Valerie Harper

Last updated

Valerie Harper
Valerie Harper 1974.JPG
Harper in 1974
Born
Valerie Kathryn Harper

(1939-08-22)August 22, 1939
DiedAugust 30, 2019(2019-08-30) (aged 80)
Resting place Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Los Angeles, California, U.S. [1]
Occupation
  • Actress
  • comedian
  • dancer
  • writer
Years active1956–2019[ citation needed ]
Spouse(s)
(m. 1964;div. 1978)

Tony Cacciotti
(m. 1987)
Children1
Website Official website

Valerie Kathryn Harper (August 22, 1939 – August 30, 2019) was an American actress. She began her career as a dancer on Broadway, making her debut in the musical Take Me Along in 1959. Harper is best remembered for her role as Rhoda Morgenstern on The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1970–1977) and its spin-off Rhoda (1974–1978). For her work on Mary Tyler Moore, she thrice received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series, and later received the award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series for her work on Rhoda.

Contents

From 1986 to 1987, Harper appeared as Valerie Hogan on the sitcom Valerie . Her film appearances include roles in Freebie and the Bean (1974) and Chapter Two (1979), both of which garnered her Golden Globe Award nominations. Harper returned to stage work in her later career, appearing in several Broadway productions. In 2010, she was nominated for the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for her performance as Tallulah Bankhead in the play Looped .

Early life

Harper was born on August 22, 1939, in Suffern, New York, [2] [3] the daughter of Iva Mildred (née McConnell; 1910–1988) [4] and Howard Donald Harper (1907–1981). Her father was a lighting salesman; her mother was born (and raised) in Dalmeny, Saskatchewan, before becoming a teacher and later trained as a nurse. Her parents married in Alberta before her mother immigrated to the United States. [5] Valerie was the middle child of three siblings, between her sister Leanne (b. 1937) and her brother Merrill (b. 1942, who later took the name "Don"). After her parents' divorce in 1957, she also had a half-sister, Virginia,[ citation needed ] from her father's second marriage to Angela Posillico (1933–1996).

She stated that her parents were expecting a boy; after her arrival, her first and middle names were derived from that year's women's doubles tennis champions, Valerie Scott and Kay Stammers. [6] [7] [8] She was of French, English, Irish, Scottish, and Welsh ancestry. [9] Harper based her character Rhoda Morgenstern on her Italian stepmother and Penny Ann Green (née Joanna Greenberg), with whom she danced in the Broadway musical Wildcat . [10] [3] She was raised Catholic, [11] although at an early age she "quit" the church. [12]

Her family moved every two years due to her father's work. Harper attended schools in South Orange, New Jersey; Pasadena, California; Monroe, Michigan; Ashland, Oregon; and Jersey City, New Jersey. When her family returned to Oregon, Harper remained in the New York City area to study ballet. She attended Lincoln High School in Jersey City, graduating from the private Young Professionals School on West 56th Street, where classmates included Sal Mineo, Tuesday Weld, and Carol Lynley. [3]

Career

Broadway dancer and improv

Harper began her show business career as a dancer and chorus girl on Broadway, and went on to perform in several Broadway shows, some choreographed by Michael Kidd, including Wildcat (starring Lucille Ball), Take Me Along (starring Jackie Gleason), and Subways Are for Sleeping . In between, she was also cast in the musical Destry Rides Again , but was forced to leave rehearsals due to illness. Her roommate, actress Arlene Golonka, introduced her to The Second City improvisation theater and to improv performer Dick Schaal, whom Harper later married in 1965. Harper was stepmother to Schaal's daughter, Wendy, an actress. They lived in Greenwich Village. [3] She returned to Broadway in February 2010, playing Tallulah Bankhead in Matthew Lombardo's Looped at the Lyceum Theatre. [13]

Harper appeared in a bit part in the film version of Li'l Abner (1959), playing a Yokumberry Tonic wife. She broke into television on an episode of the soap opera The Doctors ("Zip Guns can Kill"). She was an extra in Love with the Proper Stranger . She was in the ensemble cast of Paul Sills' Story Theatre [14] and toured with Second City along with Schaal, Linda Lavin, and others, later appearing in sketches on Playboy After Dark . Harper performed several characters in a comedy LP record, When You're in Love the Whole World is Jewish , which included the popular novelty single, The Ballad of Irving , a recitation by TV announcer Frank Gallop. Harper and Schaal moved to Los Angeles in 1968, and co-wrote an episode of Love, American Style . [3]

Television

Harper with Mary Tyler Moore and Cloris Leachman in the final episode of The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1977) Mary Tyler Moore Valerie Harper Cloris Leachman Last Mary Tyler Moore show 1977.JPG
Harper with Mary Tyler Moore and Cloris Leachman in the final episode of The Mary Tyler Moore Show (1977)

While doing theater in Los Angeles in 1970, Harper was spotted by casting agent Ethel Winant, who called her in to audition for the role of Rhoda Morgenstern on The Mary Tyler Moore Show . [3] She co-starred from 1970–1974 and then starred in the spin-off series, Rhoda (CBS 1974–1978) in which her character returned to New York City.

She won four Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe Award for her work as Rhoda Morgenstern throughout this period. In 2000, Harper reunited with Moore in Mary and Rhoda , a TV movie that brought their characters together again in later life. [15] The first season of Rhoda was released on DVD on April 21, 2009, by Shout! Factory. [16]

She was nominated for a Golden Globe for "New Star of the Year" for her role in Freebie and the Bean (1974). [17] Harper was a guest star on The Muppet Show in 1976, its first season. [18]

Harper returned to situation comedy in 1986 when she played family matriarch Valerie Hogan on the NBC series Valerie . [19] Following a salary dispute with NBC and production company Lorimar in 1987, Harper was fired from the series at the end of its second season. [19] [20] [21] [22] [23] Harper sued NBC and Lorimar for breach of contract. Her claims against NBC were dismissed, but the jury found that Lorimar had wrongfully fired her and awarded her $1.4 million plus 12.5% of the show's profits. [21] [22] The series continued without her with the explanation that her character had died off-screen. [19] [20] In 1987, it was initially renamed Valerie's Family and then The Hogan Family, as Harper was replaced by actress Sandy Duncan, who played her sister-in-law Sandy Hogan. [19] NBC cancelled The Hogan Family in 1990, but CBS picked up the series for a final season. [24]

Harper appeared in various television movies, including a performance as Maggie in a production of the Michael Cristofer play The Shadow Box , directed by Paul Newman, and in guest roles on such series as Melrose Place (1998) and Sex and the City (1999).

Later career

Harper at 2010 The Heart Truth Valerie Harper in Red Dress Collection 2010.jpg
Harper at 2010 The Heart Truth

Harper was a member of the Screen Actors Guild (SAG) and ran for president in the 2001 election, losing to Melissa Gilbert. She served on the Hollywood board of directors of SAG. [25]

In 2005 through 2006, Harper portrayed Golda Meir in a United States national tour of the one-woman drama Golda's Balcony . [26] [27] A film of this production was released in 2007. [28]

She played Tallulah Bankhead in the world-premiere production of Matthew Lombardo's Looped at the Pasadena Playhouse from June 27 to August 3, 2008. [29] [30] The production moved to Arena Stage in Washington, D.C., in 2009. [31] It then briefly ran on Broadway at the Lyceum Theatre, from February 2010 (previews) through April 2010, for which she received a Tony Award nomination. [13] [32] Harper was to continue in the role on a national tour beginning January 2013, but withdrew from the production due to her health. [33]

She played Claire Bremmer, aunt of Susan Delfino (Teri Hatcher), on ABC's Desperate Housewives in 2011. [34]

On September 4, 2013, Harper was announced as a contestant for the 17th season of Dancing with the Stars . She was partnered with professional dancer Tristan MacManus. [35] Harper and MacManus were voted off the show on October 7, 2013.

Harper appeared as the character Wanda, on the American comedy web television series Liza on Demand , in the July 11, 2018, episode: "Valentine's Day". [36]

Activism and charity work

In the 1970s and '80s, Harper was involved in the women's liberation movement and was an advocate of the Equal Rights Amendment. [37] [38] With Dennis Weaver she co-founded L.I.F.E. in 1983, a charity that fed thousands of needy in Los Angeles. [39] [40]

Personal life

Harper married actor Richard Schaal in 1964. They divorced in 1978. Harper married Tony Cacciotti in 1987. [41] The couple shortly afterward adopted a daughter. [42] Despite playing Jewish characters, such as Rhoda Morgenstern, [43] Harper herself was not Jewish and was of mixed European and French Canadian descent. [43]

Illness and death

In 2009, Harper was diagnosed with lung cancer. [44] She announced on March 6, 2013, that tests from a January hospital stay revealed she had leptomeningeal carcinomatosis, a rare condition in which cancer cells spread into the meninges, the membranes surrounding the brain. She explained her doctors had given her as little as three months life expectancy. [45] Although the disease was reported to be incurable, her doctors said they were treating her with chemotherapy in an effort to slow its progress. [46] In April 2014, Harper said she was responding well to the treatment. [47] On July 30, 2015, Harper was hospitalized in Maine after falling unconscious, and taken via medevac to a larger hospital for further treatment. [48] [49] [50] She was later discharged. [51]

In 2016, Harper continued battling cancer with treatment at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center but was well enough to appear in a short film, My Mom and the Girl, based on the experiences of director/writer Susie Singer Carter, whose mother has Alzheimer's disease. [52] In September 2017, she made this comment: "People are saying, 'She's on her way to death and quickly'. Now it's five years instead of three months ... I'm going to fight this. I'm going to see a way." [53] At the time, Harper was developing a television series with Carter. [54] By July 2019, Harper was on a regimen of "a multitude of medications and chemotherapy drugs" and was experiencing "extreme physical and painful challenges" that required "around-the-clock, 24/7 care." [55]

Harper died on the morning of August 30, 2019, in Los Angeles, at the age of 80. [56] [57]

Filmography

Films

YearTitleRoleNotes
1956 Rock, Rock, Rock! Dancer at Prom (uncredited)
1959 Li'l Abner Luke's Wife (uncredited)
1963Trash ProgramWife (voice, uncredited)Short film
1969With a Feminine Touch
1973The Shape of ThingsHerselfTelevision movie
1974 Thursday's Game Ann Menzente
Freebie and the Bean ConsueloNominated Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress
1977Night TerrorCarol TurnerTelevision movie (also known as Night Drive)
1979 Chapter Two Faye MedwickNominated Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
1980 The Last Married Couple in America Barbara
Fun and GamesCarol HeffermanTelevision movie
The Shadow Box Maggie
1981 The Day the Loving Stopped Norma Danner
1982Farrell for the PeopleElizabeth "Liz" Farrell
Don't Go to Sleep Laura
1983An Invasion of PrivacyKate Bianchi
1984 Blame It on Rio Karen Hollis
1985The ExecutionHannah EpsteinTelevision movie
1987 Strange Voices Lynn Glover
1988Drop-Out MotherNora Cromwell
The People Across the LakeRachel Yoman
1990Stolen: One HusbandKatherine Slade
1991 Perry Mason: The Case of the Fatal Fashion Dyan Draper
1993The Poetry Hall of FameHerself
1994 A Friend to Die For Mrs. Delvecchio
1995 The Great Mom Swap Grace Venessi
1997 Dog's Best Friend Chicken (voice)
2000 Mary and Rhoda Rhoda Morgenstern-Rousseau
2002 Dancing at the Harvest Moon Claire
2007 Golda's Balcony Golda Meir
2011 Shiver Audrey Alden
My Future Boyfriend Bobbi MoreauTelevision movie
Fixing PeteMrs. Friedlander
Certainty Kathryn
2014The Town That Came A-Courtin'CharlotteTelevision movie
2015 Merry Xmas Mother7 minute short
2016My Mom and the GirlNorma/Nanny [58] 22 minute short
Stars in Shorts: No Ordinary LoveMotherMerry Xmas segment

Television

YearTitleRoleNotes
1963 The Doctors Mrs. SteinerSeason 1, Episode 11: "Zip Guns Can Kill"
1970–1977 The Mary Tyler Moore Show Rhoda Morgenstern 92 episodes
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series (1971–73)
Nominated Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Series, Miniseries or Television Film (1973–74)
Nominated Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series
1971Story TheatreUnknownUnknown episodes
Love, American Style Barbara WatkinsEpisode: "Love and the Housekeeper"
The Glen Campbell Goodtime Hour Herself1 episode
1972 Columbo Eve BabcockEpisode: "The Most Crucial Game"
1972 The Dick Cavett Show Herself1 episode
1973 The Carol Burnett Show Herself1 episode
1974–1978 Rhoda Rhoda Morgenstern Gerard 110 episodes
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series
Nominated Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy
Nominated Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series (1976–78)
1975 John Denver Rocky Mountain Christmas 1975 TV SpecialHerselfTelevision special
1976 The Muppet Show Episode: "Valerie Harper"
1976-1977 Dinah! Herself4 episodes
1976-1990 The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson Herself8 episodes
1978-1980 The Mike Douglas Show Herself7 episodes
1982 Fridays Herself1 episode
1986 The Love Boat Laurel Peters2 episodes: "Egyptian Cruise Part 1 & Part 2"
1986–1987 Valerie Valerie Hogan32 episodes
1990 City Liz Gianni13 episodes
1990 Late Night with David Letterman Herself1 episode
1991 Mary Tyler Moore: The 20th Anniversary Show HerselfTelevision special
1994 Missing Persons Ellen Hartig3 episodes
1995 The Office Rita Stone6 episodes
1996–1999 Touched by an Angel Kate Prescott2 episodes: "Flesh and Blood" (1996) and "Full Circle" (1999)
1996-2001 The Rosie O'Donnell Show Herself6 episodes
1996 Promised Land Molly ArnoldEpisode: "The Magic Gate"
1998 Generator Gawl Various (voice)Unknown episodes
Melrose Place Mia Mancini2 episodes: "Mama Mia" and "Last Train to Bagdad"
Sorcerous Stabber Orphen Townspeople (voice)Episode: "The Sword of Baltanders"
1999 Sex and the City Wallis WyselEpisode: "Shortcomings"
2000 Beggars and Choosers UnknownEpisode: "Be Careful What You Wish For"
As Told by Ginger Maryellen (voice)Episode: "The Wedding Frame"
2001 That '70s Show PaulaEpisode: "Eric's Naughty No-no"
Family Law JuliaEpisode: "Clemency"
Three Sisters Merle Keats2 episodes: "The In Laws" and "Three Thanksgivings, One Turkey"
2002 The Mary Tyler Moore Reunion HerselfTelevision special
2003−2004 Less than Perfect Judith2 episodes: "Claude's Alternative Thanksgiving" and "Mom's the Word"
2005 Committed Lily SolomonEpisode: "The Mother Episode"
2007-2016 Entertainment Tonight Herself7 episodes
2008 The Oprah Winfrey Show Herself1 episode
2009 'Til Death BarbaraEpisode: "The Courtship of Eddie's Parents"
2011 Desperate Housewives Claire BremmerEpisode: "Where Do I Belong"
2011–2012 Drop Dead Diva Judge Leslie Singer2 episodes: "Bride-a-Palooza" and "Freak Show"
2011-2013 The Talk Herself1 episode
2013–2018 The Simpsons Various characters (voice)8 episodes
2013 Hot in Cleveland AngieEpisode: "Love Is All Around"
The View Herself2 episodes
Dancing with the Stars Herself (Contestant)6 episodes
2014–2019 American Dad! IHOP Diner / Various (voice)2 episodes
2014 Signed, Sealed, Delivered [59] Theresa CapodiamonteGuest star; 2 episodes: "Time to Start Livin' " and "To Whom It May Concern"
2015 Melissa & Joey Aunt BunnyEpisode: "Thanks But No Thanks"
2 Broke Girls NolaEpisode: "And The Great Unwashed"
2016 Childrens Hospital Mamma FiorucciEpisode: "Childrens Horsepital"

Web

YearTitleRoleNotes
2018 Liza on Demand WandaEpisode "Valentine's Day"

Theater

YearTitleRoleNotes
1959–1960 Take Me Along Lady Entertainer, Townswoman
1960–1961 Wildcat Dancer
1961–1962 Subways Are for Sleeping Dancer
1967–1968Something DifferentBeth NemerovReplacement
1970–1971 Paul Sills' Story Theatre Various
1971Ovid's MetamorphosesEnsemble
1995Death Defying ActsDorothy/CarolReplacement. Off-Broadway: Variety Arts Theatre
1998–1999All Under HeavenPearl S. BuckOff-Broadway's Century Center Theatre. Ran November 3, 1998 – January 11, 1999. Played 16 previews and 65 regular performances.
2001–2002 The Tale of the Allergist's Wife MarjorieReplacement (July 31, 2001 – May 26, 2002)
2008–2010 Looped Tallulah Bankhead 2010 Tony Award nominee: Best Actress in a Play. Looped ran on Broadway (at the Lyceum Theatre), February 19 – April 11, 2010 for 60 performances.
2015 Nice Work if You Can Get It Millicent Winter Ogunquit Playhouse (Maine) (July 22–29—bowed out after collapsing backstage and being hospitalized. Replaced by Brenda Vaccaro for remaining run through August 15, 2015.)

Awards and nominations

YearAwardCategoryWorkResult
1971 Primetime Emmy Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series The Mary Tyler Moore Show Won
1972
Golden Globe Best Supporting Actress — Television Nominated
1973Primetime EmmyOutstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy SeriesWon
Golden GlobeBest Supporting Actress — TelevisionNominated
1974Primetime EmmyOutstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series
Golden GlobeNew Female Star of the Year Freebie and the Bean
Best Actress in a TV Comedy Series Rhoda Won
1975Primetime Emmy Outstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series
Golden GlobeBest Actress in a TV Comedy SeriesNominated
1976Primetime EmmyOutstanding Lead Actress in a Comedy Series
1977
1978
1979Golden Globe Best Supporting Actress — Motion Picture Chapter Two
2010 Tony Award Best Actress in a Play Looped

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  49. "Valerie Harper In a Coma, Sources Say". Entertainment Weekly. July 30, 2015. Retrieved July 30, 2015.
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  54. Scheps, Leigh. "BWW Interview: Valerie Harper Talks New Film & Not Letting Life Slip By". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved February 16, 2019.
  55. Jensen, Erin (July 18, 2019). "GoFundMe created to ease Valerie Harper's 'unrelenting medical costs' amid cancer fight". USA Today . Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  56. Saperstein, Pat. "Valerie Harper, Rhoda on 'Mary Tyler Moore Show,' Dies at 80" Variety, August 30, 2019
  57. Blair, Elizabeth (August 30, 2019). "Valerie Harper, Who Played Beloved TV Sidekick Rhoda, Dies At 80". NPR . All Things Considered . Retrieved August 30, 2019.
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Reference bibliography