Vaucluse

Last updated
Vaucluse
Vauclusa  (Occitan)
Avignon - Prefecture.jpg
Avignone palazzo papi panorama.jpg
Gordes pano2.jpg
SENANQUE Lavende - panoramio.jpg
Fontaine de Vaucluse 1.jpg
Plan d'eau de Monnieux 2 by JM Rosier.JPG
From top down, left to right: prefecture building and Palais des Papes in Avignon, Gordes (considered one of the most beautiful villages of France), Sénanque Abbey, Sorgue River and Nesque River
Drapeau fr departement Vaucluse.svg
Blason departement fr Vaucluse.svg
Vaucluse-Position.svg
Location of Vaucluse in France
Coordinates: 44°00′N05°10′E / 44.000°N 5.167°E / 44.000; 5.167 Coordinates: 44°00′N05°10′E / 44.000°N 5.167°E / 44.000; 5.167
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Prefecture Avignon
Subprefectures Apt
Carpentras
Government
   President of the Departmental Council Maurice Chabert (LR)
Area
1
  Total3,567 km2 (1,377 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [1]
  Total561,469
  Rank 48th
  Density160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number 84
Arrondissements 3
Cantons 17
Communes 151
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2

Vaucluse (French:  [voklyz] ; Provençal : Vauclusa(Classical norm) or Vau-Cluso(Mistralian norm)) is a department in the southeastern French region of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur. It had a population of 561,469 as of 2019. The department's prefecture is Avignon.

Contents

It is named after a spring, the Fontaine de Vaucluse, one of the largest karst springs in the world. The name Vaucluse itself derives from the Latin Vallis Clausa ("closed valley") as the valley ends in a cliff face from which the spring emanates.

History

Vaucluse was created on 12 August 1793 out of parts of the departments of Bouches-du-Rhône, Drôme and Basses-Alpes, later renamed Alpes-de-Haute-Provence. The then rural department was, like the nearby city of Lyon, a hotbed of the French Resistance in World War II.

Geography

The Fontaine de Vaucluse is the source of the Sorgue. It is characterised by an upward movement of water from the depth of over 315 metres (1,033 ft). Fontaine de Vaucluse en crue.jpg
The Fontaine de Vaucluse is the source of the Sorgue. It is characterised by an upward movement of water from the depth of over 315 metres (1,033 ft).

Vaucluse is bordered by the Rhône to the west and the Durance to the south. Mountains occupy a significant proportion of the eastern half of the department, with Mont Ventoux (1,912 m), also known as "the Giant of Provence", dominating the landscape. Other important mountain ranges include the Dentelles de Montmirail, the Monts de Vaucluse and the Luberon.

Fruit and vegetables are cultivated in great quantities in the lower-lying parts of the department, on one of the most fertile plains in Southern France. The Vaucluse department has a rather large exclave within the Drôme department, the canton of Valréas (Enclave des Papes).

Vaucluse is also known for its karst, including the karst spring Fontaine de Vaucluse after which "Vauclusian Risings" are named. Important urban centres include Avignon, Orange, Carpentras, Cavaillon and Apt.

Demographics

Population development since 1801:

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1801191,421    
1806205,833+1.46%
1821224,431+0.58%
1831239,113+0.64%
1841251,080+0.49%
1851264,618+0.53%
1861268,255+0.14%
1872263,451−0.16%
1881244,149−0.84%
1891235,411−0.36%
1901236,949+0.07%
1911238,656+0.07%
1921219,602−0.83%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1931241,689+0.96%
1936245,508+0.31%
1946249,838+0.17%
1954268,318+0.90%
1962303,536+1.55%
1968353,966+2.59%
1975390,446+1.41%
1982427,343+1.30%
1990467,075+1.12%
1999499,685+0.75%
2006534,291+0.96%
2011546,630+0.46%
2016559,014+0.45%
source: [2]

Politics

Departmental Council

Dep2015 Vaucluse.svg
Conseil departemental Vaucluse.svg
Composition since the 2015 election

Following the 2015 departmental election, Maurice Chabert of The Republicans was elected President of the Departmental Council. He succeeded Claude Haut, a member of the Socialist Party, who had held the office since 2001.

The Departmental Council of Vaucluse has 34 seats. The Left Front (FG) currently has 2 seats, the Socialist Party (PS) has 7, Europe Ecology – The Greens (EELV) has 3, the miscellaneous right (DVD) has 2, The Republicans (LR) have 10, the National Rally has 6 and a local party, the Ligue du Sud (LS), has 4.

Members of the National Assembly

During the 2017 legislative election, Vaucluse elected the following representatives to the National Assembly: [3]

ConstituencyMemberParty
Vaucluse's 1st constituency Jean-François Cesarini La République En Marche!
Vaucluse's 2nd constituency Jean-Claude Bouchet The Republicans
Vaucluse's 3rd constituency Brune Poirson La République En Marche!
Vaucluse's 4th constituency Jacques Bompard League of the South
Vaucluse's 5th constituency Julien Aubert The Republicans

*On 21 July 2017, Brune Poirson resigned from office to join the Second Philippe government as Secretary of State to the Minister for the Ecological and Inclusive Transition. She was replaced in the National Assembly by Adrien Morenas.

** Jacques Bompard resigned in August 2017 to become Mayor of Orange. He was replaced by Marie-France Lorho.

Tourism

See also

Related Research Articles

Avignon Prefecture of Vaucluse, Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Avignon is the prefecture of the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. Located on the left bank of the river Rhône, the commune had a population of 93,671 as of the census results of 2017, with about 16,000 living in the ancient town centre enclosed by its medieval walls. It is France's 35th largest metropolitan area according to INSEE with 336,135 inhabitants (2019), and France's 13th largest urban unit with 458,828 inhabitants (2019). Its urban area was the fastest-growing in France from 1999 until 2010 with an increase of 76% of its population and an area increase of 136%. The Communauté d'agglomération du Grand Avignon, a cooperation structure of 16 communes, had 192,785 inhabitants in 2018.

Bouches-du-Rhône Department in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Bouches-du-Rhône is a department in Southern France. It borders Vaucluse to the north, Gard to the west and Var to the east. The Mediterranean Sea lies to the south. Its prefecture and largest city is Marseille; other important cities include Aix-en-Provence, Arles, Martigues and Aubagne.

Hautes-Alpes Department in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Hautes-Alpes is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of Southeastern France. It is located in the heart of the French Alps, after which it is named. Hautes-Alpes had a population of 141,220 as of 2019, which makes it the third least populated French department. Its prefecture is Gap; its sole subprefecture is Briançon. Its INSEE and postal code is 05.

Drôme Department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Drôme is the southernmost department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France. Named after the river Drôme, it had a population of 516,762 as of 2019. Drôme's prefecture is Valence.

Orange, Vaucluse Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Orange is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is about 21 km (13 mi) north of Avignon, on the departmental border with Gard, which follows the Rhône. Orange is the second-most populated city in Vaucluse, after Avignon.

Puy-de-Dôme Department of France in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Puy-de-Dôme is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in the centre of France. In 2019, it had a population of 662,152. Its prefecture is Clermont-Ferrand and subprefectures are Ambert, Issoire, Riom and Thiers.

Isère Department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Isère is a landlocked department in the southeastern French region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. Named after the river Isère, it had a population of 1,271,166 in 2019. Its prefecture is Grenoble. It borders Rhône to the northwest, Ain to the north, Savoie to the east, Hautes-Alpes to the south, Drôme and Ardèche to the southwest and Loire to the west.

Gard Department in Occitanie, France

Gard is a department in Southern France, located in the region of Occitanie. It had a population of 748,437 as of 2019; its prefecture is Nîmes. The department is named after the Gardon River; the Occitan name of the river, Gard, has been replacing the French name in recent decades, both administratively and among French speakers.

Dentelles de Montmirail

The Dentelles de Montmirail are a small chain of mountains in Provence in France, in the département of Vaucluse, located just to the south of the village of Vaison-la-Romaine.

Arrondissement of Lyon Arrondissement in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

The arrondissement of Lyon is an arrondissement of France in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has 135 communes. Its population is 1,585,411 (2016), and its area is 1,534.6 km2 (592.5 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Avignon Arrondissement in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The arrondissement of Avignon is an arrondissement of France in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has 17 communes. Its population is 214,340 (2016), and its area is 369.7 km2 (142.7 sq mi).

Arrondissement of Carpentras Arrondissement in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

The arrondissement of Carpentras is an arrondissement of France in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region. It has 77 communes. Its population is 215,881 (2016), and its area is 1,807.0 km2 (697.7 sq mi).

Beaumes-de-Venise Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Beaumes-de-Venise is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Le Barroux Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Le Barroux is a village and commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It had a population of 629 in 2017.

Malaucène Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Malaucène is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Mirabeau, Vaucluse Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Mirabeau is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Monteux Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Monteux is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Vacqueyras Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Vacqueyras is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Sablet Commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Sablet is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Fontaine de Vaucluse (spring) Karst spring in France

The Fontaine de Vaucluse is a karst spring in the commune of Fontaine-de-Vaucluse, France. It is the largest karst spring in metropolitan France by flow and fifth largest in the world, with annual output of 630,000,000 to 700,000,000 cubic metres (2.2×1010 to 2.5×1010 cu ft) of water. The spring is the prime example in hydrogeology of a "Vaucluse spring". It is the source of the Sorgue.

References

  1. "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. "Historique de Vaucluse". Le SPLAF.
  3. List of members for Vaucluse (in French), on www.nosdeputes.fr.