Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I

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Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I
Raja of Pudukkottai
Reign April 1730 – 28 December 1769
Predecessor Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman
Successor Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman
Born(1713-08-25)25 August 1713
Pudukkottai, Pudukkottai state
Died 28 December 1769(1769-12-28) (aged 56)
House Pudukkottai
Father Thirumalai Raya Tondaiman

Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I (25 August 1713 – 28 December 1769) was the second independent ruler of the Pudukkottai kingdom. He reigned from April 1730 to 28 December 1769. His reign was marked with incessant wars with the Thanjavur Maratha kingdom and against the French East India Company and Chanda Sahib.

Thanjavur Maratha kingdom

The Thanjavur Maratha kingdom of the Bhonsle dynasty was a principality of Tamil Nadu between the 17th and 19th centuries. Their native language was Marathi. Venkoji was the founder of the dynasty.

French East India Company Defunct French trading company

The French East India Company was a commercial Imperial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the English and Dutch East India companies in the East Indies.

Chanda Sahib Nawab of carnatic

Chanda Sahib was the Mughal Empire's Sepoy, Divan of the Carnatic, Sipahsalar of the Carnatic, Faujdar and Nawab of the Carnatic between 1749 and 1752. His birth name is Husayn Dost Khan. Initially he was supported by the French. After his defeat at Arcot in 1751. He was captured by the "Marathas of Thanjavur" and executed.


Early life

Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I was born on 25 August 1713 to Thirumalai Raya Tondaiman Sahib, the heir-apparent of Pudukkottai and his wife, Nallayi Ayi Sahib and educated privately. On the death of his father in 1729, Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I was made heir-apparent by his grandfather, Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman, the Raja of Pudukkottai.

Raja Sri Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman (1641-1730) was the ruler of the Pudukkottai kingdom from 1686 to 1730. Starting his career as a feudatory chieftain of the Sethupathi of Ramnad, in 1686, Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman was recognised as the independent ruler of Pudukkottai by the Sethupathi for the services he had rendered him.


Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I was crowned king at Kudumiyanmalai on the death of his grandfather, Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman, the Raja of Pudukkottai in 1730. Soon after his accession, a bloody civil war followed and Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I had to fight his uncles in order to secure his throne. In 1733, the Thanjavur Maratha general, Ananda Rao, invaded Pudukkottai and besieged Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I at the Thirumayam Fort for over a year destroying its defences and ravaging the town before returning.

When the Second Carnatic War broke out in 1750, Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I allied with the British East India Company and the Marathas against Chanda Sahib and the French. He supplied vital reinforcements to the British during the siege of Trichinopoly. In May 1754, he became the target of a French invasion which ravaged the kingdom.

Maratha Empire Indian imperial power that existed from 1674 to 1818

The Maratha Empire or the Maratha Confederacy was an Indian power that dominated large portion of Indian subcontinent in the 18th century. The empire formally existed from 1674 with the coronation of Chhatrapati Shivaji and ended in 1818 with the defeat of Puppet Peshwa Bajirao 2 installed by Maratha Nobles under Monarch Chhatrapati Pratapsingh. The Marathas are credited to a large extent for ending Mughal rule in India.


Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman I had one son who survived him

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