Via Sublacensis

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The Via Sublacensis was a Roman road constructed to connect Nero's palace (the Villa Sublacensis) in present-day Subiaco to Rome, splitting off from the Via Valeria [1] near Varia (modern Vicovaro), about 10 km northeast of Tivoli.

Nero 1st-century Emperor of Ancient Rome

Nero was the last Roman emperor of the Julio-Claudian dynasty. He was adopted by his great-uncle Claudius and became Claudius' heir and successor. Like Claudius, Nero became emperor with the consent of the Praetorian Guard. Nero's mother, Agrippina the Younger, was likely implicated in Claudius' death and Nero's nomination as emperor. She dominated Nero's early life and decisions until he cast her off. Five years into his reign, he had her murdered.

Palace grand residence, especially a royal residence or the home of a head of state

A palace is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop.

The Via Valeria was an ancient Roman road of Italy, the continuation north-eastwards of the Via Tiburtina. It probably owed its origin to Marcus Valerius Messalla, censor in 154 BC. It ran first up the Anio valley past Varia, and then, abandoning it at the 36th mile, where the Via Sublacensis diverged, ascended to Carsoli, and then again to the lofty pass of Monte Bove, whence it descended again to the valley in Roman times occupied by the Lake Fucino. It is doubtful whether Via Valeria ran farther than the eastern point of the territory of the Marsi at Cerfennia, to the northeast of Lake Fucino, before the time of Claudius. Strabo states that in his day it went as far as Corfinium, and this important place must have been in some way accessible from Rome, but probably, beyond Cerfennia, only by a track.

It is most commonly referred to as the origin of the Aqua Anio Novus, a major aqueduct whose head was originally at the 38th milestone of the Via Sublacensis. [2]

Aqua Anio Novus aqueduct

Aqua Anio Novus was an ancient aqueduct of Rome. Like the Aqua Claudia, it was begun by emperor Caligula in 38 AD and completed in 52 AD by Claudius, who dedicated them both on August 1. Together with the Aqua Anio Vetus, Aqua Marcia and Aqua Claudia, it is regarded as one of the "four great aqueducts of Rome."

Roman aqueduct type of aqueduct built by the Romans

The Romans constructed aqueducts throughout their Republic and later Empire, to bring water from outside sources into cities and towns. Aqueduct water supplied public baths, latrines, fountains, and private households; it also supported mining operations, milling, farms, and gardens.

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References

  1. Wikisource-logo.svg  Ashby, Thomas (1911). "Valeria, Via". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica . 27 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 858.
  2. Wikisource-logo.svg  Ashby, Thomas (1911). "Aqueduct". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica . 2 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 242.

Coordinates: 42°0′N12°55′E / 42.000°N 12.917°E / 42.000; 12.917

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.