Villeurbanne

Last updated
Villeurbanne
Place lazare goujon.jpg
The city hall in Villeurbanne
Blason ville fr Villeurbanne (Rhone).svg
Location of Villeurbanne
Villeurbanne
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Villeurbanne
Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Villeurbanne
Coordinates: 45°46′00″N4°52′49″E / 45.7667°N 4.8803°E / 45.7667; 4.8803 Coordinates: 45°46′00″N4°52′49″E / 45.7667°N 4.8803°E / 45.7667; 4.8803
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Metropolis Lyon Metropolis
Arrondissement Lyon
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Cédric Van Styvendael [1] (PS)
Area
1
14.52 km2 (5.61 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019) [2]
152,212
  Density10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
69266 /69100
Elevation165–189 m (541–620 ft)
(avg. 181 m or 594 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Villeurbanne (French pronunciation:  [vilœʁban] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Arpitan : Velorbana) is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France.

Contents

It is situated northeast of Lyon, with which it forms the heart of the second-largest metropolitan area in France after that of Paris. Villeurbanne is the second-largest city in the metropolitan area of Lyon and the 20th most populated in France. [3] In 2013, Villeurbanne was elected the city with the best administration of France, which attracts more and more people.

History

The current location of downtown Villeurbanne is known to have been inhabited as far back as 6000 BC. Its current name comes from a Gallo-Roman farming area, established at about the same time as Lyon (then Lugdunum ) and known as the Villa Urbana ("town house"). It would then become Urbanum, then Villa Urbane and, ultimately, Villeurbanne.

Villeurbanne has belonged to the kingdom of France since 1349. It was then separated from La Guillotière (A former city lately incorporated into Lyon as the 3rd, 6th, 7th and 8th Arrondissment) by the river La Rize, a former branch of the Rhône River.

Until the 19th century, the city was merely a patchwork of distinct villages separated by fields and undeveloped land. These villages have mostly survived, and nowadays form the neighborhoods of Charpennes, Cusset, Croix-Luizet, Maisons-Neuves, etc.

With the industrial era, Villeurbanne's economy soared: the textile industry was the first to bloom, followed by mechanical and chemical ones. The factories lured in numerous immigrants, most notably from Italy.

20th century

Transforming from a rural community to an industrial town, Villeurbanne underwent a tremendous demographic boom in the late 1920s. From 3,000 inhabitants in 1928, its population rocketed to 82,000 in 1931. Mayor Lazare Goujon (elected 1924) engaged the city in a vast public works initiative. Arguably the most visible heritage of this program is the Gratte-Ciel, a housing complex made up of two Art Deco towers and annex smaller buildings, lining up along the Avenue Henri Barbusse. These structures built between 1924-1934 are the work of architect Môrice Leroux, with a contribution of Tony Garnier. They are one of the most notable Art Deco structures in France and the 19-story twin towers have become an emblem of the city.

Villeurbanne city hall was built by Robert Giroud, a disciple of Tony Garnier (architect) and friend of Môrice Leroux.

Education

Primary and secondary schools

Public senior high schools:

Private schools:

Colleges and universities

Many colleges and universities of the Lyon metropolitan area are located in Villeurbanne. Many of these are located on the La Doua campus, home to the Claude Bernard University (Lyon I), a public university, CPE Lyon and the Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon, one of the premier engineering institute (Grandes écoles) in France, very well known for high quality education and for research in France.

Weekend schools

The Association Pour le Developpement de la Langue et de la Culture Japonaises (ADLCJ; リヨン補習授業校 Riyon Hoshū Jugyō Kō), a part-time Japanese supplementary school, is held in the Maison Berty Albrecht in Villeurbanne. [11] It was formed in 1987. [12]

Transport

Villeurbanne is well served by the Lyon area public transit system, the TCL (Transports en Commun Lyonnais). The east branch of subway line A runs through the city heart, and the new tramway lines T1 and T4 connects the La Doua campus to the Lyon business and commercial district of La Part-Dieu and the Presqu'île downtown.

Twin towns – sister cities

Villeurbanne is twinned with: [13]

In addition, Villeurbanne has a friendship declaration with:

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
17931,617    
18001,654+0.32%
18061,834+1.74%
18212,136+1.02%
18312,826+2.84%
18362,998+1.19%
18413,677+4.17%
18464,252+2.95%
18515,395+4.88%
18565,339−0.21%
18615,850+1.84%
18666,663+2.64%
18727,474+1.93%
18769,033+4.85%
188111,176+4.35%
188614,715+5.66%
189117,940+4.04%
189621,714+3.89%
190129,220+6.12%
YearPop.±% p.a.
190633,890+3.01%
191142,526+4.64%
192156,110+2.81%
192663,775+2.59%
193182,038+5.17%
193681,322−0.18%
194682,399+0.13%
195481,769−0.10%
1962105,416+3.23%
1968119,879+2.17%
1975116,535−0.40%
1982115,960−0.07%
1990116,872+0.10%
1999124,215+0.68%
2007138,151+1.34%
2012146,282+1.15%
2017147,712+0.19%
2018150,659+2.00%
From 1962, the number here is the population without double counting
Source: EHESS [15] and INSEE [16]

In terms of population, Villeurbanne is the second largest city in the Metropolis of Lyon, the fourth largest in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, and the 21st largest in France.

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rhône (department)</span> Department of France

Rhône is a department of east-central France, located in the central-southeastern region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. It is named after the river Rhône. It had a population of 1,875,747 in 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Isère</span> Department in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Isère is a landlocked department in the southeastern French region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. Named after the river Isère, it had a population of 1,271,166 in 2019. Its prefecture is Grenoble. It borders Rhône to the northwest, Ain to the north, Savoie to the east, Hautes-Alpes to the south, Drôme and Ardèche to the southwest and Loire to the west.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ferney-Voltaire</span> Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Ferney-Voltaire is a commune in the Ain department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of eastern France. It lies between the Jura Mountains and the Swiss border; it forms part of the metropolitan area of Geneva.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saint-Étienne</span> Prefecture and commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Saint-Étienne is a city in eastern central France, in the Massif Central, 60 km (37 mi) southwest of Lyon in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, on the trunk road that connects Toulouse with Lyon. Saint-Étienne is the prefecture of the Loire department.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">16th arrondissement of Paris</span> French municipal arrondissement in Paris, France

The 16th arrondissement of Paris is one of the 20 arrondissements of the capital city of France. In spoken French, this arrondissement is referred to as seizième.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bron</span> Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Bron is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region, eastern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Châtenay-Malabry</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Châtenay-Malabry is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris. It is located 10.8 km (6.7 mi) from the center of Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Arrondissement of Lyon</span> Arrondissement in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

The arrondissement of Lyon is an arrondissement of France in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. It has 135 communes. Its population is 1,585,411 (2016), and its area is 1,534.6 km2 (592.5 sq mi).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Maisons-Alfort</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Maisons-Alfort is a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 8.4 km (5.2 mi) from the center of Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Draveil</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Draveil is a commune in the department of Essonne in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 19.1 km (11.9 mi) from the center of Paris. It was formally twinned with Hove, East Sussex in The United Kingdom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vaulx-en-Velin</span> Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Vaulx-en-Velin is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France. It is the third-largest suburb of the city of Lyon, and is located to its northeast, on the river Rhône.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tremblay-en-France</span> Commune in Île-de-France, France

Tremblay-en-France is a commune in the north-eastern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 19.5 km (12.1 mi) from the centre of Paris.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Décines-Charpieu</span> Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Décines-Charpieu is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France. The name of the city is often shortened and simply called Décines.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">La Madeleine, Nord</span> Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

La Madeleine is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lyon</span> Third-largest city of France and prefecture of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Lyon, also spelled in English as Lyons, is the third-largest city and second-largest metropolitan area of France. It is located at the confluence of the rivers Rhône and Saône, 391 km (243 mi) southeast of Paris, 278 km (173 mi) north of Marseille, 113 km (70 mi) southwest of Geneva, and 50 km (31 mi) northeast of Saint-Étienne.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire</span> Commune in Centre-Val de Loire, France

Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire is a commune in the department of Indre-et-Loire in central France.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Écully</span> Commune in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

Écully is a commune in the Metropolis of Lyon in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region in eastern France just west of Lyon.

Japanese people in France are French residents and citizens of Japanese ancestry, including both those who have settled in France permanently and those born in the country, along with a significant community of short-term expatriates who spend at most a few years in the country before moving on.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mérignac, Gironde</span> Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Mérignac is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. The 20th-century historian Robert Étienne (1921–2009) was born in Mérignac.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lyon Metropolis</span> Territorial collectivity in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

The Metropolis of Lyon, also known as Grand Lyon, is a French territorial collectivity located in the east-central region of Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. It is a directly elected metropolitan authority encompassing the city of Lyon and most of its suburbs. It has jurisdiction as both a department and a métropole, taking the territory out of the purview of the department of Rhône. It had a population of 1,411,571 in 2019, 37% of whom lived in the city of Lyon proper.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" (in French). data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises. 13 September 2022.
  2. "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. "Villes et communes de France − Tableaux de l'économie française | Insee". www.insee.fr. Retrieved 2019-08-28.
  4. Home. Lycée Faÿs. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  5. Home. Lycée Alfred de Musset. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  6. Home. Lycée Marie Curie Villeurbanne. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  7. Home. Lycée Pierre Brossolette. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  8. Home. Lycée Magenta. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  9. Home page. Institution Scolaire Immaculée Conception. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  10. Home page. Ecole Beth Menahem. Retrieved on September 4, 2016.
  11. "欧州の補習授業校一覧(平成25年4月15日現在)" (Archive). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). Retrieved on May 10, 2014. "Maison Berty Albrecht 14, Place Grandclement, 69100 Viueurbanne, FRANCE"
  12. Home page. Association Pour le Developpement de la Langue et de la Culture Japonaises. Retrieved on May 12, 2006.
  13. "Faites Passer le Mot" (PDF). villeurbanne.fr (in French). Villeurbanne. December 2010. p. 22. Retrieved 2021-04-12.
  14. "International Cooperation | NKR".
  15. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Villeurbanne, EHESS. (in French)
  16. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE