Vaucluse

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Vaucluse

Vauclusa  (Occitan)
Avignon - Prefecture.jpg
Avignone palazzo papi panorama.jpg
Gordes pano2.jpg
SENANQUE Lavende - panoramio.jpg
Fontaine de Vaucluse 1.jpg
Plan d'eau de Monnieux 2 by JM Rosier.JPG
From top down, left to right: prefecture building and Palais des Papes in Avignon, Gordes (considered one of the most beautiful villages of France), Sénanque Abbey, Sorgue River and Nesque River
Drapeau fr departement Vaucluse.svg
Flag
Blason departement fr Vaucluse.svg
Coat of arms
Vaucluse-Position.svg
Location of Vaucluse in France
Coordinates: 44°00′N05°10′E / 44.000°N 5.167°E / 44.000; 5.167 Coordinates: 44°00′N05°10′E / 44.000°N 5.167°E / 44.000; 5.167
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Prefecture Avignon
Subprefectures Apt
Carpentras
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Maurice Chabert (LR)
Area
1
  Total3,567 km2 (1,377 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total559,014
  Rank 48th
  Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 84
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 151
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Vaucluse (French:  [voklyz] ; Provençal : Vauclusa(Classical norm) or Vau-Cluso(Mistralian norm)) is a department in the southeastern French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It had a population of 559,016 as of 2016. The department's prefecture is Avignon.

Contents

It is named after a spring, the Fontaine de Vaucluse, one of the largest karst springs in the world. The name Vaucluse itself derives from the Latin Vallis Clausa ("closed valley") as the valley ends in a cliff face from which the spring emanates.

History

Vaucluse was created on 12 August 1793 out of parts of the departments of Bouches-du-Rhône, Drôme and Basses-Alpes, later renamed Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. The then rural department was, like the nearby city of Lyon, a hotbed of the French Resistance in World War II.

Geography

The Fontaine de Vaucluse is the source of the Sorgue. It is characterised by an upward movement of water from the depth of over 315 metres (1,033 ft). Fontaine de Vaucluse en crue.jpg
The Fontaine de Vaucluse is the source of the Sorgue. It is characterised by an upward movement of water from the depth of over 315 metres (1,033 ft).

Vaucluse is bordered by the Rhône to the west and the Durance to the south. Mountains occupy a significant proportion of the eastern half of the department, with Mont Ventoux (1,912 m), also known as "the Giant of Provence", dominating the landscape. Other important mountain ranges include the Dentelles de Montmirail, the Monts de Vaucluse and the Luberon.

Fruit and vegetables are cultivated in great quantities in the lower-lying parts of the department, on one of the most fertile plains in Southern France. The Vaucluse department has a rather large exclave within the Drôme department, the canton of Valréas (Enclave des Papes).

Vaucluse is also known for its karst, including the karst spring Fontaine de Vaucluse after which "Vauclusian Risings" are named. Important urban centres include Avignon, Orange, Carpentras, Cavaillon and Apt.

Demographics


Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801191,421    
1806205,833+1.46%
1821224,431+0.58%
1831239,113+0.64%
1841251,080+0.49%
1851264,618+0.53%
1861268,255+0.14%
1872263,451−0.16%
1881244,149−0.84%
1891235,411−0.36%
1901236,949+0.07%
1911238,656+0.07%
1921219,602−0.83%
1931241,689+0.96%
1936245,508+0.31%
1946249,838+0.17%
1954268,318+0.90%
1962303,536+1.55%
1968353,966+2.59%
1975390,446+1.41%
1982427,343+1.30%
1990467,075+1.12%
1999499,685+0.75%
2006534,291+0.96%
2011546,630+0.46%
2016559,014+0.45%
source: [1]

Politics

Departmental Council

Departmental Council of Vaucluse
Dep2015 Vaucluse.svg
Conseil departemental Vaucluse.svg
Composition since the 2015 election

Following the 2015 departmental election, Maurice Chabert of The Republicans was elected President of the Departmental Council. He succeeded Claude Haut, a member of the Socialist Party, who had held the office since 2001.

The Departmental Council of Vaucluse has 34 seats. The Left Front (FG) currently has 2 seats, the Socialist Party (PS) has 7, Europe Ecology – The Greens (EELV) has 3, the miscellaneous right (DVD) has 2, The Republicans (LR) have 10, the National Rally has 6 and a local party, the Ligue du Sud (LS), has 4.

Members of the National Assembly

During the 2017 legislative election, Vaucluse elected the following representatives to the National Assembly: [2]

ConstituencyMemberParty
Vaucluse's 1st constituency Jean-François Cesarini La République En Marche!
Vaucluse's 2nd constituency Jean-Claude Bouchet The Republicans
Vaucluse's 3rd constituency Brune Poirson La République En Marche!
Vaucluse's 4th constituency Jacques Bompard Ligue du Sud
Vaucluse's 5th constituency Julien Aubert The Republicans

On 21 July 2017, Poirson resigned from office to join the Second Philippe government as Secretary of State to the Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition. She was replaced in the National Assembly by Adrien Morenas.

Tourism

See also

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Le Barroux Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

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Mirabeau, Vaucluse Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Mirabeau is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Monteux Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Monteux is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Vacqueyras Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Vacqueyras is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

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Lafare is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Fontaine de Vaucluse (spring)

The Fontaine de Vaucluse is a karst spring in the commune of Fontaine-de-Vaucluse, France. It is the largest karst spring in metropolitan France by flow and fifth largest in the world, with annual output of 630,000,000 to 700,000,000 cubic metres (2.2×1010 to 2.5×1010 cu ft) of water. The spring is the prime example in hydrogeology of a "Vaucluse spring". It is the source of the Sorgue.

References