|Named for||Varina plantation|
|County||Henrico County, Virginia|
Varina ( // və-RY-nə) is a former unincorporated community and current magisterial district in the easternmost portion of Henrico County, Virginia, United States.
Varina was named for Varina plantation established by John Rolfe about 1615 on the James River 50 miles (80 km) from the first settlement at Jamestown , and across the river from Sir Thomas Dale's 1611 settlement at Henricus. The Plantation and neighboring Henricus were part of Henrico City, an incorporation formed in 1611 by the [Virginia Company, headquartered in London, 1606-1624].about
The Native American massacre (Powhatan attack of 1622) resulted in the downfall of the Henricus settlement. The Varina settlement built up around much of Varina Plantation.Varina covered an area of 18 by 25 miles, but it later became known as Henrico. After that, Varina generally referred to the plantation. Varina became the county seat of Henrico when it was formed as one of the eight original shires of Virginia in 1634.
In 1666, the first courthouse was built at Varina for Henrico County.Varina was established as an unincorporated community in 1680.
By 1640, a church for Henrico Parish and other buildings were built either on the Varina plantation or in the settlement of Varina, but their location is unknown. By 1640, Varina was the site of the Henrico Parish glebe.From 1685 to 1694, Rev. James Blair was the minister at Varina Parish. He was made College of William & Mary's first rector in 1694 and was one of the founders of the school. After Blair, William Stith lived at the glebe at Varina.
In 1741, the Henrico Parish church was relocated to the present location of St. John's Episcopal Church in the Church Hill section of Richmond. Varina remained the county seat of Henrico County until 1752, when the seat was relocated to the growing city of Richmond, located at the head of navigation on the north side of the James River.
Varina historic districts include: Cedar Hill and Armour House, Curles Neck, Dabbs House (Clover Forest Plantation), Dorey Barn, Gravel Hill, and Osborne School House.
In November 1635, a land patent was attained by Captain Thomas Harris for 750 acres, of that 100 acres were awarded for being an early settler during the "time of Sir Thomas Dale".Harris represented Curles Neck at the House of Burgesses. His house was among the oldest in Virginia between 1635 and 1654, the ruins of which have been part of an archaeological study. The ruins were found near the existing house built in the early 18th century. It had tunnels to the James River to escape attacks by Native Americans. First called Longfield, it is now commonly known at Curles Neck Plantation, the residence of Nathaniel Bacon, who led Bacon's Rebellion during the Colonial period and also was known for his campaigns against Native Americans. Bacon lived at the plantation from 1674 until his death in 1676. The property was confiscated by the British after Bacon was found guilty of treason. In 1698, the Randolph family of Virginia and held the property for longer than other owners. The Georgian style plantation is believed to have been destroyed during the Civil War.
Clover Forest Plantation, or Dabbs House, was a residence of the Antebellum South which is located near the Eastern Government Center of Henrico and was the eastern headquarters of the Henrico's Division of Police.Chief Justice John Marshall owned the Chickahominy Farm near Meadowview Park as a country residence in the early 19th century.
The owner of Cedar Hill, James D. Vaughan, was a member of the 10th Regiment of the Virginia Cavalry during the Civil War and had served in the Virginia militia. The Greek Revival style farmhouse, built in the 19th century, still survives but has been part of a project to restore the building and it was moved from its original location.
During the Civil War, Clover Forest Plantation was Robert E. Lee's headquarters for a period.The Seven Days Battle (1862) began in the Varian area and Lee was able to watch the battle from a bluff on what is now Meadowview Park. Cedar Hill was used as a camp during the Seven Days Battle, including by Confederate units of Dershaws Division.
During the Civil War (1861–1865), it was one of the two major Southern places for prisoner exchange.Union General Benjamin Butler took over the plantation for his official headquarters and the house and cabin housed his staff. Robert E. Lee, a Confederate soldier, established his Richmond-area headquarters at the Dabbs House.
After the emergence of Richmond as a major community and port in the mid-18th century, and as land transportation became better, the location of Varina, which was not on any major roadway, became more isolated, gradually slipping into primarily farming use.
Prehistoric Native American occupation has been identified in Meadowview Park by archaeologists.
Henrico County, officially the County of Henrico, is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 306,935. In 2018, the population was estimated to be 329,261, making it the fifth-most populous county in Virginia and the sixth-most populous county-equivalent in Virginia. Henrico County is included in the Greater Richmond Region. There is no incorporated community within Henrico County, therefore, there is no incorporated county seat either. Laurel, an unincorporated CDP, serves this function.
Goochland County is a county located in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Its southern border is formed by the James River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,717. Its county seat is Goochland.
Chesterfield County is a county located just south of Richmond in the Commonwealth of Virginia. The county's borders are primarily defined by the James River to the north and the Appomattox River to the south. Its county seat is Chesterfield Court House.
John Rolfe (1585–1622) was one of the early English settlers of North America. He is credited with the first successful cultivation of tobacco as an export crop in the Colony of Virginia.
The "Citie of Henricus"—also known as Henricopolis, Henrico Town or Henrico—was a settlement in Virginia founded by Sir Thomas Dale in 1611 as an alternative to the swampy and dangerous area around the original English settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. It was named for Prince Henry, the eldest son of King James I.
St. John's Church is an Episcopal church located at 2401 East Broad Street in Richmond, Virginia, United States. Formed from several earlier parishes, St. John's is the oldest church in the city of Richmond, Virginia. It was built in 1741 by William Randolph's son, Colonel Richard Randolph; the Church Hill district was named for it. It was the site of two important conventions in the period leading to the American Revolutionary War, and is famous as the location where Patrick Henry gave his memorable speech at the Second Virginia Convention, closing with the often-quoted demand, "give me liberty, or give me death!" The church is designated as a National Historic Landmark.
James Blair was a clergyman in the Church of England. He was also a missionary and an educator, best known as the founder of the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, US.
Dutch Gap is located on Farrar's Island on the James River in Chesterfield County, Virginia; it was started as a canal by Union forces during the American Civil War to cut off a curl of the river known as Farrar's Island, which was controlled by Confederate forts. The canal was completed after the war and is now the main channel of the James River in this area. It is north of the lost 17th-century town of Henricus. Henricus Historical Park is devoted to that town.
Varina Farms, also known as Varina Plantation or Varina Farms Plantation or Varina on the James, is a plantation established in the 17th century on the James River about 10 miles (16 km) south of Richmond, Virginia. As "Varina Plantation", an 820-acre (330 ha) property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977. At that time it included two contributing buildings and one other contributing sites.
Curles Neck Plantation is located between State Route 5 and the north bank of the James River in the Varina district of Henrico County, Virginia. One of the great James River Plantations, Curles Neck has remained in active use for almost 400 years and remains a privately owned working farm which is not currently open to the public.
Henrico City was one of four incorporations established in the Virginia Colony in 1619 North America by the proprietor, the Virginia Company. The plantations and developments were divided into four "incorporations" or "citties", as they were called. These were Charles City, Elizabeth City, Henrico City, and James City. The latter included the seat of government for the colony at Jamestown. Each of the four citties extended across the James River, the main conduit of transportation of the era.
In 2000 "The James River Plantations - Charles City County, Virginia" created the Jamestown Discovery Trail as a heritage trail to provide visitors with a meaningful route forward in direction, but back in time, to Jamestown, Virginia. The trail begins at the junction of Interstate 295 (Virginia) and Virginia State Route 5 in Henrico County and continues on Virginia Route 5 through Charles City County and into James City County. In James City County the trail continues on Greensprings Road and culminates at the terminus of the Colonial Parkway at Jamestown Island.
The East End of Richmond, Virginia is the quadrant of the City of Richmond, Virginia, and more loosely the Richmond metropolitan area, east of the downtown.
Curle may refer to:
Robert Pleasants (1723–1801) was an American educator and abolitionist. He was born in Henrico County, Virginia and became a plantation owner and operator of Robert Pleasants & Co., a consignment tobacco exporting company. His father, John Pleasants, also a Quaker and member of the Curles Neck Meeting, wrote a will asking his heirs to free over 500 slaves when they reached 30 years of age. Contacts with the anti-slavery advocate Anthony Benezet and what became the Pennsylvania Abolition Society in 1774, spurred their commitment to the abolitionist movement.
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Henrico County, Virginia.
Henrico is the name used by the U.S. Postal Service for several ZIP code areas in unincorporated parts of Henrico County, Virginia, surrounding the city of Richmond. "Other acceptable cities" listed by the USPS for parts of Henrico are Richmond, Highland Springs, Regency, and Ridge, whereas Millers, Montrose, Montrose Heights, Staples Mill, Tuckahoe, Varina, and Westbury are alternate names for portions of Henrico that are not recommended for use in mailing addresses.
The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Richmond, Virginia, United States
Farrar's Island is a peninsula, jutting out from the south bank of the James River 17.5 miles (28.2 km) south of Richmond, Virginia, known as the Dutch Gap Conservation Area and Henricus Historical Park.