Vaucluse

Last updated
Vaucluse
Vauclusa (Occitan)
Avignon - Prefecture.jpg
Avignone palazzo papi panorama.jpg
Gordes pano2.jpg
SENANQUE Lavende - panoramio.jpg
Fontaine de Vaucluse 1.jpg
Plan d'eau de Monnieux 2 by JM Rosier.JPG
From top down, left to right: prefecture building and Palais des Papes in Avignon, Gordes (considered one of the most beautiful villages of France), Sénanque Abbey, Sorgue River and Nesque River
Drapeau fr departement Vaucluse.svg
Blason departement fr Vaucluse.svg
Vaucluse-Position.svg
Location of Vaucluse in France
Coordinates: 44°00′N05°10′E / 44.000°N 5.167°E / 44.000; 5.167
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Prefecture Avignon
Subprefectures Apt
Carpentras
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Dominique Santoni (LR)
Area
1
  Total3,520 km2 (1,360 sq mi)
Population
 (2021) [1]
  Total564,566
  Rank 47th
  Density160/km2 (420/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 84
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 151
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Vaucluse (French: [voklyz] ; Provençal : Vauclusa(Classical norm) or Vau-Cluso(Mistralian norm)) is a department in the southeastern French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It had a population of 561,469 as of 2019. [2] The department's prefecture is Avignon.

Contents

It is named after a spring, the Fontaine de Vaucluse, one of the largest karst springs in the world. The name Vaucluse itself derives from the Latin Vallis Clausa ("closed valley") as the valley ends in a cliff face from which the spring emanates.

History

Vaucluse was created on 12 August 1793 out of parts of the departments of Bouches-du-Rhône, Drôme and Basses-Alpes, later renamed Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. The then rural department was, like the nearby city of Lyon, a hotbed of the French Resistance in World War II.

Geography

The Fontaine de Vaucluse is the source of the Sorgue. It is characterised by an upward movement of water from the depth of over 315 metres (1,033 ft). Fontaine de Vaucluse en crue.jpg
The Fontaine de Vaucluse is the source of the Sorgue. It is characterised by an upward movement of water from the depth of over 315 metres (1,033 ft).

Vaucluse is bordered by the Rhône to the west and the Durance to the south. Mountains occupy a significant proportion of the eastern half of the department, with Mont Ventoux (1,912 m), also known as "the Giant of Provence", dominating the landscape. Other important mountain ranges include the Dentelles de Montmirail, the Monts de Vaucluse and the Luberon.

Fruit and vegetables are cultivated in great quantities in the lower-lying parts of the department, on one of the most fertile plains in Southern France. The Vaucluse department has a rather large exclave within the Drôme department, the canton of Valréas (Enclave des Papes).

Vaucluse is also known for its karst, including the karst spring Fontaine de Vaucluse after which "Vauclusian Risings" are named.

Principal towns

The most populous commune is Avignon, the prefecture. As of 2019, there are 6 communes with more than 20,000 inhabitants: [2]

CommunePopulation (2019)
Avignon 91,143
Carpentras 29,236
Orange 28,772
Cavaillon 26,236
Pertuis 20,557
L'Isle-sur-la-Sorgue 20,042

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801191,421    
1806205,833+1.46%
1821224,431+0.58%
1831239,113+0.64%
1841251,080+0.49%
1851264,618+0.53%
1861268,255+0.14%
1872263,451−0.16%
1881244,149−0.84%
1891235,411−0.36%
1901236,949+0.07%
1911238,656+0.07%
1921219,602−0.83%
1931241,689+0.96%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1936245,508+0.31%
1946249,838+0.17%
1954268,318+0.90%
1962303,536+1.55%
1968353,966+2.59%
1975390,446+1.41%
1982427,343+1.30%
1990467,075+1.12%
1999499,685+0.75%
2006534,291+0.96%
2011546,630+0.46%
2016559,014+0.45%
2019561,469+0.15%
2020561,941+0.08%
Sources: [3] [4]

Politics

Departmental Council

Vaucluse Conseil departemental 2021.svg
Composition since the 2021 election

Following the 2021 departmental election, Dominique Santoni of The Republicans was elected President of the Departmental Council. She succeeded Maurice Chabert, who had held the office since 2015.

The Departmental Council of Vaucluse has 34 seats. The Left Front (FG) currently has 2 seats, the Socialist Party (PS) has 7, Europe Ecology – The Greens (EELV) has 3, the miscellaneous right (DVD) has 2, The Republicans (LR) have 10, the National Rally has 6 and a local party, the Ligue du Sud (LS), has 4.

Members of the National Assembly

2022 legislative election

In the 2022 legislative election, Vaucluse elected the following representatives to the National Assembly:

ConstituencyMemberParty
Vaucluse's 1st constituency Joris Hébrard National Rally
Vaucluse's 2nd constituency Bénédicte Auzanot National Rally
Vaucluse's 3rd constituency Hervé de Lépinau National Rally
Vaucluse's 4th constituency Marie-France Lorho Ligue du Sud
Vaucluse's 5th constituency Jean-François Lovisolo Renaissance

2017 legislative election

During the 2017 legislative election, Vaucluse elected the following representatives to the National Assembly: [5]

ConstituencyMemberParty
Vaucluse's 1st constituency Jean-François Cesarini La République En Marche!
Vaucluse's 2nd constituency Jean-Claude Bouchet The Republicans
Vaucluse's 3rd constituency Brune Poirson La République En Marche!
Vaucluse's 4th constituency Jacques Bompard League of the South
Vaucluse's 5th constituency Julien Aubert The Republicans

*On 21 July 2017, Brune Poirson resigned from office to join the Second Philippe government as Secretary of State to the Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition. She was replaced in the National Assembly by Adrien Morenas.

** Jacques Bompard resigned in August 2017 to become Mayor of Orange. He was replaced by Marie-France Lorho.

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bouches-du-Rhône</span> Department in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Bouches-du-Rhône is a department in southern France. It borders Vaucluse to the north, Gard to the west and Var to the east. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the south. Its prefecture and largest city is Marseille; other important cities include Aix-en-Provence, Arles, Martigues and Aubagne.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hautes-Alpes</span> Department in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Hautes-Alpes is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. It is located in the heart of the French Alps, after which it is named. Hautes-Alpes had a population of 141,220 as of 2019, which makes it the third least populated French department. Its prefecture is Gap; its sole subprefecture is Briançon. Its INSEE and postal code is 05.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Drôme</span> Department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Drôme is the southernmost department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France. Named after the river Drôme, it had a population of 516,762 as of 2019. Drôme's prefecture is Valence.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Orange, Vaucluse</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Orange is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in Southeastern France. It is about 21 km (13 mi) north of Avignon, on the departmental border with Gard, which follows the Rhône and also constitutes the regional border with Occitania. Orange is the second-most populated city in Vaucluse, after Avignon.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Puy-de-Dôme</span> Department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Puy-de-Dôme is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in the centre of France. In 2019, it had a population of 662,152. Its prefecture is Clermont-Ferrand and subprefectures are Ambert, Issoire, Riom, and Thiers.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dentelles de Montmirail</span>

The Dentelles de Montmirail are a small chain of mountains in Provence in France, in the département of Vaucluse, located just to the south of the village of Vaison-la-Romaine.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arrondissement of Avignon</span> Arrondissement in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The arrondissement of Avignon is an arrondissement of France in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has 17 communes. Its population is 214,340 (2016), and its area is 369.7 km2 (142.7 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arrondissement of Carpentras</span> Arrondissement in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The arrondissement of Carpentras is an arrondissement of France in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has 77 communes. Its population is 215,881 (2016), and its area is 1,807.0 km2 (697.7 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Beaumes-de-Venise</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Beaumes-de-Venise is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Le Barroux</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Le Barroux is a village and commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It had a population of 629 in 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Malaucène</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Malaucène is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mirabeau, Vaucluse</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Mirabeau is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Monteux</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Monteux is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vacqueyras</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Vacqueyras is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Uchaux</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Uchaux is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in Southeastern France. It is located on the departmental border with Drôme, bordering Rochegude. In 2020, it had a population of 1,674.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saint-Léger-du-Ventoux</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Saint-Léger-du-Ventoux is a rural commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in Southeastern France. In 2019, it had a population of 33. It is located on the departmental border with Drôme, which is also the regional border with Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sablet</span> Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Sablet is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">La Roque-Alric</span> Commune in France

La Roque-Alric is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vaucluse Mountains</span> Range of mountains in south-eastern France

The Vaucluse Mountains are a mountain range of the French Prealps located in the departement of Vaucluse, between the Luberon Massif and Mont Ventoux.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fontaine de Vaucluse (spring)</span> Karst spring in France

The Fontaine de Vaucluse (French pronunciation:[fɔ̃tɛnvoklyz]) is a karst spring in the commune of Fontaine-de-Vaucluse, France. It is the largest karst spring in metropolitan France by flow and fifth largest in the world, with annual output of 630,000,000 to 700,000,000 cubic metres (2.2×1010 to 2.5×1010 cu ft) of water. The spring is the prime example in hydrogeology of a "Vaucluse spring". It is the source of the Sorgue.

References

  1. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2021". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2023.
  2. 1 2 Populations légales 2019: 84 Vaucluse, INSEE
  3. "Historique de Vaucluse". Le SPLAF.
  4. "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
  5. List of members for Vaucluse (in French), on www.nosdeputes.fr.