Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman

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Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman
Raja of Pudukkottai
Reign 30 December 1789 – 1 February 1807
Predecessor Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman
Successor Vijaya Raghunatha Raya Tondaiman II
Born May 1759
Pudukkottai, Pudukkottai state
Died 1 February 1807 (aged 47)
Pudukkottai
House Pudukkottai
Father Thirumalai Raya Tondaiman

Raja Sri Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman Bahadur (c May 1759 – 1 February 1807) was the ruler of the pudukottai village from 30 December 1789 to 1 February 1807. [1]

Contents

Early life

Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman was born in May 1759 to Thirumalai Raya Tondaiman Sahib and was educated privately. [2]

Reign

Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman succeeded to the throne on the death of his first cousin, Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman, the Raja of Pudukkottai without any male heirs. [2] Vijaya Raghunatha's reign was a period of incessant wars in South India. Vijaya Raghunatha supported the British in the wars and in return for his services, he was given the title "Raja Bahadur" by Muhammed Ali Khan Wallajah, the Nawab of the Carnatic on 17 October 1796. [2] Vijaya Raghunatha played a pivotal role in Polygar Wars leading to the capture and arrest of Veerapandiya Kattabomman and his brother Oomaithurai by the British. [2] The British recognized his services by handing him the territory of Kilanilai in 1803. [2]

Raja Sri Raya Raghunatha Tondaiman was the ruler of Pudukkottai kingdom from 28 December 1769 to 30 December 1789.

South India Group of Southern Indian states

South India is the area including the five Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Telangana, as well as the three union territories of Lakshadweep, Andaman and Nicobar Islands and Puducherry, occupying 19% of India's area. Covering the southern part of the peninsular Deccan Plateau, South India is bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean in the south. The geography of the region is diverse with two mountain ranges–the Western and Eastern Ghats, bordering the plateau heartland. Godavari, Krishna, Kaveri, Tungabhadra and Vaigai rivers are important non-perennial sources of water. Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Trivandrum, Coimbatore, Visakhapatnam, Madurai and Kochi are the largest urban areas.

The Polygar Wars or Palaiyakkarar Wars were wars fought between the Polygars (Palaiyakkarars) of the former Tirunelveli Kingdom in Tamil Nadu, India and the British East India Company forces between March 1799 to May 1802 or July 1805. The British finally won after carrying out gruelling protracted jungle campaigns against the Polygar armies. Many lives were lost on both sides and the victory over the Polygars brought large parts of the territories of Tamil Nadu under British control, enabling them to get a strong hold in Southern India.

The Thanjavur Maratha kingdom was annexed by the British East India Company in 1799, followed by the Ramnad and Sivaganga kingdoms which were reduced to the status of zamindari estates. The annexation of the Carnatic kingdom in 1801 made the British East India Company, the paramount power in South India. Pudukkottai was allowed to remain independent in recognition of the services the Tondaiman kings had rendered to the company.

Thanjavur Maratha kingdom

The Thanjavur Maratha kingdom of the Bhonsle dynasty was a principality of Tamil Nadu between the 17th and 19th centuries. Their native language was Marathi. Venkoji was the founder of the dynasty.

Ramnad estate

The estate of Ramnad was a permanently settled zamindari estate that existed in the Ramnad subdivision of the Madura district and later Ramnad district of the erstwhile Madras Presidency in British India from 1801 to 1949.

The estate of Sivaganga, as per British records also known as Kingdom of the Lesser Marava, was a permanently settled zamindari estate in the Ramnad sub-division of Madura district, Madras Presidency, British India. Along the estate of Ramnad, it formed one of the two zamindari estates of Ramnad subdivision.

Family

Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman married Rani Brihannayaki Ayi Sahib and later, Rani Ayi Ammani Ayi Sahib. [2] Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman had five sons of whom two survived him. [2]

Raja Sri Raghunatha Tondaiman Bahadur was the ruler of the princely state of Pudukkottai from 4 June 1825 to 13 July 1839.

Death

Vijaya Raghunatha Tondaiman died on 1 February 1807 at the age of 47. The junior queen Rani Ayi Ammani Ayi Sahib committed sati . [2]

Notes

  1. "Indian Princely States K-Z". Ben Cahoon. 2000.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Pudukkottai 2". Tondaiman Dynasty. Christopher Buyers.

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