Vanua'aku Pati

Last updated
Vanua'aku Pati
Leader Bob Loughman
Founded17 August 1971
Ideology Melanesian socialism
Democratic socialism
Anglophone
Vanuatuan Nationalism
Political position Left-wing
Parliament
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Coat of Arms of Vanuatu.svg
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The Vanua'aku Pati (rough translation: Our Land Party) [1] is a democratic socialist political party in Vanuatu. At the last general election, held on 22 January 2016, they received 11.91% of the vote and 6 seats. They supported the election of Charlot Salwai as Prime Minister. [2]

A political party is an organized group of people who have the same ideology, or who otherwise have the same political positions, and who field candidates for elections, in an attempt to get them elected and thereby implement the party's agenda.

Vanuatu Country in Oceania

Vanuatu, officially the Republic of Vanuatu, is a Pacific island country located in the South Pacific Ocean. The archipelago, which is of volcanic origin, is 1,750 kilometres (1,090 mi) east of northern Australia, 540 kilometres (340 mi) northeast of New Caledonia, east of New Guinea, southeast of the Solomon Islands, and west of Fiji.

Charlot Salwai 11th Prime Minister of Vanuatu

Charlot Salwai Tabimasmas is a Vanuatuan politician and former accountant and political advisor. He is the Prime Minister of Vanuatu, having been elected on 11 February 2016. He is the leader of the Reunification of Movements for Change (RMC), which is part of the Unity for Change bloc. Salwai is a Francophone from Pentecost Island.

History

The party was founded on 17 August 1971 by Walter Lini as the New Hebridean Cultural Association, renamed later that same year as the New Hebrides National Party, and was one of two parties formed during the country's move towards independence. While the NHNP was supported by British interests, the Union of New Hebrides Communities was supported by French interests. The NHNP went on to win the 1975 elections and in 1977 it was renamed the Vanua'aku Pati. [3] The party won the pre-independence 1979 elections and Lini became chief minister. The country gained independence in 1980 and Lini became the first Prime Minister of Vanuatu, remaining in the post until 1991. In 1991 the party split, and Lini was among those who left the party.

Walter Hadye Lin̄i was a Vanuatuan Anglican priest and the first Prime Minister of Vanuatu, from independence in 1980 to 1991. He was born on Pentecost Island. During the era when Vanuatu was a condominium ruled by the United Kingdom and France, Lin̄i formed the Vanua'aku Pati, which was principally backed by English-speakers. He became the colony's Chief Minister in 1979 and ascended to the position of Prime Minister upon Vanuatu's independence in 1980.

After the 1991 elections, the party lost its dominance over the government. Despite this, the party remained strong. During the next decade, as party members Donald Kalpokas and Edward Natapei served as prime ministers of Vanuatu. The party began steadily losing seats in the early 2000s; it took 18 in the 1998 elections, 14 in the 2002 elections, and 8 in the 2004 elections, a setback which forced Prime Minister Natapei to resign. The party suffered another split after the elections, as the leadership refused to support the national coalition government of Serge Vohor while two Vanua'aku Party representatives supported this government, allowing it to take office. However, after a controversy over the diplomatic recognition of Taiwan and China, the Vanua'aku Party reunited in December 2004 and was involved in the effort to oust Vohor. It remained influential, and was a key supporter of the National United Party government of Walter Lini's brother Ham Lini which lasted from December 2004 through the September 2008 elections. After a short break from participation in the coalition government, the party returned in July 2007 when its leader, former Prime Minister Edward Natapei, became deputy prime minister. The party had a strong result in the September 2008 elections, gaining 11 of the 52 results, making this party the largest one in Parliament and allowing Natapei to return as prime minister.

Donald Masike'Vanua Kalpokas was a Vanuatuan politician and diplomat who served as Prime Minister of Vanuatu twice.

Edward Natapei Prime Minister of Vanuatu

Edward Nipake Natapei Tuta Fanua`araki was a Vanuatuan politician. He was elected Prime Minister of Vanuatu on two separate occasions for two separate terms, and was previously the Minister of Foreign Affairs briefly in 1991, the acting President of Vanuatu from 2 March 1999 to 24 March 1999 and Deputy Prime Minister. He was the President of the Vanua'aku Pati, a socialist, Anglophone political party.

Serge Vohor Prime Minister of Vanuatu

Rialuth Serge Vohor is a Vanuatuan politician. He hails from the largest island of Vanuatu, Espiritu Santo, from Port Olry.

After multiple attempts to remove Natapei, he was forced out by a vote of no confidence on 2 December 2010, replaced by opposition leader Sato Kilman. [4] Natapei was temporarily reinstated on 16 June 2011 when the Supreme Court of Vanuatu ruled Kilman's election as prime minister violated the Vanuatu constitution. A new election was held on 26 June of that year, in which Kilman was reinstated.

A motion of no-confidence, alternatively vote of no confidence, or confidence motion, is a statement or vote about whether a person in a position of responsibility is no longer deemed fit to hold that position, perhaps because they are inadequate in some respect, are failing to carry out obligations, or are making decisions that other members feel detrimental. As a parliamentary motion, it demonstrates to the head of state that the elected parliament no longer has confidence in the appointed government. In some countries, if a no confidence motion is passed against an individual minister they have to resign along with the entire council of ministers.

Sato Kilman Vanuatuan politician

Meltek Sato Kilman Livtuvanu is a Vanuatuan politician. He had been Prime Minister of Vanuatu from June 2015 to February 2016. Kilman was previously Prime Minister from December 2010 to April 2011 and from May to June 2011, though his premiership was subsequently annulled by a court of law. He was elected Prime Minister again on 26 June 2011, thus beginning his first legally recognised term in the premiership; he served until 23 March 2013. He is also the current Leader of the People's Progress Party. He is an MP from Lakatoro on Malekula Island.

Supreme Court of Vanuatu is the superior court of Vanuatu and is based in Port Vila. The Court consists of the Chief Justice and three puisne judges.

The party lost three seats in the parliamentary elections of 30 October 2012; however, it remained the largest single party in parliament. [5]

The name of the Vanua'aku Party means "Party of Our land" in English (from the word vanua ). It supports socialist economic policies and is mostly supported by English speakers.

Socialism is a range of economic and social systems characterised by social ownership of the means of production and workers' self-management, as well as the political theories and movements associated with them. Social ownership can be public, collective or cooperative ownership, or citizen ownership of equity. There are many varieties of socialism and there is no single definition encapsulating all of them, with social ownership being the common element shared by its various forms.

English language West Germanic language

English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and eventually became a global lingua franca. It is named after the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that migrated to the area of Great Britain that later took their name, as England. Both names derive from Anglia, a peninsula in the Baltic Sea. The language is closely related to Frisian and Low Saxon, and its vocabulary has been significantly influenced by other Germanic languages, particularly Norse, and to a greater extent by Latin and French.

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References

  1. "Vanuatu lawmakers elect Natapei as prime minister". Associated Press . International Herald Tribune. 2008-09-22. Retrieved 2008-09-22.
  2. "New prime minister for Vanuatu". Radio New Zealand. Retrieved 2016-03-04.
  3. "The political parties and groupings of Vanuatu" (PDF). August 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  4. "Vanuatu's Natapei ousted in no confidence challenge". radionz.co.nz. 2010-12-03. Retrieved 2015-07-29.
  5. "Republic of Vanuatu Election for Parliament". International Foundation for Electoral Systems. Retrieved 2015-07-29.