Vavuniya Urban Council

Last updated
Vavuniya Urban Council

வவுனியா நகர சபை
Type
Type
Leadership
Chairman
Iyaththurai Kanagiah, TNA
since July 2011
Deputy Chairman
Muththuchchuwamy Muhuntharathan, TNA
since August 2009
Secretary
V. Vasanthakumar
Seats11
Elections
Last election
Sri Lankan local government elections, 2009

Vavuniya Urban Council (Tamil : வவுனியா நகர சபைVavuṉiyā Nakara Capai; VUC) is the local authority for the city of Vavuniya in northern Sri Lanka. [1] VUC is responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. It has 11 members elected using the open list proportional representation system.

Tamil language language

Tamil is a Dravidian language predominantly spoken by the Tamil people of India and Sri Lanka, and by the Tamil diaspora, Sri Lankan Moors, Douglas, and Chindians. Tamil is an official language of two countries: Sri Lanka and Singapore and official language of the Indian state Tamil Nadu. It has official status in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and the Indian Union Territory of Puducherry. It is used as one of the languages of education in Malaysia, along with English, Malay and Mandarin. Tamil is spoken by significant minorities in the four other South Indian states of Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana and the Union Territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of India.

Local government is the third and lowest level of government in Sri Lanka – after the central government and provincial councils. The local government bodies are collectively known as local authorities. They are responsible for providing a variety of local public services including roads, sanitation, drains, housing, libraries, public parks and recreational facilities. Local authorities are divided into three different groups: municipal councils, urban councils and divisional councils. As of November 2017 there were 341 local authorities. All local authorities are elected using the mixed electoral system.

Vavuniya City in Sri Lanka

Vavuniya is a city in the Northern Province, Sri Lanka, governed by an Urban Council. It is also the main settlement in the Vavuniya District.

Contents

Election results

1983 local government election

Results of the local government election held on 18 May 1983: [2]

Alliances and partiesVotes%Seats
  Tamil United Liberation Front 5,45477.04%9
  United National Party 1,62522.96%2
Valid Votes7,079100.00%11
Rejected Votes69
Total Polled7,148
Registered Electors10,230
Turnout69.87%

According to the pro-LTTE TamilNet, the Sri Lankan government had suspended all local government in the north and east of the country in 1983 using emergency regulations. [3] The civil war prevented elections from being held for VUC until 1994 as the LTTE did not hold elections when it controlled the area..

TamilNet

TamilNet is a news website that provides news and feature articles on current affairs in Sri Lanka, specifically related to the erstwhile Sri Lankan Civil War. The website was formed by members of the Sri Lankan Tamil community residing in the United States and publishes articles in English, German and French.

Northern Province, Sri Lanka Province in Sri Lanka

The Northern Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. Between 1988 and 2006 the province was temporarily merged with the Eastern Province to form the North Eastern Province. The capital of the province is Jaffna. The majority of the Sri Lankan Civil War was played out in this province.

Eastern Province, Sri Lanka Province in Sri Lanka

The Eastern Province is one of the nine provinces of Sri Lanka, the first level administrative division of the country. The provinces have existed since the 19th century but did not have any legal status until 1987 when the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka established provincial councils. Between 1988 and 2006 the province was temporarily merged with the Northern Province to form the North Eastern Province. The capital of the province is Trincomalee.

In March 1994 elections were held in the east and in Vavuniya in the north. However, elections weren't held in other areas of the north, including the Jaffna peninsula, because most of these areas were at that time controlled by the rebel Tamil Tigers. In August 1995 the Sri Lankan military launched an offensive to recapture the Jaffna peninsula. By December 1995 the military had captured most of the Valikamam region of the peninsula, including the city of Jaffna. By 16 May 1996 the military had recaptured the entire peninsula. [4] In late 1996 the government announced elections would be held for 23 local authorities in Jaffna District, Kilinochchi District, Mannar District and Vavuniya District but following opposition from Tamil political parties postponed them. [5] On 3 December 1997 the government announced that elections would be held for the 17 local authorities on the Jaffna peninsula. [6] The Tamil political parties were still opposed to holding elections as "normalcy" hadn't returned to the peninsula. The peninsula was under the firm grip of the Sri Lankan military and civil government had little, if any, role in the administration of the peninsula. The Tamil Tigers were also firmly against the elections being held. Despite these objections the elections were held on 29 January 1998.

Valikamam Region in Northern, Sri Lanka

Valikamam is one of the three historic regions of Jaffna peninsula in northern Sri Lanka. The other two regions are Thenmarachchi and Vadamarachchi. Valikamam is sometimes spelt Valikaamam or Valigamam.

Jaffna City in Sri Lanka

Jaffna is the capital city of the Northern Province of Sri Lanka. It is the administrative headquarters of the Jaffna District located on a peninsula of the same name. With a population of 88,138 in 2012, Jaffna is Sri Lanka's 12th most populous city. Jaffna is approximately six miles from Kandarodai which served as an emporium in the Jaffna peninsula from classical antiquity. Jaffna's suburb Nallur served as the capital of the four-century-long medieval Jaffna Kingdom.

Jaffna District Administrative District in Northern, Sri Lanka

Jaffna District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the city of Jaffna.

On 1 January 2002 local authority elections were called for the entire country. [7] [8] It was later announced that elections would be held on 25 March 2002 in the north and east, and on 20 March 2002 in the rest of the country. [9] [10] The normal life term of Sri Lankan local government bodies is four years. The life term of VUC expired in February 2002 but the central government extended this by another year, as the law allows. On 21 March 2002 the Election Commissioner announced that the elections in the north and east, except for eight local authorities in Ampara District, had been postponed until 25 September 2002. [11] [12] On 17 September 2002 elections in the north and east were postponed, for a second time, until 25 June 2003. [13] Elections should have been held when the extension expired in February 2003 but in January 2003, following a request from the Tamil National Alliance, the central government instead dissolved VUC using emergency powers and instead put in place special commissioners to administer the local area. [14] In June 2003 elections in the north and east were postponed, for a third time, until 24 January 2004. [15] In January 2004 elections in the north and east, except for local authorities in Ampara District, were postponed, for a fourth time, until 23 October 2004. [16]

Ampara District Administrative District in Eastern, Sri Lanka

Ampara District is one of the 25 districts of Sri Lanka, the second level administrative division of the country. The district is administered by a District Secretariat headed by a District Secretary appointed by the central government of Sri Lanka. The capital of the district is the town of Ampara. The district was carved out of the southern part of Batticaloa District in April 1961.

Tamil National Alliance

The Tamil National Alliance is a political alliance in Sri Lanka that represents the country's Sri Lankan Tamil minority. It was formed in October 2001 by a group of moderate Tamil nationalist parties and former militant groups. The alliance originally supported self-determination in an autonomous state for the island's Tamils. It supported negotiations with the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to resolve the civil war in Sri Lanka. The TNA was considered a political proxy of the LTTE which selected some of its candidates.

On 27 January 2006 local authority elections were called for the entire country. [17] [18] It was later announced that elections would be held on 30 March 2006 across the entire country. [19] The Election Commissioner subsequently postponed the elections in the north and Batticaloa District until 30 September 2006. [20] On 23 September 2006 elections in the north and Batticaloa District were postponed until 30 June 2007. [21] [22]

VUC continued to be administered by special commissioners until the 2009 elections.

2009 local government election

Results of the local government election held on 8 August 2009: [23]

Alliances and partiesVotes%Seats
  Tamil National Alliance (ITAK, EPRLF (S), TELO)4,27934.81%5
  Democratic People's Liberation Front (PLOTE, EPRLF (V), TULF)4,13633.65%3
  United People's Freedom Alliance (EPDP, SLFP, ACMC et al.)3,04524.77%2
  Sri Lanka Muslim Congress 5874.78%1
  United National Party 2281.85%0
Sri Lanka Progressive Front100.08%0
Independent 1 60.05%0
Independent 3 10.01%0
Independent 2 00.00%0
Valid Votes12,292100.00%11
Rejected Votes558
Total Polled12,850
Registered Electors24,626
Turnout52.18%

The following candidates were elected: [24] Kanthar Thamotharampillai Linganathan (DPLF), 2,958 preference votes (pv); Muttu Sivasami Muguntharathan (TNA), 2,551 pv; Abdul Pari Muhammadu Sareep (UPFA), 2,270 pv; Rathinasigam Sivakumar (TNA), 1,105 pv; S. N. G. Nathan (TNA), 1,099 pv; Sundaram Kumarasamy (DPLF), 962 pv; Jayasekara Arachchige Dhammika Lalith Jayasekara (UPFA), 952 pv; Sellaththurai Surenthiran (TNA), 858 pv; Kandasamy Partheepan (DPLF), 834 pv; Iyaththurai Kanagiah (TNA), 791 pv; and Abdul Latif Mohamed Munawfar (SLMC) 665 pv.

S. N. G. Nathan (TNA) and Muttu Sivasami Muguntharathan (TNA) were appointed Chairman and Deputy Chairman respectively. [25]

S. N. G. Nathan (TNA) ceased to be member of VUC in May 2011 after ceasing to be a member of the TNA. [26] He was replaced as Chairman by Iyaththurai Kanagiah (TNA). [27] Ponnaiah Sellathurai (TNA) replaced him on VUC. [28]

Kanthar Thamotharampillai Linganathan (DPLF) resigned from VUC and was replaced by Suwampillai Thevakingsly Rajeswaran (DPLF). [29]

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Vavuniya Urban Council". Government of Sri Lanka.
  2. Sarveswaran, K. (2005). The Tamil United Liberation Front: Rise and Decline of a Moderate Ethnic Party in Sri Lanka (1976-2000). Jawaharlal Nehru University.
  3. "TNA urges PM to put off NE local polls". TamilNet . 11 September 2002.
  4. Amit Baruha (14 June 1996). "The Army Takes Jaffna". Frontline.
  5. "Local Elections Postponed" (PDF). Tamil Times . XV (12): 5–6. 15 December 1996. ISSN   0266-4488.
  6. "Local Elections in Jaffna" (PDF). Tamil Times . XVI (12): 5–6. 15 December 1997. ISSN   0266-4488.
  7. "Local elections on March 1". TamilNet . 1 January 2002.
  8. "Local polls on March 1". The Island, Sri Lanka. 2 January 2002.
  9. "Local Govt. Ordinance amendment bill before SC". TamilNet . 12 February 2002.
  10. Weerawarne, Sumadhu (11 February 2002). "Local polls on March 20, 25". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  11. "Northeast local elections postponed for Sept. 25". TamilNet . 21 March 2002.
  12. Weerawarne, Sumadhu (22 March 2002). "Elections chief has authority to put off local polls". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  13. "NE local government polls postponed". TamilNet . 17 September 2002.
  14. "Jaffna local bodies to be administered by special commissioners". TamilNet . 14 January 2003.
  15. "Northeast elections postponed till January 24". TamilNet . 20 June 2003.
  16. "NorthEast local government elections postponed". TamilNet . 20 January 2004.
  17. "Nominations called for Local government elections". TamilNet . 27 January 2006.
  18. Satyapalan, Franklin R. (28 January 2006). "Polls chief sets LG polls nomination dates". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  19. "Local Government polls on 30 March". TamilNet . 16 February 2006.
  20. "Polling commences for 266 local councils in Sri Lanka". TamilNet . 30 March 2006.
  21. "Elections to 42 local bodies in NE postponed". TamilNet . 23 September 2006.
  22. Satyapalan, Franklin. R. (21 September 2006). "LG polls in North and East postponed again". The Island, Sri Lanka.
  23. "Local Authorities Election 2009 Final Results Vavuniya Urban Council". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
  24. "Local Authorities Election 2009 Final Results Vavuniya Urban Council - Preferences" (PDF). Department of Elections, Sri Lanka. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2009. Retrieved 19 August 2009.
  25. "TNA nominates Chairman of Vavuniyaa UC". TamilNet . 12 August 2009.
  26. "PART IV (B) - LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE Notice under Section 10 A (1) (a) VAVUNIYA URBAN COUNCIL" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1707/17. 25 May 2011.
  27. "PART IV (B) - LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE FILLING OF A VACANCY IN THE OFFICE OF CHAIRMAN OF THE VAVUNIYA URBAN COUNCIL UNDER SECTION 65A(1) OF THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE (CHAPTER 262)" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1713/35. 7 July 2011.
  28. "PART IV (B) - LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance FILLING OF A VACANCY IN THE OFFICE OF A MEMBER OF THE VAVUNIYA URBAN COUNCIL UNDER SECTION 65A(2) OF THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE (CHAPTER 262)" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1721/29. 3 September 2011.
  29. "PART IV (B) - LOCAL GOVERNMENT Notices under the Local Authorities Elections Ordinance FILLING OF A VACANCY IN THE OFFICE OF A MEMBER OF THE VAVUNIYA URBAN COUNCIL UNDER SECTION 65A(2) OF THE LOCAL AUTHORITIES ELECTIONS ORDINANCE (CHAPTER 262)" (PDF). The Gazette of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka. 1722/28. 10 September 2011.