Veronica of Milan

Last updated

Veronica of Milan
Beata Veronica.jpg
Fresco by Luigi Migliavacca, Church of Turago Bordone
Bornc. 1445
Binasco, Italy
Died13 January 1497
Milan, Italy
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Beatified 1517 by Pope Leo X (cultus confirmed)
1672 by Pope Clement X (devotion extended universally)
Feast 13 January
28 January (Augustinian Order)

Veronica of Milan (c. 1445 – 13 January 1497) was an Italian nun in the Augustinian Order. She was reputed to have received frequent visions of the Virgin Mary, and her local cultus was confirmed by Pope Leo X in 1517.



Veronica grew up in the small town of Binasco, Italy, not far from Milan. She and her family were poor and she worked with her mother and father, doing chores and in the fields. [1] Her parents set their daughter on the path to Christian virtues, as it was said that her father was a scrupulously honest man, never selling a horse without first disclosing its faults or imperfections to the buyer. [2] As she developed a desire for saintliness and perfection, she became tired of the joking and songs of her companions, even hiding her head and weeping as she worked. [3]

Assumption of St. Veronica of Milan, from the Church of Binasco Trionfo Beata Veronica.jpg
Assumption of St. Veronica of Milan, from the Church of Binasco

Having no formal education, she attempted, unsuccessfully, to teach herself to read. [1] While making this effort one night, it is said that the Virgin Mary appeared to Veronica, telling her that while some of her pursuits were necessary, her reading was not. [3] Instead, the Virgin taught her in the form of three mystical letters:

The first signified purity of intention; the second, abhorrence of murmuring or criticism; the third, daily meditation on the Passion. By the first she learned to begin her daily duties for no human motive, but for God alone; by the second, to carry out what she had thus begun by attending to her own affairs, never judging her neighbor, but praying for those who manifestly erred; by the third she was enabled to forget her own pains and sorrows in those of her Lord, and to weep hourly, but silently, over the memory of His wrongs.

Alban Butler, Lives of the Saints [3]

Veronica became accustomed to nearly constant apparitions and religious ecstasies. She saw scenes from the life of Christ, yet these never interrupted her work. [3] She joined an Augustinian lay order at the convent of Saint Martha in Milan at the age of 22. [1] This community was very poor; Veronica's job was to beg in the streets of the city for food. [3] After three years into her vocation as a nun she became racked with secret bodily pains, but was notably patient and obedient to her superiors. [3] She received a vision of Christ in 1494, and was given a message for Pope Alexander VI, and traveled to Rome to deliver it. [1] After a six-month illness, Veronica died on the date she had predicted, 13 January 1497. [1]


The Virgin Mary appears to Veronica from Little Pictorial Lives of the Saints by the Benziger Brothers, 1878 Veronica of Milan.png
The Virgin Mary appears to Veronica from Little Pictorial Lives of the Saints by the Benziger Brothers, 1878

Veronica is remembered in the Augustinian Order for her obedience and desire for work. Butler records a remark she made to her sister nuns: "I must work while I can, while I have time." [2] [3] Miracles were attributed to her, and in a 1517 bulla , Pope Leo X permitted her veneration in her monastery as though she had been beatified according to the usual form. [2] Veneration was extended to the entire church by Pope Clement X in 1672, and in 1749 her name was inserted into the Roman Martyrology for 13 January by Pope Benedict XIV, although her name appears in Augustinian records of the same year for 28 January. [2]

See also

Related Research Articles

Saint Veronica Christian saint

Saint Veronica, also known as Berenike, was a woman from Jerusalem who lived in the 1st century AD, according to extra-biblical Christian sacred tradition. A celebrated saint in many pious Christian countries, the 17th-century Acta Sanctorum published by the Bollandists listed her feast under July 12, but the German Jesuit scholar Joseph Braun cited her commemoration in Festi Marianni on 13 January.

Saint Anne

According to apocryphal Christian and Islamic tradition, Saint Anne was the mother of Mary and the maternal grandmother of Jesus. Mary's mother is not named in the canonical gospels. In writing Anne's name and that of her husband Joachim come only from New Testament apocrypha of which the Gospel of James seems to be the earliest that mentions them. The mother of Mary is mentioned but not named in the Quran.

Rita of Cascia 15th-century Italian Augustinian nun and saint

Rita of Cascia was an Italian widow and Augustinian nun venerated as a saint in the Roman Catholic Church.

Zita Italian saint

Zita is an Italian saint, the patron saint of maids and domestic servants. She is often appealed to in order to help find lost keys.

Breage or Breaca is a saint venerated in Cornwall and southwestern Britain. According to her late hagiography, she was an Irish nun of the 5th or 6th century who founded a church in Cornwall. The village and civil parish of Breage in Cornwall are named after her, and the local Breage Parish Church is dedicated to her. She is a saint in the Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church.

Mary Magdalene de Pazzi 16th- and 17th-century Italian Carmelite mystic and saint

Mary Magdalene de' Pazzi, was an Italian Carmelite nun and mystic. She has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church.

House of the Virgin Mary Catholic and Muslim shrine located on Mt. Koressos

The House of the Virgin Mary is a Catholic shrine located on Mt. Koressos in the vicinity of Ephesus, 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from Selçuk in Turkey.

Our Lady of Lourdes Title of Mary, mother of Jesus, related to her alleged apparitions in Lourdes

Our Lady of Lourdes is a Roman Catholic title of the Blessed Virgin Mary venerated in honour of the Marian apparitions that are claimed to have occurred in 1858 in the vicinity of Lourdes in France. The first of these is the apparition of 11 February 1858, when 14-year old Bernadette Soubirous told her mother that a "lady" spoke to her in the cave of Massabielle while she was gathering firewood with her sister and a friend. Similar apparitions of the "Lady" were reported on eighteen occasions that year, until the climax revelation of Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception took place.

Clare of Montefalco

Clare of Montefalco, also called Saint Clare of the Cross, was an Augustinian nun and abbess. Before becoming a nun, Clare was a member of the Third Order of St. Francis (Secular). She was canonized by Pope Leo XIII on December 8, 1881.

Visions of Jesus and Mary

Since the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ on Calvary, a number of people have claimed to have had visions of Jesus Christ and personal conversations with him. Some people make similar claims regarding his mother, the Blessed Virgin Mary. Discussions about the authenticity of these visions have often invited controversy. The Catholic Church endorses a fraction of these claims, and various visionaries it accepts have achieved beatification, or even sainthood.

Holy Face of Jesus

The Holy Face of Jesus is a title for specific images which some Catholics believe to be miraculously-formed representations of the face of Jesus Christ. The image obtained from the Shroud of Turin is associated with a specific medal worn by some Roman Catholics and is also one of the Catholic devotions to Christ.

Veneration of Mary in the Catholic Church Roman Catholic veneration of Mary

In the Catholic Church, the veneration of Mary, mother of Jesus, encompasses various Marian devotions which include prayer, pious acts, visual arts, poetry, and music devoted to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Popes have encouraged it, while also taking steps to reform some manifestations of it. The Holy See has insisted on the importance of distinguishing "true from false devotion, and authentic doctrine from its deformations by excess or defect". There are significantly more titles, feasts, and venerative Marian practices among Roman Catholics than in other Western Christian traditions. The term hyperdulia indicates the special veneration due to Mary, greater than the ordinary dulia for other saints, but utterly unlike the latria due only to God.

Lucy Filippini

Lucy Filippini is venerated as a Catholic saint. She founded the Institute of the Maestre Pie, dedicated to the education of young girls.

Order of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary

The Order of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, also known as Sisters of the Annunciation or Annonciades, is an enclosed religious order of contemplative nuns founded in honor of the Annunciation in 1501 at Bourges by Joan de Valois, also known as Joan of France, daughter of King Louis XI of France, and wife of Louis, the Duke of Orléans, later King Louis XII of France.

Joannicius the Great

Joannicius the Great was a Byzantine Christian saint, sage, theologian and prophet. Well-known for his devoted asceticism and defense of icon veneration, Joannicius spent the majority of his life as a hermit on Mount Uludağ, near what is today Bursa, Turkey. Joannicius lived during the reign of Emperor Theophilos, a noted iconoclast, which contrasted with Joannicius's embrace of icon veneration. Icon veneration was later restored to the Byzantine Empire under the reign of Empress Theodora, a move that some devotees ascribe to Joannicius's influence and prophecies. Joannicius served in the Byzantine army in his early years before devoting his life to ascetic study and monastic contemplation. He is venerated with a feast day on November 4 in the Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church.

Catherine of Ricci

Catherine de' Ricci, was an Italian Dominican Tertiary sister. She is believed to have had miraculous visions and corporeal encounters with Jesus, both with the infant Jesus and with the adult Jesus. She is said to have spontaneously bled with the wounds of the crucified Christ. She is venerated for her mystic visions and is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church.

Mary of the Divine Heart

Mary of the Divine Heart, born Maria Droste zu Vischering, was a German noblewoman and Roman Catholic nun of the Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd, best known for having influenced Pope Leo XIII to make the consecration of the world to the Sacred Heart of Jesus. Pope Leo XIII himself called the solemn consecration "the greatest act of my pontificate".

Dorothea of Caesarea

Saint Dorothy is a 4th-century virgin martyr who was executed at Caesarea Mazaca. Evidence for her actual historical existence or acta is very sparse. She is called a martyr of the Diocletianic Persecution, although her death occurred after the resignation of Diocletian himself. She should not be confused with another 4th-century saint, Dorothea of Alexandria.

Laura Evangelista Alvarado Cardozo

Laura Evangelista Alvarado Cardozo was a Venezuelan Roman Catholic professed religious who had established the Augustinian Recollect Sisters of the Heart of Jesus as a means of aiding the ill. Upon her profession she assumed the religious name of "María de San José". During her life she was contemporaries with José Gregorio Hernández.

Saint Febronia of Syria also known as Saint Veronica of Syria, is venerated as a Virgin-Martyr and saint by the Coptic Orthodox Church.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Jones, Terry. "Veronica of Milan". Patron Saints Index. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Butler, Alban. "Blessed Veronica of Milan". Lives of the Saints. Terry Jones. Archived from the original on March 11, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Butler, Alban (1894). "January 13.—ST. VERONICA OF MILAN". Lives of the Saints. (Benziger Brothers). Retrieved 2008-01-06.