Victoria Land

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Area map of Victoria land. AN -Victoria Land.png
Area map of Victoria land.

Victoria Land is a region of Antarctica which fronts the western side of the Ross Sea and the Ross Ice Shelf, extending southward from about 70°30'S to 78°00'S, and westward from the Ross Sea to the edge of the Antarctic Plateau. [1] It was discovered by Captain James Clark Ross in January 1841 and named after the UK's Queen Victoria. [1] The rocky promontory of Minna Bluff is often regarded as the southernmost point of Victoria Land, and separates the Scott Coast to the north from the Hillary Coast of the Ross Dependency to the south.

The region includes ranges of the Transantarctic Mountains and the McMurdo Dry Valleys (the highest point being Mount Abbott in the Northern Foothills), and the flatlands known as the Labyrinth. Early explorers of Victoria Land include James Clark Ross and Douglas Mawson. [2]

List of Mountains of Victoria Land

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Bowers Mountains Mountain range on the coast of the East Antarctic Victoria Land

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Tucker Glacier

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Royal Society Range mountain range

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Mount Melbourne volcano in Victoria Land, Antarctica

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Franklin Island (Antarctica) Antarctic island

Franklin Island is an island 13 kilometres (7 nmi) long, lying in the Ross Sea about 130 kilometres (80 mi) east of Cape Hickey, Victoria Land. It was discovered on January 27, 1841 by James Clark Ross, and named for Sir John Franklin, the noted Arctic explorer, who as Governor of Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) had royally entertained the expedition on its way south at Hobart in 1840.

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Taylor Valley valley

Taylor Valley is the southernmost of the three large Dry Valleys in the Transantarctic Mountains, Victoria Land, located west of McMurdo Sound at approximately 77°37′S163°00′E. The valley extends from Taylor Glacier in the west to McMurdo Sound at Explorers Cove at the northwest head of New Harbour in the east and is about 29 kilometres (18 mi) long. It was once occupied by the receding Taylor Glacier, from which it derives its name. Taylor Valley contains Lake Bonney in the west (inward), and Lake Fryxell in the east (coastward), and Lake Hoare, Lake Chad, Lake Popplewell, Mummy Pond and Parera Pond close together between the two. Further east of Lake Bonney is Pearse Valley. Taylor Valley is separated from Wright Valley in the north by Asgard Range, and from Ferrar Glacier in the south by Kukri Hills.

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Freyberg Mountains

The Freyberg Mountains are a group of mountains in Victoria Land, Antarctica, bounded by Rennick Glacier, Bowers Mountains, Black Glacier, and Evans Neve. Named for New Zealand's most famous General, Lord Bernard Freyberg, by the Northern Party of New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE), 1963-64. This mountain group includes the Alamein Range. These topographical features all lie situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.

The Downshire Cliffs are a line of precipitous basalt cliffs rising to 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) above the Ross Sea and forming much of the east side of Adare Peninsula along the coast of Victoria Land. In 1841 Captain James Clark Ross applied the name "Cape Downshire" to a part of these cliffs. He did so at the request of Commander Francis R.M. Crozier of the Downshire. No prominent cape exists here and, for the sake of historical continuity, the name has been reapplied to these cliffs.

Mount Draeger

Mount Draeger is a mountain, 1,690 metres (5,540 ft) high, in the northwest part of the Posey Range, Bowers Mountains, Victoria Land, Antarctica. The mountain overlooks from the east the junction of Smithson Glacier with the Graveson Glacier. The topographical feature was first mapped by the United States Geological Survey from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos, 1960–62, and was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for chief radioman Ernest J. Draeger, U.S. Navy, a member of the winter party at McMurdo Station, Hut Point Peninsula, Ross Island, in 1967. The mountain lies situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.

Moubray Bay is a bay in the western Ross Sea, indenting the coast of Victoria Land, Antarctica, between Cape Roget and Cape Hallett. It was discovered in 1841 by Sir James Clark Ross and named by him for George H. Moubray, clerk in charge of the expedition ship Terror.

Mericle Rock is a nunatak in the middle of Campbell Glacier, approximately 9 nautical miles (17 km) from its head, in Victoria Land, Antarctica. It was mapped by the United States Geological Survey from surveys and U.S. Navy air photos, 1960–64, and was named by the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names for David L. Mericle, U.S. Navy, an electronics technician at McMurdo Station, 1967.

Cape Ross is a granite headland 8 nautical miles (15 km) north of Cape Archer on the coast of Victoria Land. First charted by the British Antarctic Expedition (1907–09) which named this feature for Sir James Clark Ross, the discoverer of the Ross Sea and Victoria Land.

New Harbour (Antarctica)

New Harbour is a bay about 10 miles (16 km) wide between Cape Bernacchi and Butter Point along the coast of Victoria Land, due west of Ross Island. It was discovered by the British National Antarctic Expedition (1901–04) and so named because this new harbor was found while the Discovery was seeking the farthest possible southern anchorage along the coast of Victoria Land. The Ferrar Glacier flows into the bay, which overlooked by Mount Barnes, which sits at the eastern end of the Kukri Hills range.

Mount Phillips (Antarctica) mountain in Victoria Land, Antarctica

Mount Phillips is a mainly ice-covered mountain rising to about 3,035 metres (9,957 ft) lying about 11 miles (18 km) west of Mount Alberts, situated in the southern portion of the Malta Plateau, on the Borchgrevink Coast, named for Anglo-Norwegian explorer Carsten Borchgrevink (1864–1934), marking the western extremity of Victoria Land, Antarctica. The mountain was first discovered in January 1841 by Sir James Clark Ross who so named the mountain for professor John Phillips, assistant secretary of the British Association.

References

  1. 1 2 "Victoria Land". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved 2007-01-04.
  2. "Victoria Land". The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. Columbia University Press. 2001. Archived from the original on 2006-02-11. Retrieved 2008-01-26.

Coordinates: 71°15′S163°00′E / 71.250°S 163.000°E / -71.250; 163.000