Vasily Kalinnikov

Last updated

Vasily Kalinnikov Kalinnikov Vassili Postcard-1910.jpg
Vasily Kalinnikov

Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov (Russian : Васи́лий Серге́евич Кали́нников; 13 January 1866 [O.S. 1 January 1866] – 11 January 1901 [O.S. 29 December 1900]) was a Russian composer. His body of work consists of two symphonies, several additional orchestral works, and numerous songs, all of them imbued with characteristics of folksong. His symphonies, particularly the First, were frequently performed in the early 20th century.

Contents

His younger brother Viktor Kalinnikov (1870–1927) was also a composer, mainly of choral music.

Biography

Kalinnikov was a police official's son. He studied at the seminary at Oryol, becoming director of the choir there at fourteen. Later he went to the Moscow Conservatory but could not afford the tuition fees. On a scholarship, he went to the Moscow Philharmonic Society School, where he received bassoon and composition lessons from Alexander Ilyinsky. He played bassoon, timpani and violin in theater orchestras and supplemented his income working as a music copyist. [1]

In 1892, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky recommended Kalinnikov for the position of main conductor of the Maly Theatre, and later that same year to the Moscow Italian Theater. However, due to his worsening tuberculosis, Kalinnikov had to resign from his theater appointments and move to the warmer southern clime of the Crimea. He lived at Yalta for the rest of his life, and it was there that he wrote the main part of his music, including his two symphonies and the incidental music for Alexey Tolstoy's Tsar Boris. [1] In Yalta he joined two other famous tubercular patients, Maxim Gorky and Anton Chekov. [2] Exhausted, he died of tuberculosis on 11 January 1901, just two days before his 35th birthday. He was survived by his widow[ citation needed ] and his brother, Viktor Kalinnikov, who composed choral music and taught at the Moscow Philharmonic Society School. [1]

Vasily Kalinnikov's reputation was established with his First Symphony, written between 1894 and 1895, which had great success when Alexander Vinogradsky conducted it at a Russian Musical Society concert in Kiev on 20 February 1897. Further performances swiftly followed, in Moscow, Vienna, Berlin, and Paris. [1] It was not published until after his death.

At Sergei Rachmaninoff's suggestion (following a visit to Kalinnikov in his illness), Tchaikovsky's publisher P. Jurgenson bought three Kalinnikov songs for 120 rubles. After Kalinnikov's death Jurgenson purchased the Symphony No. 2 in A major and other works from his widow for a high sum, commenting that his death "had multiplied the value of his works by ten". [3]

In Russia, his First Symphony remains in the repertory, and his place in musical history is secure. [1] On 7 November 1943, Arturo Toscanini conducted the NBC Symphony Orchestra in a rare broadcast performance of the First Symphony; although the performance was recorded, it was never commercially released by RCA Victor, but was released as a CD recording in 2006. [4]

Works

Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov Vasily Kalinnikov.jpg
Vasily Sergeyevich Kalinnikov
Opera
Orchestral
Piano
Vocal
Choral

Related Research Articles

Anton Arensky Russian composer, pianist and professor of music

Anton Stepanovich Arensky was a Russian composer of Romantic classical music, a pianist and a professor of music.

Guy Ropartz

Joseph Guy Marie Ropartz was a French composer and conductor. His compositions included five symphonies, three violin sonatas, cello sonatas, six string quartets, a piano trio and string trio, stage works, a number of choral works and other music, often alluding to his Breton heritage. Ropartz also published poetry.

Alexander Gretchaninov Russian Romantic composer ( 1864 to 1956)

Alexander Tikhonovich Gretchaninov was a Russian Romantic composer.

Eduard Nápravník Czech conductor and composer (1839-1916)

Eduard Francevič Nápravník was a Czech conductor and composer. Nápravník settled in Russia and is best known for his leading role in Russian musical life as the principal conductor of the Imperial Mariinsky Theatre in Saint Petersburg for many decades. In that capacity, he conducted the premieres of many operas by Russian composers, including those by Mussorgsky, Tchaikovsky and Rimsky-Korsakov.

<i>The Seasons</i> (Tchaikovsky) Piano work by Tchaikovsky

The Seasons, Op. 37a, is a set of twelve short character pieces for solo piano by the Russian composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Each piece is the characteristic of a different month of the year in Russia. The work is also sometimes heard in orchestral and other arrangements by other hands. Individual excerpts have always been popular – Troika (November) was a favourite encore of Sergei Rachmaninoff, and Barcarolle (June) was enormously popular and appeared in numerous arrangements.

Heinrich von Herzogenberg Austrian composer and conductor

Heinrich Picot de Peccaduc, Freiherr von Herzogenberg was an Austrian composer and conductor descended from a French aristocratic family.

Georgy Lvovich Catoire was a Russian composer of French heritage.

Hans Sitt

Hans Sitt, was a Bohemian violinist, violist, teacher, and composer. During his lifetime, he was regarded as one of the foremost teachers of violin. Most of the orchestras and conservatories of Europe and North America then sported personnel who numbered among his students.

Valery Aleksandrovich Gavrilin (Russian: Валерий Александрович Гаврилин, was a Soviet and Russian composer. People's Artist of the RSFSR.

Ernest Walker (composer)

Ernest Walker was an Indian-born English composer, pianist, organist, teacher and writer on music.

Vasily Andreyevich Zolotarev, also romanized as Zolotaryov, was a Russian (Soviet) composer, music teacher, and People's Artist of Russia.

Georg Wilhelm Rauchenecker

Georg Wilhelm Rauchenecker was a German composer, conductor and violinist.

Percy Hilder Miles

Percy Hilder Miles was an English Professor of Harmony, Examiner for the Associated Board of the Royal Schools of Music, composer, and violinist. Among his students at the Royal Academy of Music was Rebecca Clarke, and among Miles' associates was Lionel Tertis.

Friedrich Klose was a German composer. He studied with Vinzenz Lachner in Karlsruhe, and then with Anton Bruckner in Vienna, and recorded his impressions of his time with Bruckner in a book. His Mass in d-minor was written in response to Franz Liszt's death. His opera Ilsebill (1903) is inspired by the music of Richard Wagner and Richard Strauss, and the plot is based on the Brothers Grimm tale of a fisherman who catches a huge fish which grants ever increasingly more greedy wishes and this is reflected in the increasing complexity of orchestration during the opera. It was premiered in 1903 in Karlsruhe under the direction of Felix Mottl. He ended his career as a composer and a teacher in 1919 and retired to Switzerland.

Wilhelm Hill German musician

Johann Wilhelm Hill was a German pianist and composer.

Symphony No. 1 (Kalinnikov) Symphony by Vasily Kalinnikov

The Symphony No. 1 in G minor by Russian composer Vasily Kalinnikov was written from 1894 to 1895 and first published in 1900. The symphony is dedicated to Russian music critic and teacher Semyon Kruglikov.

"Legend", Op. 54, No. 5 is a composition by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Originally written in 1883 as a song for solo voice and piano, it was subsequently arranged by Tchaikovsky for solo voice and orchestra (1884), and then for unaccompanied choir (1889).

References

Works cited