Victoria Chick

Last updated
Victoria Chick
Born(1936-04-08)8 April 1936
Died15 January 2023(2023-01-15) (aged 86)
London, England
Academic career
Field Macroeconomics and monetary economics
School or
Post Keynesian economics
Influences John Maynard Keynes, Hyman Minsky
Contributions Post Keynesian economics
Information at IDEAS / RePEc

Victoria Chick (April 8, 1936 – January 15, 2023) was a Post Keynesian economist known for her essays on monetary theory, banking and methodology. Her writing on Keynes's General Theory made her one of the foremost interpreters of his work. [1] After the 2008 banking crisis she coined a corollary to Gresham's Law, arguing that in orthodox economics "bad theory drives out good." [2]


Early life

Chick was born in Berkeley, California, in 1936. She had originally planned to study STEM subjects but found that "[science] was so sexist, a woman just could not survive – they hounded you out." [3] Instead she graduated from the University of California, Berkeley with Bachelor's and Master's degrees in economics. [4]


Chick wrote her thesis on Canada's experience in the 1950s with flexible exchange rates. As a research student, she was taught by Hyman Minsky among others, although her interest in Keynes and his General Theory developed much later. [5] Minsky "did attempt to teach me the General Theory...but I didn't really see the point at the time," she later said. However, she was "indelibly" impressed by Minsky's "skill at blending theory and institutional facts." [6]

After further study at the London School of Economics, in 1963 she secured a post at University College London where she remained for the rest of her career, being appointed to a Chair in 1993. [7] At UCL her interests shifted from international economics to monetary theory and macroeconomics. Her first major book, The Theory of Monetary Policy (1973), was a critical evaluation of both the Keynesian and monetarist approaches to macroeconomics that were dominant of the time. In 1971 she was present at Joan Robinson's Ely Lecture to the American Economic Association, titled The Second Crisis in Economics, and at the meeting called by Joan Robinson and Paul Davidson which gave conscious expression to what became the Post-Keynesian school of thought. [8]

Chick then returned to The General Theory and wrote a critique of Clower and Leijonhufvud's reappraisal (Leijonhufvud, 1968) of the Economics of Keynes, leading eventually to her magnum opus Macroeconomics After Keynes (1983). In this book she portrayed the Keynesian Revolution as one of method, forced by taking seriously the effects of money, time and uncertainty. Her subsequent work has placed great emphasis on methodology and institutions.

In 1988, with Philip Arestis, Chick founded the Post Keynesian Economics Study Group (PKSG). [9]

In 2014, Routledge published a two-volume Festschrift titled Money, Macroeconomics and Keynes: Essays in Honour of Victoria Chick, Volume 1, and Methodology, Microeconomics and Keynes: Essays in Honour of Victoria Chick, Volume 2, edited by Philip Arestis, Meghnad Desai and Sheila Dow.

Chick died in London on January 15, 2023, at the age of 86. [10]

Major works

See also


  1. "Victoria Chick (1936 – 2023) | PKES".
  2. Gresham's Law in Economics: Background to the Crisis - Professor Victoria Chick , retrieved 2023-01-23
  3. UCL (2023-01-17). "Remembrance: Victoria Chick, emeritus professor of Economics". UCL Department of Economics. Retrieved 2023-01-18.
  4. Arestis, Philip; Desai, Meghnad; Dow, Sheila (18 October 2001). Methodology, Microeconomics and Keynes: Essays in Honour of Victoria Chick. Routledge. ISBN   9781134572991 . Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  5. Dow, Sheila (2023). "Victoria Chick 1936–2023". The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought. 30 (3): 486–490. doi: 10.1080/09672567.2023.2200058 . ISSN   0967-2567.
  6. King, J. E. (1995), "Victoria Chick", Conversations with Post Keynesians, London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, pp. 93–112, doi:10.1057/9780230378827_7, ISBN   978-1-349-39157-8 , retrieved 2023-01-23
  7. Money, macroeconomics and Keynes : essays in honour of Victoria Chick. Philip Arestis, Victoria Chick (1st issued in paperback ed.). London. 2014. ISBN   978-0-415-86815-0. OCLC   1040488371.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link) CS1 maint: others (link)
  8. Money, macroeconomics and Keynes : essays in honour of Victoria Chick. Philip Arestis, Victoria Chick (1st issued in paperback ed.). London. 2014. ISBN   978-0-415-86815-0. OCLC   1040488371.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link) CS1 maint: others (link)
  9. "About PKES". Retrieved 15 September 2021.
  10. "Victoria Chick (1936 – 2023)". PKES. Retrieved 20 January 2023.

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