Var (river)

Last updated
Var
Entrevaux-rooftops.jpg
Rooftops of Entrevaux and the gorge of the Var
Var (fleuve).png
Location
Country France
Physical characteristics
Source 
  location Maritime Alps
  elevation1,800 m (5,900 ft)
Mouth  
  location
Mediterranean Sea
  coordinates
43°39′13″N7°11′59″E / 43.65361°N 7.19972°E / 43.65361; 7.19972 (Mediterranean Sea-Var) Coordinates: 43°39′13″N7°11′59″E / 43.65361°N 7.19972°E / 43.65361; 7.19972 (Mediterranean Sea-Var)
Length114 km (71 mi)
Basin size2,812 km2 (1,086 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average50 to 100 m3/s (1,800 to 3,500 cu ft/s)

The Var (French:  [vaʁ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ), Occitan:  [ˈbaɾ] ; Italian : Varo; Latin : Varus) is a river located in the southeast of France. It is 114 km (71 mi) long. [1] Its drainage basin is 2,812 km2 (1,086 sq mi). [2]

Contents

The Var flows through the Alpes-Maritimes département for most of its length, with a short (~15 km or ~9 mi) stretch in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence département. It is a unique case in France of a river not flowing in the département named after it (see Var).

Until the beginning of the 19th century, the river had no bridges; it was the border between France and the County of Nice, then part of Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia.

Name

The river name is attested in Latin as Vārus and in Ancient Greek as Ouãros (Οὐᾶρος). It stems from the Indo-European root *uōr- (earlier *uer-), meaning 'water, river' (cf. Sanskrit vār, Old Norse vari). [3]

Hydrography

The Var rises near the Col de la Cayolle (2,326 m/7,631 ft) in the Maritime Alps and flows generally southeast to its outflow into the Mediterranean Sea between Nice and Saint-Laurent-du-Var. Its main tributaries are the Cians, the Tinée, the Vésubie, the Coulomp, the Estéron, the Tuébi, the Chalvagne, the Barlatte, the Bourdous and the Roudoule. [1]

The Var flows through the following départements and towns:

Related Research Articles

Var (department) Department in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Var is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. It takes its name from the river Var, which flowed along its eastern boundary, until the boundary was moved in 1860 and the department is no longer associated with the river. The Var department is bordered on the east by the department of Alpes-Maritimes, to the west by Bouches-du-Rhône, to the north of the river Verdon by the department of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and to the south by the Mediterranean Sea.

Alpes-Maritimes Department in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Alpes-Maritimes is a department of France located in the country's southeast corner, on the Italian border and on the Mediterranean coast. Part of the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, it had a population of 1,083,310 in 2017.

Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Administrative region of France

Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur is one of the eighteen administrative regions of France, the far southeastern on the mainland. Its prefecture and largest city is Marseille. The region is roughly coterminous with the former French province of Provence, with the addition of the following adjacent areas: the former papal territory of Avignon, known as Comtat Venaissin; the former Sardinian-Piedmontese County of Nice, whose coastline is known in English as the French Riviera and in French as the Côte d'Azur; and the southeastern part of the former French province of Dauphiné, in the French Alps. Previously known by the acronym PACA, the region adopted the name Région Sud as a commercial name or nickname in December 2017. 5,007,977 people live in the region according to the 2015 census.

Saint Laurent, Saint-Laurent, St. Laurent or St-Laurent may refer to:

Saint-Laurent-du-Var Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Saint-Laurent-du-Var is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region on the French Riviera.

Verdon (river)

The Verdon is a 166.5-kilometre-long (103.5 mi) river in south-eastern France, left tributary of the Durance. Its drainage basin is 2,295 km2 (886 sq mi). Its source is at an elevation of 2,819 metres (9,249 ft), in the southwestern Alps (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence), between the col d'Allos and the Trois Eveches mountain, south of Barcelonnette. It flows south-west through the following départements and towns:

Saint-Raphaël, Var Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Saint-Raphaël is a commune in the Var department, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, southeastern France. In 2017, it had a population of 35,042.

Arrondissement of Grasse Arrondissement in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The arrondissement of Grasse is an arrondissement of France in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has 62 communes. Its population is 561,067 (2016), and its area is 1,231.2 km2 (475.4 sq mi).

Chemins de fer de Provence

The Chemins de Fer de Provence is a small rail company providing a daily train service between Nice and Digne-les-Bains in Provence. Their one route, which dates from the 1890s, is known locally as the Train des Pignes.

Buëch

The Buëch is a river in southeastern France, a right tributary of the Durance. It is 85.3 km (53.0 mi) long. Its drainage basin is 1,478 km2 (571 sq mi). Its source is in the Dauphiné Alps, near the peak of Grand Ferrand. It flows generally southward for most of its course in the Hautes-Alpes département, and flows into the Durance at Sisteron.

Coaraze Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Coaraze is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Aspremont, Alpes-Maritimes Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Aspremont is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.

Le Mas Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Le Mas is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of South-eastern France.

Archail Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Archail is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.

Montmeyan Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Montmeyan is a commune (municipality), located in the department of Var, in the region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, southeastern France.

Estéron

The Estéron is a river that flows through the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Alpes-Maritimes departments of southeastern France. It is 66.2 km (41.1 mi) long. Its drainage basin is 445 km2 (172 sq mi). Its source is near Soleilhas. It flows generally east, through Roquestéron, and flows into the Var in Saint-Martin-du-Var. The Bouyon and the Rioulan are its tributaries.

Calavon

The Calavon is an 86.7-kilometre (53.9 mi) long river in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence and Vaucluse départements, southeastern France. Its drainage basin is 1,027 km2 (397 sq mi). Its source is near Banon. It flows generally west-southwest. It is a right tributary of the Durance into which it flows at Caumont-sur-Durance, near Cavaillon.

Bléone

The Bléone is a 69.5-kilometre (43.2 mi) long river in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence département, southeastern France. Its drainage basin is 906 km2 (350 sq mi). Its source is several small streams converging near the refuge de l'Estrop, a mountain shelter in Prads-Haute-Bléone. It flows generally southwest. It is a left tributary of the Durance into which it flows between L'Escale and Les Mées.

Route nationale 98

National road RN 98 is a French road. In its latest form, it connects Toulon to Menton. It also passes through Monaco.

The Avantici were a small Gallic tribe dwelling around present-day Gap, in the western part of the modern Hautes-Alpes department, during the Roman period.

References

  1. 1 2 Sandre. "Fiche cours d'eau - Le Var (Y6--0200)".
  2. Bassin versant : Var (Le), Observatoire Régional Eau et Milieux Aquatiques en PACA
  3. Delamarre 2003, p. 301.

Bibliography