductor Gustav Mahler during his musical directorship at the Hamburg State Opera. In 1898, Mahler took her to the Vienna Opera, where she established herself as one of the great stars during his celebrated tenure there as music director.
Laura Valborg Aulin was a Swedish pianist and composer. Two works by Aulin, String Quartet E Minor, Op. 17 and String Quartet F Minor are the most important Swedish music compositions in that genre from the 1880's.
Wijntje Cornelia van Zanten was a Dutch opera singer, singing teacher and author.
(Maria) Josepha Weber was a German soprano of the classical era. She was a sister-in-law of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and the first to perform the role of The Queen of the Night in Mozart's opera The Magic Flute (1791).
Johanna Jachmann-Wagner or Johanna Wagner was a mezzo-soprano singer, tragédienne in theatrical drama, and teacher of singing and theatrical performance who won great distinction in Europe during the third quarter of the 19th century. She was a niece of the composer Richard Wagner and was the original performer, and in some respects the inspiration, of the character of Elisabeth in Tannhäuser. She was also the original intended performer of Brünnhilde in Der Ring des Nibelungen, but in the event assumed other roles.
Signe Amanda Georgina Hebbe was a Swedish operatic soprano and instructor.
Elisabeth Vreede was a Dutch mathematician, astronomer and Anthroposophist.
Herbert Ludwig Sandberg was a Swedish conductor, librettist, and composer of German Polish descent.
Valborg Olander, was a Swedish teacher, politician and suffragette. She is known for her friendship with Selma Lagerlöf.
Marguerite Lundgren was a British/Swedish eurythmist and anthroposophist.
Eileen Morley Hutchins, born 28 June 1902 in Hay-on-Wye, Herefordshire and died 9 October 1987 in Stourbridge was a Steiner school teacher, author and founder of the Elmfield Rudolf Steiner School in Stourbridge.
Alma Adèle Louise Almati née Heitmann (1861–1919) was a German-born Swedish mezzo-soprano opera singer who sang at the Royal Swedish Opera between 1886 and 1897. Important roles included Amneris in Aida, Azucena in Il trovatore and Brünhilde in Die Walküre.
Aurora Mathilda Ebeling (1826–1851) was a Swedish soprano opera singer. After first appearing as a concert pianist in 1842, she made her singing début at Stockholm's Mindre Theatre in 1844. She performed at the Royal Swedish Opera from 1846 to 1848 before further study in Paris and an engagement with Berlin's Royal Opera in 1850.
Emmy Charlotta Achté née Strömer (1850–1924) was an operatic mezzo-soprano, the first prima donna of the Finnish Opera. She performed in Helsinki from 1873 to 1879, excelling in dramatic roles. She was also a voice teacher for over 40 years, starting an opera class at the Helsinki Institute of Music.
Ruth Hesse is a German operatic mezzo-soprano and contralto. She was a member of the Deutsche Oper Berlin from 1962 to 1995, and appeared internationally, including the Bayreuth Festival and the Salzburg Festival. She appeared regularly at the Vienna State Opera from 1965 to 1988, and was appointed an Austrian Kammersängerin in 1982. In Berlin, she took part in the world premiere of Henze's Der junge Lord.