Vellore Central Prison

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Vellore Central Prison
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Vellore Central Prison
Location in Tamil Nadu
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Vellore Central Prison
Vellore Central Prison (India)
LocationThorappadi Vellore
Coordinates 12°53′11″N79°07′13″E / 12.886429°N 79.120277°E / 12.886429; 79.120277 Coordinates: 12°53′11″N79°07′13″E / 12.886429°N 79.120277°E / 12.886429; 79.120277
Security classCentral Prison
Managed byTamil Nadu Prison Department
Street addressBagayam Road
City Vellore
State/province Tamil Nadu
Postal code632002
Country India
Notable prisoners
Inayatullah Khan Mashriqi,

Sri Vikrama Rajasinha of Kandy,
C. Rajagopalachari,
V. V. Giri,
R. Venkataraman,
C. N. Annadurai,

K. Kamaraj

Vellore Central Prison (established in 1830) is a prison in Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. [1]

It is the largest jail in the district and 2nd largest in Tamil Nadu after puzhal central prison, Convicts sentenced to imprisonment are confined in the jail from various districts of the Presidency as well as from Burma. Many prisoners sentenced to transpiration by the courts of this Presidency are retained when considered physically unfit for deportation to Andaman. The expenditure in the jail is recovered by the value of the convict labour.

The chief industry carried out in the jail is weaving. A great variety of clothes of various patterns as well as table clothes, gunnies, choir mats, carpets etc. are woven. The central jail is famous for its carpets. The manufacture was first taught to the convicts by a carpet weaver of Ellore. The fabrics are woven and sold in England. Carpentry, shoe making, iron and brass work and tent making are also carried out. [2]

By extreme hard work and good conduct, convicts may earn a remission not exceeding 1/6 of the total period of imprisonment awarded them.

There is a small sub jail attached to the central prison to accommodate the remand and under-trail prisoners of this dist. They will be sent to the concerned courts on the dates under Police Escorts. The prison is protected by a live wiring fence. [3]

People of significance who were imprisoned here include

Sl noNamePrison termPopular for beingRemarks
1 Sri Vikrama Rajasinha 2 March 1815-

30 January 1832 [†]

The last of four Kings, to rule the last Sinhalese monarchy of the Kingdom of Kandy in Sri Lanka Jailed after being deposed by the British
2 C. Rajagopalachari 21 December 1921 -

20 March 1922

The last Governor-General of India (1948–50)Arrested for his role in India's freedom struggle
3 Inayatullah Khan Mashriqi 19 March 1940-

19 January 1942 [4]

Founder of the Khaksar Tehrik Arrested for refusing to disband Khaksar Tehrik
4 K. Kamaraj December 1940 - November 1941Third Chief Minister of Madras State [now Tamil Nadu] (1954–63)Arrested under Defence of India Act for speeches that opposed popular contributions to World War II funds.
5 V. V. Giri Bet. August 1942 & 1946Fourth President of India (1969–74)Jailed for his role in India's freedom struggle ; also was in Amravati District Jail, Nagpur Central Jail etc.
6 R. Venkataraman c.1943 [5] Eighth President of India (1987–92)Imprisoned in 1941 for his role in India's freedom struggle
7 Vinoba Bhave c.1943 [6] Advocate of Nonviolence and human rights ; leader of the Bhoodan Movement (1951-1960s)Got an imprisonment of three years at Vellore and Seoni jails
8 C. N. Annadurai 16 August -

24 October 1962

First Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu (1967–69) [†]Arrested for his role in the anti-Hindi agitations of Tamil Nadu
9 Suba Veerapandian late 1996 Dravidian ideologue; founder and general secretary of Dravida Iyakka Tamizhar Peravai (2007-)Imprisoned for his vocal support to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE). [7]
10 Jayendra Saraswathi November 11, 2004 [8] - 5 January 200569th Shankaracharya of the Kanchi Kamakoti Peetham (1960 – 2018) [†]Arrested in connection with the Sankararaman murder case; got bail on 5 January 2005; acquitted along with other individuals of all charges by a Puducherry special court in 2013. [9]

[†] = died in prison / office

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  1. Vellore Central Prison inception date:
  2. Prison Industry:
  3. Live wiring fence picture:
  4. 35488112. "In Memory of Allama Mashriqi - By Nasim Yousaf". Issuu. Retrieved 21 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  5. "N. Sankariah: A Revolutionary Turns 100". The Wire. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  6. "Vinoba Bhave - Apostle of Peace - His relevance today | B P (...) - Mainstream". Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  7. "அது ஒரு பொடா காலம்", மாவீரன் சுப.வீ". கருத்துக்களம் (in Tamil). Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  8. A. Subramani (28 February 2018). "Jayendra Saraswathi passed away: Kanchi seer Jayendra Saraswathi, a spiritual colossus till his arrest in 2004, dies | Chennai News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 October 2021.
  9. A. Subramani (28 February 2018). "Jayendra Saraswathi passed away: Kanchi seer Jayendra Saraswathi, a spiritual colossus till his arrest in 2004, dies | Chennai News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 21 October 2021.