Vinohrady Cemetery

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Vinohrady Cemetery
Vinohradský hřbitov

Kostel sv. Vaclava, Vinohradske hrbitovy.jpg

Chapel of St. Wenceslas in Vinohrady Cemetery
General information
Type Cemetery
Location Prague, Czech Republic
Coordinates 50°04′35″N14°28′52″E / 50.0763°N 14.4811°E / 50.0763; 14.4811
Owner City of Prague, Czech Republic

Vinohrady Cemetery (in Czech: Vinohradský hřbitov) is a large cemetery in Vinohrady in Prague 10 which contains Strašnice Crematorium. It is the second largest cemetery in Prague and is registered in the state list of cultural monuments. The remains of two Czech presidents are in this cemetery. President Václav Havel was a national hero whereas President Emil Hácha did not have his name put on his gravestone when he was buried in 1945.

Vinohrady city district of Prague, Czech Republic

Královské Vinohrady is a cadastral district in Prague. It is so named because the area was once covered in vineyards dating from the 14th century. Vinohrady lies in the municipal and administrative districts of Prague 2, Prague 3 and Prague 10, little parts also of Prague 1 and Prague 4.

Prague 10 Place in Czech Republic

Prague 10 is both a municipal and administrative district in Prague, Czech Republic with more than 100,000 inhabitants.

Strašnice Crematorium

Strašnice Crematorium is the largest crematory in Europe in terms of area. President Václav Havel was cremated here. The crematorium was involved in the disposal of those who had been executed by the Nazi and Communist regimes including writer Vladislav Vančura, general Josef Mašín, politician Milada Horáková and bishop Gorazd of Prague.

Contents

History

The cemetery dates from 1885 [1] although it was at first smaller than its current size of 10 hectares (25 acres). Over time the land has been extended three times. It ranks second by number of persons buried there. In terms of area, Ďáblice Cemetery is the largest in Prague. [2]

Ďáblice Cemetery

Ďáblice cemetery is a graveyard in Ďáblice municipal district, Prague. The entrance pavilions were designed by Vlastislav Hofman.

In 1897 the municipal architect Antonín Turek designed the simple chapel here [3] which is near the entrance. This chapel is dedicated to St. Wenceslas and should not be confused with the more modern St. Wenceslas Church in nearby Vršovice. In front of this chapel are the graves of those who were killed in the Prague Uprising of May 1945 as well as a memorial to the children killed during the German occupation of Prague during the Second World War. [2]

St. Wenceslas Church (Vršovice) Church in Prague, Czech Republic

The Church of Saint Wenceslas is a Roman Catholic church in Vršovice in Prague 10, Czech Republic. The church was built in 1930 as a commemoration of the 1,000th anniversary of the death of St. Wenceslas.

Vršovice district of Prague

Vršovice is a district of Prague. All of Vršovice lies within the Prague 10 administrative district. Vršovice is located south-east of the city centre. It borders Vinohrady to the north, Nusle to the south-west, Michle to the south and Strašnice to the east. The name is first mentioned in 1088 in the founding document of the Vyšehrad Chapter. In 1922 the district was incorporated into the city of Prague. It has 107 streets and 1,611 addresses and has about 38,700 inhabitants.

The German occupation of Czechoslovakia (1938–1945) began with the German annexation of Czechoslovakia's border regions known collectively as the Sudetenland, under terms outlined by the Munich Agreement. German leader Adolf Hitler's pretext for this action was the alleged privations suffered by the ethnic German population living in those regions. New and extensive Czechoslovak border fortifications were also located in the same area.

The Strašnice Crematorium opened in 1932. [4]

Notable burials

Grave of Vaclav Havel Vaclav Havel-hrob, Hrbitov Vinohrady 04.jpg
Grave of Václav Havel

Notable burials here include the novelist Jaroslav Foglar, the sculptor Otto Gutfreund, President Emil Hácha, [5] President Václav Havel's ashes, [6] writers Jan Karafiát [7] and Egon Kisch, the singer Laďka Kozderková, the painter Jakub Schikaneder, children's writer Karel Václav Rais, and historian and writer Zikmund Winter. [1]

Jaroslav Foglar Czech comics screenwriter and writer

Jaroslav Foglar was a famous Czech author who wrote many novels about youths and their adventures in nature and dark city streets. His signature series is Rychlé šípy, which was adapted into comics by Jan Fischer.

Otto Gutfreund Czech sculptor

Otto Gutfreund, also written Oto Gutfreund, was a Czech-Czechoslovak sculptor. After studying art in Prague and Paris, he became known in the 1910s for his sculptures in a cubist style. After his service in the First World War he worked in a more realistic style. His later work includes many small polychrome ceramic figures as well as architectural decorations.

Emil Hácha Czech politician

Emil Dominik Josef Hácha was a Czech lawyer, the third President of Czechoslovakia from 1938 to 1939. From March 1939, his country was under the control of the Germans and was known as the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia.

Former President Emil Hácha's burial was performed here under heavy security on 1 July 1945 when the Minister of the Interior, Václav Nosek, gave instructions that the grave was to remain unmarked. Nosek had arrested Hácha on 13 May 1945 because of his collaboration with the Nazis during the war. Hacha had become ill and died on 27 June at the prison hospital in Pankrác. [5] Hácha's grave was unmarked for many years but there is now a large but simple gravestone.

Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia former country

The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was a protectorate of Nazi Germany established on 16 March 1939 following the German occupation of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939. Earlier, following the Munich Agreement of September 1938, Nazi Germany had incorporated the Czech Sudetenland territory as a Reichsgau.

Famous political dissident and the first president of the Czech Republic, Václav Havel, had his ashes buried here in the family vault joining his parents. Havel's first wife Olga Havlová was buried here in 1996. Havel was cremated at Strasnice Crematorium in a family ceremony; his state funeral at the cemetery was attended by several heads of state and followed by three days of national mourning. [6]

Václav Havel playwright, essayist, poet, dissident and 1st President of the Czech Republic

Václav Havel was a Czech statesman, writer and former dissident, who served as the last President of Czechoslovakia from 1989 until the dissolution of Czechoslovakia in 1992 and then as the first President of the Czech Republic from 1993 to 2003. As a writer of Czech literature, he is known for his plays, essays, and memoirs.

Olga Havlová Czech first wife of the Czech Republic

Olga Havlová, born Šplíchalová was the first wife of Václav Havel, the last President of Czechoslovakia and first President of the Czech Republic.

State funeral Public funeral ceremony held to honour people of national significance

A state funeral is a public funeral ceremony, observing the strict rules of protocol, held to honour people of national significance. State funerals usually include much pomp and ceremony as well as religious overtones and distinctive elements of military tradition. Generally, state funerals are held in order to involve the general public in a national day of mourning after the family of the deceased gives consent. A state funeral will often generate mass publicity from both national and global media outlets.

Heritage

The cemetery and the crematorium are listed as a cultural monument of the Czech Republic. [8] As part of the European Heritage Days initiative this cemetery was opened to the public in September 2012. [9]

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References

  1. 1 2 Vinohrady Cemeteries, MyCzechRepublic.com, retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. 1 2 Vinohrady Cemetery, Prague Welcome, retrieved 20 November 2013
  3. Kosina, Evžen Veselý ; translation Vladimír (1992). Prague - churches, chapels, synagogues. Prague: ASCO. p. 71. ISBN   8085377179.
  4. Post Bellum – František Suchý, retrieved 25 November 2013
  5. 1 2 Emil Hacha, hrad.cz, retrieved 20 November 2013
  6. 1 2 Havel to be buried at Vinohrady cemetery, Radio Prague, 22 December 2011, retrieved 21 November 2013
  7. Cemeteries, Perfect Prague, 21 November 2013
  8. Crematorium. Monmomnet.npu.cz, retrieved 20 November 2013
  9. Praha 10 spouští QRpedii. Památky označkuje QR kódy, Lucas Vaclavik, September 2012, CNews.cz, retrieved 19 November 2013