Veronica Campbell-Brown

Last updated

Veronica Campbell Brown
Veronica Campbell Daegu 2011.jpg
Veronica Campbell Brown at the 2011 World Championships
Personal information
NationalityJamaican
Born (1982-05-15) 15 May 1982 (age 37)
Clarks Town, Trelawny, Jamaica
Residence Clermont, Florida, USA
Height1.64 m (5 ft 5 in) [1]
Weight61 kg (134 lb) [1]
Sport
Sport Track and Field
Event(s) Sprints
College team Arkansas Razorbacks

Veronica Campbell Brown C.D (born 15 May 1982) is a Jamaican track and field sprinter, who specializes in the 100 and 200 meters. [2] A eight-time Olympic medalist, she is the second woman in history to win two consecutive Olympic 200 m events, after Bärbel Wöckel of Germany at the 1976 and 1980 Olympics. [3] Campbell Brown is one of only nine athletes to win world championships at the youth, junior, and senior level of an athletic event.

Order of Distinction national order in the Jamaican honours system

The Order of Distinction is a national order in the Jamaican honours system. It is the sixth in order of precedence of the Orders of Societies of Honour, which were instituted by an Act of Parliament in 1968. The motto of the Order is "Distinction Through Service".

Jamaicans ethnic group

Jamaicans are the citizens of Jamaica and their descendants in the Jamaican diaspora. Most Jamaicans are of African descent, with smaller minorities of Europeans, East Indians, Chinese and others or mixed ancestry. The bulk of the Jamaican diaspora resides in other Anglophone countries, namely Australia, Canada, United States and the United Kingdom and, to a lesser extent, other Caribbean countries and Commonwealth realms. Outside of Anglophone countries, the largest Jamaican diaspora community lives in Costa Rica, where Jamaicans make up a significant percentage of the population.

Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing. The name is derived from where the sport takes place, a running track and a grass field for the throwing and some of the jumping events. Track and field is categorized under the umbrella sport of athletics, which also includes road running, cross country running, and race walking.

Contents

She holds personal bests of 10.76 seconds for the 100 m and 21.74 seconds for the 200 m. She was the 100 m gold medallist at the 2007 World Championships in Athletics and the 200 m gold medallist at the 2011 World Championships in Athletics. She has also won seven silver medals and one bronze medal in her career at the World Championships in Athletics. Over 60 metres, she is a two-time champion at the IAAF World Indoor Championships.

2007 World Championships in Athletics 2007 edition of the World Championships in Athletics

The 11th World Championships in Athletics, under the auspices of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF), were held at Nagai Stadium in Osaka, Japan from 24 August to 2 September 2007. 200 of the IAAF's 212 member federations entered a total of 1,978 athletes, the greatest number of competitors at any World Championships to date. Sarah Brightman, the world's best-selling soprano, performed her single Running at the opening ceremony.

2011 World Championships in Athletics 2011 edition of the World Championships in Athletics

The 13th IAAF World Championships in Athletics was an international athletics competition that was held in Daegu, South Korea. It started on 27 August 2011 and finished on 4 September 2011.

60 metres track and field sprint race

60 metres, or 60-meter dash, is a sprint event in track and field. It is a championship event for indoor championships, normally dominated by the best outdoor 100 metres runners. At outdoor venues it is a rare distance, at least for senior athletes. The 60 metres was an Olympic event in the 1900 and 1904 Summer Games but was removed from the schedule thereafter.

Early life

Campbell was born to Cecil Campbell and Pamela Bailey [4] in Clarks Town, Trelawny, Jamaica on 15 May 1982. She has nine brothers and sisters and attended Troy Primary and Vere Technical High School in Clarendon before pursuing higher education in the United States at the University of Arkansas.

Clarendon Parish, Jamaica Parish in Middlesex, Jamaica

Clarendon is a parish in Jamaica. It is located on the south of the island, roughly halfway between the island's eastern and western ends. Located in the county of Middlesex, it is bordered by Manchester on the west, Saint Catherine in the east, and in the north by Saint Ann.

University of Arkansas Public research university in Fayetteville, Arkansas, USA

The University of Arkansas is a public land-grant, research university in Fayetteville, Arkansas. It is the flagship campus of the University of Arkansas System and the largest, best-known university in the state. Founded as Arkansas Industrial University in 1871, its present name was adopted in 1899 and classes were first held on January 22, 1872. It is noted for its strong architecture, agriculture, business, communication disorders, creative writing, history, law, and Middle Eastern studies programs.

Junior career

In 1999, she won two gold medals, the 100 m and 4 x 100 m relay at the inaugural IAAF World Youth Championships. The following year, she became the first female to win the sprint double at the IAAF World Junior Championships. She took the 100 m in 11.12 s (which was a championship record at the time) and the 200 m in 22.87 s. At the 2000 Olympic Games, she ran the second leg on the silver medal winning 4 x 100 m relay team. In 2001, she was awarded the Austin Sealy Trophy for the most outstanding athlete of the 2001 CARIFTA Games. [5] [6] That year, she won 3 gold medals (100 m, 200 m, and 4 × 100 m relay) in the junior (U-20) category.

Gold medal medal, generally awarded for first place or a high achievement

A gold medal is a medal awarded for highest achievement in a non-military field. Its name derives from the use of at least a fraction of gold in form of plating or alloying in its manufacture.

100 metres sprint race

The 100 metres, or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women.

Silver medal medal awarded in sports and other competitions for achieving 2nd place

A silver medal in sports and other similar areas involving competition is a medal made of, or plated with, silver awarded to the second-place finisher, or runner-up, of contests or competitions such as the Olympic Games, Commonwealth Games, etc. The outright winner receives a gold medal and the third place a bronze medal. More generally, silver is traditionally a metal sometimes used for all types of high-quality medals, including artistic ones.

College career

Campbell attended Barton County Community College in Great Bend, Kansas, where she set several records and won many titles, including four national junior college titles in the 60, 100 and 200 metres both indoors and outdoors. She holds the current record for Barton County CC in the outdoor 100 m and 200 m. Campbell also excelled academically, earning an associate degree from Barton County in 2002 with a 3.8 grade average. She later attended the University of Arkansas, where she stood out as a sprint star in a programme dominated by long-distance runners.

Kansas State of the United States of America

Kansas is a U.S. state in the Midwestern United States. Its capital is Topeka and its largest city is Wichita, with its most populated county being Johnson County. Kansas is bordered by Nebraska on the north; Missouri on the east; Oklahoma on the south; and Colorado on the west. Kansas is named after the Kansas River, which in turn was named after the Kansa Native Americans who lived along its banks. The tribe's name is often said to mean "people of the (south) wind" although this was probably not the term's original meaning. For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.

Professional career

At 18 years old, Campbell Brown won the first Olympic medal of her illustrious career. She competed at the 2000 Summer Olympics in the 4 x 100 m relay along with Tayna Lawrence, Beverly McDonald, Merlene Frazer and sprint veteran and Olympic legend, Merlene Ottey where the team finished second in the finals in a time of 42.13 seconds behind Caribbean neighbors, Bahamas. Campbell Brown had shown herself to be a promising athlete as a junior, having won at the junior level and at Jamaica's yearly Boys and Girls Championship for her High School Vere technical High, the same High School as Sprint legend and her icon Merlene Ottey. The Championship has been credited as the engineer behind Jamaica's success on Track and Field World stage. It was here that VCB, as she is known to many, blossomed. The same can be said for fellow Jamaican compatriots such as Usain Bolt and Yohan Blake for example.

2000 Summer Olympics Games of the XXVII Olympiad, held in Sydney in 2000

The 2000 Summer Olympic Games, officially known as the Games of the XXVII Olympiad and commonly known as Sydney 2000 or the Millennium Olympic Games/Games of the New Millennium, were an international multi-sport event which was held between 15 September and 1 October 2000 in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was the second time that the Summer Olympics were held in Australia, and also the Southern Hemisphere, the first being in Melbourne, Victoria, in 1956.

Tayna Lawrence is a Track and field sprint athlete, competing internationally for Jamaica. She is an Olympic gold medalist in the 4 x 100 meter relay race.

Beverly McDonald is a Jamaican sprinter. Her accomplishments include winning the silver medal in the 4 × 100 m relay at the 2000 Olympics and the gold medal in the same event at the 2004 Olympics. She also won the bronze medal at the 2000 Summer Olympics in the 200 m race.

At the age of 22, Campbell Brown represented Jamaica at the 2004 Athens Olympics.. She competed in both the 100 m and 200 m. In the finals of the 100 m she placed third. Campbell Brown later competed in the 200 m finals, a race American Allyson Felix was favored to win. VCB went on to decimate the field in the 200 m finals. She ran a blistering curve, and held her form down the final stretch to become the first Jamaican and Caribbean woman in the history of the Olympic games to win a sprint Olympic title. At the medal ceremony, a visibly emotional Campbell Brown was brought to tears as her national anthem was played in the stadium and flag hoisted.

Campbell Brown then teamed up with Aleen Bailey, Tayna Lawrence, and Sherone Simpson in the finals of the 4 × 100 m. VCB ran a scintillating anchor leg as Jamaica went on to win the women's 4 × 100 m. Jamaica created history as it was the first time Jamaica had won the 4 × 100 m relay at the Olympics.

In August 2005, Campbell won the silver medal in the 100 m at the 2005 World Championships in Athletics. She won another silver medal in the 4 x 100 m relay (together with Daniele Browning, Aleen Bailey and Sherone Simpson).

At the 2007 World Championships, Campbell won three medals, a gold in the 100 m, silver in the 200 m (second to Felix) and silver in the 4 x 100 m relay.

At the 2008 Jamaican Olympic trials, she finished fourth in the 100 m, thereby missing the qualifying requirement to automatically make the Jamaican Olympic roster for that event. She clocked 10.88 s in the final, which is the second fastest time ever for a fourth-place finish. She however bounced back to take the 200 m final in what was then a personal best time of 21.94 s. Having failed to qualify for the 100 m, she only competed in the 200 m and the 4 x 100 m relay at the Olympic Games. At the opening ceremony of the 2008 Olympics, Veronica Campbell Brown carried the Jamaican flag during the Athletes' Parade. She successfully defended her Olympic 200 m title in a new personal best time of 21.74 s. She competed at the 4 x 100 m relay together with Shelly-Ann Fraser, Sheri-Ann Brooks and Aleen Bailey. In the first round heats, Jamaica placed first in front of Russia, Germany and China. The Jamaican teams' time of 42.24 s was the first time overall out of sixteen participating nations. With this result, Jamaica qualified for the final, replacing Brooks and Bailey with Sherone Simpson and Kerron Stewart. Jamaica did not finish the race due to a mistake in the baton exchange. [2]

At the end of the 2008 season, Campbell Brown was selected the top 200 m runner in the world as well as the fourth best in the 100 m (following three other Jamaicans) by Track and Field News. She also finished eighth overall in voting for the magazine's Woman of the Year. [7]

She qualified for her third World Championships by winning the 200 m national title. She beat runners up Shelly Ann Fraser and Simone Facey with a time of 22.40 seconds in June 2009, although a toe injury had left her lacking full fitness. [8] At the 2009 World Championships Campbell Brown was fourth in the 100 m final behind teammates Fraser and Stewart. She then won her second World 200 m silver behind American Allyson Felix. She closed the season at the Shanghai Golden Grand Prix, recording her fastest of the year (10.89) to take second behind Carmelita Jeter, who became the second fastest ever with 10.64 seconds. [9] Although she was beaten by Jeter, Campbell Brown was the fourth fastest 100 m sprinter overall that season. [10]

In 2010, she won her first World Indoor 60m Gold medal in a time of 7.00. She later went on to run the fastest time for the 200 m in 21.98 in New York. She also ran a 10.78 in Eugene Oregon beating Fraser Pryce and Jeter.

In 2011 Veronica Campbell Brown won the Jamaican athletic trials in both the 100 & 200 m and was one of the favorites for both gold medals at the world championships in Daegu. At the championships she won the silver medal in the women's 100 m in 10.98 behind Jeter, who won in 10.90. She later went on to win her first 200 m world title in a timer of 22.22, beating Jeter and Felix who were second and third respectively. In 2015 Campbell made it to the Semi's and Finals of the World Championships 100 and 200m, Finishing 3rd in the 200m which was won by Dafne Schippers.

In 2012, she defended her 60m World Indoor Gold medal where she won in a time of 7.01. Later in June Veronica qualified for the 2012 Olympic games in London in both the 100 m and the 200 m. In the 100 m she came third behind Shelly Ann Fraser Pryce and Carmelita Jeter. [11] In the 200 m she finished just outside the medals in 4th place, 0.24 of a second outside of bronze. [12] In the 4 × 100 m relay final, she and the Jamaican team came second behind the U.S., which won in a new world record of 40.82 s. [13]

In 2014, Campbell-Brown competed at the 2014 World Indoor Championships in Sopot, Poland, and over the 60 m race, ending up in 5th placed with a time of 7.13 s.

In 2015, Cambell-Brown competed at the 2015 World Championships in Athletics in Beijing, China, and participated in sprint events of 100 m, 200 m and 4 x 100 m relay—where she finished in fourth place with a time of 10.91 s, won the bronze medal with a time of 21.97 s and secured the gold with a time of 41.07 s respectively.

Campbell-Brown also for the 2016 Rio Olympics in the 200 m and 4 x 100 m relay. In the 200 m, she did not make it out of the heats and finished in 27th place with a time of 22.97 s but won the silver as part of the Jamaican team in the 4 x 100 m relay with a time of 41.36 s behind the US team which finished with a time of 41.01 s.

Positive doping test

On 14 June 2013 it was reported that Campbell Brown had tested positive for diuretics while competing at the JAAA Supreme Ventures, a Jamaican meet. [14] She was provisionally suspended from competition. Campbell Brown denied that she had intentionally taken any banned substances. [15] On 2 October 2013 she was cleared by the Jamaica Athletics Administrative Association (JAAA) to resume competition. The panel said this is not one of the most serious offences and it was appropriate that she should be given a public warning, with no ban from competition. They deemed she did not use the prohibited substance for performance enhancement. [16] The substance in question—Lasix, not necessarily a performance-enhancing drug, but rather a potential masking agent for other banned substances—was contained in a cream the athlete had used for a leg injury. [17] [18]

The International Association of Athletics Federations appealed this decision at the Court of Arbitration for Sport. The court decided to clear Campbell Brown of all doping charges as the JAAA doping procedures did not comply with required international standards. [19]

Personal life

In 2007, Campbell married Omar Brown, a fellow Jamaican sprinter and University of Arkansas alumnus, changing her name to Campbell-Brown, a few years later she dropped the hyphen from her name, changing it to Campbell Brown. They currently live and train in Clermont, Florida. She was appointed as a UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador in late 2009, and stated that she would use the role to promote gender equity in sport. [20]

Achievements

Campbell Brown's personal best of 10.76 s in the 100 m ranks her all-time top ten in the world (9th place) and fourth among Jamaican women. Her 200 m best (21.74 s) ranks her in the all-time top ten in the world. This time is the third best among Jamaican women. It is the fourth fastest time of the 21st century, and was the fastest since Marion Jones's 21.62 s in Johannesburg 1998. [21] She has earned a total of 46 medals in her illustrious career (27 gold, 16 silver, 3 bronze).

Personal bests

EventTime (seconds)VenueDateRemarks
60 metres 7.00 Doha, Qatar 14 March 2010
100 yards 9.91+ Ostrava, Czech Republic 31 May 2011 Official World Best
100 metres 10.76 Ostrava, Czech Republic 31 May 2011
200 metres 21.74 Beijing, China 21 August 2008
400 metres 52.24 Fayetteville, Arkansas, United States 22 January 2005

+ = en route to a longer distance

Competition record

Veronica Campbell Brown at the 2009 World Championships Veronica Campbell-Brown Berlin 2009.jpg
Veronica Campbell Brown at the 2009 World Championships
YearCompetitionVenuePositionEventNotes
Representing Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
1996 CAC Junior Championships (U-17) San Salvador, El Salvador 1st4 × 100 m relay46.31
1997 CARIFTA Games (U-20) Bridgetown, Barbados 1st4 × 100 m relay45.27
1998 CAC Junior Championships (U-17) George Town, Cayman Islands 1st100 m11.72 w (2.4 m/s)
1st4 × 100 m relay45.35
World Junior Championships Annecy, France 17th (qf)100 m 12.04 (wind: -0.7 m/s)
1999 CARIFTA Games (U-20) Fort-de-France, Martinique 3rd200 m23.84 (1.6 m/s)
World Youth Championships Bydgoszcz, Poland 1st100 m11.49
2000 CARIFTA Games (U-20) St. George's, Grenada 2nd100 m11.41
1st200 m23.05 (1.2 m/s) CR
1st4 × 100 m relay44.63
World Junior Championships Santiago, Chile 1st100m 11.12 (wind: +2.0 m/s)
1st200m 22.87 (wind: +0.7 m/s)
2nd4 × 100 m relay 44.05
Olympic Games Sydney, Australia 2nd 4 × 100 m relay 42.13
2001 CARIFTA Games (U-20) Bridgetown, Barbados 1st100 m11.32 (0.0 m/s)
1st200 m22.93 (−1.6 m/s) CR
1st4 × 100 m relay44.96
2002 Commonwealth Games Manchester, England 2nd 100 m 11.00 (1.5 m/s)
2nd 4 × 100 m relay 42.73
2004 Olympic Games Athens, Greece 3rd 100 m 10.97
1st 200 m 22.05
1st 4 × 100 m relay 41.73 NR
World Athletics Final Monaco, Monaco 1st100 m10.91
1st200 m22.64
2005 World Championships Helsinki, Finland 2nd 100 m 10.95
4th 200 m 22.38
2nd 4 × 100 m relay 41.99
World Athletics Final Monaco, Monaco 1st100 m10.92
2nd200 m22.37
2006 Commonwealth Games Melbourne, Australia 2nd 200 m 22.72
2007 World Championships Osaka, Japan 1st 100 m 11.01
2nd 200 m 22.34
2nd 4 × 100 m relay 42.01
2008 Olympic Games Beijing, China 1st 200 m 21.74 (0.6 m/s)
DNF 4 × 100 m relay
2009 World Championships Berlin, Germany 4th 100 m 10.95
2nd 200 m 22.35
2010 World Indoor Championships Doha, Qatar 1st60 m7.00
2011 World Championships Daegu, Korea 2nd 100 metres 10.97 (−0.4 m/s)
1st 200 metres 22.22 (−1.0 m/s)
2nd 4 x 100 metres relay 41.70 NR
2012 World Indoor Championships Istanbul, Turkey 1st60 m7.01
2012 Olympic Games London, England 3rd 100 metres 10.81   
4th 200 metres 22.38   
2nd 4 × 100 m relay 41.41 NR
2014 World Indoor Championships Sopot, Poland 5th60 m7.13
2015 World Championships Beijing, China4th 100 m 10.91
3rd 200 m 21.97
1st 4 × 100 m relay 41.07
2016 Olympic Games Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 27th (h) 200 m 22.97
2nd 4 × 100 m relay 41.36

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "IAAF: Veronica CAMPBELL-BROWN - Profile". iaaf.org.
  2. 1 2 Athlete biography: Veronica Campbell Brown, beijing2008.cn, ret: 30 August 2008
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2008.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. "LIFE - TIME" via time.com.
  5. Carifta Games Magazine, Part 2 (PDF), Carifta Games 2011, archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012, retrieved 12 October 2011
  6. Carifta Games Magazine, Part 3 (PDF), Carifta Games 2011, archived from the original (PDF) on 25 April 2012, retrieved 12 October 2011
  7. Track & Field News February 2009
  8. Foster, Anthony (2009-06-29). Bolt completes double; ‘Not 100%’ Veronica Campbell Brown runs 22.40 – JAM Champs, Day 3. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-06-29.
  9. Yung, Jean (2009-09-20). Gay 9.69 and Jeter 10.64 at 100 m; Liu Xiang makes dazzling comeback – Shanghai Golden Grand Prix. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-10-07.
  10. 100 Metres 2009. IAAF (2009-10-02). Retrieved on 2009-10-07.
  11. "London 2012 - Athletics - Women's 100 m". www.olympic.org. IOC. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  12. "London 2012 - Athletics - Women's 200 m". www.olympic.org. IOC. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  13. "London 2012 - Athletics - Women's 4 x 100 m relay". www.olympic.org. IOC. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  14. Veronica Campbell Brown tests positive for banned substance: Jamaican news report Archived 18 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  15. VCB camp breaks silence, says athlete will vigorously try to clear name . Jamaica Gleaner (2013-06-18). Retrieved on 2014-07-29.
  16. Veronica Campbell Brown clear to compete after failed drugs test. BBC Sport (2014-10-03). Retrieved on 2014-07-29.
  17. "Veronica Campbell-Brown receives warning, no suspension from Jamaican track and field panel". nbcsports.com. 3 October 2013.
  18. Ingle, Sean (3 October 2013). "Veronica Campbell-Brown clears hurdle in bid to compete again". the Guardian.
  19. Veronica Campbell Brown cleared of doping due to 'deplorable' mistakes. The Guardian (2014-04-15). Retrieved on 2014-07-29.
  20. Campbell Brown, Veronica (2009-10-07). Veronica Campbell Brown named Unesco Ambassador – IAAF Online Diaries. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-10-07.
  21. 200 Metres All Time. IAAF. Retrieved on 2015-09-07.
Awards
Preceded by
Brigitte Foster
Sherone Simpson
Jamaica Sportswoman of the Year
2004, 2005
2007–2011
Succeeded by
Sherone Simpson
Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce
Achievements
Preceded by
Allyson Felix
Women's 200 m Best Year Performance
2004
Succeeded by
Allyson Felix
Olympic Games
Preceded by
Sandie Richards
Flagbearer for Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica
Beijing 2008
Succeeded by
Usain Bolt