Victor Andreevich Toponogov | |
---|---|

Born | |

Died | November 21, 2004 74) | (aged

Alma mater | Tomsk State University |

Known for | Toponogov's theorem |

Spouse(s) | Ljudmila Pavlovna Goncharova |

Scientific career | |

Fields | Mathematics |

Doctoral advisor | Abram Ilyich Fet ^{ [1] } |

**Victor Andreevich Toponogov** (Russian : Ви́ктор Андре́евич Топоно́гов; March 6, 1930 – November 21, 2004) was an outstanding Russian mathematician, noted for his contributions to differential geometry and so-called Riemannian geometry "in the large".

After finishing secondary school in 1948, Toponogov entered the department of Mechanics and Mathematics at Tomsk State University, graduated with honours in 1953, and continued as a graduate student there until 1956. He moved to an institution in Novosibirsk in 1956 and lived in that city for the rest of his career. Since the institution at Novosibirsk had not yet been fully credentialed, he had defended his Ph.D. thesis at Moscow State University in 1958, on a subject in Riemann spaces. Novosibirsk State University was established in 1959. In 1961 Toponogov became a professor at a newly created Institute of Mathematics and Computing in Novosibirsk affiliated with the state university.

Toponogov's scientific interests were influenced by his advisor Abram Fet, who taught at Tomsk and later at Novosibirsk. Fet was a well-recognized topologist and specialist in variational calculus in the large. Toponogov's work was also strongly influenced by the work of Aleksandr Danilovich Aleksandrov. Later, the class of metric spaces known as CAT(*k*) spaces would be named after Élie Cartan, Aleksandrov and Toponogov.

Toponogov published over forty papers and some books during his career. His works are concentrated in Riemannian geometry "in the large". A significant number of his students also made notable contributions in this field.

In 1995 Toponogov made the conjecture:^{ [2] }

On a complete convex surface S homeomorphic to a plane the following equality holds:

where and are the principal curvatures of S.

In words, it states that every complete convex surface homeomorphic to a plane must have an umbilic point which may lie at infinity. As such, it is the natural open analog of the Carathéodory conjecture for closed convex surfaces.^{ [3] }^{ [4] }

In the same paper, Toponogov proved the conjecture under either of two assumptions: the integral of the Gauss curvature is less than , or the Gauss curvature and the gradients of the curvatures are bounded on *S*. The general case remains open.

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In the mathematical fields of differential geometry and geometric analysis, the **Gauss curvature flow** is a geometric flow for oriented hypersurfaces of Riemannian manifolds. In the case of curves in a two-dimensional manifold, it is identical with the curve shortening flow. The mean curvature flow is a different geometric flow which also has the curve shortening flow as a special case.

- ↑ http://genealogy.math.ndsu.nodak.edu/id.php?id=107974
- ↑ Toponogov, V.A. (1995). "On conditions for existence of umbilical points on a convex surface".
*Siberian Mathematical Journal*.**36**(4): 780–784. doi:10.1007/BF02107335. - ↑ Fontenele, F.; Xavier, F. (2019). "Finding umbilics on open convex surfaces".
*Rev. Mat. Iberoam*.**35**(7): 2035–2052. - ↑ Ghomi, M.; Howard, R. (2012). "Normal curvatures of asymptotically constant graphs and Carathéodory's conjecture".
*Proc. Amer. Math. Soc.***140**: 4323–4335. arXiv: 1101.3031 . doi:10.1090/S0002-9939-2012-11420-0.

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