Vila Franca de Xira

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Vila Franca de Xira
Vila Franca de Xira - Portugal (44508320135) (cropped).jpg
Vila Franca de Xira - Portugal (43742496791).jpg
Mercado Municipal de Vila Franca de Xira - Portugal (39111653872).jpg
Pelourinho de Vila Franca de Xira - Portugal (41990561422).jpg
Estacao de Caminho de Ferro de Vila Franca de Xira (cropped).JPG
Vila Franca de Xira - Portugal (27949977737).jpg
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LocalVilaFrancaDeXira.svg
Coordinates: 38°57′N8°59′W / 38.950°N 8.983°W / 38.950; -8.983 Coordinates: 38°57′N8°59′W / 38.950°N 8.983°W / 38.950; -8.983
CountryFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
Region Lisboa
Metropolitan area Lisbon
District Lisbon
Parishes 6
Government
   President Alberto Mesquita (PS)
Area
  Total318.19 km2 (122.85 sq mi)
Population
 (2021)
  Total137,659
  Density430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zone UTC±00:00 (WET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+01:00 (WEST)
Local holiday Ascension Day
date varies
Website www.cm-vfxira.pt

Vila Franca de Xira (Portuguese pronunciation:  [ˈvilɐ ˈfɾɐ̃kɐ ðɨ ˈʃiɾɐ] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) is a city and municipality in the Lisbon District in Portugal. The population in 2021 was 137,659, [1] in an area of 318.19 km2. [2]

Contents

Situated on both banks of the Tagus River, 32 km north-east of the Portuguese capital Lisbon, settlement in the area dates back to neolithic times, as evidenced by findings in the Cave of Pedra Furada. Vila Franca de Xira is said to have been founded by French followers of Portugal's first king, Afonso Henriques, around 1200.

The town is mostly famous for its bull-running festivals in July and October. Bulls are raised in the salty marshlands of the Ribatejo, which is also a notable breeding ground for the magnificent Lusitano horse, esteemed for its quick reflexes and maneuverability. A number of brightly coloured Portuguese bullfighting costumes are on display in the ethnographic museum in the town's bullring, the Praça de Toiros (or Touros) Palha Blanco.

Notably, the town was the stage for the eponymously named Vilafrancada in May of 1823. The Vilafrancada was an insurrection led by prince Miguel I of Portugal, son of King John VI of Portugal, which sought to reestablish an absolutist monarchy in Portugal. This came in response to the Portuguese Constitution of 1822 - the Kingdom's first constitution - which turned Portugal from an absolutist monarchy to a parlamentarian monarchy. The Vilafrancada can be seen as a prelude to the Portuguese Civil War of 1828-34.

In 1951, the town benefited from the completion of the Marechal Carmona Bridge. Located almost equidistantly between Lisbon and Santarém, The town provided an ideal place for a road bridge. The bridge was the first to cross the Tagus in the Lisbon region, [3] and remained its only crossing until the inauguration of the 25 de Abril Bridge fifteen years later. As a result, Vilafranca experienced greater traffic and commercial opportunities during this period.

Nearby, the town's Misericórdia church features striking 18th-century azulejos (glazed tiles). The town also has a Museum of Neo-Realism. [4]

Three km south of Vila Franca de Xira lies the Lezíria Grande Equestrian Centre, where visitors can watch stylish displays of the impressive Lusitano horses. The centre also stages typical bullfighting spectacles in its outdoor bullring. Visitors can ride Lusitano horses and take dressage lessons at the Quinta de São Sebastião, a sprawling estate at Arruda dos Vinhos, 11 km west of Vila Franca de Xira.

The municipality contains several forts built during the Peninsular War and forming part of the Lines of Torres Vedras. These include the Fort of Subserra on the first line of defence and the Forts of Serra da Aguieira and the Fort of Casa on the second line.

Another place of interest, on the left bank, is the Hermitage of Nossa Senhora de Alcamé, which was built so that farmers on the Tagus floodplain would both have somewhere to pray and also somewhere of safety during floods. An annual pilgrimage is held to the hermitage with participants going by boat from the town of Vila Franca de Xira on the right bank.

The current Mayor is Alberto Mesquita, [5] elected in 2013 as a member of the Socialist Party. [6]

Climate

Vila Franca de Xira has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters.

Climate data for Alverca do Ribatejo (air base), Vila Franca de Xira, 1961-1990, altitude: 2 m (6 ft 7 in)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.5
(68.9)
22.5
(72.5)
27.0
(80.6)
29.4
(84.9)
36.2
(97.2)
43.5
(110.3)
40.0
(104.0)
39.0
(102.2)
38.8
(101.8)
33.0
(91.4)
26.3
(79.3)
22.2
(72.0)
43.5
(110.3)
Average high °C (°F)14.6
(58.3)
15.6
(60.1)
17.8
(64.0)
19.3
(66.7)
22.0
(71.6)
25.9
(78.6)
28.8
(83.8)
29.0
(84.2)
27.9
(82.2)
22.9
(73.2)
18.1
(64.6)
15.4
(59.7)
21.4
(70.6)
Daily mean °C (°F)10.6
(51.1)
11.7
(53.1)
13.2
(55.8)
14.8
(58.6)
17.1
(62.8)
20.4
(68.7)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
22.1
(71.8)
18.3
(64.9)
14.1
(57.4)
11.8
(53.2)
16.7
(62.0)
Average low °C (°F)6.6
(43.9)
7.8
(46.0)
8.6
(47.5)
10.3
(50.5)
12.2
(54.0)
14.9
(58.8)
17.0
(62.6)
17.2
(63.0)
16.3
(61.3)
13.7
(56.7)
10.1
(50.2)
8.2
(46.8)
11.9
(53.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches)93.0
(3.66)
104.5
(4.11)
43.6
(1.72)
57.1
(2.25)
41.9
(1.65)
20.5
(0.81)
5.2
(0.20)
8.0
(0.31)
18.4
(0.72)
70.4
(2.77)
73.8
(2.91)
109.4
(4.31)
645.8
(25.42)
Source: Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera [7]

Demographics

Vila Franca de Xira Municipality (1801–2011)
1801184919001930196019811991200120112021
3 8395 20215 76624 05340 59488 193103 571122 908136 886137 659
Map of the municipality showing the individual parishes Vila Franca de Xira freguesias 2013.svg
Map of the municipality showing the individual parishes

Parishes

Administratively, the municipality is divided into 6 civil parishes ( freguesias ): [8]

Notable people

Afonso de Albuquerque Afonso de Albuquerque (with Santiago cloak).jpg
Afonso de Albuquerque

Sport

Helena Costa, 2012 Helena Costa 2012 (cropped).jpg
Helena Costa, 2012

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References

  1. "Resultados Preliminares Censos 2021 INE". INE. Retrieved 7 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. "Áreas das freguesias, concelhos, distritos e país". Archived from the original on 5 November 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  3. https://www.publico.pt/2006/12/30/jornal/ponte-de-vila-franca-de-xira-celebra-hoje-55-anos-114467.{{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. Museu do Neo-Realismo Archived 2 April 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Autoridades continuam no terreno a tentar descobrir foco da infeção de 'legionella'" (in Portuguese). Diário de Notícias. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  6. O Mirante (local weekly paper)
  7. "Plano Municipal de Defesa da Floresta Contra Incêndios" (PDF). Vila Franca de Xira Municipality. Retrieved 19 July 2021.
  8. Diário da República. "Law nr. 11-A/2013, page 552 131" (PDF) (in Portuguese). Retrieved 4 August 2014.
  9. "Albuquerque, Alphonso d'"  . Encyclopædia Britannica . Vol. 01 (11th ed.). 1911. p. 516.
  10. Alves Redol, IMDb Database retrieved 05 July 2021.
  11. Lili Caneças, IMDb Database retrieved 05 July 2021.
  12. Nuria Madruga, IMDb Database retrieved 05 July 2021.
  13. Leonor Teles, IMDb Database retrieved 05 July 2021.