Valeriy Brumel

Last updated

Valeriy Brumel
Valeriy Brumel 1960.jpg
Brumel at the 1960 Olympics
Personal information
Born14 April 1942
Razvedki, Amur Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Died26 January 2003 (aged 60)
Moscow, Russia
Height185 cm (6 ft 1 in)
Weight79 kg (174 lb)
Sport
SportAthletics
Event(s)High jump
ClubBurevestnik Moscow
Retired1970
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)2.28 m (1963) [1]

Valeriy Nikolayevich Brumel (Russian : Валерий Николаевич Брумель; 14 April 1942 – 26 January 2003) [2] was a Soviet high jumper. The 1964 Olympic champion and multiple world record holder, he is regarded as one of the greatest athletes ever to compete in the high jump. His international career was ended by a motorcycle accident in 1965. [1]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.

High jump track and field event

The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern most practised format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. In the modern era, athletes run towards the bar and use the Fosbury Flop method of jumping, leaping head first with their back to the bar. Since ancient times, competitors have introduced increasingly effective techniques to arrive at the current form.

Contents

Biography

Brumel was born in a far eastern Siberian village to a family of geologists exploring the region. [3] They later moved to Lugansk and taught at a local university. Brumel took up the high jump at 12 in Lugansk, coached by P. S. Shtein. Aged 16 he cleared 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) using the then dominant straight-leg straddle technique. He improved his skills under the coaching of V. M. Dyachkov in Moscow. In 1960 he broke the USSR record, 2.17 metres (7 ft 1 in), and was selected to the Olympic team. At the 1960 Summer Olympics, he cleared the same height as the winner Robert Shavlakadze, but made more attempts and thus was awarded a silver medal. [2] In 1961–1963 he broke the world record in the high jump six times, improving it from 2.23 metres (7 ft 4 in) to 2.28 metres (7 ft 6 in). [4] He also won the high jump at the 1961 and 1963 Universiade, 1962 European Championships, the 1964 Summer Olympics and the USSR Championships of 1961–1963. [1] [5]

Straddle technique

The straddle technique was the dominant style in the high jump before the development of the Fosbury Flop. It is a successor of the Western roll, with which it is sometimes confused.

1960 Summer Olympics Games of the XVII Olympiad, celebrated in Rome in 1960

The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy. The city of Rome had previously been awarded the administration of the 1908 Summer Olympics, but following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 1906, Rome had no choice but to decline and pass the honour to London.

Robert Shavlakadze Soviet high jumper

Robert Shavlakadze is a retired Georgian high jumper. He competed for the Soviet Union at the 1960 and 1964 Olympics and finished in first and fifth place, respectively. He also won a bronze medal at the 1962 European Championships.

After going undefeated during the 1965 season, Brumel suffered a multiple fracture in his right foot in a motorcycle accident, and faced an amputation. He was operated on successfully by professor Gavriil Ilizarov with a new leg-lengthening procedure using his external fixator. Yet even after 29 surgeries he could not fully recover. He retired in 1970 after jumping 2.06 metres (6 ft 9 in) at local competitions. [1] [5]

Gavriil Ilizarov Russian physician and inventor

Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov was a Soviet physician, known for inventing the Ilizarov apparatus for lengthening limb bones and for the method of surgery named after him, the Ilizarov surgery.

Ilizarov apparatus

The Ilizarov apparatus is a type of external fixation used in orthopedic surgery to lengthen or reshape limb bones; as a limb-sparing technique to treat complex and/or open bone fractures; and in cases of infected nonunions of bones that are not amenable with other techniques. It is named after the orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov from the Soviet Union, who pioneered the technique.

In retirement Brumel turned to acting and writing. He starred in the films Sport, Sport, Sport (1970) and The Right to Jump (1971) and wrote numerous novels and plays, including the novel Don't Change Yourself (1979), which was translated into seven languages, and the libretto to Rauf Hajiyev's operetta Golden Caravel (Золотая каравелла). [1] [5]

Libretto text used for an extended musical work

A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical. The term libretto is also sometimes used to refer to the text of major liturgical works, such as the Mass, requiem and sacred cantata, or the story line of a ballet.

Rauf Hajiyev Azerbaijani musician

Rauf Soltan oglu Hajiyev was a Soviet and Azerbaijani composer and politician. People’s artist of the USSR (1978). He was Chairman of the Union of Composers of the Azerbaijan SSR, minister of culture of the Azerbaijan SSR (1965–1971).

Personal life

Brumel had two brothers, Oleg (1944–2005) and Igor, a Russian politician born in 1952 in Rostov. [6] Brumel was married three times. His first wife left him with a son in 1965, when Brumel was recovering from his motorcycle accident. In 1973 Brumel married Yelena Petushkova, an equestrian and 1972 Olympic champion in dressage. The couple divorced 18 months later citing irreconcilable differences. They had a daughter, Vlada Petushkova, born in 1974, who was raised by her mother. [7] In 1992 Brumel married Svetlana Belousova, who later founded and managed the Valeriy Brumel Fund. They had a son Viktor. [5] [8]

Rostov Town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia

Rostov is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring. It is located on the shores of Lake Nero, 202 kilometers (126 mi) northeast of Moscow. Population: 31,792 (2010 Census); 34,141 (2002 Census); 35,707 (1989 Census).

Yelena Petushkova equestrian

Yelena Vladimirovna Petushkova was a Russian and former Soviet equestrian who won three medals, of which one was gold and two silver in dressage during the Summer Olympics.

Related Research Articles

Javier Sotomayor Cuban high jumper

Javier Sotomayor Sanabria is a retired Cuban track and field athlete, who specialized in the high jump and is the current world record holder. The 1992 Olympic champion, he was the dominant high jumper of the 1990s; his personal best of 2.45 m makes him the only person to have ever cleared eight feet.

John Thomas (athlete) American high jumper

John Curtis Thomas was an American track and field athlete who set several world records in the high jump using the straddle technique. As a youth, he earned the Eagle Scout award. At the age of 17, while a freshman at Boston University, Thomas became the first man to clear 7 feet indoors. He subsequently pushed the world indoor record to 7'1½", and broke the world outdoor record three times, with a career best jump of 7'3¾" in 1960 while just 20 years old.

Athletics at the 1964 Summer Olympics – Mens high jump

The men's high jump was one of four men's jumping events on the Athletics at the 1964 Summer Olympics program in Tokyo. Qualification was held on October 20, 1964, with the final on October 21. 29 athletes from 20 nations entered, with 1 not starting in the qualification round.

Valeriy Anatolyevich Spitsyn is a retired male race walker from Russia.

Anna Chicherova Russian high jumper

Anna Vladimirovna Chicherova is a Russian high jumper. She was the gold medalist at the 2012 London Olympics and the 2011 World Championships in Athletics and originally won a bronze medal in the event at the 2008 Summer Olympics. She was also runner-up at the World Championships in 2007 and 2009, and bronze medalist in 2013 and 2015.

Andrey Silnov Russian Olympic high jumper

Andrey Alexandrovich Silnov is a Russian high jumper and the 2008 Olympic champion. Born in Shakhty, Rostov Oblast, he is 1.98 m and weighs 83 kg (183 lbs).

Valery Yardy Soviet cyclist

Valery Nikolayevich Yardy was a Russian road cyclist who competed in the 1968 and 1972 Olympics. In 1968 he placed 17th individually and ninth with the Soviet team. Four years later he failed to finish his individual race, but won a gold medal with the team. Yardy won another team gold medal at the 1970 World Championships.

Igor Ter-Ovanesyan athletics competitor

Igor Aramovich Ter-Ovanesyan is a retired Soviet competitor and coach in the long jump. He is a five-time European and two-time Olympic medalist in this event. In 1985 he was awarded the Order of the Badge of Honour.

Valery Meladze Russian singer of Georgian descent

Valeriy Shotayevich Meladze is a Russian singer of Georgian descent. He is the brother of composer and producer Konstantin Meladze, who writes songs for him. Meritorious Artist of Russia (2006).

Valeri Popenchenko boxer

Valeri Vladimirovich Popenchenko was a Soviet boxer who competed in the middleweight division (−75 kg). During his career he won 200 out of 213 bouts; he won an Olympic gold medal in 1964 and European titles in 1963 and 1965. He was named the Outstanding Boxer of the 1964 Olympics and given the Val Barker Trophy, becoming the only Soviet boxer to receive the honor.

Valeriy Sergeyevich Skvortsov is a retired high jumper who represented the USSR in the 1964 and 1968 Summer Olympics.

Valeriy Dolinin Russian rower

Valeriy Alekseyevich Dolinin is a retired Russian rower who had his best achievements in the coxless fours. In this event, he won a world title in 1981 and silver medals at the 1980 Summer Olympics and 1982 World Rowing Championships, as well as a world title in 1977 and an Olympic bronze in 1976 with other teams.

Valery Ivanovich Meshkov is a former figure skater who competed for the Soviet Union. He is the 1964 Winter Universiade bronze medalist and a four-time Soviet national champion. His best ISU Championship result, seventh, came at the 1963 Europeans in Budapest, Hungary. He withdrew from the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria.

Valery Kichin Kyrgyzstani association football player

Valery Sergeyevich Kichin is a Kyrgyzstani professional footballer of Russian descent. He plays as a left back or centre back for FC Yenisey Krasnoyarsk.

Anthony Howard Sneazwell is an Australian former high jumper who competed in the 1964 Summer Olympics and in the 1968 Summer Olympics.

Yuri Nikolaevich Stepanov was a Soviet track and field athlete who specialized in the high jump and long jump. On 13 July 1957 he set a new world record in the high jump at 2.16 m, breaking a 44-year-long dominance of American athletes in this event. In the high jump, Stepanov won the Soviet title in 1954 and 1958 and finished second in 1953 and 1957.

Valery Bolotov eastern Ukrainian political figure

Valery Dmitrievitch Bolotov was a Russian militant leader known for his involvement in the Donbass War in eastern Ukraine, and as the leader of the unrecognized Luhansk People's Republic.

Viktor Bolshov is a retired Soviet high jumper. He competed in the 1960 Olympics finishing fourth behind his teammates Robert Shavlakadze, world record holder Valery Brumel and American John Thomas. During the course of the competition all four equaled the Olympic record, Shavlakadze, the first jumper in the order set the record first. Based on current rules, Bolshov would have tied Thomas for the bronze medal, but at the time jumpers were penalized for the number of attempts and Bolshov took seven attempts during the competition to Thomas' five.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Valery Brumel. sports-reference
  2. 1 2 Great Russian Encyclopedia (2006), Moscow: Bol'shaya Rossiyskaya Enciklopediya Publisher, vol. 4, p. 243
  3. Obituary: Valery Brumel. The Guardian. 6 February 2003.
  4. "Athletics – World Record progression". International Olympic Committee . Retrieved 8 January 2006.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Брумель Валерий Николаевич. Биографическая справка. rsport.ru. 14 May 2012
  6. Брумель Игорь Николаевич, депутат Совета депутатов Замоскворечья. zamos.ru
  7. Valiev Boris (3 March 2007) «Конь – на скаку и птица – влет... По чьей вине?». Сопротивляясь страшной болезни, Елена Петушкова до последних дней мечтала вернуться к работе. sovsport.ru
  8. Geguchadze, Aleksandr (15 June 2007) Высота Валерия Брумеля. rg.ru
Records
Preceded by
Flag of the United States.svg John Thomas
Men's High Jump World Record Holder
1961-06-18 – 1970-11-08
Succeeded by
Flag of the United States.svg Pat Matzdorf