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Victor Fatio (28 November 1838 – 19 March 1906), was a Swiss zoologist.
Fatio was born as Victor Fatio de Beaumont in Geneva. His interest in animals was aroused in childhood, when he was accompanied his father, Gustave Fatio de Beaumont, on his hunting trips.
He studied physiology in Zurich, Berlin and Leipzig where he received the degree of a Doctor of Philosophy. In 1861 however, he almost forgot his physiology knowledge due to a typhoid fever illness.
After his recovery he went to Paris in 1862 to participate in the courses of Henri Milne-Edwards (1800–1885) at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, where he studied zoology.
When Phylloxera invaded Switzerland in 1874, Fatio made extensive studies and initiated the world's first congress for the prevention of the grapevine pest which took place in Lausanne in 1877. The results of his studies and the congress were published in his work État de la question phylloxérique en Europe en 1877 in 1878. Furthermore, he wrote several publications about Phylloxera in Switzerland and in Savoy.
Between 1869 and 1904 his standard work Faune des Vertébrés de la Suisse was released, a comprehensive work with six volumes about the mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish species of Switzerland.
Together with Théophile Rudolphe Studer (1845–1922), Victor Fatio published the Catalogue des oiseaux de la Suisse ("Catalog of the Swiss birds"), of which only the first three booklets were released between 1889 and 1901. Further sixteen volumes were released by other editors until 1956.
Fatio described several animal species for the first time like the Albock (Coregonus wartmanni alpinus, later reclassified as full species Coregonus fatioi by Maurice Kottelat in 1997), the Pfarrig (Coregonus confusus), the Autumn brienzlig (Coregonus albellus), or the Alpine pine vole (Microtus multiplex).
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