Virginia House of Delegates

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Virginia House of Delegates
163rd Virginia General Assembly
Seal of Virginia.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
Established1776
Preceded by House of Burgesses
New session started
January 10, 2024
Leadership
Don Scott (D)
since January 10, 2024
Majority Leader
Charniele Herring (D)
since January 10, 2024
Minority Leader
Todd Gilbert (R)
since January 10, 2024
Structure
Seats100
Virginia House of Delegates after 2023 elections.svg
Political groups
Majority
  •   Democratic (51)
Political groups
Minority
Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Virginia Constitution
Salary$17,640/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 7, 2023
Next election
November 4, 2025
RedistrictingBy 16-member bipartisan commission, approved by General Assembly
Meeting place
Speaker Bill Howell opens session at Virginia House of Delegates.jpg
House of Delegates Chamber
Virginia State Capitol
Richmond, Virginia
Website
Virginia General Assembly

The Virginia House of Delegates is one of the two houses of the Virginia General Assembly, the other being the Senate of Virginia. It has 100 members elected for terms of two years; unlike most states, these elections take place during odd-numbered years. The House is presided over by the Speaker of the House, who is elected from among the House membership by the Delegates. The Speaker is usually a member of the majority party and, as Speaker, becomes the most powerful member of the House. The House shares legislative power with the Senate, the upper house of the General Assembly. The House of Delegates is the modern-day successor to the colonial House of Burgesses, which first met at Jamestown in 1619. The House is divided into Democratic and Republican caucuses. In addition to the Speaker, there is a majority leader, majority whip, majority caucus chair, minority leader, minority whip, minority caucus chair, and the chairs of the several committees of the House.

Only Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia refer to their lower house as the House of Delegates.

History and location

The House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in the New World. [1] Originally having 22 members, the House of Burgesses met from 1619 through 1632 in the choir of the church at Jamestown. [2] From 1632 to 1699 the legislative body met at four different state houses in Jamestown. The first state house convened at the home of Colonial Governor Sir John Harvey from 1632 to 1656. The burgesses convened at the second state house from 1656 until it was destroyed in 1660. Historians have yet to precisely identify its location. [3]

The House of Burgesses had its final meeting in May 1776, and the House of Delegates took its place in October of that year.

The House has met in the Virginia State Capitol, designed by Thomas Jefferson, since 1788. The legislative body met from 1788 to 1904 in what is known as today the Old Hall of the House of Delegates or commonly referred to as the Old House Chamber. The Old House Chamber is part of the original Capitol building structure. It measures 76 feet in width and is filled today with furnishings that resemble what the room would have looked like during its time of use. There are many bronze and marble busts of historic Virginians on display in the Old House Chamber, including: George Mason, George Wythe, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, and Meriwether Lewis. From 1904 to 1906, University of Virginia graduate and architect John K. Peeples designed and built compatible classical wings to the west and east side of the Capitol building. The new wings added to provide more space and serve as the legislative chambers in the Virginia General Assembly, the Senate of Virginia resides in the west chamber and the House of Delegates resides in the east chamber. The General Assembly members and staff operate from offices in the General Assembly Building, located in Capitol Square. Prior to 1788 the House of Delegates met in the Colonial Capital of Williamsburg.

In 1999, Republicans took control of the House of Delegates for the first time since Reconstruction (with the exception of a brief 2-year period in which the Readjuster Party was in the majority in the 1880s). The Republican Party held the majority until 2019, when the Democratic Party won a majority of the seats, thus regaining control of the House of Delegates. The majority was sworn in on January 8, 2020, after which Eileen Filler-Corn (D-Fairfax) was elected as the first female and Jewish Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates. [4]

On November 4, 2020, Virginia voters approved a constitutional amendment that removed the authority to redistrict congressional and state legislative districts from the General Assembly, and gave that power to a newly-established 16-member panel composed of eight lawmakers and eight non-lawmaker citizens. The maps created by this commission are subject to the approval of the General Assembly, but lawmakers cannot change the commission's lines. [5]

On November 7, 2023, the Democrats regained control of the House of Delegates after securing a 51-seat majority. [6]

Salary and qualifications

The annual salary for delegates is $17,640 per year. [7] Each delegate represents roughly 84,702 people. [7] Candidates for office must be at least 21 years of age at the time of the election, residents of the districts they seek to represent, and qualified to vote for General Assembly legislators. [8] [9] The regular session of the General Assembly is 60 days long during even numbered years and 30 days long during odd numbered years, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of both houses. [8] [10]

Composition

Article IV, Section 3 of the Constitution of Virginia stipulates that the House of Delegates shall consist of between 90 and 100 members. It does not put any condition on the number of districts and only speaks of "several house districts". While there used to be multi-member districts, since 1982, there have been 100 districts electing one member each.

Current political composition

5149
DemocraticRepublican
AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
Previous legislature (2016–2018)34661000
Previous legislature (2018-2020)49511000
Previous legislature (2020-2022)55451000
Previous legislature (2022-2024)48521000
Begin 202451491000
Latest voting share

Historical party control

(The party control table shows the balance of power after each recent general election. The preceding Makeup table includes results of special elections since the last general election.)

Years Democrats Republicans Independents
1900–19049370
1904–191286140
1912–191490100
1914–19169280
1916–192288120
1922–19249550
1924–19269730
1926–19289550
1928–19309370
1930–19349550
1934–19409370
1940–19449730
1944–19469460
1946–19509370
1950–19609460
1960–19629640
1962–19649451
1964–196689110
1966–196887121
1968–197086140
1970–197275241
1972–197473243
1974–1976652015
1976–197878175
1978–198076213
1980–198274251
1982–198466322
1984–198665341
1986–198865332
1988–199064351
1990–199259401
1992–199458411
1994–199652471
1996–199852471
1998–200050 [11] 491
2000–200247521
2002–200434642
2004–200637612
2006–200840573
2008–201044542
2010–201239592
2012–201432662
2014–201632671
2016–201834660
2018–202049510
2020–202255450
2022–202448520
2024–202651490

House leadership

Speaker Don Scott
Majority Leader Charniele Herring
Majority Caucus Chair Kathy Tran
Minority Leader Todd Gilbert
Minority Caucus Chair Amanda Batten
Minority Whip Michael Webert

Committee chairs and ranking members

The House has 14 standing committees. [12]

CommitteeChairVice ChairSenior Minority Member
Agriculture, Chesapeake and Natural Resources Alfonso Lopez Nadarius Clark
Appropriations Luke Torian Mark Sickles
Communications, Technology and Innovation Cliff Hayes Irene Shin
Counties, Cities and Towns Candi King Elizabeth Bennett-Parker
Courts of Justice Patrick Hope Marcus Simon
Education Sam Rasoul Shelly Simonds
Finance Vivian Watts Rip Sullivan
General Laws David Bulova Betsy Carr
Health and Human Services Mark Sickles Kathy Tran
Labor and Commerce Jeion Ward Charniele Herring
Privileges and Elections Cia Price Kelly Convirs-Fowler
Public Safety Marcus Simon Candi King
Rules Don Scott Dan Helmer
Transportation Karrie Delaney David Reid

Members

Districts map from the 2023 election Virginia House of Delegates districts (since 2024).svg
Districts map from the 2023 election

The Virginia House of Delegates is reelected every two years, with intervening vacancies filled by special election. The list below contains the House delegates that are currently serving in the 163rd Virginia General Assembly, which convened on January 10, 2024.

DistrictNamePartyAreas representedFirst election
CountiesCities
1 Patrick Hope Dem Arlington (part) 2009
2 Adele McClure Dem 2023
3 Alfonso Lopez Dem Alexandria (part) 2011
4 Charniele Herring DemFairfax (part)2009 (special)
5 Elizabeth Bennett-Parker Dem 2021
6 Rip Sullivan Dem Fairfax (part) 2013
7 Karen Keys-Gamarra Dem2023
8 Irene Shin Dem2021
9 Karrie Delaney Dem 2017
10 Dan Helmer Dem 2019
11 David Bulova Dem Fairfax (part) 2005
12 Holly Seibold Dem2023 (special)
13 Marcus Simon Dem Falls Church 2013
14 Vivian Watts Dem 1981
15 Laura Cohen Dem2023
16 Paul Krizek Dem 2015
17 Mark Sickles Dem 2003
18 Kathy Tran Dem2017
19 Rozia Henson DemFairfax (part), Prince William (part)2023
20 Michelle Maldonado Dem Prince William (part) Manassas, Manassas Park 2021
21 Josh Thomas Dem2023
22 Ian Lovejoy Rep2023
23 Candi King DemPrince William (part), Stafford (part)2021 (special)
24 Luke Torian DemPrince William (part)2009
25 Briana Sewell Dem2021
26 Kannan Srinivasan Dem Loudoun (part)2023
27 Atoosa Reaser Dem2023
28 David Reid Dem2017
29 Marty Martinez Dem2023
30 Geary Higgins RepLoudoun (part), Fauquier (part)2023
31 Delores Oates Rep Clarke, Frederick (part), Warren (part)2023
32 Bill Wiley Rep Frederick (part) Winchester 2019
33 Todd Gilbert Rep Page, Rockingham (part), Shenandoah, Warren (part)2005
34 Tony Wilt Rep Rockingham (part) Harrisonburg 2009
35 Chris Runion Rep Augusta (part), Bath, Highland, Rockingham (part)2019
36 Ellen Campbell RepAugusta (part), Rockbridge (part) Staunton, Waynesboro 2023 (special)
37 Terry Austin Rep Alleghany, Botetourt, Craig, Rockbridge (part) Buena Vista, Covington, Lexington 2013
38 Sam Rasoul Dem Roanoke (part)2013
39 Will Davis Rep Franklin, Roanoke (part)2023
40 Joseph McNamara Rep Roanoke (part)Roanoke (part), Salem 2017
41 Chris Obenshain Rep Montgomery (part), Roanoke (part)2023
42 Jason Ballard Rep Giles, Montgomery (part), Pulaski (part) Radford 2021
43 Will Morefield Rep Bland, Buchanan, Dickenson (part), Russell (part), Tazewell 2009
44 Israel O'Quinn RepRussell (part), Washington Bristol 2011
45 Terry Kilgore RepDickenson (part), Lee, Scott, Wise Norton 1993
46 Jed Arnold Rep Grayson, Pulaski (part), Smyth, Wythe 2023 (special)
47 Wren Williams Rep Carroll, Floyd, Henry (part), Patrick Galax 2021
48 Eric Phillips RepHenry (part), Pittsylvania (part) Martinsville 2024 (special)
49 Danny Marshall Rep Halifax (part), Pittsylvania (part) Danville 2001
50 Tommy Wright Rep Charlotte, Halifax (part), Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, Prince Edward (part)2000 (special)
51 Eric Zehr Rep Bedford (part), Campbell (part), Pittsylvania (part)2023
52 Wendell Walker Rep Campbell (part) Lynchburg 2019
53 Tim Griffin Rep Amherst, Bedford (part), Nelson (part)2023
54 Katrina Callsen Dem Albemarle (part) Charlottesville 2023
55 Amy Laufer DemAlbemarle (part), Louisa (part), Nelson (part)2023
56 Tom Garrett Rep Appomattox, Buckingham, Cumberland, Fluvanna, Goochland (part), Prince Edward (part)2023
57 David Owen RepGoochland (part), Henrico (part)2023
58 Rodney Willett Dem Henrico (part)2019
59 Buddy Fowler Rep Hanover (part), Louisa (part)2013
60 Scott Wyatt RepHanover (part), New Kent (part)2019
61 Michael Webert Rep Culpeper (part), Fauquier (part), Rappahannock 2011
62 Nick Freitas RepCulpeper (part), Greene, Madison, Orange 2015
63 Phillip Scott RepOrange (part), Spotsylvania (part)2021
64 Paul Milde Rep Stafford (part)2023
65 Joshua Cole DemSpotsylvania (part), Stafford (part) Fredericksburg 2019
66 Bobby Orrock Rep Caroline (part), Spotsylvania (part) 1989
67 Hillary Kent RepCaroline (part), King George, Lancaster, Northumberland, Richmond, Westmoreland 2023
68 Keith Hodges Rep Essex, Gloucester (part), King and Queen, King William, Mathews, Middlesex 2011
69 Chad Green RepGloucester (part), James City (part), York (part) Newport News (part)2023
70 Shelly Simonds Dem2019
71 Amanda Batten RepJames City (part), New Kent (part) Williamsburg 2019
72 Lee Ware Rep Amelia, Chesterfield (part), Nottoway, Powhatan 1997
73 Mark Earley Rep Chesterfield (part)2023
74 Mike Cherry Rep Colonial Heights 2021
75 Carrie Coyner RepChesterfield (part), Prince George (part) Hopewell 2019
76 Debra Gardner DemChesterfield (part)2023
77 Michael Jones Dem Richmond (part)2023
78 Betsy Carr Dem2009
79 Rae Cousins Dem2023
80 Destiny LeVere Bolling DemHenrico (part)2023
81 Delores McQuinn Dem Charles City, Chesterfield (part), Henrico (part)2009 (special)
82 Kim Taylor Rep Dinwiddie (part), Prince George (part), Surry Petersburg 2021
83 Otto Wachsmann Rep Brunswick, Dinwiddie (part), Greensville, Isle of Wight (part), Southampton, Sussex Emporia 2021
84 Nadarius Clark Dem Isle of Wight (part) Franklin, Suffolk (part)2021
85 Cia Price DemNewport News (part)2015
86 A.C. Cordoza Rep York (part) Hampton (part), Poquoson 2021
87 Jeion Ward DemHampton (part)2003
88 Don Scott Dem Portsmouth (part)2019
89 Baxter Ennis RepChesapeake (part), Suffolk (part)2023
90 Jay Leftwich Rep Chesapeake (part)2013
91 Cliff Hayes DemChesapeake (part), Portsmouth (part)2016 (special)
92 Bonita Anthony DemChesapeake (part), Norfolk (part)2023
93 Jackie Glass Dem Norfolk (part)2021
94 Phil Hernandez Dem2023
95 Alex Askew DemNorfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)2019
96 Kelly Convirs-Fowler Dem Virginia Beach (part)2017
97 Michael Feggans Dem2023
98 Barry Knight Rep2009 (special)
99 Anne Tata Rep2021
100 Robert Bloxom Rep Accomack, Northampton 2013

Database of Members past and present

Marking the 400th anniversary of the House of Burgesses, the House Clerk's Office announced a new Database of House Members called "DOME" that chronicles the "9,700-plus men and women who served as burgesses or delegates in the Virginia General Assembly over the past four centuries." [13] [14] [15]

See also

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References

  1. "This Day in History" . Retrieved March 23, 2016.
  2. Commonwealth of Virginia. "Capitol Square Timeline" . Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  3. Commonwealth of Virginia. "Timeline".
  4. "Newly-Empowered Virginia Democrats Promise Action". Voice of America . Associated Press. January 8, 2020. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  5. "Proposed Amendments for 2020 - Virginia Department of Elections". www.elections.virginia.gov. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  6. Kronzer, Jessica (November 7, 2023). "Democrats sweep Virginia elections to take control of General Assembly". WTOP. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  7. 1 2 "Virginia House of Delegates". DailyPress.com. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
  8. 1 2 "Virginia State Legislature" (PDF). VAKids.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 17, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
  9. "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 4. Qualifications of senators and delegates". Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  10. "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 6. Legislative sessions". Virginia General Assembly. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved October 22, 2008.
  11. The 1997 general election yielded a 51-48-1 Democratic majority. David Brickley resigned his seat right afterward, however, and a special election for District 51 was called. His seat flipped to the Republicans, and with Independent Lacey Putney siding with the Republicans, the chamber was tied. Democrats retained the Speakership through a power-sharing agreement.
  12. "Virginia House of Delegates 2024 Committees List". virginiageneralassembly.gov. Retrieved January 21, 2024.
  13. "Virginia House unveils new searchable website of its members". Village News. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  14. "Virginia House of Delegates unveils searchable website". Henrico Citizen. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  15. Hankerson, Mechelle (January 3, 2019). "New database holds 400 years worth of information on members of Virginia's legislature". Virginia MErcury. Retrieved January 25, 2019.