Virginia House of Delegates

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Coordinates: 37°32′19″N77°26′00″W / 37.53865°N 77.43331°W / 37.53865; -77.43331

Contents

Virginia House of Delegates
162nd Virginia General Assembly
Seal of Virginia.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
Established1776
Preceded by House of Burgesses
New session started
January 12, 2022
Leadership
Todd Gilbert (R)
since January 12, 2022
Majority Leader
Terry Kilgore (R)
since January 12, 2022
Minority Leader
Don Scott (D)
since June 1, 2022
Structure
Seats100
Virginia House of Delegates (2021).svg
Political groups
Majority
  •   Republican (52)

Minority

Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Virginia Constitution
Salary$17,640/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 2, 2021
Next election
November 7, 2023
RedistrictingBy 16-member bipartisan commission, approved by General Assembly
Meeting place
Speaker Bill Howell opens session at Virginia House of Delegates.jpg
House of Delegates Chamber
Virginia State Capitol
Richmond, Virginia
Website
Virginia General Assembly

The Virginia House of Delegates is one of the two parts of the Virginia General Assembly, the other being the Senate of Virginia. It has 100 members elected for terms of two years; unlike most states, these elections take place during odd-numbered years. The House is presided over by the Speaker of the House, who is elected from among the House membership by the Delegates. The Speaker is usually a member of the majority party and, as Speaker, becomes the most powerful member of the House. The House shares legislative power with the Senate of Virginia, the upper house of the Virginia General Assembly. The House of Delegates is the modern-day successor to the Virginia House of Burgesses, which first met at Jamestown in 1619. The House is divided into Democratic and Republican caucuses. In addition to the Speaker, there is a majority leader, majority whip, majority caucus chair, minority leader, minority whip, minority caucus chair, and the chairs of the several committees of the House.

Only Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia refer to their lower house as the House of Delegates.

History and location

The House of Burgesses was the first elected legislative body in the New World. [1] Originally having 22 members, the House of Burgesses met from 1619 through 1632 in the choir of the church at Jamestown. [2] From 1632 to 1699 the legislative body met at four different state houses in Jamestown. The first state house convened at the home of Colonial Governor Sir John Harvey from 1632 to 1656. The burgesses convened at the second state house from 1656 until it was destroyed in 1660. Historians have yet to precisely identify its location. [3]

The House of Burgesses had its final meeting in May 1776, and the House of Delegates took its place in October of that year.

The House has met in Virginia's Capitol Building, designed by Thomas Jefferson, since 1788. The legislative body met from 1788 to 1904 in what is known as today the Old Hall of the House of Delegates or commonly referred to as the Old House Chamber. The Old House Chamber is part of the original Capitol building structure. It measures 76 feet in width and is filled today with furnishings that resemble what the room would have looked like during its time of use. There are many bronze and marble busts of historic Virginians on display in the Old House Chamber, including: George Mason, George Wythe, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, and Meriwether Lewis. From 1904 to 1906, University of Virginia graduate and architect John K. Peeples designed and built compatible classical wings to the west and east side of the Capitol building. The new wings added to provide more space and serve as the legislative chambers in the Virginia General Assembly, the Senate of Virginia resides in the west chamber and the House of Delegates resides in the east chamber. The General Assembly members and staff operate from offices in the General Assembly Building, located in Capitol Square. Prior to 1788 the House of Delegates met in the Colonial Capital of Williamsburg.

In 1999, Republicans took control of the House of Delegates for the first time since Reconstruction (with the exception of a brief 2-year period in which the Readjuster Party was in the majority in the 1880s). The Republican Party held the majority until 2019, when the Democratic Party won a majority of the seats, thus regaining control of the House of Delegates. The majority was sworn in on January 8, 2020, after which Eileen Filler-Corn (D-Fairfax) was elected as the first female and Jewish Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates. [4]

On November 4, 2020, Virginia voters approved a constitutional amendment that removed the authority to redistrict congressional and state legislative districts from the General Assembly, and gave that power to a newly-established 16-member panel composed of eight lawmakers and eight non-lawmaker citizens. The maps created by this commission are subject to the approval of the General Assembly, but lawmakers cannot change the commission's lines. [5]

Salary and qualifications

The annual salary for delegates is $17,640 per year. [6] Each delegate represents roughly 84,702 people. [6] Candidates for office must be at least 21 years of age at the time of the election, residents of the districts they seek to represent, and qualified to vote for General Assembly legislators. [7] [8] The regular session of the General Assembly is 60 days long during even numbered years and 30 days long during odd numbered years, unless extended by a two-thirds vote of both houses. [7] [9]

Composition

Article IV, Section 3 of the Constitution of Virginia stipulates that the House of Delegates shall consist of between 90 and 100 members. It does not put any condition on the number of districts and only speaks of "several house districts". While there used to be multi-member districts, since 1982, there have been 100 districts electing one member each.

Current political composition

Down-arrow-14.png
5248
RepublicanDemocratic
AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Vacant
Previous legislature (2016–2018)66341000
Previous legislature (2018-2020)51491000
Previous legislature (2020-2022)45551000
Begin 202252481000

Historical party control

(The party control table shows the balance of power after each recent general election. The preceding Makeup table includes results of special elections since the last general election.)

Years Democrats Republicans Independents
1900–19049370
1904–191286140
1912–191490100
1914–19169280
1916–192288120
1922–19249550
1924–19269730
1926–19289550
1928–19309370
1930–19349550
1934–19409370
1940–19449730
1944–19469460
1946–19509370
1950–19609460
1960–19629640
1962–19649451
1964–196689110
1966–196887121
1968–197086140
1970–197275241
1972–197473243
1974–1976652015
1976–197878175
1978–198076213
1980–198274251
1982–198466322
1984–198665341
1986–198865332
1988–199064351
1990–199259401
1992–199458411
1994–199652471
1996–199852471
1998–200050 [10] 491
2000–200247521
2002–200434642
2004–200637612
2006–200840573
2008–201044542
2010–201239592
2012–201432662
2014–201632671
2016–201834660
2018–202049510
2020–202255450
2022–202448520

House leadership

Speaker Todd Gilbert
Majority Leader Terry Kilgore
Minority Leader Don Scott
Caucus Chair Charniele Herring

Committee chairs and ranking members

The House has 14 standing committees. [11]

CommitteeChairVice ChairSenior Minority Member
Agriculture, Chesapeake and Natural Resources Lee Ware Danny Marshall Kenneth R. Plum
Appropriations Barry Knight Terry Austin Luke Torian
Commerce and Energy Kathy Byron Terry Kilgore Jeion Ward
Communications, Technology and Innovation Emily Brewer James E. Edmunds Alfonso H. Lopez
Counties Cities and Towns Keith Hodges Will Morefield Michael P. Mullin
Courts of Justice Rob Bell Les Adams Vivian Watts
Education Glenn Davis John Avoli Jeff Bourne
Finance Roxann Robinson Buddy Fowler Vivian Watts
General Laws Jay Leftwich Thomas C. Wright David Bulova
Health, Welfare and Institutions Bobby Orrock Chris Head Mark Sickles
Privileges and Elections Margaret Ransone Israel O'Quinn Mark Sickles
Public Safety Tony Wilt Matt Fariss Patrick Hope
Rules Todd Gilbert Lamont Bagby
Transportation Terry Austin Dave LaRock Jeion Ward

Members

The Virginia House of Delegates is reelected every two years, with intervening vacancies filled by special election. The list below contains the House delegates that are currently serving in the 162nd Virginia General Assembly, which convened in January 2022.

DistrictNamePartyAreas representedFirst election
CountiesCities
1 Terry Kilgore Rep Lee, Scott, Wise (part) Norton 1993
2 Candi King Dem Prince William (part), Stafford (part)2021
3 Will Morefield Rep Bland, Buchanan, Russell (part), Tazewell 2009
4 Will Wampler Rep Dickenson, Russell (part), Washington (part), Wise (part)2019
5 Israel O'Quinn Rep Grayson, Smyth (part), Washington (part) Bristol, Galax 2011
6 Jeff Campbell Rep Carroll, Smyth (part), Wythe 2013
7 Marie March Rep Floyd, Montgomery (part), Pulaski (part)2021
8 Joseph McNamara Rep Craig, Montgomery (part), Roanoke (part) Salem 2018
9 Wren Williams Rep Franklin (part), Henry (part), Patrick 2021
10 Wendy Gooditis Dem Clarke (part), Frederick (part), Loudoun (part)2017
11 Sam Rasoul Dem Roanoke (part)2013
12 Jason Ballard Rep Giles, Montgomery (part), Pulaski (part) Radford 2021
13 Danica Roem DemPrince William (part) Manassas Park 2017
14 Danny Marshall RepHenry (part), Pittsylvania (part) Danville 2001
15 Todd Gilbert Rep Page, Rockingham (part), Shenandoah, Warren (part)2005
16 Les Adams RepHenry (part), Pittsylvania (part) Martinsville 2013
17 Chris Head Rep Botetourt (part), Roanoke (part)Roanoke (part)2011
18 Michael Webert Rep Culpeper (part), Fauquier (part), Rappahannock, Warren (part)2011
19 Terry Austin Rep Alleghany, Bedford (part), Botetourt (part) Covington 2013
20 John Avoli Rep Augusta (part), Highland, Nelson(part) Staunton, Waynesboro 2019
21 Kelly Fowler Dem Virginia Beach (part) Chesapeake (part)2017
22 Kathy Byron RepBedford (part), Campbell (part), Franklin (part) Lynchburg (part)1997
23 Wendell Walker Rep Amherst (part), Bedford (part)2019
24 Ronnie R. Campbell RepAmherst (part), Augusta (part), Bath, Rockbridge Buena Vista, Lexington 2018
25 Chris Runion Rep Albemarle (part), Augusta (part), Rockingham (part)2019
26 Tony Wilt RepRockingham (part) Harrisonburg 2010
27 Roxann Robinson Rep Chesterfield (part)2010
28 Tara Durant RepStafford (part) Fredericksburg (part)2021
29 Bill Wiley Rep Frederick (part), Warren (part) Winchester 2020
30 Nick Freitas Rep Culpeper (part), Madison, Orange 2015
31 Elizabeth Guzmán Dem Fauquier (part), Prince William (part)2017
32 David A. Reid Dem Loudoun (part)2017
33 Dave LaRock RepClarke (part), Frederick (part), Loudoun (part)2013
34 Kathleen Murphy Dem Fairfax (part), Loudoun (part)2015
35 VACANT DemFairfax (part)2009
36 Kenneth R. Plum Dem1981
37 David Bulova Dem Fairfax 2005
38 Kaye Kory Dem2009
39 Vivian Watts Dem1995
40 Dan Helmer DemFairfax (part), Prince William (part)2019
41 Eileen Filler-Corn DemFairfax (part)2010
42 Kathy Tran Dem2017
43 Mark Sickles Dem2003
44 Paul Krizek Dem2015
45 Elizabeth Bennett-Parker Dem Arlington (part), Fairfax (part) Alexandria (part)2021
46 Charniele Herring Dem2009
47 Patrick Hope DemArlington (part)2009
48 Rip Sullivan DemArlington (part), Fairfax (part)2014
49 Alfonso H. Lopez Dem2011
50 Michelle Maldonado DemPrince William (part) Manassas 2021
51 Briana Sewell Dem2021
52 Luke Torian Dem2009
53 Marcus Simon DemFairfax (part) Falls Church 2013
54 Bobby Orrock Rep Caroline (part), Spotsylvania (part)1989
55 Buddy Fowler RepCaroline (part), Hanover (part), Spotsylvania (part)2009
56 John McGuire Rep Goochland (part), Henrico (part), Louisa, Spotsylvania (part)2017
57 Sally L. Hudson DemAlbemarle (part) Charlottesville 2019
58 Rob Bell RepAlbemarle (part), Fluvanna (part), Greene, Rockingham (part)2001
59 Matt Fariss RepAlbemarle (part), Appomattox, Buckingham, Campbell (part), Nelson (part)2011
60 James E. Edmunds RepCampbell (part), Charlotte, Halifax, Prince Edward 2009
61 Thomas C. Wright Rep Amelia, Cumberland, Lunenburg (part), Mecklenburg, Nottoway 2000
62 Carrie Coyner RepChesterfield (part), Henrico (part), Prince George (part) Hopewell (part)2019
63 Kim Taylor RepChesterfield (part), Dinwiddie (part), Prince George (part)Hopewell (part), Petersburg 2021
64 Emily Brewer Rep Isle of Wight (part), Prince George (part), Southampton (part), Surry (part), Sussex (part) Franklin (part), Suffolk (part)2017
65 Lee Ware RepChesterfield (part), Fluvanna (part), Goochland (part), Powhatan 1998
66 Mike Cherry RepChesterfield (part) Colonial Heights 2021
67 Karrie Delaney DemFairfax (part), Loudoun (part)2017
68 Dawn Adams DemChesterfield (part), Henrico (part) Richmond (part)2017
69 Betsy B. Carr DemChesterfield (part)2009
70 Delores McQuinn DemChesterfield (part), Henrico (part)2009
71 Jeff Bourne DemHenrico (part)2017
72 Schuyler VanValkenburg Dem2017
73 Rodney Willett DemRichmond (part)2019
74 Lamont Bagby Dem Charles City, Henrico (part)2015
75 Otto Wachsmann Rep Brunswick, Dinwiddie (part) Greensville, Isle of Wight (part), Lunenburg (part), Southampton (part), Surry (part), Sussex (part) Emporia, Franklin (part)2021
76 Clinton Jenkins Dem Chesapeake (part), Suffolk (part)2019
77 Cliff Hayes Jr. Dem2016
78 Jay Leftwich RepChesapeake (part)2013
79 Nadarius Clark Dem Norfolk (part), Portsmouth (part)2021
80 Don Scott DemChesapeake (part), Norfolk (part), Portsmouth (part), Suffolk (part)2019
81 Barry Knight RepChesapeake (part), Virginia Beach (part)2009
82 Anne Ferrell Tata RepVirginia Beach (part)2021
83 Tim Anderson RepNorfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)2021
84 Glenn Davis RepVirginia Beach (part)2013
85 Karen Greenhalgh Rep2021
86 Irene Shin DemFairfax (part), Loudoun (part)2021
87 Suhas Subramanyam DemLoudoun (part), Prince William (part)2019
88 Philip Scott RepFauquier (part), Spotsylvania (part), Stafford (part)Fredericksburg (part)2021
89 Jackie Glass DemNorfolk (part)2022
90 Angelia Williams Graves DemNorfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)2021
91 A.C. Cordoza Rep York (part) Hampton (part), Poquoson 2021
92 Jeion Ward DemHampton (part)2003
93 Michael P. Mullin Dem James City (part), York (part) Newport News (part), Williamsburg 2016
94 Shelly Simonds DemNewport News (part)2019
95 Marcia Price DemHampton (part), Newport News (part)2015
96 Amanda Batten RepJames City (part), York (part)2019
97 Scott Wyatt RepHanover (part), King William (part), New Kent 2019
98 Keith Hodges Rep Essex, Gloucester, King and Queen, King William (part), Mathews, Middlesex 2011
99 Margaret Ransone RepCaroline (part), King George, Lancaster, Northumberland, Richmond, Westmoreland 2011
100 Robert Bloxom, Jr. Rep Accomack, Northampton Norfolk (part), Virginia Beach (part)2014

Database of Members past and present

Marking the 400th anniversary of the House of Burgesses, the House Clerk's Office announced a new Database of House Members called "DOME" that chronicles the "9,700-plus men and women who served as burgesses or delegates in the Virginia General Assembly over the past four centuries." [12] [13] [14]

See also

Notes

  1. "This Day in History" . Retrieved March 23, 2016.
  2. Commonwealth of Virginia. "Capitol Square Timeline" . Retrieved April 26, 2011.
  3. Commonwealth of Virginia. "Timeline".
  4. "Newly-Empowered Virginia Democrats Promise Action". Voice of America . Associated Press. January 8, 2020. Retrieved September 6, 2020.
  5. "Proposed Amendments for 2020 - Virginia Department of Elections". www.elections.virginia.gov. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  6. 1 2 "Virginia House of Delegates". DailyPress.com. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
  7. 1 2 "Virginia State Legislature" (PDF). VAKids.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 17, 2008. Retrieved September 11, 2008.
  8. "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 4. Qualifications of senators and delegates". Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
  9. "Constitution of Virginia, Article IV, Section 6. Legislative sessions". Virginia General Assembly. Archived from the original on December 18, 2008. Retrieved October 22, 2008.
  10. The 1997 general election yielded a 51-48-1 Democratic majority. David Brickley resigned his seat right afterward, however, and a special election for District 51 was called. His seat flipped to the Republicans, and with Independent Lacey Putney siding with the Republicans, the chamber was tied. Democrats retained the Speakership through a power-sharing agreement.
  11. "Virginia House of Delegates Committees List". virginiageneralassembly.gov. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  12. "Virginia House unveils new searchable website of its members". Village News. January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  13. "Virginia House of Delegates unveils searchable website". Henrico Citizen. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  14. Hankerson, Mechelle (January 3, 2019). "New database holds 400 years worth of information on members of Virginia's legislature". Virginia MErcury. Retrieved January 25, 2019.

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