|Born|| 4 April 1842|
|Died|| 1 October 1894 52) (aged|
Victor Koning (4 April 1842 – 1 October 1894) was a French playwright and librettist.
A playwright or dramatist is a person who writes plays.
A libretto is the text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical. The term libretto is also sometimes used to refer to the text of major liturgical works, such as the Mass, requiem and sacred cantata, or the story line of a ballet.
He authored theatre plays, mostly comedies and comédie en vaudeville and successful operettas libretti including La Fille de madame Angot (1872) by Charles Lecocq which he wrote in collaboration with Clairville and Paul Siraudin.
A play is a form of literature written by a playwright, usually consisting of dialogue or singing between characters, intended for theatrical performance rather than just reading. Plays are performed at a variety of levels, from Broadway, Off-Broadway, regional theater, to Community theatre, as well as university or school productions. There are rare dramatists, notably George Bernard Shaw, who have had little preference as to whether their plays were performed or read. The term "play" can refer to both the written texts of playwrights and to their complete theatrical performance.
In a modern sense, comedy refers to any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or amusing by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film, stand-up comedy, or any other medium of entertainment. The origins of the term are found in Ancient Greece. In the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters. The theatrical genre of Greek comedy can be described as a dramatic performance which pits two groups or societies against each other in an amusing agon or conflict. Northrop Frye depicted these two opposing sides as a "Society of Youth" and a "Society of the Old." A revised view characterizes the essential agon of comedy as a struggle between a relatively powerless youth and the societal conventions that pose obstacles to his hopes. In this struggle, the youth is understood to be constrained by his lack of social authority, and is left with little choice but to take recourse in ruses which engender very dramatic irony which provokes laughter.
Operetta is a genre of light opera, light in terms both of music and subject matter.
Victor Koning was also managing director of the Théâtre de la Gaîté from 1 April 1868 to 13 March 1869 and of the Théâtre de la Renaissance from 1875 to 1882.
In 1862 during Haussmann's modernization of Paris the Théâtre de la Gaîté of the boulevard du Temple was relocated to the rue Papin across from the Square des Arts et Métiers. The new theatre, built in an Italian style to designs of the architects Jacques-Ignace Hittorff and Alphonse Cusin, opened on 3 September.
The name Théâtre de la Renaissance has been used successively for three distinct Parisian theatre companies. The first two companies, which were short-lived enterprises in the 19th century, used the Salle Ventadour, now an office building on the Rue Méhul in the 2nd arrondissement.
On 19 June 1884 in Marylebone (England), he marriedthe actress Jane Hading, who he helped make her debut at the Théâtre du Gymnase the previous year in Le Maître de forges , a huge theatrical and literary success. They divorced in 1888. On 27 May 1893, he married a second time with the actress Raphaële Sisos The writers Jules Clarétie and Auguste Vacquerie, Eugène Bertrand, director of the Opéra de Paris, and Arthur Meyer, director of Le Gaulois , were witnesses at the act.
Marylebone is an area in the West End of London, England, which is part of the City of Westminster.
Jane Hading was a French actress. Her real name was Jeanne-Alfrédine Tréfouret.
Jules Arsène Arnaud Claretie was a French literary figure and director of the Théâtre Français.
In July 1894, he suffered a stroke. Some days later, the Gil Blas informed its readers that
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding. Both result in parts of the brain not functioning properly. Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, dizziness, or loss of vision to one side. Signs and symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred. If symptoms last less than one or two hours it is known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or mini-stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke may also be associated with a severe headache. The symptoms of a stroke can be permanent. Long-term complications may include pneumonia or loss of bladder control.
Gil Blas was a Parisian literary periodical named for Alain-René Lesage's novel Gil Blas. It was founded by the sculptor Augustin-Alexandre Dumont in November 1879.
Mr. Victor Koning, former director of the Gymnase and the Comédie-Parisienne, who had been seriously ill, is recovering and it is hoped that soon he will not feel almost more suites of the violent dizziness that had recently hit him
But his health was getting worse.
In Le Temps dated 8 September,it read that
Mlle Raphaële Sisos left Paris yesterday to go to Marseille where she has to give a series of performances. As for Mr. Koning, whose state is less satisfactory, he is for a few days in treatment in Suresnes in doctor Meyan's health home.
It is in this facility that he died three weeks later. He was buried on 4 October in the Montparnasse Cemetery.
Montparnasse Cemetery is a cemetery in the Montparnasse quarter of Paris, part of the city's 14th arrondissement.
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