Vint Cerf

Last updated

Vinton Cerf
Dr Vint Cerf ForMemRS.jpg
Vint Cerf at the Royal Society admissions day in 2016
Vinton Gray Cerf

(1943-06-23) June 23, 1943 (age 78)
Alma mater Stanford University (BS)
University of California, Los Angeles (MS, PhD)
Known for TCP/IP
Internet Society
Scientific career
Fields Telecommunications
Institutions IBM, [2] International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad, [2] [3] UCLA, [2] Stanford University, [2] DARPA, [2] MCI, [2] [4] CNRI, [2] Google [5]
Thesis Multiprocessors, Semaphores, and a Graph Model of Computation  (1972)
Doctoral advisor Gerald Estrin [6]
Signature of Vint Cerf.png

Vinton Gray Cerf [2] ForMemRS [1] ( /sɜːrf/ ; born June 23, 1943) is an American Internet pioneer and is recognized as one of "the fathers of the Internet", sharing this title with TCP/IP co-developer Bob Kahn. [7] [8] [9] [10] He has received honorary degrees and awards that include the National Medal of Technology, [2] the Turing Award, [11] the Presidential Medal of Freedom, [12] the Marconi Prize and membership in the National Academy of Engineering.


Life and career

Vinton Cerf in Vilnius, September 2010 Vint Cerf - 2010.jpg
Vinton Cerf in Vilnius, September 2010

Vinton Gray Cerf was born in New Haven, Connecticut on June 23, 1943, the son of Muriel (née Gray) and Vinton Thurston Cerf. [13] [14] Cerf attended Van Nuys High School with Jon Postel and Steve Crocker. While in high school, Cerf worked at Rocketdyne on the Apollo program and helped write statistical analysis software for the non-destructive tests of the F-1 engines. [15]

Cerf received a Bachelor of Science degree in mathematics from Stanford University. [16] After college, Cerf worked at IBM as a systems engineer supporting QUIKTRAN for two years. [2]

Cerf and his wife Sigrid both have hearing deficiencies; they met at a hearing aid agent's practice in the 1960s, [17] which led him to becoming an advocate for accessibility. They would later join a Methodist Church. [18]

He left IBM to attend graduate school at UCLA where he earned his M.S. degree in 1970 and his PhD in 1972. [6] [19] Cerf studied under Professor Gerald Estrin and worked in Professor Leonard Kleinrock's data packet networking group that connected the first two nodes of the ARPANet, [20] the first node [20] on the Internet, and "contributed to a host-to-host protocol" for the ARPANet. [21]

While at UCLA, Cerf met Bob Kahn, who was working on the ARPANet system architecture. [21] Cerf wrote the first TCP protocol with Yogen Dalal and Carl Sunshine, called Specification of Internet Transmission Control Program ( RFC   675), published in December 1974. [22]

Cerf worked as assistant professor at Stanford University from 1972 to 1976 where he conducted research on packet network interconnection protocols and co-designed the DoD TCP/IP protocol suite with Kahn. [21]

Cerf playing Spacewar! on the Computer History Museum's PDP-1, ICANN meeting, 2007 Vinton Cerf-20070512.jpg
Cerf playing Spacewar! on the Computer History Museum's PDP-1, ICANN meeting, 2007

Cerf worked at the United States Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) from 1973 to 1982 and funded various groups to develop TCP/IP, packet radio (PRNET), packet satellite (SATNET) and packet security technology. [23] These efforts were rooted in the needs of the military. [24] [25] [26] In the late 1980s, Cerf moved to MCI where he helped develop the first commercial email system (MCI Mail) to be connected to the Internet. [27]

Cerf is active in a number of global humanitarian organizations.[ citation needed ] [28] Cerf is also known for his sartorial style, typically appearing in a three-piece suit—a rarity in an industry known for its casual dress norms. [29] [30]

As vice president of MCI Digital Information Services from 1982 to 1986, Cerf led the engineering of MCI Mail, the first commercial email service to be connected to the Internet. In 1986, he joined Bob Kahn at the Corporation for National Research Initiatives as its vice president, working with Kahn on Digital Libraries, Knowledge Robots, and gigabit speed networks. Since 1988 Cerf lobbied for the privatization of the internet. [31] In 1992, he and Kahn, among others, founded the Internet Society (ISOC) to provide leadership in education, policy and standards related to the Internet. Cerf served as the first president of ISOC. Cerf rejoined MCI during 1994 and served as Senior Vice President of Technology Strategy. In this role, he helped to guide corporate strategy development from a technical perspective. Previously, he served as MCI's senior vice president of Architecture and Technology, leading a team of architects and engineers to design advanced networking frameworks, including Internet-based solutions for delivering a combination of data, information, voice and video services for business and consumer use.

During 1997, Cerf joined the Board of Trustees of Gallaudet University, a university for the education of the deaf and hard-of-hearing. [32] Cerf himself is hard of hearing. [33] He has also served on the university's Board of Associates. [34]

Cerf, as leader of MCI's internet business, was criticized due to MCI's role in providing the IP addresses used by, a vendor of spamware that uses a botnet in order to send spam. MCI refused to terminate the spamware vendor. [35] [36] At the time, Spamhaus also listed MCI as the ISP with the most Spamhaus Block List listings. [37]

Cerf has worked for Google as a vice president and Chief Internet Evangelist since October 2005. [5] In this function he has become well known for his predictions on how technology will affect future society, encompassing such areas as artificial intelligence, environmentalism, the advent of IPv6 and the transformation of the television industry and its delivery model. [38]

Since 2010, Cerf has served as a Commissioner for the Broadband Commission for Digital Development, a UN body which aims to make broadband internet technologies more widely available.

Cerf helped fund and establish ICANN, the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. He joined the board in 1999, and served until November 2007. [39] He was chairman from November 2000 to his departure from the Board.

Cerf was a member of Bulgarian President Georgi Parvanov's IT Advisory Council (from March 2002 – January 2012). He is also a member of the advisory board of Eurasia Group, the political risk consultancy. [40]

Cerf is also working on the Interplanetary Internet, together with NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and other NASA laboratories. It will be a new standard to communicate from planet to planet, using radio/laser communications that are tolerant of signal degradations including variable delay and disruption caused, for example, by celestial motion. [41]

On February 7, 2006, Cerf testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation's hearing on net neutrality. Speaking as Google's Chief Internet Evangelist, Cerf noted that nearly half of all consumers lacked meaningful choice in broadband providers and expressed concerns that without network neutrality government regulation, broadband providers would be able to use their dominance to limit options for consumers and charge companies like Google for their use of bandwidth. [42]

Cerf at 2007 Los Angeles ICANN meeting VintCerfJI3.jpg
Cerf at 2007 Los Angeles ICANN meeting

Cerf currently serves on the board of advisors of Scientists and Engineers for America, an organization focused on promoting sound science in American government. [43] He also serves on the advisory council of CRDF Global (Civilian Research and Development Foundation) and was on the International Multilateral Partnership Against Cyber Threats (IMPACT) International Advisory Board. [44]

Cerf was elected as the president of the Association for Computing Machinery in May 2012 [45] and joined the Council on CyberSecurity's Board of Advisors in August 2013. [46]

From 2011 to 2016, Cerf was chairman of the board of trustees of ARIN, the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) of IP addresses for United States, Canada, and part of the Caribbean. [47] Until Fall 2015, Cerf chaired the board of directors of StopBadware, a non-profit anti-malware organization that started as a project at Harvard University's Berkman Center for Internet & Society. [48] [49] Cerf is on the board of advisors to The Liquid Information Company Ltd of the UK, which works to make the web more usefully interactive and which has produced the Mac OS X utility called 'Liquid'. [50] Vint Cerf is a member of the CuriosityStream Advisory Board. [51]

During 2008, Cerf chaired the Internationalized domain name (IDNAbis) working group of the IETF. [52] In 2008 Cerf was a major contender to be designated the first U.S. Chief Technology Officer by President Barack Obama. [53] Cerf is the co-chair of Campus Party Silicon Valley, the US edition of one of the largest technology festivals in the world, along with Al Gore and Tim Berners-Lee. [54] From 2009 to 2011, Cerf was an elected member of the Governing Board of the Smart Grid Interoperability Panel (SGIP). SGIP is a public-private consortium established by NIST in 2009 and provides a forum for businesses and other stakeholder groups to participate in coordinating and accelerating development of standards for the evolving Smart Grid. [55] Cerf was elected to a two-year term as President of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) beginning July 1, 2012. [56] In 2015 Cerf co-founded (with Mei Lin Fung), and is currently chairman of, People-Centered Internet (PCI). [57] On January 16, 2013, U.S. President Barack Obama announced his intent to appoint Cerf to the National Science Board. [58] Cerf served until May 2018 when his six-year term expired.

Cerf is also among the 15 members of governing council of International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad. [59]

In June 2016, his work with NASA led to delay-tolerant networking being installed on the International Space Station with an aim towards an Interplanetary Internet. [60]

Since at least 2015, Cerf has been raising concerns about the wide-ranging risks of digital obsolescence, the potential of losing much historic information about our time – a digital "dark age" or "black hole" – given the ubiquitous digital storage of text, data, images, music and more. Among the concerns are the long-term storage of, and continued reliable access to, our vast stores of present-day digital data and the associated programs, operating systems, computers and peripherals required to access such. [61] [62] [63] [64]

In March 2020, Cerf confirmed that he had tested positive for COVID-19. He announced the news via a tweet in which he also criticized President Donald Trump for the way he was handling the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States. [65] On April 3, 2020, Cerf announced via Twitter that VA Public Health had certified his wife and himself as no longer contagious with the virus. [66]

Awards and honors

Cerf and Bob E. Kahn being awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush CerfKahnMedalOfFreedom.jpg
Cerf and Bob E. Kahn being awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush
Cerf and Bulgarian President Parvanov being awarded the St. Cyril and Methodius in the Coat of Arms Order CerfParvanov.jpg
Cerf and Bulgarian President Parvanov being awarded the St. Cyril and Methodius in the Coat of Arms Order

Cerf has received a number of honorary degrees, including doctorates, from the University of the Balearic Islands, ETHZ in Zurich, Switzerland, Capitol College, Gettysburg College, Yale University, [67] George Mason University, Marymount University, Bethany College (Kansas), University of Pisa, University of Rovira and Virgili (Tarragona, Spain), Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, [68] Luleå University of Technology (Sweden), University of Twente (Netherlands), Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Tsinghua University (Beijing), Brooklyn Polytechnic, UPCT (University of Cartagena, Spain), Zaragoza University (Spain), University of Reading (United Kingdom), Royal Roads University (Canada), MGIMO (Moscow State University of International Relations), Buenos Aires Institute of Technology (Argentina), Polytechnic University of Madrid, Keio University (Japan), University of South Australia (Australia), University of St Andrews (Scotland), University of Pittsburgh and [69] Gallaudet University (United States). Other awards include:

Partial bibliography

Vint Cerf, before his talk in memory of Dr. John Niparko at the 2017 MidWinter Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology in Baltimore Vint Cerf ARO2017.jpg
Vint Cerf, before his talk in memory of Dr. John Niparko at the 2017 MidWinter Meeting of the Association for Research in Otolaryngology in Baltimore


  • Zero Text Length EOF Message ( RFC   13, August 1969)
  • IMP-IMP and HOST-HOST Control Links ( RFC   18, September 1969)
  • ASCII format for network interchange ( RFC   20, October 1969)
  • Host-host control message formats ( RFC   22, October 1969)
  • Data transfer protocols ( RFC   163, May 1971)
  • PARRY encounters the DOCTOR ( RFC   439, January 1973)
  • 'Twas the night before start-up ( RFC   968, December 1985)
  • Report of the second Ad Hoc Network Management Review Group, RFC   1109, August 1989
  • Internet Activities Board, RFC   1120, September 1989
  • Thoughts on the National Research and Education Network, RFC   1167, July 1990
  • Networks, Scientific American Special Issue on Communications, Computers, and Networks, September 1991
  • Guidelines for Internet Measurement Activities, October 1991
  • A VIEW FROM THE 21ST CENTURY, RFC   1607, April 1, 1994
  • An Agreement between the Internet Society and Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the Matter of ONC RPC and XDR Protocols, RFC   1790, April 1995
  • I REMEMBER IANA, RFC   2468, October 17, 1998
  • Memo from the Consortium for Slow Commotion Research (CSCR, RFC   1217, April 1, 1999
  • The Internet is for Everyone, RFC   3271, April 2002


  • Vinton Cerf, Robert Kahn, A Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication (IEEE Transactions on Communications, May 1974)
  • Vinton Cerf, Yogen Dalal, Carl Sunshine, Specification of Internet Transmission Control Program ( RFC   675, December 1974)
  • Vinton Cerf, Jon Postel, Mail transition plan ( RFC   771, September 1980)
  • Vinton Cerf, K.L. Mills Explaining the role of GOSIP, RFC   1169, August 1990
  • Clark, Chapin, Cerf, Braden, Hobby, Towards the Future Internet Architecture, RFC   1287, December 1991
  • Vinton Cerf et al., A Strategic Plan for Deploying an Internet X.500 Directory Service, RFC   1430, February 1993
  • Vinton Cerf & Bob Kahn, Al Gore and the Internet, 2000-09-28 [98]
  • Vinton Cerf et al., Internet Radio Communication System July 9, 2002, U.S. Patent 6,418,138
  • Vinton Cerf et al., System for Distributed Task Execution June 3, 2003, U.S. Patent 6,574,628
  • Vinton Cerf et al., Delay-Tolerant Networking Architecture (Informational Status), RFC   4838, April 2007

Cerf writes under the column name "CERF'S UP", and Cerf's car has a vanity plate (registration) "CERFSUP". [99]

See also

Related Research Articles

History of the Internet

The history of the Internet has its origin in information theory and the efforts to build and interconnect computer networks that arose from research and development in the United States and involved international collaboration, particularly with researchers in the United Kingdom and France.

Internetworking is the practice of interconnecting multiple computer networks, such that any pair of hosts in the connected networks can exchange messages irrespective of their hardware-level networking technology. The resulting system of interconnected networks are called an internetwork, or simply an internet.

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the network layer communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries. Its routing function enables internetworking, and essentially establishes the Internet.

The Internet protocol suite, commonly known as TCP/IP, is the set of communications protocols used in the Internet and similar computer networks. The current foundational protocols in the suite are the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP), as well as the User Datagram Protocol (UDP).

Jon Postel American computer scientist

Jonathan Bruce Postel was an American computer scientist who made many significant contributions to the development of the Internet, particularly with respect to standards. He is known principally for being the Editor of the Request for Comment (RFC) document series, for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP), and for administering the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) until his death. In his lifetime he was referred to as the "god of the Internet" for his comprehensive influence; Postel himself noted that this "compliment" came with a barb, the suggestion that he should be replaced by a "professional," and responded with typical self-effacing matter-of-factness: "Of course, there isn’t any 'God of the Internet.' The Internet works because a lot of people cooperate to do things together."

Steve Crocker 20th and 21st-century Internet pioneer

Stephen D. Crocker is the inventor of the Request for Comments series, authoring the first RFC and many more. He attended Van Nuys High School, as did Vint Cerf and Jon Postel. Crocker received his bachelor's degree (1968) and PhD (1977) from the University of California, Los Angeles. Crocker served as chair of the board of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN from 2011 through 2017.

The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is one of the main protocols of the Internet protocol suite. It originated in the initial network implementation in which it complemented the Internet Protocol (IP). Therefore, the entire suite is commonly referred to as TCP/IP. TCP provides reliable, ordered, and error-checked delivery of a stream of octets (bytes) between applications running on hosts communicating via an IP network. Major internet applications such as the World Wide Web, email, remote administration, and file transfer rely on TCP, which is part of the Transport Layer of the TCP/IP suite. SSL/TLS often runs on top of TCP.

A datagram is a basic transfer unit associated with a packet-switched network. Datagrams are typically structured in header and payload sections. Datagrams provide a connectionless communication service across a packet-switched network. The delivery, arrival time, and order of arrival of datagrams need not be guaranteed by the network.

ARPANET Early packet switching network (1969–1990), one of the first to implement TCP/IP

The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was the first wide-area packet-switched network with distributed control and one of the first networks to implement the TCP/IP protocol suite. Both technologies became the technical foundation of the Internet. The ARPANET was established by the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) of the United States Department of Defense.

Bob Kahn American Internet pioneer, computer scientist

Robert Elliot Kahn is an American electrical engineer, who, along with Vint Cerf, first proposed the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP), the fundamental communication protocols at the heart of the Internet.

The CYCLADES computer network was a French research network created in the early 1970s. It was one of the pioneering networks experimenting with the concept of packet switching and, unlike the ARPANET, was explicitly designed to facilitate internetworking.

Louis Pouzin French computer scientist (born 1931)

Louis Pouzin is a French computer scientist. He designed an early packet communications network, CYCLADES.

Peter Thomas Kirstein was a British computer scientist who played a role in the creation of the Internet. He put the first computer on the ARPANET outside of the US and was instrumental in defining and implementing TCP/IP alongside Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn.

Judith "Judy" L. Estrin is an American entrepreneur, business executive, and philanthropist. Estrin worked with Vinton Cerf on the Transmission Control Protocol project at Stanford University in the 1970s. Estrin is an entrepreneur who co-founded eight technology companies. She was the chief technology officer of Cisco Systems from 1998 to 2000. She is currently CEO of JLABS, LLC, a privately held company focused on furthering innovation in business, government, and nonprofit organizations.

MCI Mail was one of the first ever commercial email services in the United States and one of the largest telecommunication services in the world. Operated by MCI Communications Corp. from 1983 to 2003, MCI Mail offered its customers a low cost and effective solution for sending and receiving electronic mail.

Bufferbloat is a cause of high latency and jitter in packet-switched networks caused by excess buffering of packets. Bufferbloat can also cause packet delay variation, as well as reduce the overall network throughput. When a router or switch is configured to use excessively large buffers, even very high-speed networks can become practically unusable for many interactive applications like voice over IP (VoIP), audio streaming, online gaming, and even ordinary web browsing.

Roger Anthony Scantlebury is a British computer scientist who worked at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL) and later at Logica.

The International Networking Working Group (INWG) was a group of prominent computer science researchers in the 1970s who studied and developed standards and protocols for computer networking. Set up in 1972 as an informal group to consider the technical issues involved in connecting different networks, it became a subcommittee of the International Federation for Information Processing later that year. Ideas developed by members of the group contributed to the original "Protocol for Packet Network Intercommunication" proposed by Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf in 1974.

A long-running debate in computer science known as the Protocol Wars occurred from the 1970s to the 1990s when engineers, organizations and nations became polarized over the issue of which communication protocol would result in the best and most robust computer networks. This culminated in the Internet–OSI Standards War in the late 1980s and early 1990s, which was ultimately "won" by the Internet protocol suite ("TCP/IP") by the mid-1990s and has since resulted in most other protocols disappearing.


  1. 1 2 3 Anon (2016). "Dr Vint Cerf ForMemRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on April 29, 2016. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the website where:
    “All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.” -- "Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved March 9, 2016.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Cerf's curriculum vitae as of February 2001, attached to a transcript of his testimony that month before the United States House Energy Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet, from ICANN's website
  3. "Governing Council - IIIT Hyderabad".
  4. Gore Deserves Internet Credit, Some Say, a March 1999 Washington Post article
  5. 1 2 Cerf's up at Google, from the Google Press Center
  6. 1 2 Cerf, Vinton (1972). Multiprocessors, Semaphores, and a Graph Model of Computation (PhD thesis). University of California, Los Angeles. OCLC   4433713032.
  7. (see Interview with Vinton Cerf Archived June 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine , from a January 2006 article in Government Computer News), Cerf is willing to call himself one of the internet fathers, citing Bob Kahn and Leonard Kleinrock in particular as being others with whom he should share that title.
  8. Cerf, V. G. (2009). "The day the Internet age began". Nature. 461 (7268): 1202–1203. Bibcode:2009Natur.461.1202C. doi:10.1038/4611202a. PMID   19865146. S2CID   205049153.
  9. "ACM Turing Award, list of recipients". Archived from the original on December 12, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  10. "IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal". July 7, 2009. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  11. 1 2 Cerf wins Turing Award February 16, 2005
  12. 1 2 2005 Presidential Medal of Freedom recipients from the White House website
  13. Jerome, Richard (September 18, 2000). "Lending An Ear – Health, Real People Stories". People. Archived from the original on August 27, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  14. Vinton Gray Cerf Biography. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  15. Wientjes, Greg (2011). Creative Genius in Technology: Mentor Principles from Life Stories of Geniuses and Visionaries of the Singularity. p. 93. ISBN   978-1463727505.
  16. Parker, Clifton B. (January 14, 2014). "Former Stanford professor and Internet inventor eyes safety in wired-up world". Stanford University. Retrieved April 27, 2020.
  17. "The Little Magazine - Listen - Vinton Cerf - The little deaf girl". Retrieved October 9, 2019.
  19. "UCLA School of Engineering Alumnus Chosen for Prestigious Turing Award". UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science. Spring 2005. Archived from the original on March 5, 2006.
  20. 1 2 "Internet predecessor turns 30". CNN. September 2, 1999. Archived from the original on July 25, 2008.
  22. Vinton Cerf, Yogen Dalal, Carl Sunshine, Specification of Internet Transmission Control Program ( RFC   675, December 1974)
  23. Cerf, Vinton G. (April 24, 1990). "Oral history interview with Vinton G. Cerf" (PDF). University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy. Minnesota, Minneapolis: Charles Babbage Institute. p. 24. Retrieved June 4, 2020. My first introduction to somebody at DARPA other than Bob Kahn and Steve Crocker was Craig. So it was fairly early on, I think by 1973, I was under contract to carry out the INTERNET research work.
  24. Cerf, Vinton G. (April 24, 1990). "Oral history interview with Vinton G. Cerf" (PDF). University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy. Minnesota, Minneapolis: Charles Babbage Institute. p. 28. Retrieved June 4, 2020. we absolutely wanted to bring data communications to the field, which is what the packet radio project and the packet satellite projects were about [...]. So the whole effort was very strongly motivated by bringing computers into the field in the military and then making it possible for them to communicate with each other in the field and to assets that were in the rear of the theatre of operations. So all of the demonstrations that we did had military counterparts.
  25. Vint, Cerf (June 27, 2017). "Vint Cerf: The past, present and future of the internet". Youtube. National Institute of Standards and Technology. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021. Retrieved June 4, 2020.
  26. Lukasik, Stephen J. (February 16, 1972). Department of Defense Appropriations for Fiscal Year 1973: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee On Appropriations, United States Senate, Ninety-second Congress, Second Session, On H. R. [16593] pt.1. HathiTrust Digital Library. Washington: University of California. p. 775 ff. Retrieved June 4, 2020. the tools and techniques to be developed will be available on systems of the ARPA network and therefore will be immediately accessible by the services [...]. [...] making excellent progress toward our objective of developing the capability to have computers consider large quantities of complex, real world information and form generalizations and plans based on the totality of information [...]. Progress in these areas is important for the intelligence agencies, especially in intelligence analysis and question-answering systems.
  27. Cerf, Vinton G. (April 24, 1990). "Oral history interview with Vinton G. Cerf" (PDF). University of Minnesota Digital Conservancy. Minnesota, Minneapolis: Charles Babbage Institute. p. 30. Retrieved June 4, 2020. This was a challenge that would use all my DARPA-acquired skills and know-how. What emerged was MCI Mail.
  28. Lennon, Conor (June 10, 2019). "Internet pioneer: Education, smart regulation needed for digital future". UN News. United Nations. Retrieved June 4, 2020. member of the UN High Level Panel on Digital Cooperation
  29. "Internet pioneer Vint Cerf looks to the future", Todd Bishop, Seattle P-I, July 23, 2007. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  30. Ghosh, Pallab (February 13, 2015). "Google's Vint Cerf warns of 'digital Dark Age'". BBC News . Retrieved February 13, 2015.
  31. Cerf, Vinton G. (2020). "Digital Democracy: Past, Present, Future" (1). Association for Computing Machinery: 1–10. doi:10.1145/3382738. S2CID   211519549. I pushed for privatization as early as 1988, just five years after turning the Internet on, on the grounds that I believed that, in order to reach the general public, we needed to have an economic engine that would drive it, sustain it, make it survivable or sustainable.{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  32. Dr. Vinton G. Cerf Appointed to Gallaudet University's Board of Trustees Archived August 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine , from that university's website
  33. "Vinton Cerf – Father of the Internet, Vinton Cerf". August 28, 2010. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  34. "Board of Associates". Gallaudet University. Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved April 3, 2014.
  35. Socks the Whitehouse Cat (February 19, 2005). "Re: ACM ethics complaint against Cerf – first draft". Newsgroup: . Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  36. McWilliams, Brian (February 16, 2005). "Protest brewing against Internet pioneer". Spam Kings Blog. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  37. Socks the Whitehouse Cat (February 25, 2005). "ACM ethics complaint against Cerf – first draft". Newsgroup: . Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  38. The Daily Telegraph, August 2007
  39. "ICANN Board of Directors – Vinton G. Cerf". February 14, 2011. Archived from the original on June 30, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  40. "Eurasia Group". Eurasia Group. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  41. "The InterPlaNetary Internet Project IPN Special Interest Group". Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  42. "Testimony before the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 17, 2012. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  43. SEA's Board of Advisors.
  44. "Govt red tape adds to security threats" Archived December 21, 2009, at the Wayback Machine , Vivian Yeo, ZDNet, October 12, 2009
  45. ACM Elects Vint Cerf as President Archived May 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine from the ACM website
  46. "Advisory Board" Archived September 17, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , Council on CyberSecurity website. Retrieved September 27, 2013.
  47. "ARIN Announces Newly Elected Board of Trustees". Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  48. "Board of Directors". StopBadware. Archived from the original on January 17, 2013. Retrieved January 19, 2013.
  49. "Harvard's Berkman Center and the Oxford Internet Institute Unveil Backed by Google, Lenovo, Sun; Consumer Reports WebWatch Takes Unpaid Special Advisor Role". StopBadware. January 23, 2006. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  50. "The Liquid Information Company". Retrieved July 1, 2013.
  51. "CuriosityStream Advisory Board" . Retrieved August 31, 2015.
  52. "IDNAbis WG". Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  53. "The 5 best jobs Obama has yet to fill – Craig Gordon and Ben Smith". Politico.Com. December 4, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  54. Daniel Ben-Horin (November 21, 2011). "The Kids Are Alright: Campus Party, Silicon Valley Tech Festival Rocks NASA". Huffington Post. Retrieved March 6, 2013.
  55. "Smart Grid Interoperability Panel Launched; Governing Board Elected". November 19, 2009. Retrieved November 19, 2009.
  56. "ACM Elects Vint Cerf as President". ACM. Archived from the original on May 26, 2012. Retrieved May 25, 2012.
  57. "Economies grow far better with inclusivity and compromise". DailyNation. November 23, 2015. Retrieved February 28, 2018.
  58. "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts". . January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 20, 2013 via National Archives.
  59. "Governing Council". International Institute of Information Technology, Hyderabad. Retrieved April 18, 2016.
  60. Mahoney, Erin (June 21, 2016). "Space Internet Technology Debuts on the International Space Station".
  61. Dartnell, Lewis (February 16, 2015). "The digital black hole: will it delete your memories?". the Guardian. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  62. Noyes, Katherine. "Vint Cerf fears a 'digital dark age,' and your data could be at risk". Computerworld. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  63. "Internet Pioneer Warns Our Era Could Become The 'Digital Dark Ages'". Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  64. Ghosh, Pallab (February 13, 2015). "Net pioneer warns of data Dark Age". BBC News. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  65. Charlie Wood. "Vint Cerf, who helped create the internet, has the coronavirus". Business Insider . Retrieved March 31, 2020.
  66. Cerf, Vint. "Good news - VA Public Health has certified my wife and me as no longer contagious with COVID19". Twitter. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
  67. "Yale awards 10 honorary degrees at 2013 Commencement". YaleNews. May 20, 2013. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  68. "Cosby Urges Rensselaer Graduates: Be Honest, Be Humble | News & Events". Rensselaer News. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  69. "Laureation address: Dr Vinton Cerf". June 24, 2015. Archived from the original on June 26, 2015.
  70. "Vinton Cerf M.S. '70, PhD '72 | UCLA Alumni". Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  71. Hafner, Katie (December 31, 2018). "Lawrence Roberts, who helped design Internet's precursor, dies at 81". San Francisco Business Times.
  72. Costa, Dan (March 11, 2017). "SXSW: Vint Cerf on Connecting the Next Billion People". PC Mag.
  73. "Laureation address: Dr Vinton Cerf". June 24, 2015.
  74. Briodagh, Ken (March 15, 2017). "ACM IoT Roundtable: Internet Experts, Luminaries and Innovators". IoT Evolution.
  75. Kahney, Leander (May 18, 1999). "Award from an Unlikely Source". Wired.
  76. "Black swan of the internet". November 2, 2014.
  77. "SIGCOMM Awards". Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  78. "Office of Science and Technology Policy | The White House". Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  79. "Home". National Science and Technology Medals Foundation.
  80. Investidura com a doctor honoris causa de l'Excm. Sr. Vinton Gray Cerf, 2000. June 26, 2017.
  81. "Vinton Cerf". Computer History Museum. Archived from the original on July 2, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
  82. "ACM: Fellows Award / Vinton G. Cerf". June 4, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  83. "ISOC-Bulgaria: IT-delegation in Sofia". Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  84. "2008 (24th) Japan Prize Laureate".
  86. FiveYear. "Vint Cerf's Top YouTube Videos". Youtube. Archived from the original on December 11, 2021. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  87. "Eminent Member Recognition".
  88. "Vinton G. Cerf, who developed together with Robert E. Kahn the TCP/IP protocol was awarded as a HPI Fellow on May 25th 2011. The HPI award is a tribute to his work for a new medium which influenced the everyday life of our society like no other one." "HPI Fellows & Guests". Archived from the original on May 20, 2011. Retrieved May 27, 2011.
  89. British Computer Society. "Vint Cerf named BCS Distinguished Fellow". Archived from the original on April 3, 2012. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
  90. 2012 Inductees, Internet Hall of Fame website. Last accessed April 24, 2012
  91. "2013 Winners Announced" Archived January 2, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering
  92. "62nd Bernard Price Memorial Lecture". South African Institute of Electrical Engineers (SAIEE). September 5, 2013. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  93. "Bearers of decorations – Vinton Gray Cerf" . Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  94. "Vinton Cerf Appointed an Officer of the Legion of Honor". Archived from the original on November 22, 2015. Retrieved November 22, 2015.
  95. "'Father of the Internet' receives Honorary Degree from the University of Reading". University of Reading.
  96. "Vinton Gray Cerf". November 2, 2017.
  97. "Vinton Cerf, un dels pares d'internet, premi Internacional Catalunya 2018". 324. January 9, 2019.
  98. Thomas C Greene (October 2, 2000). "Net builders Kahn, Cerf recognise Al Gore: Grateful for the inventor's genius". The Register . Archived from the original on December 13, 2013. Retrieved December 2, 2011.
  99. Cerf, Vinton G. (2018). "Traceability". Communications of the ACM. 61 (8): 7. doi: 10.1145/3235764 .)

Further reading

Awards and achievements
Preceded by IEEE Alexander Graham Bell Medal
with Bob Kahn
Succeeded by