Vantaa

Last updated
Vantaa

VantaaVanda
City
Vantaan kaupunki
Vanda stad
City of Vantaa
VantaaMontage1(jpg).jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Kielotorni in Tikkurila, Helsinki Airport, Sotunki, Flamingo and Jumbo shopping centers, the Church of St. Lawrence, Ostari shopping center in Martinlaakso, and the Vaarala Church.
Vantaa.lippu.svg
Flag
Vantaa.vaakuna.svg
Coat of arms
Vantaa.sijainti.Suomi.2020.svg
Location of Vantaa in Finland
Coordinates: 60°17′40″N025°02′25″E / 60.29444°N 25.04028°E / 60.29444; 25.04028 Coordinates: 60°17′40″N025°02′25″E / 60.29444°N 25.04028°E / 60.29444; 25.04028
CountryFlag of Finland.svg  Finland
Region Uusimaa.vaakuna.svg Uusimaa
Sub-region Greater Helsinki
Charter 1351
Köping 1972
City1974
Government
   Mayor Ritva Viljanen [1]
   Deputy mayors Martti Lipponen, Jukka T. Salminen, Juha-Veikko Nikulainen, Elina Lehto-Häggroth [1]
  Sector directorsHeidi Nygren, Juha-Veikko Nikulainen [1]
Area
 (2018-01-01) [2]
  Total240.35 km2 (92.80 sq mi)
  Land238.37 km2 (92.04 sq mi)
  Water1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi)
Area rank 250th largest in Finland
Population
 (2020-12-31) [3]
  Total237,231
  Rank 4th largest in Finland
  Density995.22/km2 (2,577.6/sq mi)
Population by native language
[4]
   Finnish 88.6% (official)
   Swedish 3%
  Others8.4%
Population by age
[5]
  0 to 1418.5%
  15 to 6470.5%
  65 or older11.1%
Time zone UTC+02:00 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate [6] 19%
Unemployment rate7.8%
Climate Dfb
Website Vantaa.fi

Vantaa (Finnish pronunciation:  [ˈʋɑntɑː] ; Swedish : Vanda, Finland Swedish:  [ˈvɑnːdɑ] ) is a city and municipality in Finland. It is part of the inner core of the Finnish Capital Region along with Helsinki, Espoo, and Kauniainen. With a population of 237,231 (31 December 2020 [3] ), Vantaa is the fourth most populated city in Finland after Helsinki, Espoo and Tampere. Its administrative center is the Tikkurila district.

Contents

Vantaa is bordered by Helsinki, the Finnish capital, to the south; Espoo to the southwest; Nurmijärvi to the northwest; Kerava and Tuusula to the north; and Sipoo to the east. The city encompasses 240.35 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water. [2]

The largest airport in Finland, and the main airport and airline hub of Greater Helsinki, the Helsinki Airport, is located in Vantaa. Companies with headquarters in Vantaa include Finnair, Finavia, [7] R-kioski, Tikkurila Oyj, Veikkaus Oy, and Metsähallitus. The city also hosts a science center, Heureka.

The city of Vantaa is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. 78.7% of the population are Finnish speakers, while 2.4% speak Swedish as their first language. 18.9% of the population speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish. [8]

History

The old station building of Tikkurila Tikkurila railway station.jpg
The old station building of Tikkurila
The historical parish of Helsingin Pitaja in the late 1800s Helsinge kyrkby.jpg
The historical parish of Helsingin Pitäjä in the late 1800s

Vantaa has a rich history that dates back to the Stone Age. [9] The area was inhabited by Tavastians and Finns proper until the so-called second crusade to Finland and Swedish colonisation of the area. [10]

Prior to the name Vantaa being taken into use in 1974, the area was known as Helsingin pitäjä (Swedish : Helsinge; "Socken of Helsinki"). The earliest record of the area is as Helsinge in 1351 when king Magnus II of Sweden granted salmon fishing rights on the river Vantaa to the Estonian Padise Abbey. The rapids of river Vantaa were known as Helsingfors, from which the current Swedish name of Helsinki derives. Early settlement in Vantaa was centered around the river, in Helsingin pitäjän kirkonkylä, and from it the city's current coat of arms derived its imagery.

Since the 14th century, the road between Turku and Vyborg, King's Road, has run through Vantaa. The road brought significant attention to the city, and its location on the salmon rich river led to a permanent population.

Ore deposits in Helsingin Pitäjä had been discovered in the 1700s, but weren't utilized until Finland transferred to Russian control in the early 1800s. Ore extraction and processing lead to rapid industrialization in the area, with communities forming around locations like Tikkurila and Kerava. The industrial community in Tikkurila included an expeller pressing plant, which currently operates in the area as the paint manufacturer Tikkurila Oyj.

In 1862, the railway between Helsinki and Hämeenlinna was constructed, and one of its seven stations was built in Tikkurila, on its intersection with King's Road. The Swedish architect Carl Albert Edelfelt designed a Renaissance Revival styled station building, which is the oldest extant station building in Finland and (as of 1978) has been adapted into the Vantaa City Museum. The railway brought industry and induced population growth.

Helsingin Pitäjä gained municipality rights in 1865, after which it was named Helsingin maalaiskunta/Helsinge kommun ("Rural Municipality of Helsinki").

In 1952, the new international airport of Helsinki opened in Vantaa for the 1952 Summer Olympics.

In 1972, the municipality was renamed Vantaa (Swedish : Vanda) and promoted to a köping (market town) (i.e. Vantaan kauppala/Vanda köping). In 1974, the town got full city rights as Vantaan kaupunki/Vanda stad or "City of Vantaa". [11]

The city grew rapidly starting from 1960's and a railway line was built to the western side of the city in 1970's.

In 2015, an extension to the existing railway line, the Ring Rail Line opened, providing service to the airport and new residential and working districts. Along the ring road, new residential were constructed. The largest of these developments is the Kivistö suburb followed by the residential districts of Leinelä and Aviapolis.

To connect the municipality on the west–east, a new tramway is planned to open in 2030. [12] This tramway will run from the Helsinki-Vantaa airport through districts of Pakkala, Aviapolis and Koivuhaka to the administrative centre of Tikkurila and further onward to Hakkila and Länsimäki in the east. The tram will also provide a link to the Helsinki metro at Mellunmäki station. This tramline will be the first tram in Vantaa.

Geography

The districts and major regions of Vantaa Vantaa-kartta-2.png
The districts and major regions of Vantaa

Location

Vantaa is located in southern Finland, in the region of Uusimaa and the Helsinki sub-region. It is separated from the Gulf of Finland by Helsinki. Prior to the abolition of Finnish provinces in 2009, Vantaa was a part of the Southern Finland Province.

The city borders Helsinki, the Finnish capital, which is to the south and southwest. Other neighbouring municipalities are Espoo to the west; Nurmijärvi, Kerava, and Tuusula to the north; and Sipoo to the east. Vantaa is a part of the Finnish Capital Region, which is the inner core of the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area.

Subdivision

Vantaa is divided into seven major regions (Finnish : suuralueet, Swedish : storområden): Tikkurila (Dickursby), Hakunila (Håkansböle), Koivukylä (Björkby), Korso, Aviapolis, Myyrmäki (Myrbacka), and Kivistö. [13] These major regions are then divided into a total of 60 city districts, the most populated of which are Myyrmäki, Martinlaakso, Hakunila, and Pakkala.

Features

Rapids of river Vantaa Vantaankoski2.jpg
Rapids of river Vantaa

Vantaa encompasses 240.35 square kilometres (92.80 sq mi), of which 1.97 km2 (0.76 sq mi) is water. [2] The city is mostly suburban and urban area with some rural landscape, notably in the districts of Sotunki and Seutula. Average population density is 995.22/km2 (2,577.6/sq mi), which rises above 5,000 inhabitants per square kilometre (13,000/sq mi) in concentrated urban districts like Myyrmäki and Tikkurila.

The river Vantaa runs through western Vantaa, and its tributary Keravanjoki runs through eastern Vantaa.

For its area, Vantaa has relatively few lakes. The city encompasses two natural lakes: Kuusijärvi in Kuninkaanmäki and Lammaslampi Pähkinärinne, Hämeenkylä. In addition to these, there is an artificial lake, Silvolan tekojärvi. Vantaa shares two lakes with Espoo: Odilampi and Pitkäjärvi.

Vantaa exhibits frequent exposed granite bedrock ground, which is common in Finland. Resulting from erosion in the last glacial period (about 10,000 years ago), elevated surfaces often lack soil (superficial deposits), revealing bare stone unsuitable for most plant life. Other geological impacts of the last Ice Age include a series of eskers running through central Vantaa.

Climate

Tammisto forest nature reserve Tammisto la3.jpg
Tammisto forest nature reserve

Vantaa has a humid continental climate (Köppen: Dfb), slightly above the threshold for subarctic classification. Although the city no longer (since 2009) has a coastline along the Baltic Sea, it is close enough to experience the mitigating influence of the sea and the Gulf Stream. The record low temperature in Vantaa is −35.9 °C (−32.6 °F) and the record high is 34.0 °C (93.2 °F).

Demographics

The city is bilingual, both Finnish and Swedish being official languages. [15] A majority (78.7%) of the population are Finnish speakers while 2.4% speak Swedish as their first language. Vantaa's residents that speak a native language other than Finnish or Swedish stand at 18.9% of the population. Vantaa is home to a significant Estonian population.

In 2011, 199,236 of the municipality's 203,001 residents lived in officially recognized urban areas (Finnish : taajama; Swedish : tätort). The remaining population lives in the few rural sections of Vantaa, such as those in Sotunki and Seutula. [16]

In 2018, 56.1% of the population were members of the Lutheran Church of Finland.

Population

Vantaa Population Growth 1980–2015 [17]
YearPopulation
1980
132,050
1985
143,844
1990
152,263
1995
166,480
2000
178,471
2005
187,281
2010
200,055
2015
211,206
Population by mother tongue [18]
LanguagePopulation (2017)Percentage
Finnish178,02479.53%
Estonian8,0103.64%
Russian7,6453.48%
Swedish5,5942.54%
Arabic2,5791.17%
Somali2,4231.10%
Albanian2,1901.00%
Vietnamese1,4450.66%
English1,4030.64%
Kurdish1,3170.60%
Turkish9510.43%
Chinese9080.41%
Persian8390.38%
Thai7950.36%
Spanish4760.22%
Filipino4280.19%
Punjabi3580.16%
Uzbek3460.16%
Romanian3410.16%
Tamil3350.15%
Nepali3210.15%
Polish2950.13%
French2560.12%
Hindi2540.12%
Portuguese2360.11%
Urdu2230.10%
Ukrainian2180.10%
Other4,8172.19%

In 2017, there were 40,200 people with a foreign background residing in Vantaa. Most immigrants come from Estonia. [19]

The number of foreign speakers is projected to grow to 95,556 by 2035, which would be 34.3% of Vantaa's population in 2035. [20]

People with a foreign background [21]
County of originPopulation (2017)
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 8,781 (3.99%)
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 8,176 (3.72%)
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia 2,390 (1.09%)
Flag of Yugoslavia (1946-1992).svg  Yugoslavia 2,235 (1.02%)
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 2,061 (0.94%)
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 1,620 (0.74%)
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 1,075 (0.49%)
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 1,005 (0.46%)
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro (1992-2006).svg  Serbia and Montenegro 923 (0.42%)
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 821 (0.37%)
Flag of India.svg  India 800 (0.36%)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 780 (0.35%)
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 675 (0.31%)
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 504 (0.23%)
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 499 (0.23%)
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 415 (0.19%)
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 399 (0.18%)
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 386 (0.18%)
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 376 (0.17%)
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 375 (0.17%)
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan 346 (0.16%)
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 335 (0.15%)
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 322 (0.15%)
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal 320 (0.15%)
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  DR Congo 307 (0.14%)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 301 (0.14%)
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 275 (0.13%)
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 273 (0.12%)
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 267 (0.12%)
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 253 (0.12%)
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 236 (0.11%)

Economy

Finnair headquarters Finnair headquarters 02.JPG
Finnair headquarters

Of those employed, two thirds are in the private sector. The most common industries in Vantaa include the food, architectural engineering, and machine industries. In 2007, the unemployment rate was 6.3%.

Companies that have their headquarters in Vantaa (at the Helsinki Airport, in Aviapolis) include Finnair, Finavia and Nordic Regional Airlines. [7] [22] [23] [24] Companies with headquarters in Vantaa outside of Aviapolis include R-kioski, Tikkurila Oyj, Veikkaus Oy, and Metsähallitus. Fujifilm Finland has its headquarters in Vantaa. [25]

The City of Vantaa has been in increasing debt since the early 2000s, due to a decrease in state funding and an increase in investments. A contributing factor to its situation is the high concentration of families with children, leading to comparatively larger social expenditure. [26] According to the former mayor Juhani Paajanen, the worst expenditures have ended, and the city's gains are increasing. [27]

Arts and culture

Science centre Heureka Vantaa-heureka.jpg
Science centre Heureka

Music

There are about 20 choirs in Vantaa, [28] like Vantaan Laulu and Vantaa Chamber Choir. Three actively performing concert bands Tikkurilan Soittokunta, Lumon Puhaltajat and Puhallinorkesteri Louhi exist at the east, north and west corners of the city respectively. [29] Vantaa Pops (Vantaan Viihdeorkesteri in Finnish), conducted by a Welshman Nick Davies, [30] is the only professional full symphonic pops orchestra in Finland.

Ankkarock was a rock music festival held every summer in Korso between 1989 and 2010.

Museums

Tikkurila is home of the major science centre in Finland, Heureka. In addition there is the city museum next to the railway station in Tikkurila which has exhibitions with various themes on local history. The museum is housed in the oldest station building in Finland, designed by Carl Albert Edelfelt and completed in 1861. The Finnish Aviation Museum is located in Vantaa, near Helsinki Airport.

Politics

The city hall of Vantaa, located in Tikkurila Vantaa city hall 1.jpg
The city hall of Vantaa, located in Tikkurila

Vantaa's city council has 67 seats. Following the 2017 municipal election the council seats are allocated in the following way: Social Democrats 18 seats, National Coalition Party 17, Greens 12, True Finns 8, Left Alliance 5, Centre Party 3, Christian Democrats 2, Swedish People's Party 2. [31]

Mayors

Infrastructure

Services

The main library of Vantaa, in Tikkurila Tikkurilan kirjasto.jpg
The main library of Vantaa, in Tikkurila

Vantaa has two hospitals, Peijas Hospital in Asola and Katriina Hospital in Seutula. Peijas is responsible for emergency and short-term health services, while Katriina specializes in long-term care and elderly care. The Vantaa branch of the HelMet library network has 10 libraries in Vantaa, with a total of 518,117 books in 2005. The main library is in Tikkurila.

Flamingo Spa at the Flamingo Entertainment Center in the Aviapolis district Flamingo Spa Vesipuisto.jpg
Flamingo Spa at the Flamingo Entertainment Center in the Aviapolis district

For sports, the city has five swimming halls, four sports halls, two gyms, six tennis courts, 69 hockey and skating rinks, 19 lit-up running tracks, and 14 skateparks. Additionally, Vantaa has two golf courses, in Hiekkaharju and Keimola.

Transportation

The Helsinki Airport (HEL), although associated with Helsinki, is located in Aviapolis, Vantaa. Helsinki-Vantaa departure hall2.jpg
The Helsinki Airport (HEL), although associated with Helsinki, is located in Aviapolis, Vantaa.
Kivisto railway station along the Ring Rail Line in the Kivisto district Kiviston asema.jpg
Kivistö railway station along the Ring Rail Line in the Kivistö district

Vantaa infrastructurally serves as the transportational hub of the Helsinki metropolitan area. Several key freeways and highways, such as Ring III, Tuusulanväylä and Porvoonväylä, originate in or pass through the municipality. Additionally, two of the three railway lines exiting Helsinki pass through Vantaa, connecting the city's 14 stations. All long-distance trains exiting Helsinki stop at Tikkurila railway station in Vantaa, with the exception of train D.

Public transport in Vantaa consists of a bus network and commuter rail, provided by HSL/HRT and VR. Since the introduction of the Ring Rail Line in 2015, Vantaa has had a total of 14 stations. Key railway stations also act as central bus stations. The Ring Rail Line is speeding up the development in Western parts of Vantaa. For example, the Vantaankoski area is foreseen to double the number of jobs in the future. Planning ideas are sought through an ideas competition. [32]

The largest airport in Finland, and the primary airport of Greater Helsinki, Helsinki Airport, is located in Vantaa. In 2016, it attracted a total of 17.1 million passengers.

Education

Vantaa has a total of 50 Finnish-speaking, five Swedish-speaking, and one English-speaking primary and junior high schools. The city has five upper secondary schools, including Tikkurila Upper Secondary, the largest upper secondary school in the Nordic Countries. For vocational education, Vantaa has two vocational schools and two universities of applied sciences: Metropolia and Laurea.

International relations

Twin towns and sister cities

Vantaa is twinned with: [33]

Kauppakeskus Jumbo wide (cropped).jpg
A panoramic view of Jumbo Shopping Centre in Aviapolis, Vantaa. Ring III runs through the foreground.

See also

Features and services in Vantaa

Neightboring urban areas

Transport in Vantaa

Related Research Articles

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The Ring Rail Line is a railway route in the area of the city of Vantaa, in the Greater Helsinki Metropolitan Area of Finland. It connects Helsinki-Vantaa Airport and the adjacent Aviapolis business and retail district to the Helsinki commuter rail network. The line fills the gap between Vantaankoski and Tikkurila railway stations, travelling in tunnel underneath the airport.

Tikkurila City District in Finland

Tikkurila is a district and major region of the municipality of Vantaa, Finland. Located in the eastern half of the Helsinki conurbation, some 16 kilometres (10 mi) north of the capital's downtown district, it is the administrative and commercial hub of Vantaa, although Myyrmäki is a rival commercial hub within the municipality.

Public transport in Helsinki

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Martinlaakso City District in Finland

Martinlaakso is a district in Vantaa, Finland. Located in the Myyrmäki major region, it is the second most populous district in all of Vantaa, after Myyrmäki itself. In 2014, Martinlaakso had a population of 11,811, narrowly beating out Hakunila.

Districts of Vantaa

The city of Vantaa, Finland, is divided into 60 districts. These districts are grouped among seven major regions.

Louhela railway station

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Koivukylä City District in Finland

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Korso City District in Finland

Korso is a district and major region in northeastern Vantaa, Finland. The district has 7,402 inhabitants.

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Helsingin pitäjän kirkonkylä City District in Finland

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Vantaa light rail is a planned light rail system in Vantaa, Finland. Its proposed route connects Mellunkylä, Hakunila, Tikkurila, Aviapolis and Helsinki Airport. The construction may start at the earliest in 2023, with a projected finishing date of 2028.

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