Vilyuysk

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Vilyuysk

Вилюйск
Town under district jurisdiction [1]
Other transcription(s)
  YakutБүлүү
Zdanie administratsii Viliuiskogo ulusa - panoramio.jpg
Flag of Viluysk (Yakutia).png
Flag
Coat of Arms of Viluysk (Yakutia).png
Coat of arms
Location of Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk
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Vilyuysk
Location of Vilyuysk
Yakutia notext.svg
Red pog.svg
Vilyuysk
Vilyuysk (Sakha Republic)
Coordinates: 63°45′N121°38′E / 63.750°N 121.633°E / 63.750; 121.633 Coordinates: 63°45′N121°38′E / 63.750°N 121.633°E / 63.750; 121.633
Country Russia
Federal subject Sakha Republic [1]
Administrative district Vilyuysky District [1]
Town Vilyuysk [1]
Founded1634 [2] [1]
Elevation
105 m (344 ft)
Population
  Estimate 
(2018) [3]
11,095
   Capital ofVilyuysky District [1] , Town of Vilyuysk [1]
   Municipal district Vilyuysky Municipal District [4]
  Urban settlementVilyuysk Urban Settlement [4]
   Capital ofVilyuysky Municipal District [5] , Vilyuysk Urban Settlement [4]
Time zone UTC+9 (MSK+6   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [6] )
Postal code(s) [7]
678200, 678202, 678219, 678229
Dialing code(s) +7 41132
OKTMO ID98618101001
Website www.vilyuisk.ru
Vilyuysk population
2010 Census 10,234 [8]
2002 Census 9,776 [9]
1989 Census 8,988 [10]
1979 Census 7,108 [11]

Vilyuysk (Russian:Вилюйск,IPA:  [vʲɪˈlʲʉjsk] ; Yakut : Бүлүү, Bülüü) is a town and the administrative center of Vilyuysky District in the Sakha Republic, Russia, located on the Vilyuy River (left tributary of the Lena), about 600 kilometers (370 mi) from Yakutsk, the capital of the republic. As of the 2010 Census, its population was 10,234. [8]

Contents

History

The first permanent settlement on the site of the present town was a Cossack winter settlement founded in 1634 [2] as Tyukanskoye or Verkhnevilyuyskoye.[ citation needed ]

Members of the peasant rebellion led by Yemelyan Pugachev were exiled to the area in the 1770s, building the new town of Olensk in 1783. The town's name was derived from the Russian word "олень" (olen), meaning "stag", as still seen in the town's symbols. The town was renamed Vilyuysk after the river on which it stands in 1821.[ citation needed ]

Kate Marsden visited in 1891 on her mission to treat lepers in the region, [12] and returned in 1897 to establish a hospital.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Vilyuysk serves as the administrative center of Vilyuysky District. [1] As an inhabited locality, Vilyuysk is classified as a town under district jurisdiction. [1] As an administrative division, it is, together with one rural locality (the selo of Sosnovka), incorporated within Vilyuysky District as the Town of Vilyuysk. [1] As a municipal division, the Town of Vilyuysk is incorporated within Vilyuysky Municipal District as Vilyuysk Urban Settlement. [4]

Transportation

The Vilyuysk Airport is located near the town. [13]

Climate

Vilyuysk has an extremely continental subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). Winters are extremely cold, with average temperatures from −39.3 to −32.2 °C (−38.7 to −26.0 °F) in January, while summers are warm, with average temperatures from +12.7 to +24.8 °C (54.9 to 76.6 °F) in July, instead being in the warmest summer region for such a northerly latitude, resulting from the absence of any maritime moderation. Precipitation is quite low, but is significantly higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Vilyuysk
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)−0.4
(31.3)
−2.0
(28.4)
10.1
(50.2)
18.6
(65.5)
30.4
(86.7)
36.1
(97.0)
37.4
(99.3)
36.0
(96.8)
27.7
(81.9)
18.0
(64.4)
3.7
(38.7)
−2.1
(28.2)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F)−32.2
(−26.0)
−25.4
(−13.7)
−11.7
(10.9)
0.7
(33.3)
11.4
(52.5)
21.5
(70.7)
24.8
(76.6)
20.4
(68.7)
10.3
(50.5)
−3.8
(25.2)
−22.0
(−7.6)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−3.1
(26.5)
Daily mean °C (°F)−35.8
(−32.4)
−30.4
(−22.7)
−18.9
(−2.0)
−5.6
(21.9)
5.9
(42.6)
15.4
(59.7)
18.7
(65.7)
14.4
(57.9)
5.5
(41.9)
−7.5
(18.5)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−34.5
(−30.1)
−8.2
(17.2)
Average low °C (°F)−39.3
(−38.7)
−35.0
(−31.0)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−12.4
(9.7)
0.0
(32.0)
9.2
(48.6)
12.7
(54.9)
8.6
(47.5)
1.2
(34.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−38.0
(−36.4)
−13.3
(8.1)
Record low °C (°F)−60.9
(−77.6)
−58.0
(−72.4)
−50.0
(−58.0)
−40.2
(−40.4)
−23.0
(−9.4)
−5.3
(22.5)
0.0
(32.0)
−6.3
(20.7)
−15.4
(4.3)
−39.8
(−39.6)
−52.7
(−62.9)
−57.9
(−72.2)
−60.9
(−77.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches)11
(0.4)
9
(0.4)
9
(0.4)
12
(0.5)
23
(0.9)
39
(1.5)
50
(2.0)
39
(1.5)
35
(1.4)
25
(1.0)
20
(0.8)
13
(0.5)
285
(11.3)
Average rainy days000.14111413131550.1075.2
Average snowy days211815830002202120128
Average relative humidity (%)74756858545560667177777568
Mean monthly sunshine hours 1695204267290317342252153834452,068
Source 1: pogoda.ru.net [14]
Source 2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990) [15]

Naming honors

The minor planet 2890 Vilyujsk, discovered in 1978 by Soviet astronomer Lyudmila Zhuravlyova, is named after the town. [16]

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Terbyas Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

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Kyubyainde Selo in Sakha Republic, Russia

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References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Divisions of the Sakha Republic
  2. 1 2 Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 71. ISBN   5-7107-7399-9.
  3. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. 1 2 3 4 Law #173-Z #353-III
  5. Law #172-Z #351-III
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  9. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000](XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 г. Национальный состав населения по регионам России [All Union Population Census of 1979. Ethnic composition of the population by regions of Russia](XLS). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1979 года [All-Union Population Census of 1979] (in Russian). 1979 via Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics.
  12. Marsden, On Sledge and Horseback to outcast Siberian lepers, 1892, p 116
  13. "Vilyuisk Airport". OurAirports. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  14. "Weather And Climate - Climate Vilyuisk" (in Russian). Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  15. "Climate Normals for Viljujsk". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration . Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  16. Schmadel, Lutz D. (2003). Dictionary of Minor Planet Names (5th ed.). New York: Springer Verlag. p. 237. ISBN   3-540-00238-3.

Sources