Vilasrao Deshmukh

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Vilasrao Deshmukh
Vilasrao Deshmukh at Innovation Partnerships Event May 8, 2012.jpg
Minister of Science and Technology
In office
12 July 2011 14 August 2012
President Pranab Mukherjee
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Succeeded by Vayalar Ravi
Minister of Earth Sciences
In office
12 July 2011 14 August 2012
Preceded by Pawan Kumar Bansal
Succeeded by Vayalar Ravi
Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
In office
26 June 2012 14 August 2012
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh
Preceded by Virbhadra Singh
Succeeded by Vayalar Ravi
Minister of Rural Development
In office
19 January 2011 12 July 2011
Preceded by C. P. Joshi
Succeeded by Jairam Ramesh
Minister of Panchayati Raj
In office
19 January 2011 12 July 2011
Preceded by C. P. Joshi
Succeeded by Kishore Chandra Deo
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
In office
28 May 2009 28 May 2012
Preceded by Santosh Mohan Dev
Succeeded by Praful Patel
14th Chief Minister of Maharashtra
In office
1 November 2004 5 December 2008
Preceded by Sushil Kumar Shinde
Succeeded by Ashok Chavan
In office
18 October 1999 16 January 2003
Preceded by Narayan Rane
Succeeded by Sushil Kumar Shinde
Personal details
Born
Vilasrao Dagadojirao Deshmukh

(1945-05-26)26 May 1945
Babhalgaon, Hyderabad State, British India
(now in Maharashtra, India)
Died14 August 2012(2012-08-14) (aged 67)
Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s)Vaishalitai Deshmukh
Children Amit Deshmukh
Riteish Deshmukh
Dheeraj Deshmukh
Occupation Lawyer
Politician [1]

Vilasrao Dagadojirao Deshmukh (26 May 1945 – 14 August 2012) was an Indian politician who served two terms as the Chief Minister of the state of Maharashtra. He also served in the Union cabinet as the Minister of Science and Technology and Minister of Earth Sciences.

Maharashtra State in western India

Maharashtra is a state in the western peninsular region of India occupying a substantial portion of the Deccan Plateau. It is the second-most populous state and third-largest state by area in India. Spread over 307,713 km2 (118,809 sq mi), it is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, the Indian states of Karnataka and Goa to the south, Telangana and Chhattisgarh to the east, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh to the north, and the Indian union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the north west. It is also the world's second-most populous subnational entity.

The Ministry of Science and Technology is the Indian government ministry charged with formulation and administration of the rules and regulations and laws relating to science and technology in India.

Contents

Vilasrao Deshmukh was a Member of Parliament in Rajya Sabha, India. He had previously held the posts of Minister of Rural Development and Minister of Panchayati Raj, Government of India and Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Government of India. [2] He was a member of Rajya Sabha representing Maharashtra. Vilasrao Deshmukh was two-time Chief Minister of Maharashtra, from 1999 to 2003 and from 2004 to 2008. He was a member of the Indian National Congress and originally belonged to Latur district in the Marathwada region of Maharashtra.

The Ministry of Rural Development, a branch of the Government of India, is entrusted with the task of accelerating the socio-economic development of rural India. Its focus is on health, education, drinking water, housing and roads.

Government of India Legislative, executive and judiciary powers of India

The Government of India, often abbreviated as GoI, is the union government created by the constitution of India as the legislative, executive and judicial authority of the union of 29 states and seven union territories of a constitutionally democratic republic. It is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.

The Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises is an executive agency of the Government of India that administers 48 central public sector enterprises (PSEs) and assists them in their effort to improve capacity utilization and increase profitability, generate resources and re-orient strategies to become more competitive. The ministry serves as an interface between PSEs and other agencies for long-term policy formulation. The ministry also encourages the restructuring of PSEs to make their operations competitive and viable on a long-term and sustainable basis.

Critically ill with kidney and liver failures, Deshmukh died on 14 August 2012 due to multiple organ failure at Global Hospitals, Chennai. [3] [4] He is survived by his wife Vaishali and three children (all sons), including actor Riteish Deshmukh.

Chennai Megacity in Tamil Nadu, India

Chennai is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre of south India. According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the sixth-most populous city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India. The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world. Chennai is among the most-visited Indian cities by foreign tourists. It was ranked the 43rd-most visited city in the world for the year 2015. The Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India. Chennai attracts 45 percent of health tourists visiting India, and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. As such, it is termed "India's health capital". As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems.

Riteish Deshmukh Indian actor

Riteish Vilasrao Deshmukh is an Indian film actor, producer and architect. He is known for his work in Hindi and Marathi cinema. He is the son of the former Chief Minister of Maharashtra late Vilasrao Deshmukh and Vaishali Deshmukh.

Personal life

Deshmukh was born on 26 May 1945 in Babhalgaon in Latur district in the present-day Maharashtra. After completing his school education, he went to ILS Law College, Pune and thereafter to Pune University to study law. After passing out from the university, he began to practice law. He married Vaishali in 1973 and has three sons - Amit Deshmukh, an MLA in Maharashtra, Dheeraj Deshmukh and Bollywood actor Riteish Deshmukh. Riteish is married to actress Genelia D'Souza.

Latur district District of Maharashtra in India

Latur district is a district in Maharashtra state of India. Latur city is the district headquarters and is the 16th largest city in the state of Maharashtra. The district is primarily agricultural. Urban population comprises 25.47% of the total population.

ILS Law College


ILS Law College, or in its full name Indian Law Society's Law College, is a government law school in Pune, India. It was established in 1924 and offers courses that include three-year and five-year degrees. ILS is located on Law College Road, Pune. The college was aided by The Ford Foundation.

Amit Deshmukh Indian politician

Amit Vilasrao Deshmukh is a politician and a member of the Indian National Congress, and son of Vilasrao Deshmukh. He represents the Latur City Constituency in the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly. He is the National Secretary of the All India Congress Committee. In 2014,he was appointed as Minister of State for Tourism, Food & Drugs Administration, Excise, and New Renewable Energy.

Political career

Deshmukh entered active politics and became a member of the Babhalgaon (Latur) Village Panchayat from 1974 to 1980 and its Sarpanch (village chief) from 1974 to 1976. He was a member of Osmanabad Zilla Parishad and Deputy Chairman of Latur Taluka Panchayat Samiti (Latur District Panchayat Committee) from 1974 to 1980. As the President of Osmanabad District Youth Congress from 1975 to 1978, he worked for the implementation of the Sanjay Gandhi inspired Five Point Programme of the Youth Congress. He organised the youth in Osmanabad district and became the President of District wing of the Congress (I) party.

A sarpanch is a decision-maker, elected by the village-level constitutional body of local self-government called the Gram Sabha in India. The sarpanch, together with other elected pancha , constitute the gram panchayat. The sarpanch is the focal point of contact between government officers and the village community and retains power for five years.

Zila parishad are Panchayats at Apex or District Level in Panchayat Raj Institutions

Sanjay Gandhi Indian politician

Sanjay Gandhi was an Indian politician and the son of Indira Gandhi. He was a family member of the Nehru–Gandhi family. During his lifetime he was widely expected to succeed his mother as head of the Indian National Congress, but following his early death in a plane crash his elder brother Rajiv became their mother's political heir, and succeeded her as Prime Minister of India after her assassination. Sanjay's widow Maneka Gandhi and son Varun Gandhi are leading politicians in the Bharatiya Janata Party.

He was a Member of the Maharashtra Legislative Assembly from 1980 to 1995 winning the 1980, 1985, and 1990 elections. [5] During this period, he served as the Minister of State and the Cabinet Minister and had the portfolios of the ministries of Home, General Administration, Cooperation, Public Works, Transport, Legislative Affairs, Tourism, Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Dairy Development Fisheries, Industry, Rural Development, Education, Technical Education, Sports and Youth Welfare.

He lost the election in 1995 by a margin of 35,000. He was re-elected to the State Legislature from Latur Constituency in the elections held in September 1999 with a strong comeback winning by a margin of nearly 91,000 in two successive elections, the highest in Maharashtra. He became the Chief Minister of Maharashtra on 18 October 1999. He was Chief Minister until 17 January 2003, but had to step down in January 2003 and make way for Sushilkumar Shinde, following factionalism in the state unit of the party.

He was re-elected to the Legislative Assembly from Latur Constituency in October 2004. [5] He became Chief Minister for the second time on 1 November 2004 – 4 December 2008. [6] [7]

He subsequently entered the Rajya Sabha and was appointed to the Council of Ministers as Union Minister for Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 28 May 2009. [8] He was appointed as Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises on 19 January 2011 cabinet reshuffle. [9] Later on he was appointed Minister of Rural Development. He was appointed as Minister of Science and Technology and Minister of Earth Sciences on 12 July 2011.

Scams and Controversies

26/11 attacks controversy and resignation

In the aftermath of the November 2008 Mumbai attacks, Public opinion forced Vilasrao, and his deputy, the state home minister, R. R. Patil, to resign for being perceived as inept administrators and insensitive to the problems facing people in the state. He took the moral responsibility and offered to resign, which was then accepted by the party. [10] [11] A contributory factor in his resignation was the conducted tour he offered to film director Ram Gopal Varma to the terror site of The Taj Mahal Palace Hotel after the attack. [12] " [13]

Adarsh allegations

An affidavit filed in the Bombay High Court on 27 April 2012 alleges that Deshmukh might be owning two flats through proxies in the Adarsh housing society in Mumbai. The scam is pending for further investigation. Union Minister of Power Sushil Kumar Shinde, on 25 June, told a judicial panel the decision to allot government land and grant of additional Floor Space Index to the housing society was taken during Deshmukh's tenure as the Chief Minister of Maharashtra. [14]

Involvement with Education Trusts

Deshmukh founded the Manjra Charitable Trust which runs a number of colleges in Latur & Mumbai. Some of them are Manajara Ayurvedic Medical College & Hospital Latur, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology at Versova, Andheri in Mumbai [15] and Sushiladevi Deshmukh Vidyalaya at Airoli, Navi Mumbai.[ citation needed ] He also founded Marathwada Mitramandal under which there are two engineering colleges and one commerce college in Pune. and another one in Marathwada Mitra Mandal's Institute of Technology Lohegaon, Pune

Illness and death

Deshmukh was diagnosed with cirrhosis in summer 2011. Hints of his ailments, though kept in private, included the writing of his will and a general lack of previous warmth and tiredness at the weddings of his two sons, Riteish and Dheeraj. [16] He was admitted to Mumbai's Breach Candy Hospital in the first week of August 2012, where he was diagnosed with liver and kidney failure. He was flown to Chennai for a liver transplant by air ambulance on 6 August. [17] Attempts to commence the liver transplant failed as a clinically dead man, whose liver and kidney were to be transplanted into Deshmukh, died the night before the operation. He died the following day on 14 August at 14:00 [18] due to an apparent multiple organ failure. [19] [20] He died in the presence of his family. [21]

Reactions included INC president Sonia Gandhi who said his death was a great loss to the party. [18] President Pranab Mukherjee paid tribute and expressed grief, as did Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, who called Deshmukh "a trusted colleague and an able administrator who worked at panchayat, state and central levels with admirable dedication." Maharashtra BJP opposition leader Prakash Javadekar reacted in saying: "It is a very sad news. He was warm-hearted and cheerful and always ready for helping (others). He had a vision for Maharashtra and was equally concerned about farmers and youngsters." Minister of State for Science and Technology Ashwani Kumar called Deshmukh a "great human being" who had an ability to connect with people and that "he was very unwell. We were hoping for his recovery. I am saddened, shocked." Samajwadi Party MP Jaya Bachchan said his death was "very unfortunate to lose such a promising leader at a young age." Janata Dal United (JDU) leader Sharad Yadav said his death resulted in a "lot of pain," while Nationalist Congress Party leader Praful Patel said: "He had a long journey in public life. He was a big leader, a wise leader. He knew all parts of Maharashtra very well. It is great loss for the country and big loss for Maharashtra."

Other condolences came from Maharashtra Governor K. Sankaranarayanan, Chief Minister Prithviraj Chavan, Deputy Chief Minister Ajit Pawar and Republican Party of India leader Ramdas Athawale. His death also elicited reaction from Bollywood, partly as a result of his son's career in filmdom. These included Madhuri Dixit, Karan Johar, Bipasha Basu, Dia Mirza and Raveena Tandon, as well as Shah Rukh Khan who called Deshmukh a "wonderful" gentleman and said "I'm feeling very sorry. I have known him (Vilasrao) for years. Riteish is a close friend of mine. I spoke to him. I am very sad, it is very unexpected."

His cremation took place on 15 August, India's Independence Day at Babhalgaon, his village, in Latur district. [21] [22]

Notes

  1. "'Vilas was shy as a law student, a poor orator'". Pune Mirror. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2012.[ permanent dead link ]
  2. "Department of Heavy Industry". Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises . Retrieved 6 February 2010.
  3. "Vilasrao Deshmukh on life support". 7 August 2012. Archived from the original on 15 July 2015.
  4. Arun Ram (14 August 2012). "Vilasrao Deshmukh passes away". Times of India. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  5. 1 2 "Election result Analysis 1978–2004". Election Commission of India. Retrieved 27 January 2010.
  6. "Wheel has taken full circle for Vilasrao Deshmukh". Rediff.com. 30 October 2004. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
  7. "Deshmukh sworn in Chief Minister of Maharashtra". The Hindu . Chennai, India. 2 November 2004. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
  8. "Big comeback: Deshmukh in Union Cabinet". CNN-IBN. 28 May 2009. Retrieved 6 February 2010.
  9. "Vilasrao Deshmukh's promotion in Union Cabinet". CNN-IBN. 19 January 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
  10. Hindustan Times . 5 December 2008 https://archive.is/20130126111727/http://www.hindustantimes.com/Chavan-to-be-new-Maharashtra-CM/Article1-356150.aspx. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 30 October 2010.Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. "Mumbai: the aftermath". World Press. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
  12. Shakuntala Banaji (2010). South Asian Media Cultures: Audiences, Representations, Contexts. Anthem Press. p. 146. ISBN   978-1-84331-842-2.
  13. "BJP demands Vilasrao Deshmukh's resignation – Politics – Politics News – ibnlive". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 5 April 2012.
  14. "Deshmukh appears before Adarsh panel". Zeenews.india.com. 26 June 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  15. "MANJARA Charitable Trust". Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Technology, Mumbai . Retrieved 6 February 2010.
  16. "Vilasrao Deshmukh knew he was to die!". daily.bhaskar.com. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  17. Pushpa Narayan and Prafulla Marapakwar (8 August 2012). "Vilasrao Deshmukh still critical, no liver". The Times of India . Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  18. 1 2 "Congress leader Vilasrao Deshmukh passes away at 67". Zeenews.india.com. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  19. "liver and kidney transplants". Yahoo News, India. 14 August 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  20. "Vilasrao Deshmukh Passes Away, Twitter Celebrates | Gather". News.gather.com. 6 January 2011. Archived from the original on 25 February 2014. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  21. 1 2 "Vilasrao Deshmukh dies: mourned by leaders, Bollywood". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 14 August 2012. Retrieved 14 August 2012.
  22. "Deshmukh's body reaches Latur, funeral in evening". Indiavision news. 15 August 2012. Archived from the original on 26 January 2013.
Preceded by
Narayan Rane
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
18 October 1999 – 16 January 2003
Succeeded by
Sushilkumar Shinde
Preceded by
Sushilkumar Shinde
Chief Minister of Maharashtra
1 November 2004 – 4 December 2008
Succeeded by
Ashok Chavan
Preceded by
Santosh Mohan Dev
Minister of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises
28 May 2009 – 19 January 2011
Succeeded by
Praful Patel
Preceded by
C. P. Joshi
Minister of Rural Development
19 January 2011 – 12 July 2011
Succeeded by
Jairam Ramesh
Preceded by
C. P. Joshi
Minister of Panchayati Raj
19 January 2011 – 12 July 2011
Succeeded by
Kishore Chandra Deo
Preceded by
Pawan Kumar Bansal
Minister of Science and Technology
12 July 2011 – 14 August 2012
Succeeded by
Vayalar Ravi
Preceded by
Pawan Kumar Bansal
Minister of Earth Sciences
12 July 2011 – 14 August 2012
Succeeded by
Vayalar Ravi
Preceded by
Sharad Pawar
Mumbai Cricket Association
15 July 2011 – 14 August 2012
Succeeded by
Ravi Sawant

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