Valeriy Brumel

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Valeriy Brumel
Valeriy Brumel 1960.jpg
Brumel at the 1960 Olympics
Personal information
Born14 April 1942
Razvedki, Amur Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Died26 January 2003 (aged 60)
Moscow, Russia
Height185 cm (6 ft 1 in)
Weight79 kg (174 lb)
Event(s)High jump
ClubBurevestnik Moscow
Achievements and titles
Personal best(s)2.28 m (1963) [1]

Valeriy Nikolayevich Brumel (Russian : Валерий Николаевич Брумель; 14 April 1942 – 26 January 2003) [2] was a Soviet high jumper. The 1964 Olympic champion and multiple world record holder, he is regarded as one of the greatest athletes ever to compete in the high jump. His international career was ended by a motorcycle accident in 1965. [1]

Russian language East Slavic language

Russian is an East Slavic language, which is official in the Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as being widely used throughout Eastern Europe, the Baltic states, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It was the de facto language of the Soviet Union until its dissolution on 25 December 1991. Although, nowadays, nearly three decades after the breakup of the Soviet Union, Russian is used in official capacity or in public life in all the post-Soviet nation-states, as well as in Israel and Mongolia, the rise of state-specific varieties of this language tends to be strongly denied in Russia, in line with the Russian World ideology.

High jump track and field event

The high jump is a track and field event in which competitors must jump unaided over a horizontal bar placed at measured heights without dislodging it. In its modern most practised format, a bar is placed between two standards with a crash mat for landing. In the modern era, athletes run towards the bar and use the Fosbury Flop method of jumping, leaping head first with their back to the bar. Since ancient times, competitors have introduced increasingly effective techniques to arrive at the current form.



Brumel was born in a far eastern Siberian village to a family of geologists exploring the region. [3] They later moved to Lugansk and taught at a local university. Brumel took up the high jump at 12 in Lugansk, coached by P. S. Shtein. Aged 16 he cleared 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) using the then dominant straight-leg straddle technique. He improved his skills under the coaching of V. M. Dyachkov in Moscow. In 1960 he broke the USSR record, 2.17 metres (7 ft 1 in), and was selected to the Olympic team. At the 1960 Summer Olympics, he cleared the same height as the winner Robert Shavlakadze, but made more attempts and thus was awarded a silver medal. [2] In 1961–1963 he broke the world record in the high jump six times, improving it from 2.23 metres (7 ft 4 in) to 2.28 metres (7 ft 6 in). [4] He also won the high jump at the 1961 and 1963 Universiade, 1962 European Championships, the 1964 Summer Olympics and the USSR Championships of 1961–1963. [1] [5]

Straddle technique

The straddle technique was the dominant style in the high jump before the development of the Fosbury Flop. It is a successor of the Western roll, with which it is sometimes confused.

1960 Summer Olympics Games of the XVII Olympiad, celebrated in Rome in 1960

The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad, was an international multi-sport event that was held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy. The city of Rome had previously been awarded the administration of the 1908 Summer Olympics, but following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 1906, Rome had no choice but to decline and pass the honour to London.

Robert Shavlakadze Soviet high jumper

Robert Shavlakadze is a retired Georgian high jumper. He competed for the Soviet Union at the 1960 and 1964 Olympics and finished in first and fifth place, respectively. He also won a bronze medal at the 1962 European Championships.

After going undefeated during the 1965 season, Brumel suffered a multiple fracture in his right foot in a motorcycle accident, and faced an amputation. He was operated on successfully by professor Gavriil Ilizarov with a new leg-lengthening procedure using his external fixator. Yet even after 29 surgeries he could not fully recover. He retired in 1970 after jumping 2.06 metres (6 ft 9 in) at local competitions. [1] [5]

Gavriil Ilizarov Russian physician and inventor

Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov was a Soviet physician, known for inventing the Ilizarov apparatus for lengthening limb bones and for the method of surgery named after him, the Ilizarov surgery.

Ilizarov apparatus

The Ilizarov apparatus is a type of external fixation used in orthopedic surgery to lengthen or reshape limb bones; as a limb-sparing technique to treat complex and/or open bone fractures; and in cases of infected nonunions of bones that are not amenable with other techniques. It is named after the orthopedic surgeon Gavriil Abramovich Ilizarov from the Soviet Union, who pioneered the technique.

In retirement Brumel turned to acting and writing. He starred in the films Sport, Sport, Sport (1970) and The Right to Jump (1971) and wrote numerous novels and plays, including the novel Don't Change Yourself (1979), which was translated into seven languages, and the libretto to Rauf Hajiyev's operetta Golden Caravel (Золотая каравелла). [1] [5]

Libretto text used for an extended musical work

A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical. The term libretto is also sometimes used to refer to the text of major liturgical works, such as the Mass, requiem and sacred cantata, or the story line of a ballet.

Rauf Hajiyev Azerbaijani musician

Rauf Soltan oglu Hajiyev was a Soviet and Azerbaijani composer and politician. People’s artist of the USSR (1978). He was Chairman of the Union of Composers of the Azerbaijan SSR, minister of culture of the Azerbaijan SSR (1965–1971).

Personal life

Brumel had two brothers, Oleg (1944–2005) and Igor, a Russian politician born in 1952 in Rostov. [6] Brumel was married three times. His first wife left him with a son in 1965, when Brumel was recovering from his motorcycle accident. In 1973 Brumel married Yelena Petushkova, an equestrian and 1972 Olympic champion in dressage. The couple divorced 18 months later citing irreconcilable differences. They had a daughter, Vlada Petushkova, born in 1974, who was raised by her mother. [7] In 1992 Brumel married Svetlana Belousova, who later founded and managed the Valeriy Brumel Fund. They had a son Viktor. [5] [8]

Rostov Town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia

Rostov is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, one of the oldest in the country and a tourist center of the Golden Ring. It is located on the shores of Lake Nero, 202 kilometers (126 mi) northeast of Moscow. Population: 31,792 (2010 Census); 34,141 (2002 Census); 35,707 (1989 Census).

Yelena Petushkova equestrian

Yelena Vladimirovna Petushkova was a Russian and former Soviet equestrian who won three medals, of which one was gold and two silver in dressage during the Summer Olympics.

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  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Valery Brumel. sports-reference
  2. 1 2 Great Russian Encyclopedia (2006), Moscow: Bol'shaya Rossiyskaya Enciklopediya Publisher, vol. 4, p. 243
  3. Obituary: Valery Brumel. The Guardian. 6 February 2003.
  4. "Athletics – World Record progression". International Olympic Committee . Retrieved 8 January 2006.
  5. 1 2 3 4 Брумель Валерий Николаевич. Биографическая справка. 14 May 2012
  6. Брумель Игорь Николаевич, депутат Совета депутатов Замоскворечья.
  7. Valiev Boris (3 March 2007) «Конь – на скаку и птица – влет... По чьей вине?». Сопротивляясь страшной болезни, Елена Петушкова до последних дней мечтала вернуться к работе.
  8. Geguchadze, Aleksandr (15 June 2007) Высота Валерия Брумеля.
Preceded by
Flag of the United States.svg John Thomas
Men's High Jump World Record Holder
1961-06-18 – 1970-11-08
Succeeded by
Flag of the United States.svg Pat Matzdorf