|Vicar General of His Holiness for Vatican City |
Italian: Vicario Generale di Sua Santità per la Città del Vaticano
Coat of arms of the Diocese of Rome
|Reports to||The Pope|
|Unofficial names||Vicar General for Vatican City|
The vicar general of His Holiness for Vatican Cityis the vicar general for the pope for the part of the Diocese of Rome that lies within the Vatican City.
As vicar general, he is the highest official for the ecclesiastical administration, spiritual and material, of the area entrusted to him. Since this area has very few residents, his responsibility concerns primarily visitors to the Vatican.
The parallel responsibility for the main part of the Diocese of Rome is entrusted to the vicar general for Rome.
Vatican City, officially the Vatican City State, is the Holy See's independent city state, an enclave within Rome, Italy. The Vatican City State, also known as The Vatican, became independent from Italy with the Lateran Treaty (1929), and it is a distinct territory under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See, itself a sovereign entity of international law, which maintains the city state's temporal, diplomatic, and spiritual independence. With an area of 49 hectares and a population of about 825, it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population. As governed by the Holy See, the Vatican City State is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state ruled by the pope who is the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. After the Avignon Papacy (1309–1437), the popes have mainly resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.
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