|Vingt regards sur l'enfant-Jésus|
|Piano suite by Olivier Messiaen|
|English||Twenty contemplations on the infant Jesus|
|Duration||About two hours|
Vingt regards sur l'enfant-Jésus ("Twenty visions of the infant Jesus") is a suite of 20 pieces for solo piano by the French composer Olivier Messiaen (1908–1992). The work is a meditation on the infancy of Jesus. It was composed in 1944 for Yvonne Loriod. A typical performance lasts about two hours.
There are 20 movements:
Messiaen uses Thèmes or leitmotifs, recurring elements that represent certain ideas. They include:
For example, Messiaen has written that "The 'Theme of Chords' is heard throughout, fragmented, concentrated, surrounded with resonances, combined with itself, modified in both rhythm and register, transformed, transmuted in all sorts of ways: it is a complex of sounds intended for perpetual variation, pre-existing in the abstract like a series, but quite concrete and quite easily recognizable through its colours: a steely grey-blue shot through with red and bright orange, a mauve violet spotted with leather-brown and encircled by bluish-purple."
Olivier Eugène Prosper Charles Messiaen was a French composer, organist, and ornithologist, one of the major composers of the 20th century. His music is rhythmically complex; harmonically and melodically he employs a system he called modes of limited transposition, which he abstracted from the systems of material generated by his early compositions and improvisations. He wrote music for chamber ensembles and orchestra, vocal music, as well as for solo organ and piano, and also experimented with the use of novel electronic instruments developed in Europe during his lifetime.
The Turangalîla-Symphonie is a large-scale piece of orchestral music by Olivier Messiaen (1908–92). It was written from 1946 to 1948 on a commission by Serge Koussevitzky for the Boston Symphony Orchestra.
A religious symbol is an iconic representation intended to represent a specific religion, or a specific concept within a given religion.
Saint François d'Assise is an opera in three acts and eight scenes by French composer and librettist Olivier Messiaen, written from 1975 to 1983. It concerns Saint Francis of Assisi, the title character, and displays the composer's devout Catholicism. The world première was given by the Paris Opera at the Palais Garnier on 28 November 1983.
Claire Delbos was a French violinist and composer, and first wife of the composer Olivier Messiaen.
Harawi is a song cycle for soprano and piano, written by Olivier Messiaen in 1945.
Siglind Bruhn is a German musicologist and concert pianist.
Messe de la Pentecôte is an organ mass composed by Olivier Messiaen in 1949–50. According to the composer, it is based on twenty years of improvising at Église de la Sainte-Trinité, where Messiaen was organist since 1931.
Louis Gaston Adrien de Ségur was a French bishop and charitable pioneer.
La Nativité du Seigneur is a work for organ, written by the French composer Olivier Messiaen in 1935.
Charles-Jean Grandmougin was a French poet and playwright. He lived in Paris. Two of his poems appeared in the third and final volume of Le Parnasse contemporain (1876). His poetry has been set as songs by composers including Fauré, Chaminade, Pierné and Bizet. He was more well known as a librettist and translator for operas and oratorios. He wrote the libretto for César Franck's opera Hulda, set in 11th-century Norway, and based on the play Lame Hulda (1858) by Norwegian writer Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson. He also wrote the libretto for La Vierge, an oratorio by Jules Massenet.
Et exspecto resurrectionem mortuorum is a work for wind orchestra by Olivier Messiaen, written in 1964 and first performed the following year. It is composed in five movements.
Jean-Jacques Debout is a French singer-songwriter. In addition to his albums, he has written for a number of renowned artists like Johnny Hallyday, Sylvie Vartan, Dalida, and Chantal Goya. He has also composed a great number of films.
Michel Serre (1658–1733) was a Catalan-born French painter.
Le Fils des étoiles is an incidental music score composed in December 1891 by Erik Satie to accompany a three-act poetic drama of the same name by Joséphin Péladan. It is a key work of Satie's "Rosicrucian" period (1891–1895) and played a role in his belated "discovery" by the French musical establishment in the 1910s.
Visions de l'Amen is a suite of seven pieces for two pianos by the French composer Olivier Messiaen (1908–1992), commissioned for the Concerts de la Pléiade that were held during the German occupation of Paris. It was composed in 1943 for the composer and Yvonne Loriod, and its performance requires about 40–45 minutes.
Hermance Lesguillon, née Lasdrin was a 19th-century French poet and novelist.
Georges Street was a German-born French composer. He was born in Hamburg, the son of Agnes Street-Klindworth (1825–1906) and an unknown father. She had briefly been married to a Paris-born Englishman, Ernest Denis-Street, and her son, christened Ernst August Georg, was given the surname Street. Agnes had an affair with the composer Franz Liszt in the mid 1850s, and some suspected that Liszt was the boy's father. In 1868 Agnes moved to Paris together with her widowed father, and her sons Georges and his younger brother, Charles.
Méditations sur le Mystère de la Sainte Trinité is a work for organ by the French composer Olivier Messiaen. It was composed in 1969, and comprises nine "Meditations". The work introduces communicable language, a musical cryptogram invented by Messiaen.
O sacrum convivium! is a short offertory motet for four-part mixed chorus by French composer Olivier Messiaen, setting "O sacrum convivium". It was composed and published in 1937.