Vas County

Last updated
Vas County

Vas megye
Gunser Gebirge.JPG
OrsegiNemzetiPark2.jpg
Szombathely Main Square.JPG
Descending, from top: Hills near Kőszeg, Landscape in Őrség, and Downtown of Szombathely
FLAG-Vas-megye.svg
Flag
HUN Vas megye COA.png
Coat of arms
HU county Vas.svg
Vas County within Hungary
Country Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
Region Western Transdanubia
County seat Szombathely
Districts
Government
  President of the General AssemblyLászló Majthényi (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
  Total3,336.14 km2 (1,288.09 sq mi)
Area rank 17th in Hungary
Population
 (2015)
  Total253,997 [1]
  Rank 17th in Hungary
Postal code
95xx – 99xx
Area code(s) (+36) 94, 95
ISO 3166 code HU-VA
Website www.vasmegye.hu

Vas (Hungarian : Vas megye, pronounced  [ˈvɒʃ] ; German : Komitat Eisenburg; Slovene : Železna županija or županija Železna, Croatian : Željezna županija) is an administrative county (comitatus or megye) of Hungary. It was also one of the counties of the former Kingdom of Hungary. It is part of the Centrope Project.

Contents

Geography

Vas county lies in western Hungary. It shares borders with Austria (Burgenland) and Slovenia (Mura Statistical Region) and the Hungarian counties Győr-Moson-Sopron, Veszprém and Zala. The capital of Vas county is Szombathely. Its area is 3,336 km².

History

Vas is also the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in western Hungary, eastern Austria and eastern Slovenia. The capital of the county was Szombathely.

Vas county arose as one of the first comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary.

In 1920, by the Treaty of Trianon the western part of the county became part of the new Austrian land Burgenland, and a smaller part in the southwest, known as Vendvidék became part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia). In the Vendvidék in 1919 was founded an unrecognized state the Prekmurje Republic, alike in Burgenland the Lajtabánság. The remainder stayed in Hungary, as the present Hungarian county Vas. After World War II due to Communist reforms, a small part of former Sopron county went to Vas county, some villages north of Zalaegerszeg went to Zala county, and a small region west of Pápa went to Veszprém county.

Since 1991, when Slovenia became independent from Yugoslavia, the Yugoslavian part of former Vas county (around Murska Sobota) is part of Slovenia.

The Vas county is home to a small Slovene minority, which lives in the area between the town of Szentgotthárd and the Slovenian border (see Hungarian Slovenes).

Demographics

Religion in Vas County (2011 census)

   Catholic Church (58.7%)
   Greek Catholicism (0.1%)
   Lutheranism (5.9%)
   Calvinism (2.8%)
  Other religions (0.8%)
   Non-religious (5.3%)
   Atheists (0.7%)
  Undeclared (25.7%)

In 2015, it had a population of 253,997 and the population density was 76/km².

YearCounty population [2] Change
1949283,070n/a
1960Decrease2.svg 282,728-0.12%
1970Decrease2.svg 277,619-1.81%
1980Increase2.svg 285,4982.84%
1990Decrease2.svg 275,944-3.35%
2001Decrease2.svg 268,123-2.83%
2011Decrease2.svg 256,629-4.29%

Ethnicity

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Croats (approx. 3,000), Roma (2,500), Germans (2,000) and Slovenes (1,500).

Total population (2011 census): 256,629
Ethnic groups (2011 census): [3] Identified themselves: 225 052 persons:

Approx. 39,000 persons in Vas County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census: [4]

Regional structure

District of Vas County Vas districts.png
District of Vas County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat№ of
municipalities
1 Celldömölk District
Celldömölki járás
474.1324,63052 Celldömölk 28
2 Körmend District
Körmendi járás
614.5327,17744 Körmend 46
3 Kőszeg District
Kőszegi járás
286.4525,09088 Kőszeg 21
4 Sárvár District
Sárvári járás
685.4638,68456 Sárvár 42
5 Szentgotthárd District
Szentgotthárdi járás
255.0414,96159 Szentgotthárd 16
6 Szombathely District
Szombathelyi járás
646.36112,320174 Szombathely 40
7 Vasvár District
Vasvári járás
374.1413,76737 Vasvár 23
Vas County3,336.14256,62978 Szombathely 216

Politics

Countyhall of Vas. Megyi tanacshaz (9376. szamu muemlek) 3.jpg
Countyhall of Vas.

The Vas County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 15 counselors, with the following party composition: [5]

   PartySeatsCurrent County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 10          
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik)2          
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP)2          
 Mayors Association for Vas County (PVME)1          

Presidents of the General Assembly

List of Presidents, from 1990 [6]
Gyula Pusztai (MSZP)1990–1998
Péter Markó (Fidesz)1998–2006
Ferenc Kovács (Fidesz-KDNP)2006–2014
László Majthényi (Fidesz-KDNP)2014–

Municipalities

Vas County has 1 urban county, 12 towns and 203 villages.

City with county rights

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Towns
Villages

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Győr-Moson-Sopron is an administrative county in north-western Hungary, on the border with Slovakia and Austria (Burgenland). It shares borders with the Hungarian counties Komárom-Esztergom, Veszprém and Vas. The capital of Győr-Moson-Sopron county is Győr. The county is a part of the Centrope Project.

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Vas County (former)

Vas was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now divided between Hungary, Austria and Slovenia.

Károly Doncsecz

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Sopron District Districts of Hungary in Győr-Moson-Sopron

Sopron is a district in western part of Győr-Moson-Sopron County. Sopron is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Western Transdanubia Statistical Region.

Sárvár District Districts of Hungary in Vas

Sárvár is a district in central-eastern part of Vas County. Sárvár is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Western Transdanubia Statistical Region.

Kőszeg District Districts of Hungary in Vas

Kőszeg is a district in north-western part of Vas County. Kőszeg is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Western Transdanubia Statistical Region.

Szombathely District Districts of Hungary in Vas

Szombathely is a district in central-western part of Vas County. Szombathely is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Western Transdanubia Statistical Region.

Vasvár District Districts of Hungary in Vas

Vasvár is a district in southern part of Vas County. Vasvár is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Western Transdanubia Statistical Region.

Körmend District Districts of Hungary in Vas

Körmend is a district in south-western part of Vas County. Körmend is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Western Transdanubia Statistical Region.

Szentgotthárd District Districts of Hungary in Vas

Szentgotthárd is a district in south-western part of Vas County. Szentgotthárd is also the name of the town where the district seat is found. The district is located in the Western Transdanubia Statistical Region.

References

Coordinates: 47°10′N16°45′E / 47.167°N 16.750°E / 47.167; 16.750